BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor .........home ...... Oct news

"We urge the United Nations not to leave East Timor alone with the consequences of the crimes so terrible that they are characterized as against all humanity. It is time to take immediate steps to establish an International Tribunal for East Timor.  This is the only mechanism that could address the current need for justice, the missing element so far, in the process of nation building for East Timor and worldwide respect for human dignity." Yayasan HAK; Lao Hamutuk; FOKUPERS; Bishop Belo’s Center for Peace and Development Kdadalak Sulimutu Institute (KSI); Working Group for Electoral Education (KKPP); Judicial System Monitoring Project (JSMP); East Timor Student Solidarity Council (ETSC); Student Solidarity Council of Oe-Cusse; Yayasan Timor Nabilan; Nove-Nove Survivers Group (Maliana); NGO Forum
See also: BD: War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity & BD: Calls for International War Crimes Tribunal

ET NGOs: Urgent Steps Needed to Establish Justice

Contact:
e-mail: russo@minihub.org
Fax:    + 670 390 313324

24 October 2001
 

TO: The Members of the Security Council of the United Nations
 United Nations Headquarters, New York.
 

Re: Urgent Steps to Establish Justice
 for Crimes Against Humanity in East Timor

Dear Members of the Security Council,

We are writing to you in relation to the serious plight of the entire justice process surrounding the prosecution of those responsible for the gross and systematic violation of international humanitarian law in East Timor.

After the conclusion of the national election process in East Timor, many refugees, as predicted, are returning to East Timorese soil. Present amongst those returning are known and recognized militia members.  The East Timorese stand ready and willing to enter the process of reconciliation with one another, to join arms to face the difficult task of building their new nation together.  As ready as the East Timor are to embark on this process of nation building and reconciliation, they acutely aware that any such process is built on a rule of law, and is founded in justice.

The East Timorese belief in justice and the rule of law, however, has not been meet by the measures taken thus far, both under UNTAET in the form of the Serious Crimes Unit and the process in Indonesia itself.

The Serious Crimes Unit, firstly, lacks jurisdiction over those perpetrators who remain outside its territorial reach, particularly those with higher command responsibility for the planned execution of the widespread murder, rape, displacement of population, destruction of infrastructure and property. Notwithstanding the limitation the Serious Crimes Unit faces in terms of territorial jurisdiction, it has failed to prosecute even those within its jurisdiction who were widely known to hold command positions, and has actively pursued only those lower ranking individuals.  This has created the anomalous result of those lower-ranking individuals pleading guilty on the basis that they were instructed to carry out the crime by their militia commanders, while those very commanders, walk freely back into communities, often into positions of influence, without charge.  The East Timorese people’s patience and expectation with this avenue of justice is understandably wearing thin.  Meanwhile, the rule of law seems as hard to find at this stage of the process, as it was under colonial rule.

Where the Serious Crimes Unit lacked jurisdiction to prosecute those Indonesia military and government officials implicated in the serious violation of humanitarian law occurring in East Timor, faith was placed by the international community in the justice process within Indonesia itself.  At this point, we all must face the reality that, likewise, this process is not capable of holding those responsible to account.  After initial glimmers of hope, subsequent political turmoil and instability, and ensuing continual revisions to the mandate and scope of any Ad Hoc Tribunal which is to be establish, has clearly demonstrated that Indonesia is incapable and unwilling to take responsibility for prosecuting those culpable for the crimes against humanity in East Timor.

In the face of this dire situation, East Timorese NGOs came together on the 16 October 2001, and unanimously concluded that an international mechanism of accountability for those responsible for the death, violence and humiliation in East Timor must be urgently established. The same conclusion was reached by the International Commission of Inquiry on East Timor established by the United Nations in January 2000.  However, with 2002 close at hand, neither process has brought us nearer to realizing this objective.  The situation is made even more critical by the coming end of the UNTAET mission.  Under the stewardship of UNTAET was the time when the impunity of the past was needed to be replaced by the rule of law and justice, necessary for the nation building process of and reconciliation for East Timor.  Instead, we are facing the dark reality of such impunity characterizing our future.

We urge the United Nations not to leave East Timor alone with the consequences of the crimes so terrible that they are characterized as against all humanity. It is time to take immediate steps to establish an International Tribunal for East Timor.  This is the only mechanism that could address the current need for justice, the missing element so far, in the process of nation building for East Timor and worldwide respect for human dignity.

Thank you for your considerations of our concerns.

Sincerely yours,
 

Yayasan HAK
Lao Hamutuk
FOKUPERS
Bishop Belo’s Center for Peace and Development Kdadalak Sulimutu Institute (KSI)
Working Group for Electoral Education (KKPP)
Judicial System Monitoring Project (JSMP)
East Timor Student Solidarity Council (ETSC)
Student Solidarity Council of Oe-Cusse
Yayasan Timor Nabilan
Nove-Nove Survivers Group (Maliana)
NGO Forum


Bahasa Indonesia:
Yayasan HAK - Yayasan Hukum, Hak Asasi dan Keadilan  Updated Sep 4
Maksud Umum: Yayasan Hak didirikan untuk maksud utama dua: 1. Kerja perkara - mewakili korban dan keluarganya di pengadilan. 2. Sokongan anjuran hak asasi manusia - melaporkan dan menerbitkan informasi mengenai HAM, proses pengadilan.
Sejarah Pendek: Yayasan Hak adalah yayasan bantuan hukum yang didirikan pada bulan Maret 1997, dan dibiayai oleh empat kelompok. Hak didirikan untuk menyediakan bermacam-macam pelayanan hukum kepada masyarakat Timor Lorosae.
Alamat: T-091 Gov. Serpa Rosa St., Farol, Dili - Timor Lorosae
Tetum: Jun 21 2000 Y-HAK: Lopes: Rekonciliasaun Housi Lei Nia Roman  Article http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/earlyhakt.htm

English:
Yayasan HAK - Foundation of Law, Human Rights, and Justice  Updated Sep 4
Human Rights, Advocacy and Community Organising
Yayasan HAK is a registered East Timorese non-government organization (ETNGO)
General Mission: Yayasan Hak has two primary functions: 1. Casework - representing victims and their families in court 2. Human rights advocacy work - monitoring, reporting and publicising human rights information, litigation
Short History: Yayasan Hak is a legal aid foundation set up in March 1997, co-funded by four funding agencies. It was established in order to provide a range of legal services for the people of East Timor.
Address: T-091 Gov. Serpa Rosa St., Farol, Dili - Timor Lorosae
Sep 3 YHak: Elections in the Context of Nation-Building: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01sepyhak.htm
Jul 24 YHak: Serious Concerns re Judicial Independence under UNTAET: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01julconcerns.htm
Jun 21 2000 YHak: Reconciliation from a Legal Perspective: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/earlyhak.htm
Tetum: Jun 21 2000 YHak: Rekonciliasaun Housi Lei Nia Roman  Article http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/earlyhakt.htm


Tetum: (the most common East Timorese language)
La’o Hamutuk, Institutu Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitor Reconstrusaun / Institut Permantauan dan Analisis Reconstruksi Timor Loro Sa'e  Updated Aug 18
Saida mak La’o Hamutuk? La’o Hamutuk organizasaun klibur Ema Timor Lorosa’e no Ema Internacional ne’ebe buka atu tau matan, halo analize ho halo relatorio kona ba hahalok (actividade) instuisaun internacional ne’ebe oras ne’e haknaar iha Timor Lorosa’e, liu-liu hahalok sira ne’ebe iha relasaun ho rekonstrusaun fizika no social Timor Lorosa’e nian. La’o Hamutuk fiar katak Povo Timor Lorosa’e mak tenke hakotu iha procesu rekonstrusaun ne’e nia laran no procesu rekonstrusaun ne’e tenke demokratiku no transparante duni.
Staf Timor oan: Inès Martins, Fernando da Silva, Thomas Freitas; Staf Internasional: Pamela Sexton, Mark Salzer; Kuadru Ejekutivu: Sr. Maria Dias, Joseph Nevins, Fr. Jovito Rego de Jesus Araùjo, Aderito Soares Durubasa: Benjamin Sanches Afonso, Tomé Xavier Jeronimo, Maria Bernardino, Manuel Tilman, Djoni Ferdiwijaya Ilustrador: Sebastião Pedro da Silva, Nan Porter Design Jeronimo Staf Monitoriu Projektu Judiciariu JSMP: Christian Ranheim, Caitlin Reiger, Rayner Thwaites
Local Contact:  P.O. Box 340, Dili, East Timor (via Darwin, Australia)  Mobile fone: +61(408)811373;  Telefone Uma: +670(390)325-013
International contact: +1-510-643-4507 Email: laohamutuk@easttimor.minihub.org  Homepage: http://www.etan.org/lh
Boletim La’o Hamutuk: [Tetum PDF format]
Vol. 2, No. 3 Junho 2001 Fundu Monetariu Internasional (IMF) iha Timor Lorosa’e: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/bulv2n3T.pdf
Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2 Abríl 2001 Vizaun Jeral Hosi Fundu Ba Rekonstrusaun Timor Loro Sa’e: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbl2n1t.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 4, 31 Dejembru 2000 Banku Mundial iha Timor Loro Sa’e: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbul4tm.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 3, 17 Novembro 2000 Hari Sistema Saude Nasional iha Timor Lorosa’e:  http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/LHbul3tm.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 2, 17 Julho 2000 Protesaun ba meio ambiente iha TL: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/bulletin02tetum.pdf
Vol. 1, No. 1, 21 Juñu 2000 Rekonciliasaun: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/bulletin01tetum.pdf

English:
La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis  Updated June 24
La'o Hamutuk (Tetum for Walking Together) is a joint East Timorese-international organization that seeks to monitor, to analyze, and to report on the reconstruction activities of the principal international institutions. It believes that the people of East Timor must be the ultimate decisionmakers in the reconstruction process and that the process should be as democratic and transparent as possible ...
East Timorese staff: Inès Martins, Fernando da Silva, Thomas Freitas; International staff: Pamela Sexton, Mark Salzer Executive board: Sr. Maria Dias, Joseph Nevins, Fr. Jovito Rego de Jesus Araùjo, Aderito de Jesus Soares Translators: Maria Bernardino, Tom‚ Xavier Jeronimo JSMP staff: Christian Ranheim, Caitlin Reiger, Rayner Thwaites
International contact: +1-510-643-4507  Email: laohamutuk@easttimor.minihub.org  Homepage: http://www.etan.org/lh
La’o Hamutuk Bulletin: http://www.etan.org/lh/bulletin.html
Mar 23 2001 LH: Job announcement for La'o Hamutuk in East Timor: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01marjob.htm
Activity Report: Mar 16 2001 LH: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01marlhreport.html


Bahasa Indonesia:
Fokupers - Forum Komunikasi Untuk Perempuan Loro Sae  Updated Aug 22
Direktur: Manuela Leong Pereira
Maksud Umum: Fokupers didirikan pada tahun 1997. Organisasi ini membantu korban politik dan juga memberikan nasihat atau ‘counselling’ dan lain lain kepada perempuan yang menderita sebagai bekas tapol, atau yang menjadikan janda karena perang, atau isteri tapol. Selain dari itu, Fokupers mendorong hak asasi manusia, pada khususnya untuk perempuan, dalam masyarakat setempat.
Kegiatan Sekarang: Sudah mengadakan bengkel untuk mendiskusi bagaimana perempuan akan diikuti atau menjadi lebih aktip di masyarakat Timor Loro Sa’e. · Pada saat ini, kami memusatkan perhatian atas latihan ‘trauma counselling’ untuk pekerja Fokupers.

English:
Fokupers - the East Timorese Women’s Communication Forum  Updated Aug 22
Women's Development and Advocacy
Director: Manuela Leong Pereira
Fokupers is a registered East Timorese non-government organization (ETNGO)
General Mission: Fokupers was founded in 1997. It focuses on political victims and gives counselling and other forms of assistance to women victims of violations, including ex political prisoners, war widows and wives of political prisoners. Its mandate also includes promoting women’s human rights among the local population, especially the East Timorese women.
Current Activities: Conducting workshops discussing ways to enhance or develop further women’s participation in Timorese society. · Focusing on receiving trauma counselling training for their staff in order to provide counsel to women victims. Supporting women survivors of violence and to end violence against women through advocacy and education.


Bishop Belo’s Center for Peace and Development:
Kadalak Sulimutuk Institute (KSI) - Flowing Stream Institute  Up-dated Oct 27
KSI is a registered East Timorese non-government organization (ETNGO)
Research: (Ethnicity, Reintegration, Land Dispute and Impact Public Policy), Training/Workshop.
Location: Dili, Aileu, Ermera, Maliana, Same, Ambeno,Viqueque
Contact: Antero Bendito Da Silva, Jl. Bebonok Dili Comoro Dili Timor Lorosae (mob) 0407 186 704


Judicial System Monitoring Programme / Program Pemantauan Sistim Peradilan (JSMP)  Updated Aug 17
JSMP is a new human rights project set up by the East Timorese Jurists’ Association and the Timorese/international organisation La'o Hamutuk. JSMP aims to assist the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, the East Timorese public and the international community by making recommendations for ongoing reform of the fledgling judicial system of East Timor.
The main objective of the programme is to improve the quality of justice provided by the newly established judicial system, and to promote human rights and the rule of law in a meaningful and transparent manner for the people of East Timor through:

  • sending legal observers to monitor the serious crimes trials;
  • providing legal analysis and thematic reports; and
  • dissemination of information on the developments of the justice system as a whole.

  • At this stage, the programme’s courtroom observation work focuses primarily on the cases related to the violence in 1999, which include crimes against humanity, genocide and torture.
    Regular updates: subscribe to JSMP’s news service by sending an empty e-mail to list-subscribe@jsmp.minihub.org
    Email/Phone: info@jsmp.minihub.org, Phone +670 (390) 325-013;
    Christian Ranheim, christian@jsmp.minihub.org, Phone +61(0) 419 804 600;
    Caitlin Reiger, caitlin@jsmp.minihub.org, Phone +61 (0) 419 366 404
    Homepage: http://www.jsmp.minihub.org
    Jun 1 2001 JSMP: New Human Rights Project in East Timor: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/01junjsmp.htm


    Bahasa Indonesia: (English below)
    East Timorese Student Solidarity Council (ETSSC)  Added Mar 8
    Sejarah Pendek:
    ETSSC didirikan pada bulan Juni 1998, sesudah Suharto turun dari posisinya. Mahasiswa-mahasiswa mengadakan beberapa pertemuan umum, demonstrasi dan dialog, asalnya di Dili dan kemudian di seluruh Timor Loro Sa’e. Sebelum referendum, informasi HAM disebarkan oleh mahasiswa ini, dan mereka menjadi terlibat dalam pendidikan pemberi suara. ETSSC termasuk mahasiswa yang sebelumnya duduk di UNTIM, bersama dengan pelajar dan sarjana.
    Keadaan Sekarang Lsm Dan Kebutuhan Utama:
    ETSSC terletak di Dili, dan ada jaringan yang kuat di seluruh Timor Loro Sa’e. Hubungan di antara cabang-cabang ETSSC (misalnya di antara Baucau dan Dili) memang tak mungkin pada saat ini, karena ETSSC di luar Dili tak ada telepon mobil, dan garis telepon tanah belum didirikan lagi. Peralatan kantor juga diperlukan (misalnya fax, komputer dll).
    Kegiatan Sekarang:
    ETSSC di Dili sudah menulis usulan proyek, judulnya ‘Framework 2000’. Usulan ini termasuk benkel ‘capacity building’ dan kelompok pelajaran masyarakat. Di Baucau dan Viqueque, mahasiswa terlibat dalam membangun kembali SMP dan SMA, dan juga bekerja sebagai guru di SD.
    Rencana:
    Dua anggota ETSSC akan mengunjungi kota Melbourne pada bulan Februari/Maret (berhubungan dengan USET untuk perincian lain). Kemungkinannya bahwa ETSSC akan mendirikan koperasi persahabatan dengan universitas Australia. Salah satu prioritas ETSSC ialah kesempatan untuk menyelesaikan kursusnya yang sudah dimulai di Universitas Indonesia, UNTIM atau tempat lain.

    English:
    East Timorese Student Solidarity Council (ETSSC)  Added Mar 8
    Civil Society, Culture, Informal Education.
    ETSSC is a registered East Timorese non-government organization (ETNGO)
    Short History:
    ETSSC emerged in June 1998 responding to the window of opportunity for a free East Timor following Suharto’s resignation. Prior to this new period of freedom of speech, students had been organising clandestinely as part of the wider resistance movement. The students organised a series of public meetings, demonstrations and dialogues, originally in Dili and later spreading throughout East Timor. During the lead up to the referendum, the students disseminated information on human rights, and were involved in voter education in all regions of East Timor. The Council includes students who previously attended UNTIM, as well as high school students and academics.
    Current Situation And Three Primary Needs:
    The ETSSC is based in Dili, but has a strong network throughout East Timor. Communication between branches of the ETSSC (eg between Baucau and Dili) is currently impossible, as branches outside Dili have no access to mobile phones, and land-lines have yet to be re-established. General office facilities (such as computer, fax equipment) are desperately needed.
    Current Activities:
    The Dili ETSSC have put together a project proposal entitled ‘Framework 2000’ which provides for capacity building workshops and Community Study Groups. In Baucau and Viqueque the students are involved in rebuilding secondary schools. Members are currently involved in various community activities including teaching in primary schools.
    Plans:
    Two members of the ETSSC will be visiting Melbourne in Feb/March (contact USET for details). Possible friendship unions with Australian universities are being pursued. The ability for ETSSC members to complete university courses begun in Indonesia, UNTIM or elsewhere is a priority.


    Bahasa Indonesia:
    Yayasan Timor Nabilan (YATINA) - Shine Timor Foundation  Up-dated Oct 27
    Maksud Umum: Pada tahap I Yatina berpartisipati aktif dalam program pemerintah yang berkaitan dengan kepentingan dan kesejahteraan rakyat. Pada tahap II, ikut ambil bagian dalam pengelolaan potensi ekonomi guna menciptakan lapangan kerja dan peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat.
    Sejarah Pendek: YATINA didirikan pada tanggal 30 Januari 1999 atas inisiatif sarjana, untuk mengambil bagian dalam usaha swasta. Mengingat perubahan status Timor Leste maka tahap masa transisi Yatina ingin terlibat dalam program Pemerintah.
    Kegiatan Sekarang lsm dan Kebutuhan Utama: Semakin banyak LSM memang itu bagus, tetapi kebutuhan utama: 1. Belum tersediaannya dana operational untuk realisasi program 2. Mengatasi kondisi rakyat yang menghadapi sulit 3. Mempersiapkan SDM dan pembangunan swasta, sosial, HAM, lebih penting kebutuhan fasilitas transportasi, dana operasional dan anggaran
    kebutuhan organisasi.
    Kegiatan Sekarang: Pemerataan distribusi, pengembalian mental rakyat, rehabilitas sarana dan prasarana, ketersediaan semboko dan barang kebutuhan lainnya, dan peningkatan produks pangan.
    Rencana: Persiapan program, kerja dan anggaran untuk merealisasikan kegiatan sekarang termasuk mencari sponsor milik mendukung masalah pendanaan.
    Alamat (Mar 2000): Mrs Geborah di belakang SMKK Becora, Jln STM, Dili Timur
    Contact: East Timor: Filipe da Silva, Asrama Gereja Geborah, Bekora, Depan STM Bekora, Jl. STM Bekora
    Indonesia: Sister Avelina Simbolon, SUSTERAN FCJM (SUMUT) Jl Viyata Yudha-Bah Kapul, Pematang Siantar 21139 SUMUT

    English:
    Yayasan Timor Nabilan (YATINA) - Shine Timor Foundation  Up-dated Oct 27
    YATINA is a registered East Timorese non-government organization (ETNGO)
    General Mission: Yatina aims to develop East Timor’s economic potential by creating employment.
    Short History: Yatina was established on 30 January 1999 on the initiative of academics, to take part in private enterprise. Considering the change in East Timor’s status and its transition to independence, Yatina wishes to be involved in government
    programs.
    Current situation and primary needs: The situation of NGOs is improving, but our primary needs are: 1. Operational funds 2. Transport facilities 3. Human resources and private development
    Current Activities: Agriculture, non-formal education (English, Portuguese and computer) and emergency services including social rehabilitation, provision of tools and basic foodstuffs and other goods.
    Plans: The preparation of programs and budgets to realise our current activities, including finding a sponsor who can support us with funds.
    Location (Mar 2000): Home of Mrs Geborah behind the Becora SMKK, Jl STM, East Dili
    Contact: East Timor: Filipe da Silva, Asrama Gereja Geborah, Bekora, Depan STM Bekora, Jl. STM Bekora
    Indonesia: Sister Avelina Simbolon, SUSTERAN FCJM (SUMUT) Jl Viyata Yudha-Bah Kapul, Pematang Siantar 21139 SUMUT


    East Timor National NGO Forum / Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e  Updated Sep 3
    Umbrella agency for East Timorese Non-Government Organisations (NGOs)
    VISION: To contribute to the building of a pluralist, democratic, just and sustainable East Timor through the development of a strong, independent and responsible civil society committed to upholding and making real in the daily life of the community, both village and urban, the full range of human rights so that all East Timorese, particularly the poor and disadvantaged, can enjoy the fruits of liberation and development in an East Timor forever free.
    MISSION: To realise its vision by promoting a culture of learning, cooperation, partnership with the community and respect for human rights and good practice amongst East Timorese NGOs and between them and other development actors, both domestic and international, and by serving as a collective, independent voice for the rights and needs of the community.
    VALUES AND PRINCIPLES: a rights approach to development; inclusiveness, participation; accountability; gender balance; respect for the environment; non-party political; non-sectarian; good governance; volunteerism.
    Kaikoli Street, Dili-East Timor  Telephone +670(390)322772
    E-mail: etngocentre@hotmail.com  Homepage: http://www.geocities.com/etngoforum/index.html
    See: BD: East Timor National NGO Forum / Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e (FONGTIL) / LSM-LSM Timor Loro Sa’e - A collection of recent media releases, position-statements, speeches, petitions, reports, and news


    See also:

    BD: War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity - A collection of recent press releases, petitions, articles and news

    BD: Calls for International War Crimes Tribunal - A collection of recent reports, articles and news


    BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor .........home ...... Oct news
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