BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor home

"The 22 workshops on sustainable development issues first identified 4 priority issues and then listed strategies to address them. ...
Summary includes: Sustainable Economic Development; Education -at all levels of society; Capacity Building -at all levels of society; Transparent and Integrated Planning Process; Clear Policies -developed in consultation with the community; Transparent System of Regulations, Enforcement and Penalties; Recognition of Traditional Structures and Knowledge." Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor
See also:

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Introduction to Conference on Sustainable Development  Article
Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Recommendations of Conference on Sustainable Development
Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: ETTA: The Natural Resources of East Timor  Overview
Conference on Sustainable Development: http://members.tripod.com/sd_east_timor/
BD: Reconstruction and 'Aid & Development' - A collection of recent press releases, reports, and articles

Program of Conference on Sustainable Development

Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor
Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

The information below is the same as the conference program.

To access the speakers papers, please go to:
http://members.tripod.com/sd_east_timor/
Then, click on the Workshops Series to receive the outcomes of the workshops


Workshop outcomes  [excerpt added August 3]
 

Day 1: Thursday 25th January 2001

OPENING ADDRESSES
INTRODUCTORY PLENARY
 

Day 2: Friday 26th January 2001

PLENARY 1. Natural Resources and Conservation

WORKSHOP SERIES 1.

Natural Resources and Conservation in East Timor
 

Day 3: Saturday 27th January 2001

PLENARY 2. Economy & Environment

WORKSHOP SERIES 2.

Economy & Environment in East Timor
 

Day 4: Sunday 28th January 2001

PLENARY 3.  Technology for the environment

WORKSHOP SERIES 3.

Technology for the Environment in East Timor
 

Day 5: Monday 29th January 2001

PLENARY 4. Social Issues and the Environment

WORKSHOP SERIES 4.

Social Issues and Environment in East Timor
 

Day 6: Tuesday 30th January 2001

Plenary 5. Institutions and the environment in East Timor

WORKSHOP SERIES 5.

Institutions and the Environment in East Timor
 

Day 7: Wednesday 31st January 2001

CONCLUDING PLENARY


Workshop outcomes

The 22 workshops on sustainable development issues first identified 4 priority issues and then listed strategies to address them. It is not possible to go through each workshop outcome in the plenary, but all of the issues, priorities and strategies will be included in the book of conference proceedings produced after the Conference.

The following document is a summary of the workshop outcomes.
 

Sustainable Economic Development

At all levels of society there are links between economy, environment and social well-being. The livelihoods of Timorese people depend on a healthy and productive environment. More than 400 years of colonisation by Portugal, and 25 years of occupation by Indonesia resulted in widespread environmental degradation and poverty. Sustainable development is fundamental to reducing poverty in Timor Lorosa’e.

Appropriate technology, alternative income generation, micro-credit access, eco-tourism, value adding and certification of coffee are all opportunities for sustainable economic development. Involvement of women at all levels of decision-making, and ensuring women have access to education and opportunities, are also vital to achieving sustainable economic development.

Through its purchasing policy Government can support sustainable local enterprises such as a recycling industry. The supply of water and infrastructure can be achieved through partnerships between government and business. Theses measures may help to stimulate markets for domestic products and services. Taxes, subsides, energy pricing and electricity user fees, should also be designed to work for, rather than against sustainable development. Financial arrangements for investment, currency, foreign borrowing and budgets require appropriate sustainable development analysis. There is a need for transparency in national decisions about financial development.
 

Education- at all levels of society

Education was identified as a key strategy to achieve sustainable development. An educated community is a national asset and education and its associated research programs should be a high priority for Government and NGO resources.

Education programs and materials need to be designed to address the priority issues identified in the conference workshops and listed below. Curriculum on environmental and sustainable development needs to be written and taught in schools. More teachers are needed and all teachers need special training on sustainable development issues and how they can incorporate them into the general curriculum. Such programs will need to be diverse to meet the different needs and educational levels of East Timorese society.

Sustainable development education programs needs that were identified in workshops include: universities, schools, village communities, women, fishermen and farmers, seminars for building workers and foreign construction companies, tourist operators, language training, traditional law and cultural education, internet training, work skills, health, nutrition, maternal health and hygiene education, education about major projects such as mines and how they will affect the community, political education and the functioning of civil society, marketing skills, technical education, water catchment protection, reforestation and environmental health and leadership training.

Education programs need to be both formal and informal with practical examples used where possible such as demonstrating different farming techniques; construction methods, such as good latrine construction, maintenance and repair of appropriate technology, alternative energy and cooking fuel options, recycling and waste reduction and disposal and rainwater harvesting. Assistance in the form of micro-credit will be essential if farmers, fishermen etc are to purchase equipment.
.
Public education on sustainable development issues needs to be conducted using media such as posters, radio and TV. A free and independent media was also identified as vital to achieving sustainable development. Educational materials should also be available in libraries.
 

Capacity Building- at all levels of society

After more than 400 years of colonisation and 24 years of occupation and repression, the people of Timor Lorosa’e are calling out to be active and informed participants, in the process of sustainable development. This was a strong theme in many workshops. There is now an urgent need to empower people at a local level, through traditional structures and other organisations such as women’s groups, youth groups, NGOs etc, so they can participate in decision-making on all the issues identified at the Conference on Sustainable Development.

There is also a need to hasten the process of “East Timorisation” where the people of Timor Lorosa’e take over the positions of responsibility including Government, and UNTAET takes on an advisory role.

Young people, particularly students and former staff of government departments need to be called on to participate in a major training program that addresses the specific sustainable development issues listed in the education section. Extension officers should be available for all of Timor Lorosa’e and consideration must be given to maintain equity for the rural areas so they too receive their share of resources and training. Many issues are best dealt with at a local level (e.g. hygiene and waste disposal), and local communities should be given the necessary tools to develop their own appropriate solutions.
 

Transparent and Integrated Planning Process

Sustainable development requires transparent management of fiscal resources and holistic, cross-sectoral planning which recognises the many links between the environment and other issues. For example many health problems have environmental causes, such as the spread of diseases through poor quality water supply or improper disposal of waste and waste water.

Planning should draw on expertise in the community. It needs a transparent, integrated approach, which is regulated and includes environmental impact assessment (EIA).

Infrastructure planning needs to be cross-sectoral (e.g. waste disposal is coordinated with transport, and water supply capacity is considered when tourism planning is occurring.) Cooperation between departments will provide better outcomes for the community. Planning to meet energy requirements is needed. A Sustainable Energy Futures group could be established to assist with policy formulation in this area.

Planning should be supported by good data. In many areas the data are poor or non-existent and priority areas will need to be identified for data collection. Such data and all information on which planning decisions are made, should be available to the community. Decisions on zoning, resources and management must be transparent and accountable. Geographic information systems (GIS) should be used.

Planning should respond to the needs of the community with bottom-up meeting top-down planning.
Aldeia <> Suko <> Posto <> District <> Nation, allows for a 2-way flow of views.
 

Clear Policies -developed in consultation with the community

Several workshops identified the need for clear government policies to guide the future development of Timor Lorosa’e. Policies and policy development should demonstrate equity in access to resources and services.

There was strong support for these policies to be developed in consultation with the people so they have ownership. Policy should reflect the need to find practical solutions and be drafted by a multi-disciplinary group. The final policy should incorporate the opinions and needs of local communities (e.g. the agriculture policy should reflect the needs of farmers.)

There should be ongoing communication and consultation with NGOs working with local communities.

Sustainable development policy areas suggested in workshops include Land Use and Land Zoning, Fisheries, Catchment Management, Forestry, Mining, Import/Export, Investment, Agriculture including Slash and Burn Agriculture, Import of Genetically Modified food products, Tourism, Energy and Waste Management.
 

Transparent System of Regulations, Enforcement and Penalties

Regulations are urgently needed in a number of areas, especially land tenure and foreign ownership.

Regulations should be drafted in consultation with customary leaders so that they recognise traditional land, individual land, and the different land zones such as forests, agriculture, industry, tourism. There also need to be regulations on citizenship, use rights of foreign investors, land tenure dispute resolution, import/export, environmental and social impact assessment for mines and major projects, company accountability, pollution prevention and waste disposal. Building regulations are also needed.

Regulations are needed to protect human rights, civil rights, the environment and labour rights.

Regulations should have enforcement mechanisms, and human and material resources dedicated to their enforcement, with a system of penalties that reflect the severity of the offence.
 

Recognition of Traditional Structures and Knowledge

The rights of indigenous people and customary law should be recognised. Respect for traditional culture and valuing local products are also important. Traditional materials have many advantages over imported materials, and modern technologies can be used to complement traditional designs. Recognising traditional law can assist with preventing problems such as deforestation and pollution. Traditional people have valuable knowledge and experience due to their very close links with the land, air and water. Recovery of traditional knowledge and law should have high priority.


Day 1: Thursday 25th January 2001
 

OPENING ADDRESSES

Mr Jose Lobato, Timor Aid

Mario Carrascalao, CNRT Vice President on behalf of Mr Xanana Gusmao, President CNRT

Mr Akira Takahashi, Special advisor to the SRSG on development, on behalf of Mr Sergio Viera de Mello, Special Representative of the Secretary General
 

INTRODUCTORY PLENARY

Moderator – Mr Jose Lobato, Timor Aid

•     Introduction to the conference

      * Aims, objectives, anticipated outcomes

      * Explanation of plenaries and workshops

Aderito de Jesus Soares – Representative of the Conference Coordinating Committee

•    East Timorese children's presentation

     Child Friendly Space

•    East Timorese Culture and the Environment

     Dionisio Babo Soares, East Timorese National Jurists Association

     Full Paper     •    Summarised Paper

•     Introduction to Sustainable Development

      Mrs Emilia Pires, Head, ETTA National Planning and Development Authority

•     Sustainable Development

       Dr Arthur Hanson, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Canada

•     Planning for Sustainability: National Strategies for Sustainable Development (NSSD) and Multi-stakeholder Integrative Sustainability Planning

      Mrs Ella Antonio, Earth Council Area Manager for Asia Pacific


Day 2: Friday 26th January 2001
 

PLENARY 1. Natural Resources and Conservation

      Moderator – Mr Estanislav da Silva, Asian Development Bank

•     East Timor's Natural Resources and Environmental Assets: Use & Concerns

      Mr Mario Nunes, ETTA Forestry Unit, East Timor Forestry Group (ETFOG)

•     Critical Biodiversity & Conservation – an overview

      Dr Graham Baines, Environment Pacific

•     Forests and Sustainable Forest Management

      Mr Jorge Rui Martins, ETFOG

•     Sustainable forest management in a changing world

      Dr Don Gilmour, IUCN Lao and Regional Community Forestry Training Centre

      Full Paper   •   Summarised Paper

•    Fresh Water Resources and Integrated Watershed Management

     Mr Alvaro Abrantes, ETTA Water and Sanitation Unit

     Mr Peter Nuttall, ETTA Forestry Unit

•     Climate Change

      Dr Merrilyn Wasson – Australian National University, Environment Australia

      Full Paper   •   Summarised Paper

•     Pollution and Waste

      Mr Carlos Conceicao - ETTA Environment Protection Unit

•     “Assessment of Environmental Priorities & Needs in East Timor”: UNDP Project Preliminary Findings

      Dr Odd Sandlund and team
 

WORKSHOP SERIES 1.

Natural Resources and Conservation (Workshop Outcomes)
 

•     Forests and Biodiversity  - Workshop 1.

      Speakers; a) Mr Adalfredo do Rosario Ferreira, ETFOG,

                      b) Dr Somsak Sukwong, RECOFTC

•     Pollution and Waste  - Workshop 2.

      Speaker:  Mr Angus Mackay, ETTA Environment Protection Unit

•     Fresh Water Resources  - Workshop 3.

      Speakers; a) Mr Gregorio Malik, CNRT, ETTA Water and Sanitation Unit

                       b) Mrs Sue Lennox, Oz GREEN

•     Development of national and community-based sustainable development plans  - Workshop 4.

      Speakers; a) Mrs Ella Antonio, Earth Council

                       b) Mr Graham Baines, Environment Pacific


Day 3: Saturday 27th January 2001
 

PLENARY 2. Economy & Environment

Moderator – Mr Joao Saldanha, ADB

•   Introduction to Economy and the Environment

    Dr Mari Alkatiri, ETTA, Minister for Economy
    Mr George Bouma, ETTA Environment Protection Unit

•   Industry & Trade & Globalisation

    Dr Helder da Costa, Research Centre, National University of Timor Lorosa’e

    Full Paper   •   Summarised Paper

    Miss Victoria Pettit,  Protimos Foundation, UK

•   Agriculture

    Mr Jose Abel, CNRT Agriculture

    Mr Scott Kinnear, Organic Federation of Australia

Moderator – Mr Lucas da Costa, UNDP

•   Fisheries

    Mr Abilio Fonseca, ETTA Agriculture Unit

•   The Development of Sustainable Fisheries in East Timor

    Dr Joeli Veitayaki, University of the South Pacific

    Full Paper   •   Summarised Paper

•   Mining, Resource Extractive Industries

    Mr Alfredo Pires, CNRT Mining and Energy

•   Sustainable Tourism & Eco Tourism

    Mr Vicente Ximenes, CNRT

    Professor Bill Carter, University of Queensland, CRC for Sustainable Tourism
 

WORKSHOP SERIES 2.
Economy & Environment ( Workshop Outcomes)

•     Industry, Trade and Globalisation - Workshop 1

      Speakers: a) Mr Joao Saldanha, ADB

                       b) Dr Arthur Hanson, IISD

•     Agriculture  -  Workshop 2

      Speakers; a) Mr Marcal Ximenes, ETTA Agriculture Unit

                        b) Captain Kosit, Thai Battalion & Gil Rangel da Cruz, ETTA Agriculture Unit

•     Fisheries  - Workshop 3

      Speaker;  Mr Richard Mounsey, ETTA Fisheries Unit

•     Mining  - Workshop 4

      Speakers; Mr Igor O’Neill, Mineral Policy Institute

•     Tourism  - Workshop 5

      Speaker; Pedro Lebre, Vila Harmonia


Day 4: Sunday 28th January 2001
 

PLENARY 3.  Technology for the environment

Moderator – Mr Jose Teixeira, Investment Institute, ETTA

•     Infrastructure, and transport

      Mr Joao Carrascalao, Infrastructure Minister, ETTA

•     Considerations Towards Sustainable Infrastructure Development In Urban Areas

Mr Jonas Rabinovitch, UNDP Urban Development, New York

•     Sustainable design

      Mr Tony Edye, Ecological Architects Association

•    Appropriate and sustainable energy

     Mr Phillip Calais, Environmental Technology Centre, Murdoch University

     Mr Frank Gnanam, BP Solar

•     Waste management systems

     Mr Jose Mestre, Water and Sanitation Unit, ETTA

     Mr Sharad Adhikari, WHO
 

WORKSHOP Series 3

Technology for the Environment (Workshop Outcomes )

• Sustainable Design & Infrastructure – waste management, transport, sustainable energy


Day 5: Monday 29th January 2001
 

PLENARY 4. Social Issues and the Environment

Moderator – Mr Aurelio Guterres, OXFAM
 

•   Health

    Dr Sergio Lobo, Health, ETTA

•   Health And Environment : Integrating Health Concerns In National Sustainable Development

     Dr Alex Andjaparidze, WHO

•   Demographic Change, Urbanisation

    Mr Jonas Rabinovitch, UNDP Urban Development Team, New York

•   Gender

    Ms Aurora Ximenes, REDE

•   The Case of Small Island Nations

Mrs Motarilavoa Hilda Lini, Pacific Concerns Resource Centre

•   Youth

     Mr Mariano Sabino Lopes, IMPETTU

•   Education

    Mr Armindo Maia, National University Timor Lorosa’e

•   Water Resources

Mrs Sue Lennox, Oz GREEN

•   Land Tenure and Sustainable Land Management

    Mr Pedro de Sousa Xavier, Land and Property Unit, ETTA

•   Environmental Management for Small Island States

Mr Graham Baines, Environment Pacific
 

WORKSHOP SERIES 4.
Social Issues and Environment (Workshop Outcomes)

•     Health         - Workshop 1

      Speaker; Miss Maria Dias, PAS

•     Gender       - Workshop 2

•     Youth          - Workshop 3

      Speaker; Mr Joao Sarmento, Student Solidarity Council

•     Education - - Workshop 4

      Speaker: Mrs Sue Lennox, Oz GREEN

•     Land tenure and Sustainable Land Management - Workshop 5

      Speaker; Mr Pedro de Sousa Xavier, Land and Property Unit, ETTA


Day 6: Tuesday 30th January 2001
 

Plenary 5. Institutions and the environment in East Timor

Moderator – Dr Helder da Costa, Research Centre, National University of Timor Lorosa’e

•     Governance

       Mr Joao Canceicao Freitas, National University Timor Lorosa’e

•     Governance And Sustainable Development

Dr Arthur Hanson, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Canada

•     Civil Society

       Mr Arsenio Bano, East Timor NGO Forum (FONGTIL)

•     Environment and civil society

Mrs Emmy Hafild, WALHI

•     Traditional Culture

      Mrs Maria Olandina Caeiro Alves

      Mrs Motarilavoa Hilda Lini, Pacific Concerns Resource Centre

•     National and international environmental law

      Mr Francisco da Costa Guterres, ADB

•     How Can International Environmental Law Assist East Timor?

Ms Lisa Ogle, Environmental Defenders Office

•     Environmental planning and management

      Professor Henry Nix, Australian National University
 

WORKSHOP SERIES 5.
Institutions and the Environment (Workshop Outcomes)

•     Governance            - Workshop 1

•     Civil Society            - Workshop 2

•     Traditional Culture - Workshop 3

      Speaker: Mr Francisco Branco, To Make Green

•     National and International Environmental Law - Workshop 4

      Speaker: Mrs Wiwiek Awiati, Indonesian Center for Environmental Law

•     Environmental Planning and Management -- Workshop 5

      Speaker: Mr Graham Baines, Environment Pacific


Day 7: Wednesday 31st January 2001
 

CONCLUDING PLENARY.  Conclusions and way forward

Moderators;
Dionisio Babo Soares, Australian National University
Aderito de Jesus Soares, SAHE Institute
Aurelio Guterres, OXFAM

•     Preamble

•     Recommendations

•     Summary and endorsement of workshop outcomes

•     How to carry forward ideas generated?

Responsible body/organisation (eg: Sustainable Development Taskforce)

to contribute to strategic planning and implementation of sustainable development in East Timor

* Discussion

* Representatives

END


See also:

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Introduction to Conference on Sustainable Development  Article up-dated Aug 3
" ... the human system is an integral part of the ecosystem. A society is sustainable only if both the human condition and the condition of the ecosystem are satisfactory or improving. If either is unsatisfactory or worsening, the society is unsustainable.
... The livelihoods of East Timorese people depend on a healthy and productive environment. All people and industries for example, depend on a healthy water supply. Agriculture, fisheries, and tourism also depend on the environment. To meet people’s needs now and for future generations, East Timor’s natural resource base must be conserved and improved.Mr Jose Lobato, Timor Aid

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Recommendations of Conference on Sustainable Development  Added Aug 3
"In addition to the many specific suggestions arising from the Conference papers and workshops, seven overarching recommendations are made. These represent important starting points to begin the journey towards sustainable development in Timor Lorosa’e." Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: ETTA: The Natural Resources of East Timor  Overview added July 25
"Because East Timor has ruled by other people for so long, the management of natural resources in this country has not received serious attention. The result is that today there is widespread deforestation and there are several species of bird and animals that are threatened with extinction. ... Thus if we wish to develop a better future for East Timor, the biophysical environment and natural resources of East Timor must be given attention so as to avoid further destruction and to repair environmental damage." Mario N. Nunes, Manger ETTA Forestry Unit

BD: Reconstruction and 'Aid & Development' - A collection of recent press releases, reports, and articles


BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor home
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