The Sharp Family — Newspaper Reports


Limerick Evening Post & Clare Sentinel Friday 8 August 1829 p2

DISLODGMENT OF THE TENANTRY

We mentioned in our last, on the authority of a letter from London, that it was the intention of Government to repeal a part, at least, of the Subletting Act.  We hope that Ministers will not sleep upon the subject — and we hereby call upon Mr. Wallace, who, though he represents an English Borough, feels as an Irishman upon this and the other questions relating to this country, to press upon Parliament the consideration of the topics at which he glanced on the occasion of presenting a petition against the Act, immediately before the recess.  We tell the Government now, that if something be not speedily done for the poor — if some means be not devised to limit the powers which the Landlords exercise under this Act, the consequences, before many months shall elapse, will be likely to give the local authoriities in Ireland as much occupation, as it is too probable the Magistrates in the North-west of England will be obliged to exercise in the Manufacturing Districts.  In the Province of Ulster, we learn upon authority, that great alarm begins to prevail on account of the number of notices to quit.  In the South there appears at present an indisposition, arising from an apprehension of the consequences, to act on the sub-letting and Disfranchisement Bills.  In Connaught, however, they are beginning to show some activity — the grazing farms on the plains of Roscommon are, as the Cocknies say, being about to be cleared from the superfluous population, but nothing as yet has been done in the two great Counties of Galway and Mayo — although by the Disfranchisement Bill nearly 40,000 men and their families are left at the mere mercy of their landlords.

Nearer home, in the Queen's County, the effect of the Sub-letting and the Disfranchisement Acts are beginning to be experienced.  It seems that on the 1st instant, a party went to the Colliery of Ballylihane, broke open the house of the Master of the Colliery, abused the Clerk they found on the premises, and destroyed the furniture, doors, and windows of the House.  They then set fire to the machinery, which they consumed, together with two other houses.  None of the perpetrators of this outrage have yet been apprehended.

The cause is distinctly stated to be the eviction of a number of small farmers from these lands, which were recently purchased by Mr. Hanlon, the Master of the Colliery.  The Police are on the alert, and there can be little doubt of the apprehension of some of the ringleaders, and of the condign punishment which justly awaits them.  But this, after all, is not the question which we would press upon the Duke of Werllington's Government.  The fact is mentioned, principally with a view to prove by recent example, the desideracy of the late laws.  These small farmers, as they are called, as well as the cottiers, will be thrown destitute upon the world.  If the thing only occured in one district, or in one county, a remedy may be found in the vigour of the law, or in the vigour, if necessary, beyond the law — but the operation of the system will be general.

Dublin Freeman's Journal Friday 13 November 1829 p3

QUEEN'S COUNTY — OUTRAGES. On the 4th instant, about one o'clock a.m., the house of Patrick Brenan, of Cloppook, in this parish (Stradbally), was visited by a party of the nightly legislators, demanding arms.  Brenan, who is a Roman Catholic, bluntly refused compliance; upon which a sledge was stoutly applied to battering his door.  Parley having of course ceased on both sides, Brenan fired at the man who wielded the sledge — a deep groan was heard, and the body was removed behind the house by some of the party, who soon returned to enforce their demand for arms.  Threats, intimidation of every kind, was held out, and at length a show of fire to burn the house was made.  By the light afforded by the blown coal and burning wisp, Brenan distinguished one of his door neighbours in this horrid preparation, and he also had the good fortune to get view of another person.  At the latter individual he took aim and shot him on the spot; the marauders then took to flight, carrying with them both the bodies.  On the next morning, Brenan lodged information against his neighbour, whose name is Fingleton.  He was soon afterwards apprehended at Timahoe, through the activity of Major Cosby, and lodged in Maryborough gaol.   It is supposed that the Irish Government will reward Brennan handsomely for a resistance so spirited, so unaided, and so decidedly beneficial by its example.

On the same night, the house of Thomas Brenan, brother of Patrick, was attacked, and a case of pistols carried from it.  On the 29th ult., Patrick Gleeson's house, near Maryborough, was attacked, and a gun taken thereout. On the following day a gun and pistol were taken from the house of Mr. John Hovenden, near the colliery.  The house of Allen Donnelly, near the rushes, was attacked on the 3d instant, and two guns and a pistol taken therefrom. — Carlow Post.

Dublin Evening Post, Saturday 14 November 1829 p4

[Repeat of the above article.]

London Times Tuesday 17 November 1829 p3

[Repeat of the first paragraph of the above article.]

Dublin Freeman's Journal Tuesday 17 November 1829 p4

BRENAN of KLOPPOOK. — We are informed, that this man, who, on the night of the 4th inst., so intrepidly and effectually defended his house against the Queen's County marauders in search of arms, has been recently sent for by Mr. Cosby, of Stradbally Hall, his landlord — and that in reward of his bravery, this worthy gentleman has generously and unsolicitedly made Brenan a reduction in his rent of fifty per cent.  For Brenan's daughter also, who supplied her father with loaded arms during the attack. Mr. Cosby has destined 200l at her wedding.—Carlow Post.

Dublin Freeman's Journal Friday 9 January 1830 p4

A ROCKITE TAKEN. — (Extract of a letter from Maryborough.) — "A very troublesome fellow in this country has been at length arrested by the constabulary — no less than William Fingleton — he who distinguished himself so much at the attack for arms upon Patrick Brenan's house at Cloppook, some months ago.  After the defeat and route of his party, on that occasion by Brenan, this Fingleton had taken refuge among a string of relatives, from whom — though his conduct was odious and his restless mind dangerous — he received protection from the most unwearied pursuit. Always well armed, he feared no man, and threatened the death of all who were obnoxious to him.  He is in Maryborough gaol since last Sunday, where also his brother, Thomas is confined since his participation in the same desperate attempt on Brenan's house.  His labours and study were directed avowedly to the assassination of all whose testimony could be available in the prosecution of himself and his brother."

Dublin Freeman's Journal Wednesday 10 February 1830 p3

MARYBOROUGH, FEB. 8. On the night of Thursday the 4th instant, H.B. Wray, Esq., sub-inspector of police for this county, proceeded about eight o'clock to the house of a Mr. Finegan, at Balliknocker, about two miles and a half from Maryborough, which he expected to be attacked. Mr. Wray, who was accompanied by his brother in law, Mr Biddulph, disposed of his forces, consisting of twelve policemen, to the best advantage, leaving four men and Mr. R. Biddulph outside of the house concealed.   At a few minutes after ten o'clock a large body of rockites (about fifty) advanced in military order, calling right and left.  On their arrival near the house, one of the party perceived a policeman under a hay cock, and gave the alarm. Mr. Biddulph and the four policemen stationed outside of the house, immediately started from their hiding place, and were fired on by the rockites, happily without effect. The police returned the fire.  One man, name Conratty, [? ?], near this town, was shot; four prisoners were taken, two of them wounded; and it is known that others were also badly wounded; fourteen [balls?], one pair of gloves, and eight coats, were left by the rockites on the field of action.  The prompt conduct of the police outside the house, and the instant flight of the rockites, prevented Mr. Wray and the main body of the police from being engaged in the affray, they being in the house, which they did not leave until the fire was [halted?] — Evening Packet.

Clare Journal Monday 22 March 1830 p3

At Maryboro' Assizes, John Baker was sentenced to death by Lord Plunkett, for being of the party that attacked the house of Langley Clayton last October, and fired at the Police. Three others, named O'Connor, Delany and Shortal, were also sentenced for attacking the house of John Hanlon last month, and firing at the Police. Two men, named Power and Sharpe, are found guilty of attacking and setting on fire the house of Pat Brenan. Daniel Walshe, for a desperate attack and highway robbery of Mr Kemmis, was sentenced to be hanged.

Carlow Morning Post, Monday 22 March 1830

William Delaney and Samuel Shortall were found guilty of attacking the house of John Fingleton, and for firing at Robert Biddelph — sentenced to be transported for 7 years.

Hugh Cullen was indicted under the Whiteboy Act with breaking into a dwelling house — prisoner pleaded guilty.

Dublin Freemans Journal, Friday 8 April 1831 p.4

EMIGRATION

... We noticed in our publication of Sarurday last, the sailing of the ship Town of Ross, on the 30th ult., from Ross to Quebec, with passengers.  We have since learned she had on board 230 emigrants, and that upwards of 150 of them had their passage and provisions supplied by their benevolent and humane landlord, the Honourable Butler Clarke Wandesford, brother to the Marquis of Ormond.  This gentleman, on recently coming into possession of the Castlecomer estate, finding that the well known collieries of that district were, from various causes, not remunerating him for the heavy expenses attending their working, he decided on abandoning several of the most unproductive pits, which occasioned a considerable population to be thrown out of employment.  To remedy such an evil, the feeling mind of Mr. Wandesford soon sought a remedy, and on conferring with his respectable and excellent agent, Mr. Eaton, a determination was formed of sending out free to Quebec, last season, a party of fifty persons, as an experiment.  The result has proved highly satisfactory, as they were enabled, after a short residence in Canada, to report on the benefit they had derived from their change of country.  This circumstance occasioned that humane and truly honourable gentleman to undertake so heavy an expense this year in forwarding the above considerable number. — Waterford Mirror.

Dublin Freemans Journal, Monday 11 April 1831 p.2

THE STATE OF THE COUNTRY

... Mr. Leader, in his speech in Parliament on the 30th March, says,

I hold in my hand a paper which I received this day from Ireland, containing a letter from a highly informed and educated gentleman, addressed to the Marquis of Anglesey, in which he says, that though the bones and muscles of the Irish peasantry fertilise the fields, create the national wealth, and provide funds for rents, and taxes, and tithes, yet that peasantry, who produce every thing, consume nothing; and that, unless measures the most prompt and energetic, are adopted to improve the condition of the Irish labourer, and to furnish him with regular employment, so as to enable him to procure comfortable food and decent raiment, Ireland will become a wilderness; and he fears, ere long, a country in which no person could happily reside.  In that letter it is asserted that the war of poverty against property has already commenced — that formerly it was the war of religion, or the war of political opinion; but that it is now, unhappily, the war of gaunt famine, leading to desperation, and striving for an improved existence.  I confess I fear that this description of the country is too true a delineation of its present condition.

Is a further confirmation wanting?  It is supplied by the Quarterly Review.  The Reviewer declares that if the present misery of Ireland be not relieved it is most natural they should seek for a Repeal of the Union!  In another place he proceeds —

Nor does there exist any restraint whatever on the clearing of estates by landlords, and the consequent production of a mass of misery horrible to consider — nothing in fact to prevent an individual residing at a distance, out of sight and hearing of the agonies he may inflict, from passing a sentence of death on hundreds, who have been encouraged to breed and multiply on his estate — up to the moment when he became aware from the lessons of political economists, the change of general opinion or caprice, that it was against his individual interest any longer to allow them to live there.  Nothing to hinder his turning them out of their homes on the wide world to starve, or die of fever engendered by want, after infecting and severely burthening the charity of the neighbouring towns — nothing but the chance of his having a human or inhuman heart in his bosom — the mere chance of this!  Yes.  There is one other check — his fears.  Yes. — Whiteboyism and Captain Rock are near him.

London Times, Saturday 18 February 1832 p.4

DUBLIN, Feb. 15

PARTS OF COUNTY KILKENNY AND QUEEN'S COUNTY PROCLAIMED

On Monday a Privy Council was held at the Castle. There attended the Archbishop of Cashel, the Earl of Charlemont (first time), the Bishop of Kildare, the Lord Chief Justice Bushe, Sir William McMahon, Master of the Rolls; Mr. Radcliff, Judge of the Prerogative Court; Mr. Blackburne, Attorney-General; and Sir R.H. Vivian, Commander of the Forces. The Council declared "that the undermentioned town lands in the county Kilkenny and Queen's county respectively are in a state of disturbance, and require an extraordinary establishment of police, — that is to say, the town-lands of Cloneen, Kill, and Turtane, Ahaterbritt, Clough, Crutt, Upper and Lower Looan, Skehana, Ferada, Kilmacar, Knocknadore and Cooan, Esker and Lisnafunchin, the two Damestowns, Uskerty, Coolcullen, and Crutten Clough, all lying and being in the barony of Fassadining, in the county of Kilkenny;  also the following town-lands in the Queen's county, — viz., the town-lands of Towlerton, Tierernan, Gurteen, Garradenny, Clonbacon, Coolenowl, Farnans, Ballynegall, Goleshill, Ballynakill, Maidenhead, Kilcourse, Ballyfinnan, Doonane, and Slatt of Killfrachley, all in the barony of Slewmargy;  the townlands of Boleg, Upper and Lower Ballylihane, Mullaghmore, Grahamsmote, and Corbally, all in the barony of Stradbally; and the townlands of Garry Glass, Graigenesmattan, Mogadd, Graigenchacone, Knockadegarre, Boolybawn, Aghnecross, Contraversy, Kilrush, and Raghnavoran, in the barony of Cullenagh.

"Given at the Council-Chamber in Dublin, Feb. 13, 1832"

Carlow Morning Post, Thursday 10 May 1832

Queen's County — Government has determined that a Special Commission will be held at Maryborough, on Wednesday 23rd May. The Judges appointed to preside are Baron Smith and Judge Moore.

Carlow Morning Post, Monday 1 October 1832

Queen's County — Ballickmoyler Petit Sessions — Sept 19.

Magistrates present, Hovenden Stapleton, and PA Gale, Esqrs, with Captain Singleton.

Bryan Donnelly, a most respectable and wealthy farmer, in possession of two hundred acres of land, near Newtown Colliery, was called on by Mr. Singleton to pay a penalty of £5 awarded against him last Court day, for committing a malicious trespass under the Whitefoot law, which will not go down with the magistracy.

Mr. Singleton — Donnelly, are you ready to pay, or will you go to jail for two months?

Donnelly — Here is the money, Sir, I suppose I am now done with any other claims.

Mr. Singleton — Donnelly, I am not yet done with you. I have received information against you for having concealed arms in your house — being at the head of an armed association — and for committing a robbery and burglary. A man like you ought to be a pattern for the country. I will now send you to jail, until next assizes. I will not take bail for your appearance: and I hope to show the disturbers of the peace of this county, through the example that shall be made of you that sooner or later they, shall be made amenable to justice.. Your respectability and station in life ought to have taught you better; and I am prouder to catch you than one thousand poor ignorant creatures. Police, let this man be taken immediately to jail, under strong guard, and put handcuffs on him to prevent his escape.

Donnelly was very soon after, with nine others sent to Carlow jail, it being the nearest, but he will in a few days be transmitted to Maryborough.

Abben Donnelly, his brother, a wealthy farmer, was next called on at the prosecution of Mr Singleton, for committing malicious trespass. He begged his trial would be adjourned until next Court day.

The sensation which the sudden arrest of Donnelly created among the crowded court cannot be described.

Eight working colliers, from Poulathien colliery, who were taken at one-o'clock at night, a week back, in a lonely part of the country, a distance of two miles from their home, where they assembled for the purpose of dancing, were with their piper, ordered to find bail to keep the peace, and sent to Carlow jail with Donnelly until security be given.

At the conclusion of the Court the Magistrates binded Donnelly's penalty: 5l to a poor woman of the name of Quin, on whom Donnelly committed the trespass.

Kilkenny Moderator

The Freeman's Journal, Saturday 16 March 1833

QUEEN'S COUNTY ASSIZES

MARYBOROUGH, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13. — The sessions for the Queen's County opened here a little after two o'clock to-day, the Chief Justice presiding in the civil court, and Mr. Serjeant O'Loghlen in the criminal — the illness, we believe, of some member of the Chief Baron's family having induced his lordship to return to town. The following grand jury was sworn:-

Lord Sydney Osborne, foreman; Hon. Thomas Vesey, Sir Walter Dixon Burrowes, Bart., Sir Edw. Walsh, Bart., Henry Smith, John Pigott, Anthony Weldon, Horace Rochford, Edward Wilmott, Charles White, W.C. Cooper, Edw. Flood Sharp, Edmond Staples, Lewis Moore, Matthew Cassan, Chidley Coote, Sidney Cosby, Frederick Thompson, Robert White, Thomas B. Kelly, William Hamilton, William Wellesley Despard, and George Adair, Esq.

The Learned Sergeant briefly charged the grand jury, stating his regret that they should be deprived of the valuable assistance of the Chief Baron — a loss which he felt they would lament the more at the present moment, when the state of the calendar exhibited a condition of things, from the contemplation of which the mind must shrink with disgust. The calendar showed 139 cases, 113 of which were charges connected with those proceedings by which the public peace was disturbed.  The remaining 26 were for such crimes as are committed in the ordinary state of society. The hope had been entertained that the firm, yet temperate, way in which the gentlemen of the jury had recently done their duty, would have had the effect of deterring the perpetrators of midnight outrage, from the prosecution of their lawless designs. But it was lamentable to observe, that the greater portion of the crimes which appeared in the calendar, had been committed since the special commission — nay, a great part since the last assizes.  He exhorted them, however, not to despair of putting an end to the system of insubordination, by a proper discharge of their duty. It was obligatory on them to uphold the institutions of the country. They were called upon, under circumstances of peculiar difficulty, to aid the administration of the laws;   but he was sure that whatever might be the peculiarity of their position, they would adjudicate upon the cases which should come before them, with cool and dispassionate minds;  not suffering the feelings with which they regarded the system generally, to prejudice the cases of individuals upon whose guilt or innocence they were to pronounce, But that they would exhibit the calm steadfastness of the laws in imposing contrast with the wild and passionate proceedings of those who audaciously dispensed their own nocturnal law. Upon the system that had spread so widely he would not enlarge, lest he might weaken the impression which must remain upon their minds from the lucid charge of the Chief Justice, delivered at the special commission. And should we fail, gentlemen, concluded the learned sergeant, should our joint efforts prove unavailing to reduce this distracted country to a state of quiet and repose, We shall, at least, have the satisfaction of remembering, that what could be done was done, that we have fulfilled our part, and that the odium of inducing measures beyond the law belongs not to us, but to those whose perseverance in turbulence and crime shall have proved the necessity of their introduction by exhibiting the inefficacy of the law for their repression.

It has challenged much remark, that Mr. Lalor, the representative of the county was not called on the grand panel. This we cannot impute to oversight, as we find that many gentlemen, who have hitherto held a high place upon it, have been exempted from association with the aristocrats of the county, as a penalty for their participation in popular feeling at the late election.

The day has been altogether lost in the criminal court from the want of witnesses for the defence, several prisoners having been arraigned, and their trails postponed on this account.  There was a full attendance of jurors, and no lack of witnesses for the crow.

The Chief Justice was occupied the greater part of the day in hearing appeals from the Assistant Barrister. There are but four cases come down for trail.

Extract of a letter from Maryborough dated 14th March, 1833:—

Mr. Serjeant O'Loghlen took his seat on the bench this morning at nine o'clock, when a petty jury was sworn, and the following prisoners tried:-
George Curran, for stabbing John Rafter at Ballyfin, in two parts of his body, by which his life was endangered — Guilty. Not sentenced.
Michael McCabe and Michael Maher, for a violent assault on Wm. Maughan, which fractured his skull — Guilty. Not sentenced.
Patrick Ryan and John McManus, for serving a threatening notice on Thomas Copeland, of Deerpark, for the purpose of inducing him to give up his land — Guilty. Seven years' transportation.
John Sharp, for attacking, with others the house of John Houghey, of Carlow Graig, taking from him a gun, and administering an unlawful oath — Guilty. To be transported for seven years.
Bryan Donnelly, for assaulting the house of Charles Quinn, of Dunsallagh, and swearing him to give up his land — Guilty. To be transported for seven years.
Phelam Neill, for attacking the house of C. McCarty, of Kilabaughan, by throwing stones into the house, and stripping the thatch of it — Guilty. Seven years' transportation.
The court adjourned at half past seven o'clock in the evening.

The Leinster Express, Saturday 16 March 1833

QUEEN'S COUNTY ASSIZES

WEDNESDAY — FIRST DAY

Etc

THURSDAY — SECOND DAY

John Sharpe stood indicted for having attacked the house of John Hoey, at Craigue, and demanding fire arms, on the night of the 6th of May last.

This being the first case which came on, connected with the insurrectionary state of the country, Mr Tickell addressed his Lordship and the Jury — He said he had hoped that at this Assizes, he would have no case of the present character to submit to a Queen's County Jury. He had entertained a hope, that from the firm and temperate administration of justice, at the Special Commission, and last Assizes, and the examples which had followed, a cessation of outrages would have been the result. He did entertain a hope that the admonitions which had been delivered from that Bench in terms which could never be forgotten, would have a salutary effect upon the peasantry of the Queen's County. He would allude to a fact stated by the Attorney-General on one occasion at the Special Commission, and which was still the case in this county, — that not in a single case, had the offences been committed against persons in the higher ranks of society; the victims of this system of tyranny, were in every instance the humble occupiers of land. The labours of the Crown would be for the protection of the poor man; for asserting the rights of property, liberty and person. It ought to be well know[n], that those persons who suffered most, were individuals who inhabited the defenceless cottages, and are the more easily rendered the victims of the midnight perpetrators, who go about administering their system of tyranny. The learned Counsel continued to dwell upon the state of the country, and concluded by stating the case for the prosecution.

The prisoner was found guilty upon the testimony of Hoey's [sic] nephew, who slept in an out-house, and had seen him pass to and from the house. An alibi defence was endeavoured to be sustained, but failed. To be transported for seven years. 11

Clare Journal, Monday 18 March 1833 p3

Maryboro' Assizes - Mar 14.

Bryan Donnelly, an individual of superior appearance, and of the middle-class, for attacking the dwelling -house of Martin Quinn, of Drumsallagh .. and tendering him an unlawful oath, on the 21st February, 1832, was sentenced to seven years transportation.

We understand that this individual possessed a property in the County producing him two hundred per annum.

Clare Journal, Monday 25 March 1833 p3

Serjeant O'Loghlen, who presided in the Crown Court, in the place of the Chief Baron, at the Maryborough Assizes, is the first Roman Catholic Judge who has sat on the bench in Ireland since the reign of King James. he is giving great satisfaction by the firmness, impartiality and admirable temper he displays. Several offences have been convicted under the Whiteboy Act. Chief Justice Doherty assists Serjeant O'Loghlen in the Crown business, having disposed of the few records that were to be tried on Friday. Notwithstanding the expedition used by both the Judges, and the unusual duration of the Assizes — a week — it is believed that they cannot get through all the cases during the time allotted, but that Serjeant O'Loghlen will be obliged to return, at the end of the circuit, to complete the delivery of the jail.

The Freeman's Journal, Saturday 16 March 1833

ARREST OF A MURDERER

Captain Singleton, chief magistrate, has fully committed to Maryborough gaol Patrick Whelan, charged with the murder of Mr. John Baily, on the lands of Inch, near Stradbally, in the month of March, 1832, and for which offence John Delany was found guilty at the special commission and executed.   Mr. Baily was shot in open day whilst superintending his men, and, although mortally wounded, fought hand to hand with the assassins, until he fell from loss of blood, and covered with wounds.   This magistrate has also committed to Maryborough a noted character, named John Deegan, for attacking the house of Mr. John Haughey, on the lands of Graigue, near this town, and robbing it of a gun, for which a man named John Sharpe was transported at the last assizes.   Carlow Sentinel

The Leinster Express, Saturday 16 December 1837 p 5

Murder in the Queen's County

On Saturday evening last, a very inoffensive and industrious young man, named James Conway, was waylaid within about fifty perches of his own house, near the Rushes cross, and brutally murdered, by a party of those sanguinary miscreants, with which that portion of the Queen's County is particularly infested. His person exhibited a horrible spectacle. This murder is attributed to Conway's father and uncle having some time since prosecuted to conviction a party who attacked their own house, and attempted to deprive them of their lives. Since that period the Conways have been called "The Pointers!" and have been subject to every species of persecution. The Newtown police, passing soon after the outrage, and having learned the particulars, immediately proceeded in search of the perpetrators. Four persons (neighbours of the deceased) have been arrested under circumstance, which admit of little doubt, of their being concerned as principals.

The Rushes cross, it will be remembered, was the scene of a similar deed of atrocity in 1831; a Thomas Gregory Esq was murdered within a few perches of the spot on which the present victim to the blood-thirsty vengeance of "the people" has been a further sacrifice.

Leinster Express Saturday 17 March 1838 p4

On Monday, the 12th instant, the High Sheriff, Peter Gale, Esq, opened the Court for fiscal business, when the Grand panel of the Queen's County was called over in the following order:-

Francis Dunne, Esq (late High Sheriff) — Robert Hamilton Stubber, cantred of Clarmallagh; John Warburton, barony of Portnahinch; Thomas Kemmis, for Maryborough East; WC Cooper, Slievemarige; A Weldon, Ballyadams; Lewis Moore, Cullenagh; WW Despard, Upperwoods; MH Drought, Clondonagh, CL Sandes, Tinnahinch; Michael Dunne, Stradbally, Patrick Lalor, Esqs, Maryborough West; (the foregoing were impanelled as representatives of the several Baronies attached to their names;) Sir CH Coote, Bart, MP, John W Fitzpatrick, Esq, MP, Lord Sydney G Osborne, Lord Viscount Glandine, Hon. HF Walker, Hon. Thomas Vesey, Hon. Lionel Dawson, Sir Henry Parnell, Bart, Sir EHJ Walsh, Bart, Sir WJ Hart, Bart, Sir H Carden, Bart, Sir W Grace, Bart, General Sir F Trench, Bart, Thomas P Cosby, John Pigot, George Evans, MP, HB Bowden, James Gratan, MP, Robert White, WEF Sharpe, MS Cassan, Thomas Wyse, MP, JC Chetwood, George Adair, F Thompson, TB Kelly, W Butler, Edmund Staples, H Rochfort, JE Scott, JB Price, Robert Cassidy, William Fishbourne, Robert Fitzgerald, Chidley Coote, William Hamilton, Robert Thacker, Joseph Beale, EC Palmer, JT Blood, Robert M Alloway, Robert Lawrenson, Michael Hacket, John Pim, Hovenden Stapleton, Thomas Moreton, Joshua Kemmis, Sydney Cosby, John Tibeaudo, Thomas Trench, Harman Fitzmaurice, John Sabatier, James Hutchinson, Esqs.

From the foregoing the following Grand Jury was sworn:-

Robert H Stubber, foreman; John Warburton, Thos Kemmis, WC Cooper, A Weldon, Lewis Moore, WW Despard, MH Drought, CL Sandes, Michael Dunne, P Lalor, AJ Pigot, MS Cassan, George Adair, W Butler, JE Scott, Robert Cassidy, W Fishbourne, Robert Fitzgerald, Chidley Coote, W Hamilton, Barker Thacker, Robert Moore, Esqs.

On the Grand Jury being sworn, Mr. Gale stated that by mistake Colonel Moore had been left off the panel; and he hoped that would explain the cause of his name being placed at the foot of the Grand Jury. He was not aware of the attendance of Mr. Pigot or Mr. Thacker, until after the panel had been made out, also they should have been placed as the representatives of their baronies (Tinnehinch and Clondonagh).

The Grand Jury immediately proceeded to the investigation of the various presentments, which occupied their attention to a late hour on Tuesday evening.

On Wednesday morning, the Hon. Justice Johnson entered the Crown Court, when the Grand Jury were again sworn by the Clerk of the Crown.

His Lordship briefly addressed them on the state of the calendar, which presented an unusual number charged with the crime of homicide; but whether those charges would turn out as cases of murder or manslaughter, he could not as yet conjecture. His lordship next referred to the defalcation of a barony constable, and the proceedings which were subsequently taken by the Grand Jury against the Treasurer, in which a verdict was obtained in favour of the latter in the Court of Exchequer; and suggested to the Grand Jury the course necessary to be taken under the circumstances of the case.

The presentments were next listed ; after which several bills of indictment were sent up to the Grand Jury and the Crown business proceeded.

.....

George [sic] Sharpe, Wm Hughes, Andrew Redmond and John Bourke, were indicted for the wilful murder of Jas. Conway, at a place called the Rushes.

This trial occupied considerable time, but after the strictest examination the jury returned a verdict of — Guilty of Manslaughter. Transported for life.

.....

SENTENCES AT MARYBOROUGH ASSIZES

William Delany and Patrick Delany, manslaughter, to be transported for life.
John Butler, same offence, to be imprisoned 2 years and kept to hard labour.
Roger Dooley, horse stealing, to be transported for 15 years.
Bridget Fennel, concealing the birth of her child, to be imprisoned for 1 year.
John Sharpe, Wm. Hughes, Andrew Redmond and John Burke, manslaughter, to be transported for life.
Kyran Walsh, highway robbery, to be transported for life.
Pierce Delany and Michael Bergin, assault on constables in the execution of their duty, to be imprisoned for two years, and kept to hard labour every alternate week.
Andrew and Bridget Bergin, same offence, to be imprisoned 6 weeks.
Mary Delany and Bridget Butler, same offence, to be imprisoned 6 months.
Elizabeth Robinson, larceny, to be imprisoned six months.
John Fitzpatrick, Peter Doyle, John Chambers, B. Gilligan and T Feighery, malicious assault — two years' imprisonment.
James Bergin, Robert Gibson, Henry Mooney and John Finnamore, [offence illegible] — to be transported for seven years.
Michael Clare and Joseph Boulget, malicious assault — 12? months and hard labour.
James Delany, violent assault — to be transported for life.
Patrick Fitzpatrick, larceny — twelve months and hard labour.
Michael Carroll, perjury — to be transported for seven years.
Thomas Farrell, cow stealing — to be transported for fifteen years.
John Dunne, sheep stealing — to be transported for seven years.
Peter Shea, cow stealing — to be transported for ten years.
Michael Burke, assault — three months imprisonment.
Patrick Kelly, cow stealing — to be transported for fifteen years.
John Kelly, unlawfully demanding money — 9 months imprisonment.
Michael Moore, larceny — to be transported for seven years.
James Moore and David Moore, riot — to be imprisoned for 6 months.
Richard Wesley, larceny — twelve months imprisonment and hard labor.
John Curley and Robert Thompson, larceny — seven years transportation.

Freeman's Journal Tuesday 20 March 1838 p4

Assizes Intelligence.

Queen's County

MARYBOROUGH, FRIDAY, MARCH 16. — Judge Johnson entered the crown court this day at half-past nine o'clock, and immediately afterwards Philip Meredith was placed at the bar, charged with the murder of Peter Conway on the 11th of August last. This case excited very great interest, being the first of a number of similar cases, arising out of the last election, which came on for trial. The prisoner was a young man, and the son of a respectable landholder in the county; he was a Protestant and the deceased a Roman Catholic. After some challenging on the part of the prisoner, twelve Protestant jurors were sworn.

[Etc.. John Sharpe not mentioned]


Epilogue

London Times Monday 11 January 1847 p2

On going to press yesterday (says the Carlow Sentinel), we received the following list of deaths from Dr. Edge:  it affords an appalling picture of the state of the colliery district. Would to God we could think it incredible, but Dr. Edge is our authority for the fact that eight persons have died of starvation.  The following is Dr. Edge's statement:-

  1. John Doyne, of Doonane;
  2. Lawrence Dempsey, of Doonane;
  3. John Cushin, Slatt;
  4. Con. Manghan, of Modubea;
  5. Thomas Tobin, Clonbrock;
  6. John Cranny, of Farnans;
  7. Biddy Scully, Towlerton;
  8. John Golden, Slatt — starved to death.

80 persons died within the last month of dysentery, diarrhoea, and cholera morbus, produced by want of food.  There are at present 3,000 individuals hungry and without food in the district.

Jan. 7.        SAMUEL EDGE, M.D.


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