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"Situasaun Taxa iha Timor Loro Sae komplikadu teb-tebes. Lei ba taxa nian hosi Indonejia sei lao hela desde UNTAET hahú, maibe la iha administrasaun taxa nebe lao atu kolekta hosi vendedor no individual sira, ... Regulamentu UNTAET 2000/32 konfirma katak laiha taxa seluk ruma nebe tenke kolekta wainhira UNTAET too iha Timor Loro Sae. ... Prinsipiu baziku hosi kaixa jeral taxa nian iha fatin hotu-hotu mak taxa tenki selu iha fatin nebe osan simu ba, duke hetan hosi rai nain. ... Tanba empregadu ONU la selu impostu, miliaun nuluan dolar bar-barak nebe preciza teb-tebes ba povu Timor Loro Sae mak la iha. ... Oituan liu, UNTAET tenke suporta fo aten brani ba planu kontribuisaun empregadu oluntariu hodi suporta governu nebe foin hamriik." Lao Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosae ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Boletim La'o Hamutuk

Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2 Abríl 2001  [pdf 280k]  http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbl2n1t.pdf

Vizaun Jeral Hosi Fundu Ba Rekonstrusaun Timor Loro Sae

Lao Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosae ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao


Iha Boletim Laran ...

http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbl2n1t.pdf  [pdf 280k]



Taxa iha Timor Loro Sae: Vizaun jeral ida no komentariu

Situasaun Taxa iha Timor Loro Sae komplikadu teb-tebes. Lei ba taxa nian hosi Indonejia sei lao hela desde UNTAET hahú, maibe la iha administrasaun taxa nebe lao atu kolekta hosi vendedor no individual sira, so kompanhia sira nebe involve iha mina no gas (Timor Gap) mak sei selu nafatin taxa, no tau osan iha rekening banku fiar too harii ona mekanismu taxa propiu ida.

Bea Cukai (Border service) nebe servisu ba kobransa taxa nian ba sasan nebe tama-sai iha fronteiras hahú ona hodi kolekta taxa ba eksporta no importa iha fulan Marsu 2000. Mais ou menus 5% hosi importa, 5% taxa hosi vendedor sira, presu variavel hodi selu taxa ba sasan ruma hanesan alku no kareta. Taxa hanesan eksporta kafe 5% hosi valor koto-nurak nebe kolekta mos ona iha fulan Marsu. Administrasaun taxa nian kikoan, Servisu ba Rendimentu Timor Loro Sae nian (ETRS), ofisialmente hahú iha 1 Julhu 2000 hamutuk ho koleksaun hosi taxa servisu ida ho 10% ba hotel sira, restaurante, aluga transporte, no telekommunikasaun.

En jeral, ETRS tenta atu reintrodus versaun simples ida hosi sistema taxa nebe iha hela, no komunidadi Timor oan sira hatene durante okupasaun Indonejia nian. Sira sei hakarak nafatin eskritoriu no numeru ida nebe mak Indonejia sira husik hela. Tipu de taxa nasional Indonejia nian (rendimentu ba sasan luxu sira, propriadadi, faan, aumenta Pontus, no koa taxa iha oin) ETRS haketak hotu maibe taxa rendimentu (no vensimentu) lalos katak taxa balun, hanesan taxa aumenta Pontus ida (VAT), nebe bele para atu aplika iha Indonejia nia tempu, maibe laos ba Timor Loro Sae, nebe virtualmente laiha produzaun domestiku.

Regulamentu UNTAET 2000/32 konfirma katak laiha taxa seluk ruma nebe tenke kolekta wainhira UNTAET too iha Timor Loro Sae. Vendedor no individu sira nebe hetan liu 1000 dolar iha tinan 2000 tenke hatoo formulariu taxa rendimentu iha 30 Abríl 2001. Ba tinan 2000 deit, labele kolekta taxa ida hosi rendimentu rihun 20.000 dolar uluk nian. Hahú hosi 1 de Janeiru 2001 sei kolekta tan taxa lubun ida nebe, sei selu iha loron 15 ful-fulan. Residente sira (defini katak se maka hela iha Timor liu loron 182 nia laran, sira sei selu taxa ba tinan-tinan nian, sekuandu/anaunser nia hela fatin laos permanente iha Timor Loro Sae) sei la selu buat ida ho vensimentu 100 dolar/fulan, 10% ba vensimentu 100-650 dolar, no 30% ba rendimentu adisional hotu. Sira nebe laos residente (eksepsaun/pengecualian ba empregadu UNTAET sira ) selu 20% ba rendimentu hotu-hotu.

Prinsipiu baziku hosi kaixa jeral taxa nian iha fatin hotu-hotu mak taxa tenki selu iha fatin nebe osan simu ba, duke hetan hosi rai nain. Ho lozika ida nee, individual sira ho grupu hotu-hotu nebe hakerek tiha ona iha pagina 11 nebe tenki selu taxa, maibe barak mak la selu. Nunee mos no lei nebe UNTAET liu tiha ona rekere katak vendedor hotu-hotu, inklui mos sira nebe ho kontratu ONU nian ida iha 1948. Konfuzaun oituan, mak ONU rasik iha interese hodi dudu katak vendedor sira nee livre hosi selu taxa. Kontratu balun entre ONU ho kompanhia partikular sira hateten katak ONU sei responsabiliza financialmente ba taxa ruma nebe tula ba kompanhia sira nia leten. Tanba nee posizaun UNTAET nian atu hetan dolar miliaun bar-barak iha taxa, no liu tan preokupa hodi harii ezemplu ida nebe bele relefekta ba misaun aban-bain rua. Nudar rezultadu, ONU tenke halo desizaun politika ida atu bele hametin ka muda desizaun nebe lao hela. Kompanhia sira nee rasik halo profitu nebe boot teb-tebes iha nee, no nunee tenke selu sira nia parte ba servisu públiku nebe sira uza, no mos ba oportunidade atu sira bele halao negosiu iha nee.

Asuntu nebe mak halo ita nian laran moras oituan, mak status/situasaun hosi empregadu ONU nian sira nebe livre hosi taxa. Tanba empregadu ONU la selu impostu, miliaun nuluan dolar bar-barak nebe preciza teb-tebes ba povu Timor Loro Sae mak la iha. Maibe estadu nia osan tenke gasta atu serve empregadu ONU nian sira. Oituan liu, UNTAET tenke suporta fo aten brani ba planu kontribuisaun empregadu oluntariu hodi suporta governu nebe foin hamriik.


Lao Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosae ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao  Updated May 12
Saida mak Lao Hamutuk? Lao Hamutuk organizasaun klibur Ema Timor Lorosae no Ema Internacional neebe buka atu tau matan, halo analize ho halo relatorio kona ba hahalok (actividade) instuisaun internacional neebe oras nee haknaar iha Timor Lorosae, liu-liu hahalok sira neebe iha relasaun ho rekonstrusaun fizika no social Timor Lorosae nian. Lao Hamutuk fiar katak Povo Timor Lorosae mak tenke hakotu iha procesu rekonstrusaun nee nia laran no procesu rekonstrusaun nee tenke demokratiku no transparante duni.
Staf Timor oan: Inès Martins, Fernando da Silva, Thomas Freitas; Staf Internasional: Pamela Sexton, Mark Salzer; Kuadru Ejekutivu: Sr. Maria Dias, Joseph Nevins, Fr. Jovito Rego de Jesus Araùjo, Aderito Soares
Local Contact:  P.O. Box 340, Dili, East Timor (via Darwin, Australia)  Mobile fone: +61(408)811373;  Telefone Uma: +670(390)325-013
International contact: +1-510-643-4507 Email: laohamutuk@easttimor.minihub.org  Homepage: http://www.etan.org/lh
Boletim Lao Hamutuk: [Tetum PDF format]
Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2 Abríl 2001 Vizaun Jeral Hosi Fundu Ba Rekonstrusaun Timor Loro Sae: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbl2n1t.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 4, 31 Dejembru 2000 Banku Mundial iha Timor Loro Sae: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbul4tm.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 3, 17 Novembro 2000 Hari Sistema Saude Nasional iha Timor Lorosae:  http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/LHbul3tm.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 2, 17 Julho 2000 Protesaun ba meio ambiente iha TL: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/bulletin02tetum.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 1, 21 Juñu 2000 Rekonciliasaun: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/bulletin01tetum.pdf

English:
La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis  Updated May 16
La'o Hamutuk (Tetum for Walking Together) is a joint East Timorese-international organization that seeks to monitor, to analyze, and to report on the reconstruction activities of the principal international institutions. It believes that the people of East Timor must be the ultimate decisionmakers in the reconstruction process and that the process should be as democratic and transparent as possible ...
East Timorese staff: Inès Martins, Fernando da Silva, Thomas Freitas; International staff: Pamela Sexton, Mark Salzer Executive board: Sr. Maria Dias, Joseph Nevins, Fr. Jovito Rego de Jesus Araùjo, Aderito Soares
International contact: +1-510-643-4507  Email: laohamutuk@easttimor.minihub.org  Homepage: http://www.etan.org/lh
Lao Hamutuk Bulletin: http://www.etan.org/lh/bulletin.html
Mar 23 2001 LH: Job announcement for La'o Hamutuk in East Timor: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01marjob.htm
Activity Report: Mar 16 2001 LH: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01marlhreport.html


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