BACK DOOR Newsletter on Timor Loro Sa'e: Monday June 25 2001

Homepage: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood

This email contains a summary of a few of the items added to the website during the week
(ending Monday June 25)


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CONTENTS:
  TOPICAL THEMES  Updated  June 24
  JUNE 2001 NEWS, ARTICLES & REPORTS Updated  June 23
  MAY 2001 NEWS, ARTICLES & REPORTS  Updated  June 22
  JAN 2001 NEWS, ARTICLES & REPORTS  Updated  June 24
  UPCOMING AUSTRALIAN EVENTS  Updated  June 24
  ABOUT BACK DOOR
  EMAIL SUBSCRIPTION

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TOPICAL THEMES

Click on links relating to various Themes at:
http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/themes.htm

These NEW collections of recent items relating to particular themes
have been added in the past week:

NEW Reconstruction and 'Aid & Development'  Updated June 24

NEW Peoples' Participation Updated June 24

These collections have been up-dated in the past week:

East Timor National NGO Forum  Updated June 18

Capacity Building & 'Timorisation'  Updated June 23

Financing Reconstruction  Updated June 22

Timor Oil  Updated June 23

'Refugees' & Missing Persons  Updated June 24

Women's Issues  Updated June 22

FRETILIN - Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor  Updated June 21

War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity  Updated June 24

Calls for International War Crimes Tribunal  Updated June 23

Truth, Reception and Reconciliation  Updated June 23

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JUNE 2001 NEWS, ARTICLES & REPORTS

Access the following recently added June items at:
http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01jun.htm

June 2001 LHB: Can East Timor Survive the Aid Industry?  Article added June 22
"They have come to help, with their 4x4 vehicles and consultants and experience of “helping” in Mozambique and India and Honduras. The United Nations, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank, the bilateral aid agencies, and international non-government organizations (INGOs) are there by the score. They rent all the best houses for thousands of dollars a month, and they pay high salaries—$4000 a month or more sometimes—to skilled East Timorese, stealing the best people from already weak local institutions, and ensuring that any skilled people returning from abroad work for them. They are the international aid industry." Joseph Hanlon

June 2001 LHB: The International Monetary Fund in East Timor  Overview added June 21
"Unfortunately, the IMF [International Monetary Fund] is not known for its democratic practices ... the IMF does not actively reach out to civil society in the countries in which it works. Notwithstanding this reputation, hopefully, the IMF will take its own advice to heart and seek the active participation of the East Timorese community in its work to shape the economic structures here." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

June 2001 LHB: What is the International Monetary Fund? Article added June 21
"IMF practices tend to reflect the agendas of the world’s wealthiest countries, primary among which is to create capitalist countries that allow for unregulated trade and open investment. And it is for such reasons that the IMF has come under sustained criticism from many development and human rights NGOs, as well as national governments throughout the world. Especially in terms of its structural adjustment loans, many see the IMF as imposing policies on poor countries that create great hardships for the majority of the population." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

June 22 SMH: And justice for all: Dili backs international war crimes tribunal  Good News added June 23
"East Timor’s de facto government, the National Council, has backed the formation of an international war crimes tribunal to prosecute leaders of anti-independence militias and their Indonesian army supporters. The council voted overwhelmingly in support of the tribunal and also endorsed legislation to establish a South African-style Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The moves were initiated by council member, Mr Aniceto Guterres, East Timor’s best known lawyer, who also heads the country’s Yayasan-HAK human rights foundation" Mark Dodd, Herald Correspondent in Dili

June 22 McKee comment on ABC: Pipeline to East Timor?  Comment & news added June 23
"the debate over the technical and economic feasibility of a pipeline to East Timor has been re-activated by PetroTimor’s claim that they can construct such a pipeline. It is known that the East Timorese leadership are aware of the benefits of a small diameter pipeline ... to bring gas from Bayu-Undan to the East Timor domestic market. This potential project would enable the small country to have a secure and clean source of energy ... " G A McKee, oil industry consultant

Jun 20 DemNow!: Interviews on Refugees, Justice  Interviews added June 21
"If Western officials wanted a truer picture of the world refugee situation, and their own role in exacerbating this crisis, they might go to Indonesian West Timor, where they could more appropriately celebrate world hostage day. There, Indonesia continues to hold tens of thousands of East Timorese refugees as virtual hostages nearly two years after they voted overwhelmingly for independence." Democracy Now! interviews Winston Neil Rondo & Matthew Jardine

Portuguese:
Jun 18 OTL: Transição e processo eleitoral  Report added June 23
"o processo eleitoral progride nos seus aspectos a dominante administrativos (recenseamento, registo dos partidos) mas, nos domínios onde o papel dos Timorenses é ou devia ser preponderante (educação cívica e eleitoral, mecanismos de preparação da Constituição), o processo emperra. Muitos funcionários internacionais parecem não aprender tão depressa como Xanana Gusmão que: “a democracia não se ensina, pratica-se” " Observatório Timor Leste

Jun 18 ETO: Transition and the electoral process  Report added June 23
"the electoral process is progressing in terms of the administrative aspects (voter registration, political party registration), but wherever the Timorese are, or ought to be playing an active role (civic and electoral education, consultation mechanisms for the future Constitution), the process becomes stuck. As Xanana Gusmão has pointed out, many international officials appear slow to realise that “democracy is not something that is taught, but practiced” " East Timor Observatory

Jun 18 CAA-OA: A step at a time in East Timor  Interview added June 21
"The overall goal is to ensure active participation—particularly for women—in the reconstruction, development and political process. So some of the organisations we work with are predominantly women’s organisations. ... We’re working quite a lot on a women and leadership programme, looking at how legislation is being developed, how to draft a constitution, why it’s important for women be involved, why their vote counts, what they might feel is important." Keryn Clark, Country Programme Manager, Oxfam Australia (Community Aid Abroad)

Jun 17 Guterez: Is access to justice still dependent on position in ETimor?  Article and letter added June 22
"This [domestic violence] case seems to be taking a long time to get to court and ... I feel justice may not be done. With domestic violence being common here and Dr Sergio being a well-known figure the case could be a big move to make it clear that domestic violence is not expectable and illegal. Perhaps it is time for the international community to voice their concern." Jane Guterez

Jun 15 ET NGO Forum: Donors’ Meeting Discusses Key Issues  Final release added June 18
"The NGO community is still concerned about the lack of clarity about future justice for East Timor, and urges continued international attention on how this will be achieved. It is essential for Reconciliation. We would like to see an International Tribunal as one of the options to be explored.” Aderito Soares, ET NGO spokesman on Legal and Constitutional issues

Jun 15 ET NGO Forum: Economic and Social Development Issues  Comment added June 18
"Such a vision would need to include access to appropriate education for excluded groups, particularly many children and adults in rural and remote areas. With 64% of our women unable to read and write, non-formal education is very important for them. There must also be guaranteed access to schooling for girls so that education contributes to more gender equity in our society." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 15 ET NGO Forum: Financial Sustainability  Comment added June 18
"NGOs believe that the East Timorese people must direct their own development, This includes decisions around funding particularly given that so many difficult decisions will need to be made on spending priorities. NGOs promote the principle of decentralised and participatory budget making as detailed by Emilia Pires of the NPDA." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 15 ET NGO Forum: Political Transition  Comment added June 18
"Refugees: We know that more than 90% are reported to have said they want to stay in Indonesia. NGOs suggest that there should be an independent evaluation of the validity of this registration process." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 15 ET NGO Forum: Administrative Transition  Comment added June 18
"there has to be a strong focus now on capacity-building. This means international staff must move into advisory positions with objectives and job descriptions related to capacity-building. There should be performance indicators established and monitored to ensure capacity-building is happening. Capacity building is not just training individuals. It requires building policies and procedures, and the development of a culture of transparency, accountability, and effectiveness, including training on gender awareness for public services." Arsenio Bano, Executive Director of the ET NGO Forum

Jun 2 Dunn: Re call for Tribunal  Comment added June 19
"In view of the changing scene in Jakarta the need to press for an international tribunal is now more urgent. ... What we should not be doing, is hesitating and encouraging the TNI command establishment to conclude that it is now likely to escape international scrutiny." James Dunn, Crimes investigator for United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET)

Jun 1 AI: Report 2001, Covering events from Jan-Dec 2000  Link to report added Jun 21
"The legal and institutional framework for investigating and prosecuting serious crimes was introduced by UNTAET. Jurisdiction over serious crimes under international law including war crimes, crimes against humanity, torture and sexual offences was established. A Special Crimes Unit was established to investigate the massive human rights violations which were perpetrated by pro-Indonesian militia and the Indonesian security forces in 1999. However, lack of support and resources contributed to the slow pace of investigations. ... by the end of 2000 no one had been brought to justice for crimes committed during 1999." Amnesty International

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MAY 2001 NEWS, ARTICLES & REPORTS

Access the following recently added May items at:
http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01may.htm

May 29 A People’s Constitution for East Timor  Release added June 22
“A constitution should be a living document reflecting the needs, hopes and aspirations of the Timorese people. It is important that the Constitution is not only owned by the elite, but also by ordinary men and women. It is important that all the Timorese are involved enough in the process so that we can call it a People’s Constitution,” Joaquim Fonseca, Advocacy Officer, Yayasan Hak

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JAN 2001 NEWS, ARTICLES & REPORTS

Access the following recently added January items at:
http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/Jan2001NA&R.htm

French:
jan 20 OTO: Réfugiés : Combien sont-ils ? Combien veulent retourner au Timor Oriental ?  Report added June 24
"Des intérêts politiques et économiques empêchent un comptage crédible des réfugiés. Les autorités indonésiennes ont accepté la présence des agences d’aide internationales pour recevoir de l’aide, mais n’ont rien fait pour le démantèlement des milices qui contrôlent les réfugiés et les retours en étroite collaboration avec les militaires indonésiens avec lesquels elles partagent les droits de passage exigés à ceux qui veulent retourner." Observatoire Timor-Oriental

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UPCOMING AUSTRALIAN EVENTS

Access details of Canberra Events at:
http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/ACTEvents.htm

Book Launch for John Martinkus book on East Timor "A Dirty Little War",
coupled with the opening of Photo Exhibition: Through the Eye of the Lens
CANBERRA SERVICES CLUB, Canberra Ave, Manuka.
Also Sydney, Melbourne and Dili on other dates
Friday July 13th, 6.30pm
Photo exhibition ends Wednesday 18 July

Australian press photographers East Timor exhibition:
"Through the Eye of the Lens Jan 1997- Jan 2000"
in conjunction with the launch of book: A Dirty Little War
CANBERRA SERVICES CLUB, Canberra Ave, Manuka.
Also Sydney, Melbourne and Dili on other dates
Friday July 13th, 6.30pm - Wednesday 18 July

Mid July SBS screening of King/CavaDini documentary film "Starting From Zero".

Sydney Timorese Community Festival with "Leaving the Crocodile" Exhibition.
Timorese artists working with the Liverpool Museum; Principal Curator: Amanda Wise.
Liverpool Regional Museum, Sydney
August 25th-December 15th

August 30th East Timor National Election Date

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BACK DOOR is a FREE Australia based Web and email
newsletter including inter'l news, articles and urgent actions related
to ET along with coming events in Canberra.

BACK DOOR supports human rights, East Timorese
self-determination and promotes East Timorese voices.

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