BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor .........home ...... Nov items

* Santa Cruz Massacre * Justice And Accountability in East Timor * Calls for an International Crimes Tribunal * Japanese Self-Defense Force * Independence * Disparity Between UNTAET & East Timorese * Health * Military Aid to Indonesia * The Tampa Affair / Refugees

BD: November 20 2001
Month in Review

    * Santa Cruz Massacre
    * Justice And Accountability in East Timor
    * Calls for an International Crimes Tribunal
    * Japanese Self-Defense Force
    * Independence
    * Disparity Between UNTAET & East Timorese
    * Health
    * Military Aid to Indonesia
    * The Tampa Affair / Refugees
  National & International-Brisbane-Melbourne-Sydney


Read about Urgent Actions & Things to Do at:

Canada-based Actions:
Nov 15 KairosCanada: Appeal for Tribunal  Action added Nov 15
“There must be no hiding place for political monsters such as unleashed the destruction of East Timor in 1999. These are crimes which are far greater than their immediate victims ... They strike at the future as well as the present. They make the world more dangerous for everyone.” Bishop Belo of Dili, Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, 1996
"Please show your support for the creation of an international tribunal on East Timor and for human rights reform in Indonesia. Below is a brief outline of a letter you can send to Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, The Hon. John Manley. Please also send a copy of your correspondence to our office. We will forward copies to all of the member countries on the UN Security Council, the UN body which mandates the creation of an international tribunal." Kairos: Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives

Ideas for Action in achieving Justice for East Timor:
October 2001 LHB: Solidarity and International Justice  Article added Nov 9
"In the Philippines, the Asia-Pacific Coalition for East Timor (APCET) has suggested that a People’s Tribunal (unofficial prosecutors presenting evidence to a panel of experts who are not legal judges) could be a good way to highlight the issues, develop the evidence, and create momentum toward an official legal court. ... The next session of the Commission [UN Commission on Human Rights], in March/April 2002, will also require concerted lobbying to ensure that pressure for justice is maintained. ... The possibility of preparing legal cases against leading generals and using the courts of countries, such as Belgium, which have shown a willingness to exercise universal jurisdiction over Crimes Against Humanity, is an idea which the movement must seriously consider. Solidarity groups are likely to have the chance to discuss this and other possible strategies at a conference on impunity in Amsterdam at the beginning of December." Paul Barber, TAPOL, the Indonesia Human Rights Campaign

Until Nov 29 IHRC & TLS: Urgent Action - ET Children Held in Indonesia  Action added Oct 17
"Considerable international pressure will be needed to reunite hundreds of East Timorese children, held in Indonesia, with their parents. ... In the aftermath of the violence in East Timor in 1999, hundreds of children were separated from their parents. It is feared that many have been forced to work in Indonesian sweatshops and plantations or as prostitutes. Australian journalists have been following the fate of 130 children, who were taken from refugee camps in West Timor to primitive orphanages in Java." Indonesia Human Rights Committee & Timor Lorosae Support, New Zealand

Until Nov 27 WSLS: New ASIO Powers Threaten Democratic Rights  Urgent Action added Oct 10
"New Powers: * ASIO to get powers of arrest and detention for up to 48 hours; * the removal of the right to silence when under questioning; * the creation of terrorist offences and related legislation violating the rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association. ... In the understandable fear generated since the September 11 attacks and with the climate of war, fundamental civil liberties are under threat. The [Australian] Federal Government, backed by Labor, has announced substantial new powers for Australia’s spy agency ASIO and is proposing anti-terrorism laws that could violate basic rights and freedoms." Damien Lawson, Western Suburbs Legal Service, Melbourne, Australia

ETAN/U.S.: Current Action Alerts:  [includes actions to: End the Refugee Crisis]  Link updated Sep 1


Access recently added news items at:

* Santa Cruz Massacre

November 12th, 1991:
Massacre of unarmed Timorese youth at Santa Cruz cemetery

Nov 10 ETAN/U.S.: Alert: Honor the Santa Cruz massacre victims  Action alert added Nov 11
"NOVEMBER 12 marks the tenth anniversary of one of the most infamous massacres in East Timor. On November 12, 1991, the Indonesian military indiscriminately fired upon East Timorese participants in a memorial procession-turned-peaceful pro-independence demonstration in the Santa Cruz cemetery in Dili. Over 270 civilians were killed. This massacre, unlike many others during the U.S.-backed Indonesian military occupation, was recorded and reported on by international journalists. News of the atrocity sparked an international solidarity movement for East Timor." ETAN Washington Representative Karen Orenstein

Nov 12 DemNow!: RealAudio Program on Santa Cruz Massacre  Audio link added Nov 15
"The Indonesian troops who committed the massacre [Santa Cruz] used M-16 rifles provided by the US; their officers were trained and supported by the U.S. When the horrific reports of the Santa Cruz massacre reached the outside world, the response of the US and its allies was instructive. The Bush Administration doubled military aid to Indonesia even as General Try Sutrisno, who would later become Vice President, said of the nonviolent protestors “such people much be shot and we will shoot them.” But the massacre also sparked an international solidarity movement to support the East Timorese struggle for liberation from Indonesian occupation." Democracy NOW! in Exile

Nov 12 APCET: Ten years ago today, a massacre in Dili stunned the world  Statement added Nov 13
"The crimes against East Timor are also crimes against humanity. It is time that the international community close this grim chapter in world history by convening an international human rights tribunal for East Timor. It is time that the Indonesian government redress their past wrongs by cooperating, if not, initiating proceedings to convene this international court. It is time for the victims and kin of all crimes in East Timor to rest. It is time for East Timor to be completely free." Asia-Pacific Coalition for East Timor (APCET)

Nov 12 TETA: The eve of 10th anniversary of Santa Cruz massacre  Statements added Nov 12
"On Nov. 11, more than 70 people took part in a memorial event in Tokyo to commemorate the 10th anniversary of the Santa Cruz massacre in East Timor. After about an hour meeting, mourners walked to the Indonesian embassy in Tokyo carrying pictures of victims of the Santa Cruz massacre and laid flowers at the gate of the embassy. The event was organised by Tokyo East Timor Association (a member group of Free East Timor! Japan Coalition ),  National Christian Council, Japan Catholic Council for Justice and Peace, Amnesty International Japan, Network for Indonesian Democracy, Japan, Japan NGO Network for Indonesia, and Pacific Asia Resource Center. The attendants unanimously approved the statement prepared by organisers, calling for the establishment of an international tribunal to prosecute Indonesian military officers and top-level militia leaders responsible for crimes against humanity committed in East Timor." Kyo Kageura, Tokyo East Timor Association (Free East Timor! Japan Coalition)

Nov 12 SMH: Ten Years Later, Santa Cruz Massacre Still Leaves a Scar  Article added Nov 12
"Ten years after the massacre that shocked the world, memories are still raw in East Timor. ... Ten years later the territory has its nominal freedom, but Santa Cruz is still an open wound. UNTAET has paid little attention to victims of war crimes, although they constitute a substantial sector of the population. ... The balance is not entirely negative a decade later. Two young men, Gregorio Saldanha and Francisco Branco, were among those arrested and tortured for the crime of organising a peaceful demonstration. Both served eight years in Soeharto’s prisons, but were freed prematurely after the dictator fell. Today, they walk tall as members of Timor’s new parliament [Both are National Fretilin Party Representatives elected to the Constituent Assembly - BD]. Only their troubled, serious faces indicate their sad past." Jill Joliffe in Dili

* Justice And Accountability in East Timor


October 2001 LHB: UNTAET and “Serious Crimes”  Article added Oct 30
"Since the arrival of UNTAET, one of its most critical responsibilities has been to initiate and achieve accountability for some of those who perpetrated crimes against the people of East Timor during 1999. ... many East Timorese and internationals here feel that investigations and prosecution of Serious Crimes are moving much too slowly, and that the goals set by the SCU fail to include the systematic and coordinated nature of the atrocities, or to explore crimes committed before 1999. Many believe that the problems stem from several principal factors: mismanagement, incompetence, lack of vision, inadequate resources, and insufficient political will within the international community." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

October 2001 LHB: Justice for East Timor?  Article added Oct 30
"In the September 2001 issue of Tais Timor, UNTAET outlines its “twenty major achievements,” which do not include anything related to Serious Crimes prosecution. (Their claimed “functioning judicial and legal system” deals only with “ordinary” crimes.) UNTAET’s silence about its achievements reflects what is widely seen as insufficient progress in this area. Of course, this is a problem not only of UNTAET’s making, but more importantly a result of the lack of political will on the part of Indonesia and the United Nations’ most powerful members to ensure that East Timor sees justice. Nevertheless, there are serious shortcomings with UNTAET’s efforts to ensure justice for human rights crimes committed in the context of Indonesia’s invasion and occupation." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

* Commission for Reception, Truth & Reconciliation

October 2001 LHB: Commission for Reception, Truth & Reconciliation  Overview added Nov 9
"The Commission has two general areas of activity ... First, it will establish the truth regarding human rights violations that took place between 1974 and 1999, ... the Commission will investigate not only individual cases of rights violations, but also the extent to which the violations were part of a systematic pattern of abuse. ... The CRTR will also examine the role of international actors - such as foreign governments - in its attempt to provide a full picture of why gross human rights abuses occurred. ... Second, the CRTR will assist “in restoring the human dignity of victims,” in part by providing them with the opportunity to tell their stories publicly. It will also help to promote reconciliation amongst East Timorese by “supporting the reception and reintegration of individuals who have caused harm to their communities” by what are deemed as relatively minor acts of violence (such as killing a few livestock or burning one or two houses)." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

* Indonesia

Oct 16 FORTILOS/HAK: Justice Process in Indonesia re ET 1999  Article added Nov 15
"With the completion of the work of KPP-HAM, and entrusted by the international world, the ongoing process lies in the hands of the Indonesian Attorney General (AG). The AG holds the authority to decide on which cases and whom to prosecute in court. [issues:] the AG’s Office doesn’t have enough capability and knowledge to deal with cases previously unknown in Indonesia, such as “serious violations of human rights” and/or “violations of international humanitarian law.” ... so far the AG has not been independent from the government, and especially not in relationship to the Indonesian National Military (ABRI/TNI). ... one can assume from the beginning of August 2000 on, that certain names will be deleted from the list to be investigated by the AG. ... The largest obstacle for the Indonesian National Court of Justice is that the suspects of serious human rights crimes are Indonesian military (TNI) officers ... TNI is a very dominant element in the regime that is currently in power in Indonesia." By Nug Katjasungkana, Solidarity Forum for East Timor in Indonesia (FORTILOS) and Yayasan HAK, Foundation of Law, Human Rights, and Justice

* Strengthen Existing Judicial Institutions

October 2001 LHB: East Timor’s New Judicial System  Article added Oct 30
"It is vital that the international community continues to support and provide material assistance to the fledgling justice system well beyond the expiration of the UNTAET mandate. If the new justice system does not receive the necessary support, the legacy of impunity and corruption left by Indonesia will continue to undermine the development of the rule of law in an independent East Timor." The Judicial System Monitoring Programme

October 2001 LHB: An International Tribunal for East Timor?  Article added Nov 9
"The Indonesian and UNTAET systems are deeply flawed; much of the support for an international tribunal is based on their perceived failure. However, there is an assumption that no more can be done to improve their efficacy. This may be true generally in respect to Indonesia; certainly in the short and medium term it is reasonable to expect that Jakarta will continue to avoid a judicial examination of the role of senior officials, or to transfer them to an alternative jurisdiction. A restructured Serious Crimes Unit, on the other hand, has the potential to achieve many of the goals that supporters of an international tribunal seek." Jon Cina, [until recently] Case Manager and Legal Advisor to UNTAET’s Serious Crimes Unit, [previously] war crimes investigator in Kosovo & working at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

Oct 31 Colombia: The Situation in East Timor  Statement to Security Council added Nov 13
"Another point that Mr. Vieira de Mello made relates to the need for proper justice for crimes committed, particularly the most serious offences. We have all recently heard many calls for ad hoc courts or mechanisms to ensure that perpetrators of such crimes are held responsible. This campaign and this activism confirm how important it is to do away with impunity. However, in our opinion, we must focus our efforts on the functioning and strengthening of existing institutions and those that are to be created. In our view, justice and reconciliation should be fully compatible. Without proper justice being done, we cannot set out on the road to true coexistence. The Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation commissions is very useful." Ambassador Alfonso Valdivieso, Permanent Representative of Colombia

* Women

October 2001 LHB: Women and Justice  Article added Nov 9
"The justice system can respond to violence against women in a number of important ways by: * clearly prohibiting violence; * ensuring that the justice system treats domestic violence in the same way as other forms of violence; * providing protection for women from continuing violence; and * providing adequate and just compensation for injuries caused by violence. ... Ensuring that the law itself protects women and complies with international human rights standards is only the first step. In addition, there must be effective community education about women’s rights and sensitive administration of the laws. It is the responsibility of all those involved in the justice system law makers, police, prosecutors, lawyers and judges - to ensure that women achieve full equality before the law." Kate Halliday, Australian-based lawyer & recent volunteer with FOKUPERS (East Timorese Women’s Communication Forum) in Dili

* Resources

Nov 14 LH: Dili Justice Seminar report excerpts  Summaries added Nov 15
"The following material relates to a seminar held in Dili on 16 October 2001 entitled Justice And Accountability In East Timor: International Tribunals And Other Options organized by several East Timorese non-governmental organizations. ... If you would like the 24-page seminar report including all papers, discussions and outcomes of the seminar, write to and I will email you an Adobe Acrobat (PDF) file. Please indicate if you would like the English or Bahasa Indonesia version. The full report of the seminar will be available soon at [including new information and reports as they come out]" Charlie Scheiner, La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

A Summary/Chronology of all major events:
October 2001 LHB: Justice and Accountability for East Timor: Sep 99 - Oct 01  Timeline added Nov 15
La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

* Calls for an International Crimes Tribunal

Nov 12 APCET: Ten years ago today, a massacre in Dili stunned the world  Statement added Nov 13
"The crimes against East Timor are also crimes against humanity. It is time that the international community close this grim chapter in world history by convening an international human rights tribunal for East Timor. It is time that the Indonesian government redress their past wrongs by cooperating, if not, initiating proceedings to convene this international court. It is time for the victims and kin of all crimes in East Timor to rest. It is time for East Timor to be completely free." Asia-Pacific Coalition for East Timor (APCET)

Oct 30 UNSC: ET women: ‘Arria formula’ meeting  Speech added Nov 2
"East Timorese women call for a concerted effort by the UN to help reunite displaced families, and in particular to bring together unaccompanied children who were separated as a result of the organized violence. We also call for a return of East Timorese refugees in West Timor, where women and children under the control of the militia are often sexually attacked and suffer from malnutrition and poor health. ... East Timorese women call upon the UN to provide resources for cost effective and community managed health promotion projects that cover reproductive health, communicable disease control and environmental health. ... East Timorese women join the rest of society, including Bishop Belo, all political parties and NGOs in appealing for justice for serious crimes including gender-based crimes through an International Tribunal." Natércia Godinho-Adams, on behalf of East Timorese women’s organizations

Oct 29 APCET letter to UN Security Council on International Tribunal  Letter added Oct 31
"We are writing to urge you to establish an international tribunal to try the war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide committed in East Timor from 1975 onward. ... [We are] hopeful that your Excellencies will mark this month’s commemoration of the UN’s birthing by being true to the principles of which you were founded. In this era when peoples of the world have almost lost faith and trust in entities such as the UN, establishing an international tribunal for East Timor will be an apt celebration of the ideals that engendered the UN." Mr. Augusto N. Miclat, Jr., Coordinator, APCET, the Asia-Pacific Coalition for East Timor [The coalition includes 17 affiliates from Asia-Pacific countries including Indonesia]

Oct 24 ET NGOs: Urgent Steps Needed to Establish Justice  Letter added Oct 27
"We urge the United Nations not to leave East Timor alone with the consequences of the crimes so terrible that they are characterized as against all humanity. It is time to take immediate steps to establish an International Tribunal for East Timor.  This is the only mechanism that could address the current need for justice, the missing element so far, in the process of nation building for East Timor and worldwide respect for human dignity." Yayasan HAK; Lao Hamutuk; FOKUPERS; Bishop Belo’s Center for Peace and Development Kdadalak Sulimutu Institute (KSI); Working Group for Electoral Education (KKPP); Judicial System Monitoring Project (JSMP); East Timor Student Solidarity Council (ETSC); Student Solidarity Council of Oe-Cusse; Yayasan Timor Nabilan; Nove-Nove Survivers Group (Maliana); NGO Forum

Oct 24 Internationals in ET write UN Security Council on Justice  Letter added Oct 27
"We are writing as citizens of many countries who currently reside in East Timor (Timor Lorosa’e), working with a variety of organizations. ... After two years, the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor is winding down. East Timor will be independent soon. It would compound the crimes already committed here if this tiny, poor nation which has endured so much terror is left on its own to cope with criminals who still hold positions of power in its huge neighbor. The period of U.N. responsibility for East Timor must leave a legacy of justice and accountability if East Timor is to succeed as a member of the world community." J Conway (Asia-Pacific Support Collective); Sr. B Guhit (Bishop Belo’s Center for Peace & Development); J Gunter; C Serreira e Freire (Oikos); M Hachisuka (La’o Hamutuk); T Irawati (FORTILOS); V Joshi (LH); N Katjasungkana (FORTILOS); I Lempp; J Newton (Caritas Australia); S Martin (CA); H McCaughey (Australian Volunteers International); C Ranheim (Judicial Systems Monitoring Programme); S Rosa; C Scheiner (International Federation for East Timor); P Sexton (LH); A de Sousa (LH); J Sternberg

Oct 20 Free East Timor! Japan Coalition writes to UNSG re international tribunal  Letter added Nov 13
"The recent attacks against the United States, which resulted in the deaths of thousands of innocent people, have been rightly condemned by the international community as acts of terrorism. The world has been united in its calls for the perpetrators of these terrible crimes to be identified and brought to justice; ... Just as the victims of the U.S. attacks deserve justice, so do the East Timorese. Terrorism, which is generally defined as the systematic use of violence to create a general climate of fear in a population and thereby to bring about a particular political objective, is an accurate description of the sufferings inflicted on the East Timorese people by the Indonesian military during the 24 years of Indonesian occupation." Free East Timor! Japan Coalition

* Japanese Self-Defense Force

Nov 3 Age: Timor's Haunted Women  Article added Nov 7
"They’re cruel! We don’t want Japanese soldiers back here!” Marta Pereira, one of around 1000 surviving ETimorese women who were used as sex slaves, or “comfort women”, by the Japanese military
“We see it as an important issue - despite their old age, these women are still suffering, ... We struggled 24 years to get Indonesian troops out of here, and now we’re being asked to accept Japanese troops. Japanese support should be in another form. It’s ugly to have troops here when no apology has yet been made.” Natalia de Jesus Cesaltino, Fokupers

Nov 1 Inglis: UN and Tokyo agree on dispatch of Japanese troops to ETimor  Article added Nov 7
"The Japanese government announced on October 22 that a 600-member Self-Defense Force engineering battalion would be sent to East Timor next spring. ... twelve Timorese NGOs, organizations (involved in such fields as human rights, women’s issues, student mobilization, international aid monitoring, etc.) issued a statement opposing the SDF dispatch and urging Japan to instead use its political and economic influence with Indonesia to bring about the normalization of conditions along the border with Indonesian West Timor. ... most of the world’s people, if given a choice, would opt for a twenty-first century with one less, rather than one more, military armed to the teeth and waiting for war." Jean Inglis, member of the Japanese solidarity network

October 2001 IAI: SDF Dispatch to the PKF in ETimor: “Aid with a face”?  Article added Nov 19
"East Timor thus becomes the target zone in which the [Japanese] Self-Defense Force aims to advance its own priorities. But toward whom should we [Japan] be turning our face? The people who were made to suffer by the Japanese Army in World War II, the people who suffered from the Indonesian invasion, the people who still live under the threat of violence by the pro-Jakarta militia, and the people who are working to build their land into a new country. To protect its own interests, Japan supported Indonesia’s invasion of East Timor and turned a blind eye to the slaughter carried out by the Indonesian military. The crimes we have committed against the people of East Timor (including the crime of indifference) are not such as can be erased by aid given after independence. But if, even so, we want to help East Timor in some way, we have to start by listening to the East Timorese. The statement of the twelve East Timorese NGOs on the issue of the SDF dispatch is one such voice." Namba Mitsuru

* Independence

Oct 31 UN: SC Endorses Proposal to Declare ETimor Independence 20 May  Statement added Nov 6
"The Security Council this afternoon welcomed the political progress achieved to date towards establishing an independent East Timorese State, and endorsed the recommendation by the Constituent Assembly of the Territory that independence be declared on 20 May 2002. ... Mari Alkatiri, Chief Minister of the Second Transitional Government of East Timor, stressed the importance of institution-building and the gradual transfer of administrative functions to East Timorese civil servants." U.N. Security Council

Oct 27 RDP: Timorese leader rejects fresh general elections after independence  Interview added Oct 31
"I can assure you that we will not have general elections. I am saying this on behalf of the party which holds the majority in the constituent assembly. [FRETILIN] ... I am a member of the constituent assembly, an elected and sovereign body, and it will be the assembly that shall decide this. ... when we laid down the electoral law, and when we discussed these elections, discussions that also took place at the CNRT [the National Council of the Timorese Resistance, now defunct], it was decided that the constituent assembly would become a legislative and parliamentary assembly." Mari Alkatiri, chief minister of the provisional government

* Disparity Between UNTAET & East Timorese

Oct 30-Nov 5 Tempo: The Disparity Between UNTAET and E.Timorese  Article added Nov 4
"The contrasting incomes and lifestyles between the expatriates and nationals in Timor Loro Sa’, particularly in Dili, has caused deep envy and anger among the local population. That’s why rock attacks still happen occasionally, even if the war has ended. Those rocks are being thrown at UNTAET cars during night time, smashing window screens. This outpouring of anger is triggered by the flagrant display of wealth amidst the widespread poverty around the local people." Raihul Fadjri (Yogyakarta), Setiyardi (Timor Loro Sa’e).

Oct 30-Nov 5 Tempo: Foreign Pie in a Local Kitchen (UNTAET’s Budget for 2000)  Info added Nov 4
"Salaries of military personnel US$220 millon; Salaries of civilian personnel US$199 million; Salaries of international staff US$112 million (monthly average of US$7,800 per head); Dental care for military personnel US$7 million; Laundry cost of military personnel US$2.1 million; Drinking water for military personnel US$3.65 million; Salaries of local staff US$5.5 million (monthly average of US$240 per head); Total Budget 2000 US$549.15 million " Raihul Fadjri (Yogyakarta), Setiyardi (Timor Loro Sa’e)."

Oct 30-Nov 5 Tempo: 100s of UNTAET employees stay in Timor's Floating Hotels  Article added Nov 5
"In its one year of operation under contract with UNTAET, [Hotel] Olympia is believed to have made at least US$40 million in profits—eight times the amount UNTAET spent in salaries to its local employees during the same period. ... Having won independence, the Timorese are awakening to a new reality. The sight of Lobato sleeping on the pavement of a pot-holed road and old rickety buildings lining the beach stands in stark contrast to the [floating hotel] Central Maritime display of good living—a reminder to the Timorese that they still have to face another enemy in their midst—poverty." Setiyardi (Timor Loro Sa’e)

* Health

Oct 15 ETO: Health - international agencies withdrawing already  Report added Oct 30
"The health sector is one of the areas that most benefited from international emergency aid: qualified specialist workers and relatively abundant international funding, especially from the Trust Fund. However, all this is beginning to be phased out. ... Even before the August 1999 referendum, in seminars dealing with development issues, the World Bank and Timorese leadership were underlining the importance of ensuring the sustainability of the future health service. But the contradictions between providing emergency aid and constructing a suitable sustainable health service model do not disappear just because there is awareness of them." East Timor Observatory

* Military Aid to Indonesia

Oct 23 WPI: Indonesia at the Crossroads: U.S. Weapons Sales and Military Training  [75kb] Report added Oct 24
"As he [US President Bush] builds a coalition to fight terrorism, Bush is in danger of arming and training some of the Pacific region’s worst tools of terror—namely the Indonesian military. ... In December 1975, Indonesia invaded the new nation of East Timor, which had just declared itself independent from Portuguese colonizers. Within five years, more than 200,000 people, one-third of the pre-invasion population, had been killed, ... given the current instability [within Indonesia], it seems self evident that new shipments of weapons and military training from the United States [to Indonesia] would only pour gas on the raging fire of this 17,000-island archipelago." Frida Berrigan, author of this special report

Aug 2 AUSGOV: New facilities for Defence Intelligence Training Centre, Canungra  Presentation to inquiry added Oct 24
"We have been presenting public protest and concerns about this military facility for the past 10 years, over the training of Indonesian military forces. We submit that the facility should not upgrade and increase its capacity to provide this military assistance until it reviews its past conduct in encouraging forces, such as the Indonesian armed forces, to believe that their actions have the support of the armed forces of Australia. ... in 1991 the Dili massacre presented to all Australians clear evidence of the Indonesian forces and officers being involved in frightening human rights abuses." Mr Damian le GOULLON, member, Catholic Worker

* The Tampa Affair / Refugees

Oct 30 IOM: East Timor - Returns on the Increase  News added Oct 31
"In October, IOM has assisted 3,233 East Timorese refugees to return home, the highest number of returns in a single month since March 2000 when 9,485 East Timorese were assisted to return home. This significant increase can be attributed to the ongoing reconciliation process that has boosted the confidence of refugees as to the situation in East Timor, especially since the successful 30 August elections." Jean Philippe Chauzy, International Organisation for Migration (IOM) Spokesperson

Oct 25 ETO: Refugees’ repatriation to ETimor in the hands of pro-autonomy leaders  Article added Nov 8
"Returns [of 'refugees'] to East Timor suddenly increased when some leaders, who had hitherto been staunch supporters of autonomy in Indonesia, decided to recognise independence and advocate repatriation to East Timor, taking with them a large number of refugees. Repatriation in these circumstances account for over 75% of the returns since 14 September - clear evidence of the influence that militia/UNTAS leaders still wield over refugees in West Timor. The delays and contradictions on the part of Indonesia illustrate not only lack of will to resolve a problem that it caused itself, but also a lack of interest in clarifying the past and avoiding the same mistakes in the future." East Timor Observatory

Oct 30 Aus: Gusmao blasts Ruddock on Refugees  News added Oct 31
"Commenting on Canberra’s current handling of refugees boatloads, which have been diverted to far-flung Pacific territories, Gusmao said he personally had experience of Australian reluctance to take in refugees. He recalled that when violence engulfed East Timor after it voted for independence in August 1999, he met Australian Immigration Minister Philip Ruddock to appeal for a few East Timorese students being harassed in Indonesia to be allowed entry to Darwin “as a bridge to East Timor”. ... “But Mr Ruddock said no,” ... “I was very, very angry, because people were in a very difficult situation, but I had to accept his decision at that time,” " AFP

Oct 22 SMH: Tampa Affair: How the UN blocked ETimor solution  Article added Oct 25
"Frustrated by the increasingly embarrassing Tampa [asylum seekers] standoff, the Australian Government turned to its aid-supported neighbours for help. ... when East Timor was approached, the UN Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, stepped in to block the plan. ... The trouble is, the Tampa operation has used up much of the goodwill Australia once enjoyed on refugee questions. ... But with the erection of a second camp on Nauru and negotiations to build yet more camps on Fiji, Palau and Kiribati, the question remains: where can these people go in the end except where they were always heading, Australia? All we can say for certain is that they won’t be back here [Australia] before the [Federal] election." Marian Wilkinson and David Marr

* Other

Oct 25 FAETTA: Indonesian graves safe in East Timor  Release added Oct 30
"The Jakarta Post story stated, “The East Timorese demanded that the Indonesian authorities exhume all the graves and remove the remains to Indonesian territory.” The Foreign Ministry, and the Government of East Timor categorically deny that there has been such a demand. ... It is the view of the East Timorese political leaders that the graves of Indonesian soldiers, and other Indonesian citizens buried in East Timor are sites that must be respected like any other burial site, regardless of the historical and political roots." Department of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Second Transitional Government East Timor

Oct 24 UNTAET: Two New Institutions to Fight Poverty Approved  News added Oct 30
"The East Timorese Council of Ministers today approved the creation of two new institutions, a Foundation for the Reduction of Poverty in East Timor and a Society for Micro-finance in East Timor, following agreements between UNTAET and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed in December 2000." United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor

  National & International-Brisbane-Melbourne-Sydney


Access details of National & International Events at:

UN Committee against Torture

Venue: Geneva
November 12 - 23, 2001
See: BD: Kopassus (the Indonesian military special forces) & BD: Sexual & related violence as weapons of war on the East Timorese people & Coalition of International NGOs Against Torture & World Organization against Torture & NI: Torture
ABC Radio National, Radio Eye program "Timor Hananu -Timor Sings"
Repeat of the Sharon Davis produced excellent doco on Anin Murak Choir Tour in November 2000
Saturday 24th November 1pm
Info on Anin Murak: 'Mary MacKillop Institute of East Timorese Studies' website

Asia Pacific Mediation Forum “Reconciliation: Conversations beyond cultural boundaries”, Adelaide
Thursday 29 November 2001, 18.00-19.00: Keynote Speaker Dr Jose Ramos Horta Topic: Bridging religious and cultural divides – Public Forum in Brookman Hall, City East Campus, North Terrace, University of South Australia
Info: Ann Braybon -
Conference website:
November 29-December 1
See: BD: The Reconciliation Process in East Timor

Conference: Constitutions & Human Rights in a Global Age:
An Asia Pacific Perspective Symposium at Australia National University, Canberra.
3rd Dec 11:30 - 1:30pm: Workshop Presentation by Mr Dionisio Babo Soares, Dr Lao Mong Hay & Ms Usha Ramanathan "Futures - Rethinking Human Rights and their Constitutional Implications" (places are strictly limited - please contact organizers)
Mr Dionisio Babo Soares was Vice-Dean for Social and Political Studies at the University of East Timor, and is currently completing a doctorate at the ANU, focusing on the transition to independence in East Timor.
Info: Maxine McArthur, Barbara Gatzen (02) 6125 3162 e-mail: or
November 30, December 1-3
See: BD: Constitutional Process in East Timor / Konsulta iha Konstituisaun iha Timor Lorosae

Conference on War Crimes Impunity in Amsterdam
Solidarity groups are likely to have the chance to discuss strategies of achieving Justice for East Timor at this conference
Info: Paul Barber, TAPOL, the Indonesia Human Rights Campaign
Tel +44 020 8771 2904 fax +44 020 8653 0322 Email:
Early in December
See: October 2001 LHB: Solidarity and International Justice

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
December 2
See: IHRC & TLS: Wage & Sexual Slavery of East Timorese Children & BD: Sexual Slavery of East Timorese Women & Anti-Slavery Society of Australia & Anti-Slavery International & NI: The Burden of Slavery

International Human Rights Day
December 10, 2001
See: BD: War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity in East Timor & Indonesia

International conference:
‘Mediating Human Rights and Democracy: Indonesia, Australia and the Netherlands’
Wendy Sahanaya, Conf Organiser: Ph: (61 8) 9457 7236; Fax: (61 8) 9266 3152; e-mail:
Website on
Curtin University of Technology, Perth Western Australia
4-5 February 2002.

UN Commission on Human Rights
The next session of the Commission will require concerted lobbying to ensure that pressure for justice for East Timor through an international tribunal is maintained.
Info: Paul Barber, TAPOL, the Indonesia Human Rights Campaign
Tel +44 020 8771 2904 fax +44 020 8653 0322 Email:
Venue: Geneva
March/April 2002
See: October 2001 LHB: Justice for East Timor?

Global Revolt-Global Links: 2nd Asia Pacific International Solidarity Conference
Official participants include: The Socialist Party of Timor, Dita Sari, a leader of the Peoples Democratic Party in Indonesia and Chairperson of the Indonesian National Front for Workers’ Struggle (FNPBI), & Action in Solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor (ASIET)
Register on-line:
March 29-April 1, 2002, Sydney, Australia


Access details of Brisbane Events at:

A night of West Papua films:
40th Anniversary of the Raising of the Morning Star Flag in West Papua
“Arrows Against the Wind” 1993; “Act of No Choice” 1999 $7 /$5 supper provided
Organised by: Australia - West Papua Association
Justice Place - 5 Abingdon St, Woolloongabba (off Annerley Rd)
Sat Dec 1st, 6.30 pm


Access details of Melbourne Events at:

Weekly Nike Pickets - Protest Indonesian Sweatshops

Since April, hundreds of people have been picketing in Melbourne, costing Nike $10,000 a week.
Demand an end to sweatshops & $2-a-day wages! Support real wages & union rights, not slavery!
Event up-dates:
Read reports on the protests: Melbourne Indymedia -
Find out more about Nike and sweatshop labour at:
Ban the Boot -
Nike Watch -
Fair Wear -
Every Friday night, 5:00pm to 7:00pm at Nike's flagship Super Store, Swanston St in Melbourne's CBD (Next picket: 23 Nov)


Access details of Sydney Events at:

"Retratu Timor Lorosae"
Retrospective Photo Exhibition  from East Timor (2000-2001) by Jon Lewis
Details (02) 9331-7775
Stills Gallery, 36 Gosbell St, Paddington
Exhibition runs to December 8th, 2001 (Wednesday - Saturday, 11.00 am - 6.00 pm, Tuesday by appointment only)

Weekly Stop Nike Pickets - Protest Indonesian Sweatshops

In a world of corporate greed, Nike sticks out like a sore thumb. If we can make them change their ways, then we can do the same to other corps. We have to start somewhere.
Event up-dates:
Find out more about Nike and sweatshop labour at:
Nike Watch -
Ban the Boot -
Fair Wear -
4:45pm every Thursday night at Icon - Nike Store, cnr George, Market and Pitt Sts, City (Next picket: 22 Nov)

Indonesian Update: George Aditjondro and Max Lane

Details Pat Toms 9358-4834 or
Politics in the Pub, Gaelic Club, 64 Devonshire St, Surry Hills
Friday November 23rd, 6pm

SYMPOSIUM "Keeping the Peace, Repaying the Debt"
Public discussion with WWII Timor veterans, Bill Tomasetti and Paddy Keneally, and Peace Keepers recently returned from East Timor. Free, all welcome [part of the "Leaving the Crocodile" Exhibition]
Details:, or Sarah Vyden (02)9602-0315
Liverpool Regional Museum, Corner Congressional Drive & Hume Highway Liverpool
Sat 24th November - 1pm-4pm

"Friends of Maliana" stall at Glebe Festival
Info: Gail Clifford or (02) 9367-9047 or Jeff Lee (02) 9500-1638
Sunday 25th November

Speaker: Jackie Ashton (former Timor Aid Media Liaison Officer) speaking on refugees, asylum speakers and East Timor
Last Australia East Timor Association (AETA) Meeting for 2001
Info: Phone AETA Secretary Stephen Langford on 9331-5986
UTS/Level 3 Meeting Room, Broadway
Wed 28th Nov, 6.30pm
See: BD: Tampa asylum seekers & East Timor & BD: East Timorese 'Refugees' & Missing Persons

CLOSING CONCERT of the Pacific Wave Festival, Bondi Pavilion
Help needed at Australia East Timor Association (AETA) stall.
Phone (02) 9824-1121 or email for complete program.
Sunday December 2nd, 12am-5pm

West Papua: Promoting Reconciliation as a Way Towards Peace Dialogue
The West Papua Project (WPP), Workshop II, Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (CPACS), University of Sydney
A two day workshop, 12-13 December 2001 at the University of Sydney
Quality info on West Papua: |
See: BD: The Reconciliation Process in East Timor

A screening & Discussion of Pilger's doco - "The New Rulers of the World"
John Pilger will answer questions on his latest film about the impact of globalisation, with Indonesia as a case study.
Pilger presents the compelling argument that economic globalisation is but the latest phase of colonial domination of the weak by the powerful. Globalisation ... is being deliberately moulded by powerful international forces such as the World Trade Organisation, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The film reveals ‘free’ trade as nothing other than forced trade, with victims aplenty falling by the wayside. Some of these victims are the half-million Indonesians who were slaughtered in Suharto’s Western-supported coup in 1965, leading to the Western control of that country’s economy, as Pilger documents.
Presented by Green Left Weekly and Action in Solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor (ASIET)
Tickets $16 / $10 Conc Bookings 9690 1031 or 1800 634 206
Valhalla Cinema 166 Glebe Point Road Glebe
8pm Friday December 14; Food available from 7.30pm
See: BD: Financing Reconstruction in East Timor - Reports on the World Bank & the IMF

Films: Double Feature: "The New Rulers Of The World" & "M1: People Resist Corporate Globalisation" (A film about the campaign against corporate globalisation in Australia.)
(This event will not feature John Pilger)
Presented by Green Left Weekly and Action in Solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor (ASIET)
$12/8 conc Bookings 9690 1031 or 1800 634 206
Valhalla Cinema, 166 Glebe Point Road, Glebe
3pm Sat Dec 15 AND 7pm Sun Dec 16

"Leaving the Crocodile" Exhibition:
An exhibition of creative works by Timorese artists working with Timorese youth, AND a full 25 year history of the Timorese community in Sydney.

Principal Curator: Amanda Wise: email
Media Contact: Madeleine Kelman Audience & Media Manager Ph 9824 1121 email
Liverpool Regional Museum, Cnr Congressional Drive & Hume Hwy, Liverpool, Sydney
Until 9th February 2002


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