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BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

April 2001 News, Articles & Reports:


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Tetum:
Boletim La’o Hamutuk: [PDF formatu]
Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2 Abríl 2001
Vizaun Jeral Hosi Fundu Ba Rekonstrusaun Timor Loro Sa’e:
http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbl2n1t.pdf

Tetum:
Abríl 2001 BLH: Komentariu: Taxa iha Timor Loro Sa’e  Comment added July 24
"Situasaun Taxa iha Timor Loro Sa’e komplikadu teb-tebes. Lei ba taxa nian hosi Indonejia sei la’o hela desde UNTAET hahú, maibe la iha administrasaun taxa nebe la’o atu kolekta hosi vendedor no individual sira, ... Regulamentu UNTAET 2000/32 konfirma katak laiha taxa seluk ruma nebe tenke kolekta wainhira UNTAET to’o iha Timor Loro Sa’e. ... Prinsipiu baziku hosi kaixa jeral taxa nian iha fatin hotu-hotu mak taxa tenki selu iha fatin nebe osan simu ba, duke hetan hosi rai na’in. ... Tanba empregadu ONU la selu impostu, miliaun nuluan dolar bar-barak nebe preciza teb-tebes ba povu Timor Loro Sa’e mak la iha. ... Oituan liu, UNTAET tenke suporta fo aten brani ba planu kontribuisaun empregadu oluntariu hodi suporta governu nebe foin hamriik." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Tetum:
Abríl 2001 BLH: Komisaun As ONU nian ba Direitu Emar nian (UNHRC) fasilita impunidade Indonejia  Editorial added July 21
"Iha loron 6 fulan fevereiru 2001, Mary Robinson, nudar portavos ONU nian ba direitu emar nian, fo sai relatoriu ida kona ba situasaun direitu emar nian iha Timor Loro Sa’e. Relatoriu ne’e nudar progresu hosi sorumutu UNHRC tinan liu ba. Iha tempu neba, ulun komisaun nian rekere atu relatoriu hosi portavos komisaun ba soromutu 2001 iha Genebra. Relatoriu ne’e tenke fo sai informasaun no analiza kona ba buat sira nebe iha relasaun ho investigasaun no prosekuzaun kona ba hahalok a’at hasoru humanidade nebe hala’o iha Timor Loro Sa’e durante Indonejia okupa teretoriu ne’e. Kona ba ne’e, relatoriu ne’e falha bo’ot. ... Povu Timor Loro Sa’e – hanesa mos sira seluk nebe funu ba demokrasia no dereitu emar nian iha Indonejia laran – merese atu simu diak liu tan : lia los no justica." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Tetum:
Abríl 2001 BLH: Problema Osan: Propriadadi no Prosesu  Editorial added July 12
"Ema internasional sira nebe fo suporta ba Timor Loro Sa’e, servisu ho organizasaun lokal sira, bele hola funsaun importante ida hodi garante ba fundu barak tan, no nivel kontrola nebe bo’ot sobre fundu sira hosi Timor oan sira. Ba ida ne’e, solidaridade internasional sira bele husu sira nia estadu atu fo suporta jenuinu barak liu tan (iha termus fundu sira no poder politika ) ba Timor Loro Sa’e. UNTAET bele hahú suporta aktivisme direitus humanus ida ne’e hodi hasai tiha pratika diskuzaun sekreta kona ba problema orsamentu." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Tetum:
Abríl 2001 BLH: Vizaun Jeral Hosi Fundu Ba Rekonstrusaun Timor Loro Sa’e  Overview added June 27
"Povu Timor Loro Sa’e frekuentemente foti lia-husu/ kestaun kona ba miliaun/tokon atus bar-barak dolar nebe suli mai iha rai laran ne’e hahún hosi fulan Setembru 1999. Liu tan, ne’e hotu la mos, kona ba osan sira ne’e ba iha nebe. Falta de matenek no transparansia hosi públiku no sira nia partisipasaun iha buat hirak nebe iha relasaun ho fundus nebe’e halo ema balun to’o ba konkluzaun katak iha buat ruma nebe la los. Nune’e mos, iha persepsaun ida nebe mo-mos, bele dehan nivel hosi fundus, iha neba mosu progresu nebe la to’o atu harii fali Timor Loro Sa’e." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Tetum:
Abríl 2001 BLH: Faktos Kona Ba We Botir  Overview added June 27
"Botir plastiku mamuk nian iha quartel UNTAET nia liur. Ida ne’e bidon recycle (mengembalikan) ida, maibe sei barak tan; botir barak mak sei soe namakare halo foer. ... Estimasaun distribuisaun ba tinan ida: botir 10,5 miliaun ... Estimasaun ba kustus tinan ida nian laran: 4 miliaun dolar" La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Tetum:
Abríl 2001 BLH: Ekipamentu sira presiza husik hela wainhira UNTAET fila  Overview added June 27
"Laiha politika ida nebe konsistente kona ba dispozisaun hosi ekipamentu no sasán nebe sosa ba misaun dame ONU nian. Iha misaun sira nebe liu tiha ona, dala ruma ekipamentu sira ne’e husik hela iha rai-laran wainhira ONU hit ain. La’o Hamutuk husu ba estadu sira hosi membru ONU nian, nebe liu hosi ONU kolektivamente “na’in” ba ekipamentu sira ne’e, atu bele mantein diak ekipamentu sira ne’e. Wainhira ekipamentu sira ne’e iha kondisaun diak no ETTA preciza, ONU bele fo hela sasán sira ne’e ba governu foun nudar hahalok diak ida ka fa’an ho folin ida nebe presiza konsidera mos kona ba depresiasaun nebe maka’as no gastus ba ONU atu tula sasán sira ne’e iha roo hodi sai hosi Timor Loro Sa’e." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

April 2001 ACFOA: Walsh: East Timor's Political Party Profiles Complete text of report [150KB] added May 22
"East Timor is now entering the last, crucial stage of the transition process to full independence. ... The scene is now set, however, for the political parties to take their rightful place under the spotlight as key players in the democratic process. This is a healthy and positive development which excesses by some should not be permitted to undermine. ... How many parties will contest the election? Who are their leaders and how does one contact them? How have they changed from previous times? What ideas and policies do they have for East Timor’s development, foreign policy and so on?"  Pat Walsh, Human rights consultant, Australian Council for Overseas Aid

April 2001 LHB: Funding East Timor's Reconstruction  Overview added May 12
"People in East Timor have many questions about the hundreds of millions of dollars that have flowed into the country since September 1999. Most have little idea where the money is going. ... there is a pervasive perception that, given the levels of funding, there has been insufficient progress in the rebuilding of East Timor. ... " The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin Editorial

April 2001 LHB: Equipment In Good Working Order Should Stay In East Timor's After UNTAET Leaves  Editorial added May 12
"There is no consistent policy regarding the disposition of equipment and material purchased for UN peacekeeping missions. In past missions, the equipment has sometimes remained in the country after the UN's departure. La'o Hamutuk urges the UN member states, who through the UN collectively "own" this equipment, to make it available." The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin Editorial

April 2001 LHB: Report from UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Facilitates Indonesia's Impunity  Editorial added May 11
"On 6 February 2001, Mary Robinson, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, released a report on the situation of human rights in East Timor. ... The report should provide information on and analysis of matters relating to the investigation and prosecution of crimes against humanity committed in East Timor during Indonesia's occupation of the territory. In this regard, it fails miserably. ... The people of East Timor -- as well as all those struggling for democracy and human rights within Indonesia -- deserve much better: truth and justice." The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin Editorial

April 2001 LHB: CivPol-Community Relations in Need of Repair  Editorial added May 12
"La'o Hamutuk calls upon CivPol commanders and UNTAET officials to refrain from making racist and inflammatory statements such as those of Commander Gent. In this spirit, Commander Gent should publicly retract and apologize for his words. ... Foreigners who have been here only a few months and don't know the language, history or culture cannot understand this society better than those who were born here." The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin Editorial

April 2001 LHB: Money Matters: Questions of Priorities and Process  Editorial added May 12
"International supporters of East Timor, working with local organizations, can play an important role in securing more funds, and greater control over the funds by the East Timorese people. In this regard, international advocates can lobby their governments to provide more genuine support (in terms of funds and political power) for East Timor. UNTAET can begin to support this human rights activism by ending the practice of closed-door discussions about budget matters." The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin Editorial

Apr 2001 Estafeta: Will East Timor See Justice?  Article added May 9
"Eighteen months have elapsed since the Indonesian military and its militia proxies devastated East Timor. A quarter century has passed since the U.S.-supported Indonesian invasion of East Timor began an occupation which killed one-third of the population and kidnapped, raped, tortured and terrorized hundreds of thousands more. Uncountable crimes against humanity have been committed in East Timor since 1975 by Indonesian forces, with the complicity of the world’s “great powers.” It is a record which cries out for justice." Charles Scheiner, National Coordinator, East Timor Action Network/US

Apr 30 SMH publishes KPP HAM's Secret Report on Crimes Against Humanity in ETimor 
"KPP HAM has been successful in collecting facts and proofs that provide strong indications that serious violations of human rights have been carried out in a planned and systematic manner and on a large and wide scale in the form of mass murder, torture and maltreatment, forced disappearance, violence towards women and children (including rape and sexual slavery), forced evacuations, scorched earth policies and destruction of property, all of which constitute crimes towards humanity. ...
KPP HAM also found strong evidence concerning getting rid of and destroying evidence, which is a criminal act. ...
The types of acts and the pattern of crimes against humanity were as follows: The involvement of the civilian and military apparatuses including the police cooperated with the pro-integration militia groups in crimes against humanity. This represented abuse of power and authority and resulted in the involvement of military institutions as well as civil agencies." Indonesian Commission of Investigation into Human Rights Violations (KPP HAM)

Apr 30 ABC Darwin: Denis Burke re: Timor Gas  Interview with comments from BACK DOOR added May 1
" ... frankly I believe Australia has to hold a very hard line in the region. I mean like it or not we have responsibilities in this region.  Like it or not we have taken leadership and should continue to hold a strong leadership position in the region. And in that context we have to demonstrate firmness on issues such as sovereignty." Denis Burke, the Northern Territory (Australia) Government’s Chief Minister

Apr 30 UNTAET: National Council Briefed on Timor Gap  News from ETimor added May 1
"The National Council Standing Committee on Infrastructure today invited Mari Alkatiri, Cabinet member for Economic Affairs and Peter Galbraith, Cabinet Member for Political Affairs and Timor Sea, to speak on the issue of the Timor Gap negotiations. Alkatiri began by explaining the agreement between Australia and Indonesia, negotiated in 1989, noting that if one were to abide by international law and norms, 100 per cent of the oil reserves of the Timor Gap belong to East Timor." UNTAET Media Briefing Notes

Apr 28 SMH: Timor Crimes  Editorial added May 3
"The Indonesian special commission [KPP HAM] on militia violence in East Timor has amply confirmed suspicions of Indonesian military involvement in and responsibility for crimes against humanity in East Timor. The commission has made a sincere effort to find out what happened before and after the August 1999 vote on independence. It has cast new light on many crimes committed by the militia, the military and the police. It has uncovered new sources of information. It has exhumed the bodies of victims of massacres, putting beyond doubt that crimes were committed and that the evidence exists. And it has shown the links between some of the most terrible crimes and the Indonesian military, extending beyond Timor itself, beyond the regional command in Bali, to the the high command itself in Jakarta. The commission’s secret 41-page report, prepared for the Indonesian Attorney-General, Mr Marzuki Darusman, is frank and credible, and not exculpatory in tone." Sydney Morning Herald editorial

French & English:
Apr 28 Agir pour Timor demande la création immédiate d’un tribunal pénal international ad hoc sur Timor-Est / Agir pour Timor calls for the immediate creation of an ad hoc international criminal court on ETimor  Release added May 1
"Un processus judiciaire international est suspendu à la mise en oeuvre d’un processus judiciaire indonésien. Cette mesure, qui n’a pas d’équivalent dans l’histoire récente (on pense notamment à l’ex-Yougoslavie et au Rwanda), est incompatible avec le caractère international du conflit de Timor-Est, ... Agir pour Timor recommande: L’établissement immédiat d’un tribunal pénal international ad hoc, dont le mandat devrait couvrir au  moins l’entière période de l’occupation indonésienne." Rapport Agir pour Timor
"An international judicial process is suspended to the implementation of an Indonesian judicial process. This measure, which has no equivalent in recent history (ex-Yougoslavia and Rwanda notably come to mind), is incompatible with the international character of the East Timor conflict, ... Agir pour Timor recommends: The immediate set-up of an ad hoc international criminal court, whose mandate should cover at least the full Indonesian occupation period." Agir pour Timor report

Apr 26 STL: Bishop Belo: Leaders must address grassroots’ concerns  News from ETimor added May 3
"The leader of the Dili diocese Bishop Carlos Ximenes Belo reminded leaders of political parties to have more contacts with the grassroots so that they could see with their own eyes the conditions under which people are living in. This, said Bishop Belo, would make political leaders be more realistic in their aspirations to build the country." Suara Timor Lorosae

Apr 26 AIDWATCH: World Bank Dictating Terms of Development in East Timor  Release added May 1
"AID/WATCH researchers Yoga Sofyar and Tim Anderson, found consistent concern amongst NGOs, church groups and administration officials, that the development assistance - generously and freely given by the international community - is being managed in a predetermined, secretive and authoritarian manner. The main responsible agency is the World Bank, supported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). ... " AIDWATCH: Monitoring the Development Dollar

Apr 26 TAPOL: Indonesia forfeits right to conduct Timor trials  Release added May 1
“The Indonesian authorities have cynically misled the international community as to their true intentions and cannot be trusted. Indonesia is neither willing nor able to provide justice to the long-suffering victims of the appalling crimes committed by the Indonesian military and its militia proxies in East Timor. International justice must now take its course.” Paul Barber, TAPOL, the Indonesia Human Rights Campaign

Apr 25 AI: Indonesia: Struggle against impunity -- one step forward, two steps back  Release added May 1
"The decision to establish courts on Tanjung Priok and East Timor is a positive move, but to restrict the mandate of the court on East Timor to post-ballot cases denies justice to the scores of victims who suffered serious violations in the months leading up to the vote. ... This compromised decision should force the international community to seriously consider the establishment of an international criminal tribunal on East Timor so that the 1999 events can be looked at in their entirety," Amnesty International

Major Report Apr 25 ETAN publishes text of suppressed UN report on East Timor destruction  Release & Link to full text of report up-dated May 5
"The report is now available on the internet at http://www.etan.org/news/2001a/dunn1.htm
The document, "Crimes Against Humanity in East Timor, January to October 1999: Their Nature and Causes," was written by former Australian diplomat James Dunn, an independent consultant to the Chief Prosecutor for the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor's (UNTAET). ETAN obtained the report from a source associated with the United Nations.
UNTAET officials do not plan to release the report, which was submitted to them in mid-February. It names some of the key Indonesian commanders most directly involved in planning and implementing the violence surrounding East Timor's UN-organized independence referendum in 1999. A UN spokesperson has said that the UN is not releasing the report out of concern that it will hinder negotiations with Indonesia.
"We believe it is crucial that those responsible for East Timor's destruction be held accountable," said John M. Miller, spokesperson for ETAN. "Prosecution of the Indonesian military officers responsible is necessary both for East Timor's future security and Indonesia's transition to democracy. Open discussion of the report's findings best serves all involved -- the UN, the Indonesian government and people, and the people of  East Timor." " The East Timor Action Network/U.S.

Apr 25 TP: Horta Returns to Foreign Ministry After Resigning From NC  News from ETimor added May 3
“All the members of the National Council feel that I should return to my previous portfolio. They are of the opinion that the post of Foreign Minister is very important to Timor Lorosae. For that reason I resigned and went back to the Foreign Affairs Ministry,” Dr Jose Ramos Horta

Apr 24 ACFOA: Briefing Notes on political parties and groupings  Report updated May 22
"East Timor is now entering the last, crucial stage of the transition process to full independence. ... The scene is now set, however, for the political parties to take their rightful place under the spotlight as key players in the democratic process. This is a healthy and positive development which excesses by some should not be permitted to undermine. ... How many parties will contest the election? Who are their leaders and how does one contact them? How have they changed from previous times? What ideas and policies do they have for East Timor’s development, foreign policy and so on?"  Pat Walsh, Human Rights consultant, Australian Council for Overseas Aid

Current AETA Resource List (Australia-East Timor Association)  Resources on ETimor added Apr 26
AETA (Melbourne) provide a community-based non-profit service that includes the provision of books, educational materials, Tetum language books/kits and music CDs/cassettes. This diverse collection of resources includes materials that are otherwise difficult to obtain. - BD

Apr 25 NGO Forum: Expression of Concern at Xanana’s Statement regarding an International Tribunal  Press Release from ETimor updated May 16
"The NGO Forum regards an International Tribunal as an option that needs to be seriously considered given that to date Indonesia has not made any progress in investigating human rights offences committed by the Indonesian military in East Timor." ET NGO Forum
"If an international court is not a priority for resolving war crimes cases in East Timor, what other court is able to ensure that the war criminals concerned do not just walk free?” Arsenio Bano, Executive Director of the NGO Forum

Apr 24 TP: Carrascalao: No Evidence Of Indonesia Supporting Terrorists At Border  News from ETimor added Apr 26
“I think these rumours have been spread to terrorize the Timorese people in the run-up to the 30 August election, ... A group of terrorists will not be able to defeat the Timorese people. Even the TNI, for 25 years, could not subdue the Timorese people,” Mario Carrascalao, Deputy President of CNRT

Apr 23 AP: Nobel Laureate Bishop Belo Appeals For East Timor Tribunal  News added Apr 25
"Justice must not be restricted to a chosen few. It must be universal, ... We have no faith in the investigations being conducted in Jakarta. Those who authorized the crimes in East Timor will not face justice there, ... It is our belief that only an international court will be able to prosecute the generals and commanders who were behind the September 1999 violence. It is clear that what happened in East Timor was not a spontaneous response by Timorese who wanted to stay with Indonesia." Bishop Carlos Belo of East Timor, the only Catholic bishop ever to receive the Nobel Peace Prize

Apr 23 SMH: Mary Robinson supports repatriation of Timorese 'war prize'   News added Apr 25
"The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Mrs Mary Robinson, has thrown her support behind efforts to free an East Timorese teenage girl taken as a “war prize” by a pro-Indonesian militia leader. ... The case of 16-year old Juliana dos Santos was raised at last month’s 57th congress of the UN Commission on Human Rights by Mrs Kirsty Sword Gusmao, the Australian wife of East Timor’s independence leader, Mr Xanana Gusmao." Mark Dodd, Herald Correspondent in Dili

Apr 20 CNRT/CN: Gusmao: “The Liberation Movement in East Timor”  Speech in Jakarta added Apr 25
"War is a monster that devours human lives. ... In this new millennium, all the peoples of the world should unite to set up a front for peace, to promote dialogue and strive against any incitement to violence and war. Timor Lorosae was a stage of war ... for twenty-four years! ... Beyond physical reconstruction and the establishment of Institutions, the hardest process will be healing the wounds. There is nothing motivating us against the Indonesian people, who also suffered under the former regime. There is nothing motivating us against the present Indonesian regime who we know are trying to make the democratisation process a success." Xanana Gusmao, President of the CNRT

Apr 20 SMH: James Dunn 'Crimes Against Humanity in East Timor, Jan-Oct 99'  Executive summary and recommendations added Apr 20
"James Dunn is a former Australian consul in East Timor who wrote the definitive book on East Timor’s history in the mid-80’s [“Timor: A People Betrayed” obtainable through AETA: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/aetaresources.html  - BD] and updated in 1996. He was hired by UNTAET last year to document the involvement of the Indonesian military in the crimes of 1999 in East Timor. He submitted his report to UNTAET two months ago, but the UN hasn’t released it yet. A copy of the report was obtained by the Sydney Morning Herald and its Executive Summary and Recommendations were posted on their web site on April 20, 2001."

Apr 19 RadioNeth: Komnas HAM Sec.Gen supports International Tribunal for Timor  Interview added Apr 25
" ... there has been so much delay not only on the part of the executive but also by parliament. So who can blame the international community and groups here in Indonesia for coming to the conclusion that the government is not serious about dealing with these crimes by setting up ad hoc courts? In other words, an International Tribunal will prove to be the only alternative if people’s demands for justice are to be met. ... Bearing in mind all the delay, it is better to set up an International Tribunal. This is the only way for justice to be done." Asmara Nababan, secretary-general of Indonesia’s National Human Rights Commission, Komnas HAM

Apr 19 Age: Oil, gas and money: Tiny Timor talks tough  News added Apr 19
"Before a conference of resource industry leaders in Hobart last week, Peter Galbraith [member for political affairs, ETimor transitional cabinet] went through the numbers. If the new nation of East Timor gained all royalties from current and planned resource projects in the Timor Gap, it would earn $515 million a year. Two oilfields alone, Galbraith continued, could generate $1 million a day for East Timor. Imagine, Galbraith told his audience, what this means to a country that has an annual recurrent budget of $45 million, “where every building was burned to the ground, where there are 70 students for every teacher”. But if Galbraith came with pleas, he also came with demands. The 1989 Australia-Indonesia Timor Gap treaty was illegal because Indonesia’s occupation of East Timor was illegal, he said. Therefore an entire new treaty must be negotiated, with East Timor receiving 100 per cent of Timor Gap royalties." Dennis Schulz and Mark Forbes

Apr 18 SMH: East Timor eyes off oil's billions  News added Apr 19
"The Timor Gap issue is diplomatically sensitive for Australia, given criticism that the original treaty - supported by both Labor and Coalition governments - sold out the East Timorese people while they were under brutal Indonesian occupation. ... In Darwin yesterday, Mr Burke [Northern Territory (Australia) Government’s Chief Minister] warned that if East Timor continued to take a hardline stand, it risked not getting any revenue for years to come. East Timorese representatives have threatened to take Australia to the International Court of Justice if an agreement cannot be reached." Craig Skehan, Foreign Affairs Correspondent, Sydney Morning Herald

Apr 17 STL: Mario Carrascalao: UNTAET Does Not Have A Timorization Target  News from ETimor added Apr 19
“In order for Timor Lorosae to be fully independent, it is necessary [for the transitional administration] to have full capacity-building in order to create a definite level of Timorese administrators ­ till all the administrative positions in UNTAET are filled by Timorese people,” Mario Carrascalao, vice-president of CNRT/CN

Apr 17 Gusmao: No Need For Timor Lorosae To Have Instant Independence  News from ETimor added Apr 19
“We are not chasing instant independence. We will be fully independent next year. But what we want from the UN is to inherit a country which can govern and administer itself. That is our wish,” Xanana Gusmao, CNRT/CN President

Apr 16 TP: “I leave, Not As An Enemy Of NC”  News from ETimor added Apr 19
“I respect you, but I have to say that I am very sorry that I cannot fulfil your requests that I return to the NC. This is because I defend my own personal political principles, ... But I respect your wish to communicate the common person’s words and aspirations. I asked all the people not to be sad and not to worry that I have left the NC because I do not rule East Timor. Tomorrow the parties that win the general elections will govern the country and people of East Timor.” CNRT/NC president Xanana Gusmao, in response to a delegation of Liurais (chiefs) of East Timor to the National Council (NC)

Apr 14 CT: East Timor suffers under weight of world plans  Article added Apr 19
"Despite the UN’s optimistic view, when you scratch the surface of reconstruction in the emerging nation, the picture that emerges is a profoundly worrying one," Jenny Denton

Apr 2001 AETA: Australia East Timor Association (NSW) Newsletter  Newsletter updated Apr 26

Apr 12 AFP: Wahid bowing to military pressure in avoiding Timor trials: activists  Article added Apr 14
“In the body of the government there are still people opposed to the East Timor prosecutions, ... The majority (of those in the government) are not willing for those responsible for the violence in East Timor to be immediately tried. They are the followers of the old regime who are still in power, especially in the military,” Johnson Panjaitan, human rights lawyer

Apr 12 Tali: The Roots Of Violence: Can They Be Pulled Out?  Article from ETimor added Apr 13
"But when we seriously analyze the situation, there seems to be no end to the causes [of violence]. They start from land disputes, political rivalry, economic problems, the non-recognition of sacrifices made by the clandestine movement and ethnic problems. The question now is whether justice can be meted out in addressing these problems." Hugo Fernandez

Apr 11 STL: International court must be set up in Timor Lorosae as fast as possible  News from ETimor added Apr 13
“The serious crimes cases are not being heard in an effective manner, ... We all know that the cases being heard right now just involve the ‘small fry’, while the ‘bigger’ culprits are roaming free in Indonesia, ... I hope that, very soon, we could have an international court sitting in Timor Lorosae, ... The main actors, involved in the 1999 crimes against humanity, can then be tried in Timor Lorosae and the United Nations will have the right to subpoena them to appear in court,” Cancio Xavier, Public Defender’s Office

Apr 10 ABC: Report finds Timor violence the result of a 'conspiracy'  News added Apr 11
“I’ve made a very firm statement that what happened in East Timor was not a spontaneous response by Timorese who wanted to stay with Indonesia, it was a virtually conspiracy led by a number of Indonesian generals.” James Dunn, expert on crimes against humanity at the Dili-based United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET)

Apr 10 ABC: Rondo: Children dying in refugee camps in West Timor  Interview added Apr 11
"The greater proportion of the refugees in West Timor live in a crisis situation. No freedom, no hope and also no future. ... There’s just one way to come in or get out from the camp and the militia have full power. They can control all civilians and all the aid that you give to the refugees. ... a lot of violence goes on in the camps and people from outside don’t know about it. Rape, looting, sexual harassment. ... the militia manipulate the information about the real situation in East Timor. They have newsletters, they have many ways to manipulate the information." Winston Rondo, General Secretary of the Centre for Internally Displaced Peoples Service in West Timor

Apr 10 STL: Manuel Carrascalao, The New NC President  News from ETimor added Apr 15

Apr 9-11 APPEA: Galbraith: Timor Sea Petroleum  keynote conference address added May 5
"I am here today with Dr. Mari Alkatiri, East Timor’s Minister for Economic Affairs and therefore my colleague in Cabinet, to bring you a simple message: the period of instability and uncertainty in East Timor is over.  ... East Timor is well on its way to establishing stable democratic institutions and sensible pro-market economic policies. ... On behalf of the East Timor Cabinet and legislature, I am here to underline our intention to develop and implement a transparent, stable fiscal and regulatory regime that will be amongst the most modern in the world, and which will enable both the companies and the East Timorese to profit from our resource. ...
Both East Timor and Australia, and in particular its Northern Territory, have a lot to gain by concluding a Treaty to facilitate the development of the vast oil and gas resources of the Timor Sea.  ... Neither Mari Alkatiri nor I can bring back East Timor a treaty that would give East Timor less economic benefit than that which it is entitled under international law. ...
In summary, we see a great opportunity for East Timor and Australia in the Timor Sea. With East Timor the petroleum industry has a partner that promises a reliable, stable, and exploitation-friendly future. The uncertainty about East Timor’s future is over and we promise a regulatory regime that is transparent, straightforward, and honest."
Ambassador Peter Galbraith, Cabinet Member for Political Affairs and Timor Sea, East Timor Transitional Government

Apr 2001 NDI: “Timor Loro Sa’e is our nation”  Report on focus group discussions in ETimor added Apr 11
"while many East Timorese citizens may not be able to say exactly what democracy is, many certainly know and are prepared to say what it is not. It is important to build upon their experience, local knowledge and cultural traditions to support democratic practices. ... the people of East Timor have many well-developed ideas about democracy and the form of government they would like to see in their emerging nation. ... They have unrealized hopes and are looking for action rather than more words. They seek proof that they are being heard and demand active participation in the development of this new nation. To ignore the demands of the East Timorese people will only add to the burden of their frustrations." National Democratic Institute for International Affairs

Apr 9 AFP: UN peacekeepers fueling trafficking in women  News added Apr 15
“It is absolutely essential that all UN forces are held to the same standards of international human rights law as are nation states, ... To do otherwise creates a climate of impunity in which offences profilerate, ... Now especially where UN is running administrations such as in Kosovo and East Timor we feel it’s absolutely essential that some kind of structure be in place to deal with these kinds of issues, [trafficking of women for prostitution]” Radhika Coomaraswamy, UN expert on violence against women

Apr 9 JRS: West Timor: Refugees dying from diarrhoea  Alert from WTimor added Apr 14
“People are still dying. It’s the rainy season, the camps are muddy, sanitation is poor, there’s no running water, and malnutrition is rife, ... Since all the foreign aid workers left, there is no-one looking after them any more. Babies are born tiny and undersized, because their mothers are so undernourished.” Fr Mulyono, WTimor

Apr 9 BWT: Solidarity With East Timor: New Challenges, New Opportunities  Analysis added Apr 10
"The story of ETAN is the story of how activism works. Not quickly, necessarily, and not perfectly. But the lesson is clear: when a group - even a small group - of committed individuals dedicate themselves to a goal, it is possible for them to achieve their aims. For ETAN, those aims have now broadened to include supporting grassroots democracy in East Timor and pressuring governments, aid agencies, and other international bodies (such as the UN) to support the East Timorese on their path towards freedom. ... Our job as activists is to nurture and support that journey, to learn from it, and to demand that the relevant international institutions do the same - ensuring that the East Timorese are no longer "observers and marginalized citizens" but rather agents, finally, of their own destiny." Cynthia Peters, freelance writer and editor, coordinator of the Boston chapter of East Timor Action Network (ETAN)

Apr 9 AP: Veteran Pro-Independence Leader To Head E Timor Assembly  News added Apr 10
"Manuel Carrascalao, a veteran of East Timor’s 24-year struggle for freedom, was elected to head the territory’s transitional legislature following last month’s surprise resignation of independence leader Xanana Gusmao. He was named speaker of the National Council after rival candidate, Nobel Peace laureate Jose Ramos Horta, withdrew from the ballot. ... The 36-member council is wholly appointed by the territory’s U.N. administration and is regarded as a dress rehearsal body for eventual East Timorese self-rule. It has no direct powers, but debates and comments on regulations drafted by the United Nations, which is administering the territory during preparations for independence." Associated Press

Apr 9 STL: David Ximenes: Don’t forget the struggle of the past  News from ETimor added Apr 10
"The Security Coordinator of CNRT/CN David Dias Ximenes made an appeal to the younger generation, in particular to the youth associated with Fitun (Frete Iha Timor Unidos Nafatin), not to forget the struggle of the past and those that died for it." Suara Timor Lorosae

Apr 6 UN-CHR: Women and HR report  Report added Apr 9
"Militia forces backed and trained by the Indonesian military carried out a systematic campaign of violence during the lead-up to the August 1999 referendum on East Timorese independence, which was organized and administered by the United Nations. When East Timorese nevertheless opted for independence from Indonesia, pro-Indonesian militia and Indonesian soldiers initiated a scorched earth policy, terrorizing the population and committing widespread abuses, including the rape of women and girls. Some women were also reportedly held in sexual slavery." Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, Ms. Radhika Coomaraswamy

Apr 5 Reut: New talks on E. Timor campaign to free rape victim  News added Apr 9
"U.N. officials are negotiating with Indonesia to free a 15-year-old East Timorese rape victim, one of many abused as a sex slave by violent militia, a human rights campaigner said on Thursday. Kirsty Sword Gusmao, the Australian-born wife of Timorese freedom fighter Xanana Gusmao, has been been publicizing the case of Juliana dos Santos since September." Evelyn Leopold

Apr 5 STL: Civic Education Carried Out By Timorese People  News from ETimor added Apr 7

Apr 4 DN: RealAudio of Interview of Xanana and Kirsty Sword Gusmao  Interview updated May 16
[Statements in the US and Indonesian press quoting Xanana Gusmao as saying that an international crimes tribunal is not a priority for the East Timorese give the impression that he does not consider a tribunal as important to the East Timorese. However, these and other comments by Xanana reveal that he considers that the establishment of an international crimes tribunal is a role that the international community must play since East Timor doesn't have the resources to do it themselves. - BD]
"DN: The Indonesian government says they'll try the people who they feel committed crimes but they are yet to do this. Do you think an international war crimes tribunal should be set up?
Xanana Gusmao: It is the job of the international community. ... East Timor is a very small country and, we cannot be ambitious to be, to be a model of justice, but we hope the international community can do that. I believe that the (?) project of searching all the genocide crimes in East Timor from 1975 can give to the international community enough proof of the involvement of certain generals."

Apr 3 AAP: Genocide legal in Australia  News added Apr 25
"Australia would remain a safehaven for suspected war criminals unless it legislated against genocide ... Senator Greig [Australian Democrats Justice spokesperson] said Australia needed to have its own laws to investigate, prosecute and expel alleged war criminals. He said Australia’s existing War Crimes Act applied only to European war between 1939 and 1945 and ignored recent cases of war crimes in East Timor, Rwanda and Cambodia." AAP

Apr 3 IOM: Timor - Increase in the Rate of Returns in March  News added Apr 15
"In March some 2,640 refugees returned to East Timor - the highest monthly total since the UN withdrawal. ... IOM is planning to participate in an information visit to previously off-limits West Timor refugee camps next week. ... Officials hope that the visit, which is one of a number of “socialization” initiatives aimed at the refugees before the registration, will reassure refugees that it is now safe for them to return home to East Timor." Jean Philippe Chauzy, International Organisation for Migration (IOM) Spokesperson

Apr 3 TP: Horta, Aniceto, Manuel, Amaral and Avelino named as NC Presidential candidates  News from ETimor added Apr 5
"Several prominent political leaders have been named as possible candidates for the National Council presidency ­ in the interim period leading up to the elections. ... The National Council members who have been named are Aniceto Guterres (director of Yayasan Hak), Manuel Viegas Carrascalao (a businessman), Clementino dos Reis Amaral (from KOTA Party) and Avelino Coelho (from the Socialist Party)." Timor Post

Apr 2 STL: Alkatari: Xavier Has No Right To Give Ultimatums  Interview from ETimor added Apr 3
"Xavier was not the person who initially started the Fretilin party. Xavier is not the founding father of Fretilin. When we formed Fretilin, as a party, that was when we invited Xavier ... As far as I know, there is only one Fretilin. There is no Fretilin ASDT, Fretilin CPD-RDTL,” Mari Alkatari, Vice-President of Fretilin

Apr 2 LUSA: Gusmao Explains Resignation from National Council  News added Apr 3
“I believe that priority work, with debate and explanations beyond the urban center of Dili, should be carried out among the population. This requires attention and availability that my overlapping positions did not allow me to fulfill” Xanana Gusmao

Apr 2 AP: East Timor Council Blocks Ramos Horta's Bid For Top Post  News added Apr 3
"Political squabbling in East Timor intensified Monday when its transitional assembly blocked, at least temporarily, a bid by Nobel Peace laureate Jose Ramos Horta to become its new chief following the surprise resignation of popular independence leader Xanana Gusmao." Associated Press

Apr 1 RDP: Horta on national council  Interview added Apr 3
"I think it was my duty, my moral duty, to accept this challenge [presidency of ETimor’s National Council interim parliament]. There has been a lot of disorientation, sadness, consternation and general concern among the population, the youth and the members of the National Council. I have spoken with Sergio Vieira de Mello head of UNTAET, with Xanana Gusmao and with practically every political party, and also with Mari Alkatiri Economic Affairs Minister and Ana Pessoa Internal Administration Minister, and they all thought that it would be important for the National Council to continue its work, and to, how should I put it, to avoid a breaking point, and that it would be important to send a message of continuity, seriousness and tranquility to the whole of the population, and naturally to the international community as well." Jose Ramos Horta, vice-president, National Council of the Timorese Resistance


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