BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor .........home

"In Cambodia, East Timor and Sierra Leone, the United Nations has been involved in efforts to create a new species of tribunal for the prosecution of international crimes. These are the “internationalised domestic tribunals”, grafted onto the judicial structure of a nation where massive violations of human rights and humanitarian law have taken place, or created as a treaty based organ, separate from that structure. In a radical move away from the earlier prevailing wisdom that the non-inclusion in any position of nationals of the country most affected would preserve impartiality, objectivity and neutrality, mixed panels of international and local judges have jurisdiction to try crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes." Suzannah Linton, author of Cambodia, East Timor and Sierra Leone: Experiments in International Justice
See also:

BD: War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity
BD: Calls for International War Crimes Tribunal
BD: East Timor's Judicial System

Dear all,

A new, excellent article is now available under the “articles” section at the JSMP resources website: http://www.jsmp.minihub.org

Suzannah Linton, Cambodia, East Timor and Sierra Leone: Experiments in International Justice (Criminal Law Forum 12: 185-246, 2001, Kluwer Academic Publishers)

Seasons greetings from JSMP


Suzannah Linton

Cambodia, East Timor and Sierra Leone:
Experiments in International Justice

Criminal Law Forum 12: 185-246, 2001
Kluwer Academic Publishers
 

Introduction:

In Cambodia, East Timor and Sierra Leone, the United Nations has been involved in efforts to create a new species of tribunal for the prosecution of international crimes. These are the “internationalised domestic tribunals”, grafted onto the judicial structure of a nation where massive violations of human rights and humanitarian law have taken place, or created as a treaty based organ, separate from that structure. In a radical move away from the earlier prevailing wisdom that the non-inclusion in any position of nationals of the country most affected would preserve impartiality, objectivity and neutrality, mixed panels of international and local judges have jurisdiction to try crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The cases are brought by prosecuting agencies that are also mixed in composition.

This latest of transitional justice options is one that came into being with the 1999 round of United Nations-Cambodia negotiations on a tribunal for Cambodia, with East Timor being the first to implement such a scheme in 2000 (Kosovo’s planned War and Ethnic Crimes Court project has been abandoned, but international judges and prosecutors continue to work within the courts of Kosovo on war and ethnically motivated crimes). In each of Cambodia, East Timor and Sierra Leone, there have been persistent calls for the establishment of ad hoc tribunals along the lines of those created for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia. The internationalised tribunals are a half-way house, a hybrid containing elements of domestic prosecutions and an international process.

For internationalised tribunals to be correctly understood, they must first be recognised as being one of a range of transitional justice options, from those of a judicial nature to non-judicial truth seeking mechanisms, available to nations seeking to address a legacy of violence. A single initiative on its own is unlikely to bring about a peaceful, stable and restored nation. The answer may lie in a combination of options.


This message came from the Judicial System Monitoring Programme news service:

JSMP news service  Added June 28
About 1 email a day; 1 full item/email:
JSMP is a moderated e-mail list featuring the current developments of the judicial system in East Timor and any progress made in Indonesia aiming to bring those planning, aiding or conducting crimes in East Timor to justice. All mails are sent directly from Dili, East Timor in order to bring you the most up-to date and representative news and reports available.
To subscribe to JSMP’s news service send an empty e-mail to list-subscribe@jsmp.minihub.org or go to http://www.jsmp.minihub.org/list.htm
To unsubscribe, send an empty mail to: list-unsubscribe@jsmp.minihub.org
If you have anything you want to distribute (news, reports etc) or questions, please send an e-mail to info@jsmp.minihub.org


Portuguese:
Programa de Monitorização do Sistema Judicial (PMSJ)
Atualiza: 17 dezembro
O Programa de monitorização do sistema judicial (PMSJ) foi logo estabelecido em 2001 em Díli, Timor Leste. Através da monitorização do tribunal, a provisão da analisa legal e dos relatórios temáticos sobre o desenvolvimento do sistema judicial, o PMSJ visa contribuir a evaluação em curso e edificação dum sistema de justiça em Timor Leste.
Tel/fax. (670) 390 323 883 Mobile: (61) 419 804 600
1/la Rua do Moçambique, Farol, Díli
Email: info@jsmp.minihub.org
Para mais informações vide http://www.jsmp.minihub.org


Bahasa Indonesia/Melayu:
Program Pemantauan Sistim Peradilan
Diperbarui: Des 15
Program Pemantauan Sistim Peradilan (JSMP) merupakan sebuah projek independen yang telah dikembangkan dibawah perlindugan Asosiasi Juris Timor Loro Sa’e dan La’o Hamutuk, sebuah organisasi  yang terdiri dari orang-orang Timor Loro Sa’e dan internasional. Melalui pemantauan kasus-kasus pengadilan dan menghasilkan analisa hukun dan laporan-laporan tematis tentang perkebangan sistim peradilan secara menyeluruh, JSMP bertujuan membantu Administrasi Transisi, masyarakat umum Timor Loro Sa’e dan masyarakat internasional dengan memberikan rekomendasi-rekomendasi bagi perbaikan yang terus-menerus di mana masalah-masalah spesifik diidentifikasikan. Sasaran utama dari program adalah memperbaiki mutu keadilan yang diberikan oleh sistim peradilan yang baru didirikan, memajukan HAM dan pemerintahan yang berdasarkan hukum dengan cara yang bermanfaat dan transparan bagi masyarakat Timor Loro Sa’e.
Sahe Institute building, Rua da Mozambique I/1-A Palapaso, Dili – East Timor (via Darwin, Australia)
Phone: (Mobile) 0419 804 600
Alamat pos: P.O. Box 340 Dili, East Timor via Darwin, Australia
Christian Ranheim, christian@jsmp.minihub.org, Télpon (Mobile): +61(0) 419 804 600;
Caitlin Reiger, caitlin@jsmp.minihub.org, Télpon (Mobile): +61 (0) 419 366 404;
Email/Phone: info@jsmp.minihub.org, Télpon: +670 (390) 325-013
Situs-Web (Bahasa Inggeris): http://www.jsmp.minihub.org


English:
Judicial System Monitoring Programme  Updated Nov 15
JSMP is a new human rights project set up by the East Timorese Jurists’ Association and the Timorese/international organisation La'o Hamutuk. JSMP aims to assist the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, the East Timorese public and the international community by making recommendations for ongoing reform of the fledgling judicial system of East Timor.
The main objective of the programme is to improve the quality of justice provided by the newly established judicial system, and to promote human rights and the rule of law in a meaningful and transparent manner for the people of East Timor through:

  • sending legal observers to monitor the serious crimes trials;
  • providing legal analysis and thematic reports; and
  • dissemination of information on the developments of the justice system as a whole.

  • At this stage, the programme’s courtroom observation work focuses primarily on the cases related to the violence in 1999, which include crimes against humanity, genocide and torture.
    Regular updates: subscribe to JSMP’s news service by sending an empty e-mail to list-subscribe@jsmp.minihub.org
    Sahe Institute building, Rua da Mozambique I/1-A Palapaso, Dili – East Timor (via Darwin, Australia)
    Phone: (Mobile) 0419 804 600
    P.O. Box 340 Dili, East Timor via Darwin, Australia
    Christian Ranheim, christian@jsmp.minihub.org, Phone: (Mobile): +61(0) 419 804 600;
    Caitlin Reiger, caitlin@jsmp.minihub.org, Phone: (Mobile): +61 (0) 419 366 404
    Email/Phone: info@jsmp.minihub.org, Phone +670 (390) 325-013;
    Homepage: http://www.jsmp.minihub.org
    Jun 1 2001 JSMP: New Human Rights Project in East Timor: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01junjsmp.htm


    See also:

    BD: War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity - A collection of recent press releases, petitions, articles and news

    BD: Calls for International War Crimes Tribunal - A collection of recent reports, articles and news

    BD: East Timor's Judicial System - A collection of recent reports, articles and news


    BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor .........home
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