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BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

September 2001 News, Articles & Reports:


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Second Transitional Government of East Timor
The UN appointed, all East Timorese, Second Transitional Government of East Timor was sworn-in on September 20th 2001. This is a separate body to the Constitutional Assembly that the East Timorese people voted for on August 30th 2001.


Elections 2001 / 2001 Eleisaun:
Following Fretilin’s convincing win at the East Timor elections, the Constituent Assembly was officially sworn in on 15 September.
See these collections / Haree:
* Fretilin
* Elections / Eleisaun
* Constitutional Process / Konsulta iha Konstituisaun
* Women and the election / Partisipasaun Politika hosi Feto
 

Sep 29 JRH speech to Oxfam-CAA National Conference  Speech added Oct 17
" ... here is the agenda I propose: Debt cancellation. The G8, European Union and World Bank should lead the initiative in writing off the entire public sector debt of all non-oil producing countries whose per capita income is less than US$1,000. ... All rich countries should increase the percentage of their ODA within the next ten years to the UN recommended 0.8% of GDP. Perhaps on a dollar for dollar basis where applicable, such aid could match reduction in military expenditures associated with debt relief. ... for every $1 provided through aid and debt relief, developing countries lose another $14 as a consequence of protectionist barriers in the rich world." Dr Jose Ramos-Horta, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, East Timor Transition Government

Sep 27 Woodcroft-Lee: Canberra Plans for Sister City Relationship with Dili  Letter added Oct 11
" ... the Chief Minister, Mr Gary Humphries has made a commitment that the Liberal party, if elected, will inaugurate a sister city relationship with Dili, the soon to be capital of the independent republic of Timor Lorosa'e. Many residents of the ACT will welcome this commitment, as there is much goodwill here toward the people of Timor and a desire to assist in the rebuilding of the country.  ... A model of cooperation which may better fit the current circumstances is the Friendship City Program ... It is essentially a series of grass roots people to people initiatives, for which the city or shire council provides an administrative framework and contributes its expertise in areas such as urban planning and services." (Mrs) Patricia Woodcroft-Lee, Canberra ratepayer [Australia]

Sep 27 Ward: Response to open letter to Dr. Jose Ramos-Horta  Letter added Sep 27
"Dr. Ramos-Horta and had the opportunity to have more than one conversation with him about what had occurred. His letter to the International Herald Tribune seems to have hit some sensitivities and created a reaction or impression which was not intended. I can tell you this because I was the one who forwarded it to the IHT, and I spoke to him about it before it went. There is nothing in this letter inferring that a person, because they are Mulsim or Arab, is hateful or violent. I believe that anyone who has read Dr. Ramos-Horta’s work, heard him speak, or had contact with him would know that could not be further from his viewpoint." Mary Wald

Sep 26 Community.com: The Peacemakers Speak: Horta  Statement added Sep 27
"We all know Islam does not advocate violence. All religions today call for tolerance, justice, and compassion. We must resist the temptation to blame entire nations, religions, or peoples for the actions of a small number of political extremists. And if it develops that certain governments have supported the terrorist conspiracy, we should remember that these regimes hold power in their countries by terror and violence - they are not supported by the majority of their citizens or neighbors." Dr. José Ramos-Horta

Sep 2001 GPJ:An East Timor Village Before the Conflagration  Article added Sep 26
"Dili, a small seaport, still seems the quaint and decrepit, farthest and most forgotten outpost of an Empire that once ruled Brazil. Its streets are filled with a busy, friendly mix of Melanesian, Asian and European folk, cheerful and full of hope in spite of ubiquitous Indonesian solders and police, in spite of militias in balaclavas that roll through town in open trucks, occasionally giving the straight-arm fascist salute. ... Driving to the airport we meet a convoy of open army trucks transporting an Indonesian youth group in red berets, red-and-white flags flying, singing patriotic songs, flown in to celebrate the event. Although everyone expects trouble, no one expects what in fact happens, except, we learn later, the Indonesian military leaders who precisely planned it all." George Povey, writing for Genocide Prevention Journal

Sep 25 ASIET: US War Drive and Racism: Stop the War Against the Third World Statement added Sep 26
"Two of the greatest acts of terrorism in the 20th century: East Timor and Indonesia: ... In East Timor 200,000 people, or one third of the population died, as a result of the war against the East Timorese people by General Suharto’s army. General Suharto attacked East Timor one day after US President Gerald Ford and US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger visited Jakarta and gave the go ahead. ... In 1965 in Indonesia, the US helped organise the mass slaughter of more than ONE MILLION workers, peasants, students and women’s activists who were trying to free Indonesia from the exploitative grip of the West. ... On September 11 in New York a group of suicide terrorists committed a barbaric crime of hate murdering more than 7,000 innocent people. That same day, George W Bush and his friends began their inhuman and cynical strategy of turning this tragedy into a war. They call it the “war against terrorism”. " Action in Solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor (ASIET)

Sep 24 IHRC & TLS: Urgent Action - ET Children Held in Indonesia  Action added Oct 17
"Considerable international pressure will be needed to reunite hundreds of East Timorese children, held in Indonesia, with their parents. ... In the aftermath of the violence in East Timor in 1999, hundreds of children were separated from their parents. It is feared that many have been forced to work in Indonesian sweatshops and plantations or as prostitutes. Australian journalists have been following the fate of 130 children, who were taken from refugee camps in West Timor to primitive orphanages in Java." Indonesia Human Rights Committee & Timor Lorosae Support, New Zealand

Sep 23 TAPOL: Statement on the Megawati-Bush Joint Statement  Added Sep 25
"Indonesia and the current world crisis On 19 September, President Megawati  Sukarnoputri went to Washington to meet President Bush for a state visit that had been agreed before the horrendous events in New York and Washington on 11 September when more than six thousand people of many nations met their deaths as the result of a heinous, terrorist attack. TAPOL joins in mourning those who were killed, while continuing to mourn the one million or more Indonesians who met their deaths as Suharto took power in 1965/1966. On that occasion, Washington gave unstinting support to Suharto and the Indonesian army to continue with this massacre and made no calls on the world community to fight terrorism - state terrorism - which might well have halted the massacre in its tracks. ... Megawati’s measured response shows that she knows full well that support for Washington in Indonesia is less than enthusiastic." TAPOL, the Indonesia Human Rights Campaign

Sep 22 ET Solidarity Activists in US: An Open Letter to Dr. Jose Ramos-Horta  Letter added Sep 22
"We believe your statement [IHT 9/13/01] responding to the recent terrorist attacks in the United States reflects dangerous stereotypes about the Middle East and serious misconceptions about the role of the United States there. At a time of crisis such as this, when the United States government is preparing to launch a war somewhere in the Middle East, ignore international law, and further militarize the world in the name of fighting terrorism, your statement is most regrettable. Your depiction of Arabs and Muslims as hateful and violent feeds into the negative stereotypes that are now allowing an alarming number of Americans to support their government’s rush to war, regardless of the civilian casualties that will result. ...  the kind of statement needed from a Nobel Peace Prize winner is one that emphasizes the need for the U.S. to respect international law, avoid war, and halt its militaristic and unilateral foreign policy. We hope that your future statements more accurately reflect your commitment to peace and justice." Matthew Jardine; John Roosa; Will Seaman; Ben Terrall; Mizue Aizeki; Amy Goodman; Roger Bowers; Tom Foley; Garrick Ruiz; Kristin Sundell; Joann Lo; Ravinder Bhatia; Cynthia Peters; Diane Farsetta; Max White; Peter Mao; Brad Simpson; Sara Smith

Sep 20 Alkatiri: Swearing-in Ceremony of Members of the Transitional Government  Speech added Sep 22
"This Plan must be designed to alleviate poverty. In this regard we will be seeking the assistance of multilateral financial institutions, particularly the World Bank ... In our quest to promote economic development more rapidly, free enterprise and private sector led development shall form the essential tools of our macroeconomic strategy. In this regard, our government will, as a matter of urgency, initiate the creation of a conducive environment to encourage private enterprise. ... Allow me to use this moment to express our gratitude to the IMF for their assistance in the development of our fiscal and monetary institutions. We will continue counting on the IMF as well as the World Bank and UNDP to jointly engage in the task to end corrupt practices in management and to ensure the Administration is well respected." Mari Alkatiri, Head of Government, East Timor

Sep 20 FAETTA: Dr Ramos-Horta Hounored to Serve East Timor  Release added Sep 22
“It is an honor and my duty to serve the people of East Timor. A people the have suffered immensely, shown enormous courage and tenacity, resilience and creativity, and yet are asking so little. ... I hope that I can contribute to help improve the lives of the poorest of the poor.” Dr. Ramos-Horta

Sep 20 UNTAET: Second Transitional Government of East Timor  List of appointments added Sep 21
Flow chart of new government structure, page 3 of PDF file [125k]: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/2ndtransgovt.PDF

Sep 20 UNTAET: New East Timorese Government Sworn-In  Briefing added Sep 28
"Following the elections, SRSG Sergio Vieira de Mello appointed Alkatiri who subsequently assisted him in forming the new Government. Consultations with the presidents of the other three parties that received the largest number of votes were conducted, as well as with other Timorese personalities." UNTAET
"You were appointed because I believe you will place national interest above your own individual or party interests, ... We are determined that this Government be an example in restoring the values and ethics of our society. What is being asked of you is total transparency, unconditional dedication and diligence to serve the nation.” Fretilin Secretary-General Mari Alkatiri, Chief Minister

Sep 20 KY: ETimor announces cabinet lineup  News added Sep 21
"U.N. Transitional Administrator in East Timor Sergio Vieira de Mello, announcing the lineup, said the cabinet has 10 ministers, three secretaries of state and seven vice ministers. It consists of nine representatives from the Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of East Timor (Fretilin), two members of the Democratic Party, Fretilin’s closest rival, and nine members not affiliated with any party. De Mello said they were selected “not on the basis of party nominations but on the basis of their individual competence.” The nine politically independent figures in the cabinet, he said, were chosen “because of their proven sectoral expertise and their demonstrated dedication and patriotism with as broad a geographical representation as was possible.” " Christine T. Tjandraningsih

Sep 20 A Popular Challenge to UNTAET’s Achievements  Statement added Sep 20
"UNTAET has recently published in the September issue of its broadsheet Timor Tais 20 of the UN’s major achievements in East Timor. Many of these achievements are either misleading or things that UNTAET has been forced to do under pressure from Timorese people, civil society and leaders and international critics. It is time for UNTAET to be held accountable, once and for all, for not fully achieving its mandate, and for now preparing to withdraw and redefining its mandate according to the few things it has done rather than what it was supposed to do."

Sep 19 UNTAET: New East Timorese Government Established Tomorrow  Briefing added Sep 25
"The new all-East Timorese Council of Ministers of the Second Transitional Government, which will replace the current Transitional Cabinet, will be sworn-in tomorrow morning in Dili. This second Transitional Government and its Council of Ministers will govern East Timor during the remaining transitional period before the independence of a democratic and sovereign state. ... all of this in close consultation with the Transitional Administrator [Sergio Vieira de Mello] who retains the ultimate executive and legislative authority ... Furthermore, a Public Administration of East Timor will be formally established, implementing the programs and policies of the Council of Ministers, a body now totally composed of Timorese members, broadly reflecting the results of the election that took place on 30 August." UNTAET Daily Briefing

Sep 19 UNTAET/REG/2001/28: Establishing Council of Ministers  Regulations added Sep 25
"The Special Representative of the Secretary-General  (hereinafter: Transitional Administrator [Sergio Vieira de Mello]), ... Taking into account United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) Regulation No. 1999/1 of 27 November 1999 on the Authority of the Transitional Administration in East Timor, Taking into account the results of the election of a Constituent Assembly to prepare a Constitution for an independent and democratic East Timor, For the purpose of establishing the Council of Ministers, with the aim of effectively governing East Timor during the transitional period, and For the further purpose of establishing the East Timor Public Administration, with the aim of implementing the laws of East Timor, and the programs and policies of the Council of Ministers, Promulgates the following: ... " UNTAET

Sep 19 Amaral-Arlindo chosen to be Constituent Assembly Vice-Presidents  News from ETimor added Sep 20
"The President of ASDT, Francisco Xavier do Amaral, and Secretary-General of the Christian Democratic Party (PDC), Arlindo Marcal, were chosen yesterday to be vice-presidents of the Constituent Assembly. ... With ASDT and PDC holding on the vice-presidency, chances are almost zero for the second and third winners of the election ­ PD and PSD ­ to hold any position in the Constituent Assembly." Suara Timor Lorosae

Sep 19 White House: U.S. and Indonesia Pledge Cooperation  Pledge added Oct 11
"... President George W. Bush and President Megawati Soekarnoputri today vowed to open a new era of bilateral cooperation based on shared democratic values and a common interest in promoting regional stability and prosperity. ... President Megawati condemned the barbaric and indiscriminate acts carried out against innocent civilians and pledged to cooperate with the international community in combatting terrorism. She underscored that terrorism also increasingly threatens Indonesia’s democracy and national security. The two Presidents agreed that their respective officials would soon discuss concrete ways to strengthen bilateral cooperation on counter-terrorism, in particular on capacity and institution building. ... President Bush reiterated the firm support of the United States for Indonesia’s territorial integrity and emphasized that the U.S. does not support secessionist aspirations in these areas or elsewhere. ... President Bush and President Megawati agreed to work together to support a stable and prosperous independent East Timor. ... The two Presidents resolved to work closely to expand trade bilaterally, regionally and globally. ... President Bush recognized the important role of the Indonesian military (TNI) as a national institution ... " Joint Statement Between U.S.A. and Republic of Indonesia

Sep 19 White House: U.S. and Indonesia on Terror and Tolerance  Statement added Oct 11
"President George W. Bush and President Megawati Soekarnoputri today condemned the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States and pledged to strengthen existing cooperation in the global effort to combat international terrorism. ... As leader of the world’s largest Muslim population and third largest democracy, President Megawati joined President Bush in underlining the importance of differentiating between the religion of Islam and the acts of violent extremists." Joint Statement Between U.S.A. and Republic of Indonesia

Sep 19 White House: U.S. - Indonesia Fact Sheet: U.S.-Indonesia Trade & Finance Initiative  Facts added Oct 11
"The three U.S. trade finance agencies: the Export-Import Bank of the United States (EXIM), the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (TDA), have developed a joint trade and finance initiative for projects in Indonesia.  The three agencies will undertake to provide up to a combined $400 million to promote trade and investment within Indonesia, especially in the Indonesian oil and gas sector." The White House, Washington DC

Sep 18 FAETTA: JRH Address to Memorial Service  Speech added Sep 27
"The attacks against New York and the Pentagon killed also many Muslims and Arab-Americans, innocent victims like the rest of the casualties. In bringing the perpetrators of this heinous crime to justice, we hope that there will be no more innocent victims. The cycle of violence must end. The tragedy that befell our brothers and sisters in America is already impacting on the lives of many Arabs and Muslims all over the world. Arab and Muslim Americans are now being labelled “enemies” and are harassed." Cabinet Member for Foreign Affairs Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Dr Jose Ramos-Horta

Sep 17 KY: Independence veteran elected ETimor assembly speaker  News added Sep 19
"The 88-member assembly elected Guterres, popularly known by his guerrilla name Lu Olo, after U.N. Transitional Administrator in East Timor Sergio Vieirra de Mello, who chaired the election, named him as a single nominee in the election. ... Following his election, Guterres, who is coordinator of the presidential council of Fretilin, the Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of  East Timor, asked the assembly to cooperate and work together." Christine T. Tjandraningsih

Sep 15 AP: U.N inducts East Timor assembly  News added Sep 17
"The U.N. administration in East Timor on Saturday inaugurated the newly elected assembly that will draft the territory’s first constitution, bringing it one step closer to full independence. The 88-member assembly, which was voted in last month, will have three months to draft the charter and adopt East Timor’s new political system." The Associated Press

Sep 13 AI: Urgent Action - Fear for safety of East Timor refugees  Action added Sep 19
"Several hundred East Timorese refugees are thought to be planning to return from West Timor over the next week. They are feared to be at risk of attack from militia groups operating in West Timor, who oppose the repatriations and have previously attacked refugees trying to register to join it. ...
Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in Bahasa Indonesia, English or your own language:
- reminding the Indonesian authorities that the right to return to one’s own country is a fundamental human right;
- urging the authorities to fulfil their international obligations to ensure that refugees wishing to return to East Timor are able to do so in safety and dignity, and that they have the opportunity to make a free and informed choice as to whether to return or not;
- urging the authorities to ensure that the refugee camps are humanitarian and civilian in nature, and that refugees are protected against threats or attacks from militia groups." Amnesty International - Australia

Sep 13 IHT: The Tragedy That Has Engulfed America  Letter added Sep 22
"In East Timor’s long history of struggle, never once did it use violence against Indonesian civilians. We East Timorese did not even allow derogatory racial statements about the Indonesian people in our literature or rallies. Not one single Indonesian civilian was ever harmed in our 24-year struggle. We knew this was never a war against the civilians. ... My heart goes out to the American people. Stay the course. Our small nation of East Timor is with you." José Ramos-Horta, East Timor’s foreign minister and Nobel Peace Prize laureate

Sep 13 IFET: Constituent Assembly winners names and parties  Updated Sep 17
"The following is the officially certified list of East Timorese who were elected to the Constituent Assembly on the August 30 ballot. Some of these people will probably be selected to serve in the cabinet [of the second transitional government], in which case they [will probably] resign from the Assembly. The next-ranking person on the slate of the party they were elected under will fill the vacancy. ... The assembly has 88 seats. 60 votes are needed to enact articles of the Constitution. Fretilin has 55 seats." Charlie Scheiner, U.N. Representative, International Federation for East Timor (IFET)

Sep 12 GLW: West Timor: Jakarta’s militia terrorise refugee camps  Article added Sep 19
“Where are our missing children? We have nothing—no land, no houses, nothing to do, no materials to work with to make an income. The women here are dying from childbirth because they have no money for doctors, there is little food and in some camps little water. We cannot afford to send our children to school or to the doctor.” Women in the refugee camps in Kupang and Atambua
“When we returned to Dili, in East Timor, the APCET [Asia-Pacific Coalition on East Timor] delegation held a press conference to announce its findings and make a number of recommendations, the most important being that the Indonesian government must disband the militia. The UN and international NGOs should take control of the camps, solve the social problems and facilitate the repatriation of the majority of the refugees. People who wish to stay should be given houses and the camps closed down.” Jill Hickson, independent film-maker and member of Action in Solidarity with Indonesia and East Timor (ASIET)

Sep 11 AW: Operations of Telstra in East Timor  Letter added Sep 17
"Telstra at present ... [has] a near monopoly on internet services [in ETimor]. ... internet services had been set at US$2 per hour. ... significantly higher than Australian rates. However, because average East Timorese wages (and most people do not have a wage) are less than one tenth of Australian wages, telephone services are mostly un affordable and the prices on internet services are prohibitive. ... Telstra continues to make multi-billion dollar profits, and it seems to me bizarre that it should extend its profit taking ethos to the poorest corners of our region, and in particular to a devastated country which is really still trying to get to its feet." Dr Tim Anderson, Researcher for Aidwatch

Sep 11 RDP: Church reportedly invited to help draw up constitution  News added Sep 13
"[Reporter] During the Fretilin anniversary commemorations, the bishop accepted an invitation to contribute to the drawing up of Timor’s constitution. Dom Ximenes Belo is only waiting for this invitation to be made officially.
[Dom Ximenes Belo, Bishop of Dili] I am waiting for a written invitation, and to be given a place. We do not know the procedure for the church hierarchy to contribute. We are certainly open to this. Our vision is of a pluralist and democratic society, with equal opportunities for all Timorese. We will be there to give our contribution to the building of this Timorese society." RDP Antena 1 radio, Lisbon, Portugal

Sep 10 UNDP: FRETILIN's East Timor electoral victory confirmed  News added Sep 11
"East Timor’s Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) has endorsed the results of the 30 August elections, today confirming that the former resistance group, FRETILIN has won a 57 percent majority in the Constituent Assembly. The number of seats falls short of the two-thirds majority needed to draft East Timor’s first Constitution without consultation with other parties, ... " UNDP

Sep 10 UNDP: 24 Women in 88-Seat Constituent Assembly  News added Sep 11
"Results of last week’s elections in East Timor indicate that the territory’s new 88-seat Constituent Assembly will have a total of 24 women members. The full breakdown on female representatives gives the Fretilin party 17, the PSD three, the ASDT one and the PST and PNT one apiece. The party with the lowest female representation is the second- placed PD, which elected no women candidates." UNDP

Sep 10 UNTAET: Election Commission Presents Certified Results To SRSG  News added Sep 11
"They sent a signal to their community leaders, and indeed to the whole world, that for them, a successful electoral process was more important than any particular outcome, ... it is an attitude which typically distinguishes mature democracies from those still in a process of development.” Dr. Bong-Scuk Sohn, Chair of the Independent Electoral Commission
"While the winners at the ballot, Fretilin, deserve our congratulations, all those who took part in the elections likewise deserve credit and our utmost respect, ... In East Timor today, democracy looks to be in a very healthy state indeed.” SRSG Sergio Vieira de Mello

Bahasa Indonesia:
Sep 10 Teks Pakta Persatuan Nasional (ditanda tangani 8 July 2001)  Terjemahan ditambahkan tanggal 10 Sep
"Pakta Persatuan Nasional: Yakin bahwa ada keperluan untuk menciptakan dan memelihara suasana yang damai dan stabil sebagai dasar pertama untuk pembangunan berkelanjutan Timor Lorosa'e; Mengingat primsip2 mentahbiskan dalam Magna Carta yang disetujui dalam Konvensi Nasional Timor Timur dalam Pengasingan yang pertama diadakan di Peniche, Portugal, tertanggal 25 April 1998; Menyadari kebutuhan menjaminkan suasana penghormatan dan kepercayaan satu sama lain; ... " APODETI Pro-Refrendum; ASDT Associação Sosial Demokrata Timorense; FRETILIN Frente Revolucianário de Timor Leste Independente; KOTA Klibur Oan Timor Aswa’in; PD Partido Demokrático; PDC Partido Demokrata Cristão; PDM Partido Democrático Maubere; PL Partai Liberal; PPT Partido de Povo de Timor; PSD Partido Social Democrata Timor Lorosa’e; PST Partido Socialista de Timor; PTT Partido Trabalhista Timorense; UDC/PDC União Democratica Cristão; UDT União Democrática Timorense. [Pakta ini ditandatagani, kapada taggal 8 July 2001 oleh semua partai polik Timor Lorosa'e, kecuali PARENTIL dan PNT.]

Sep 8 ETese NGOs write UNHCR to protest planned withdrawal  Letter added Sep 13
" ... we recommend that UNHCR act upon the following:
* Maintain its current presence in East Timor until at least June 2002.
* Extend humanitarian assistance to returnees until at least June 2002, when a further needs assessment can be made.
* Increase co-ordination and co-operation with both governmental and non-governmental organisations that are currently assisting refugees in West Timor. This will further enable UNHCR to fulfil its mandate towards the protection and assistance of these refugees, while it is not physically present in West Timor.
* Engage in a more comprehensive way with non-governmental organisations in East Timor currently advocating and working towards returnees’ reintegration." NGO Forum; Dewan Solidaritas Mahasiswa TL; Yayasan HAK; FOKUPERS; Kadalak Sulimutuk Institute; RENETIL; Jesuit Refugee Service; Oxfam in East Timor.

Sep 8 CM: Australian Labor MP on Tampa refugees and ETimor  Article added Sep 10
"Horta had been telephoned early on the morning of Thursday, August 30 (the actual day of the vote) ... to see if East Timor could assist with taking asylum seekers from the Tampa. ... East Timor had been the beneficiary of so much humanitarian assistance in recent years, they [Horta, Gusmao and Alkatiri] felt obliged to offer assistance." Labor MP Kevin Rudd, all-party [Australian] delegation to ETimor's elections

Sep 7 RDP: New ETimorese gov't sets anti-poverty fight as main objective  Interview added Sep 10
"The eradication of poverty needs to be the main priority of this country. This means we should not only improve agricultural production, but we should also improve the educational system, the health service, the housing stock and the supply of water and electricity. These can be achieved in several ways: Firstly, through the decentralization of development, secondly, by solving the poverty problem, thirdly, by giving incentive to what I would call the urban exodus ... " Mari Alkatiri, secretary general of the winning party Fretilin Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor

Sep 6 RDP: Fretilin leader makes victory speech  Speech added Sep 8
"Fretilin is proud to have carried out and ensured an irreproachable election campaign. ... Fretilin reiterates solemnly its intention to constitute a government of inclusion, which will act as a catalyst for knowledge and the available synergies, to build and consolidate a state apparatus which is effective and without room for corruption, nepotism or the traffic of influence. A state where moral standards and ethics prevail in the defence of the public good and in the establishment and consolidation of a democratic state of law. Fretilin commits itself, before the Maubere people, to guarantee the construction of a democratic state of law in East Timor, and it will do its utmost so that nothing and no one is able to jeopardize this objective." Lu Olo, Fretilin’s president

Sep 6 RDP: Timorese leaders reiterate commitment to government of inclusion  Interview added Sep 8
"We have said several times that instead of thinking of a coalition between parties, we should think of a coalition of talents. This country needs skills to be reborn with vigour and this is what we hope to do." Mari Alkatiri, Fretilin leader & future first prime minister of the second transitional government of East Timor
"I think that Fretilin, above all, has shown that it reality wants a government of inclusion which will have people from parties which did not even obtain 1 per cent in the elections, one deputy - as long as the person has talent - this is a great historic opportunity, a golden opportunity for Fretilin to show that it is a party of statesmen. ... I would like to see the entire process of reconciliation, of inclusion to involve UDT, a historic party which was not very successful in these elections." Jose Ramos Horta, current foreign minister

Sep 6 East Timor Election Results (percentage summaries) Results added Sep 8

Sep 6 UNTAET: Final Election Results Announced Today In East Timor  Briefing added Sep 7
"Fretilin is the winning party, with 43 seats in the national election, and 12 of the 13 district seats. The 88-member assembly will consist of one representative from each of East Timor’s 13 districts, with the rest of the seats divided on a proportional representation basis. The seat allocation on national seats is as follows:
Frente Revolucionária do Timor-Leste Independente (Fretilin): 57.3 % of the vote, 43 seats; Partido Democrático (PD): 8.7 %, 7 seats; Partido Social Democrata (PSD): 8.1%, 6 seats; Associação Social-Democrata Timorense (ASDT): 7.8 %, 6 seats; União Democrática Timorense (UDT): 2.3 %, 2 seats; Partido Nasionalista Timorense (PNT): 2.2 %, 2 seats; Klibur Oan Timor Asuwain (KOTA): 2.1 %, 2 seats; Partido do Povo de Timor (PPT): 2 %, 2 seats; Partido Democrata Cristão (PDC): 1.9 %, 2 seats; Partido Socialista de Timor (PST): 1.7 %, 1 seat; Partai Liberal (PL): 1.1 %, 1 seat; Partido Democrata-Cristão de Timor (UDC/PDC): 0.6 %, 1 seat." UNTAET

Sep 6 ETAN: Grassroots & Congressional Action Mark Anniversary of Timor Massacres  Release added Sep 6
“East Timor took an historic step with last week’s democratic, multiparty election. Yet, the U.S. and the wider international community have failed to fully address critical issues, ... The victims of past crimes require justice and all refugees in West Timor who wish to return must be able to do so.” John M. Miller, spokesperson for East Timor Action Network (ETAN)

Sep 6 CONG: Anniversary of Suai massacre & Atambua murders  Statements added Sep 7
"If we in the United States and the international community are not to fail the people of East Timor once again -
* We must support an International Criminal Tribunal  ...
* We must take immediate steps to protect and return home safely the East Timorese refugees ...
* We must continue to provide humanitarian, economic and development aid to East Timor ...
* We must continue to suspend all U.S. military aid and training to the Indonesian military ...
* We must strongly and unambiguously support the independence process in East Timor, ... " Rep. James P. McGovern

Sep 6 CONG: Anniversary of Suai massacre & Atambua murders  Statements added Sep 7
"I support Senator Harkin’s Resolution calling for the establishment of an international war crimes tribunal to prosecute crimes against humanity in East Timor. I have also worked with Senator Patrick Leahy of Vermont to restrict funding to Indonesia unless the Indonesian government allows refugees to return to East Timor and is actively committed to peace with East Timor." U.S. Senator Jack Reed

Sep 6 CONG: Anniversary of Suai massacre & Atambua murders  Statements added Sep 7
"An international tribunal on war crimes with a full mandate to investigate crimes both before and after the independence referendum is the only true path to justice and reconciliation in East Timor. I am proud to be the House sponsor of Senator Harkin’s resolution calling for an international tribunal on war crimes in East Timor. House Concurrent Resolution 60 has 58 cosponsors and has been referred to the Committee on International Relations." Rep. Lane Evans

Sep 5 UN; S-G rejects Australian proposal on Afghan refugees  Release added Sep 6
"The Secretary-General has discussed with his Special Representative for East Timor, Sergio Vieira de Mello, and with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Ruud Lubbers, Australia’s latest proposal to process in East Timor Afghan nationals currently stranded on a Norwegian container ship. The Secretary-General’s answer is “no.” He continues to support as sound and viable the UNHCR plan. That plan calls for the Afghans to be brought to Christmas Island in Australia, as the ship is currently in Australian territorial waters." Spokesman for Secretary-General Kofi Annan, United Nations

Sep 4 WI: On the road to democracy, where the streets have no name  Interview added Sep 13
"We’ll take Fretilin as an example. Many people question why PD does not join the Fretilin. But for PD members, the priority is to democratize the process. We do not want this country to be dominated by just one group. ... When we speak of the (type of) people, in Fretilin there is a tendency towards veteranism. The seniors are considered to have more rights or know more. This is a very patenalistic attitude unwanted by the PDs. ... There is also the question of leadership. We believe in the necessity for a new generation. ... 70% of the top leaders of PD are under 40. You can’t say we’re really youths ... we’re called the post-75 generation." Partido Democratico (PD) leader, Fernando de Araujo

Sep 4 Tempo: Xanana Gusmao: All Cabinet members will be Timorese  Interview added Sep 6
"Tempo: What will be the total number of Cabinet members and what will be the composition in its transition phase?
Xanana: The new Cabinet will be formed in mid-September. So I’m not really sure. But what is clear is that its size will be bigger than the Cabinet before the election. All members of the new Cabinet will be Timorese. They will be responsible to the Transitional Administrator until Timor Lorosae gains full independence." Tempo magazine

Sep 4 STL: Mario Carrascalao: Xanana Gusmao’s candidacy not challenged  News from ETimor added Sep 6
“But Xanana is a charismatic figure ­ the same as South African leader Nelson Mandela. So when there are contenders to the presidency, they have to accept defeat because no one would vote for them, ... Xanana is the figure who is able to unite all parties in a democracy. He is always able to cooperate and work with anyone. But Xanana also has his principles and does not like his name being used by political parties for their own purposes,” President of the Social Democrat Party (PSD) Mario Viegas Carrascalao

Sep 4 UNTAET: Further Results Announced In Constituent Assembly Polls  Results added Sep 5
"The Independent Electoral Commission today announced the final, yet-to-be-certified national representative results from the East Timorese districts of Viqueque, Lautem, Oecussi, Bobonaro and Ermera districts following the 30 August Constituent Assembly elections." UNTAET Daily Briefing 4 September 2001

Sep 4 DemNow!: East Timor Votes  Radio interview added Sep 4
"But East Timor is still far from being a truly independent country. 9,000 UN troops continue to occupy the territory. East Timor will celebrate its independence almost wholly dependent upon foreign aid. International agencies such as the World Bank and IMF are creating East Timor’s infrastructure almost from scratch, while foreigners already dominate the local economy ...
Guests: Jose Ramos Horta; Joaquim Fonseca, Yayasan Hak; John Miller, East Timor Action Network." Democracy NOW!

Sep 3 ETimorese NGOs write to Japanese PM re SDF  Letter added Sep 6
"The Japanese government has shown their concern for East Timor’s reconstruction and has contributed the largest amount of funds to the Trust Fund for East Timor. Drawing from our experience of the past and view of the present, we offer the following views: * The Japanese government must publicly acknowledge that past policies have caused great suffering to the East Timorese people. ... * The plan to send a Japanese Self-Defense Force to join the PKF in East Timor should be abandoned. ... * There is no need to introduce a new military contingent from Japan to the international troops now present in East Timor. ... * We believe that security problems around East Timor’s border will not be solved by increasing the PKF." Yayasan HAK; Kdadalak Suli Mutu Institute; Gerakan Mahasiswa Pro Demokrasi; Grupo Feto Foin Sae Timor Lorosa’e; East Timor Women Against Violence; East Timor Students Solidarity Council; Sa’he Institute for Liberation; Fokupers; LBH “Ukun Rasik An”; Lao Hamutuk; Centro Desenvolvimento Economia Popular; Fundacao Haburas.

Sep 3 CIIR: Listen to East Timorese women’s voices, urges CIIR  Release added Sep 6
"It is clear that women in East Timor want to play a full role in shaping the future of their country. ... the women we have spoken to, both in the capital and in the countryside, are adamant that in order to exercise their responsibilities in building a new East Timor they need to be able to establish their rights as equal citizens. Whether or not they achieve this will depend on the continuing support of the international community: both to East Timor and specifically to its women." Catherine Scott, spokesperson for the Catholic Institute for International Relations (CIIR) delegation

Sep 3 UNTAET: First Results Announced In Constituent Assembly Polls  Results added Sep 5
"The Independent Electoral Commission today announced the final, yet-to-be-certified results from the 30 August Constituent Assembly elections. District and national results were announced for five districts [Aileu, Ainaro, Covalima, Liquiça, and Manatuto], as well as the district representative for Lautem. All the district representatives provisionally elected thus far are representatives of the Fretilin party." UNTAET Daily Briefing 3 September 2001

Sep 3 YHak: Elections in the Context of Nation-Building  Release added Sep 4
"Much emphasis is being placed on the provisional figure of the 91% voter turnout. However this figure must be compared to the figure of 98.6% voter turnout in the 1999 Popular Consultation. In extremely difficult circumstances the East Timorese people demonstrated their will and understanding of the act of voting and its accompanying mechanisms. In 2001, in peaceful and secure environment, with the presence of heavily funded electoral education campaign, the voter turnout stands lower at 91%. Therefore the figure of 91% should not be read as evidence of a successful election, but evidence of the desire of the East Timorese people to have a voice in their future. ... This election is a step towards democracy, but is a small step in a long process to a successful transition to democracy." Yayasan HAK: Hukum, Hak Asasi & Keadilan (Law, Human Rights & Justice)

Sep 3 IFET Preliminary Election Observations  Report added Sep 4
" ... this election is a small but important part of the larger process of nation-building, leading to a constitution, independence, and self-government. IFET believes that this step has been mounted successfully, but that significant obstacles remain for a truly democratic process. ... We believe that the campaign and voting were largely free and fair, and that the results will accurately reflect the preferences of the people of East Timor within the limited issues and choices placed before them." International Federation for East Timor (IFET)

Sep 3 STL: Bishop Belo invites refugees to return because of peaceful election  News from ETimor added Sep 4
“You have all seen the way the 30 August election was conducted. It was peaceful and calm. Because of that, I appeal to all of you to return home to your country of birth so that you can live peacefully with all of us, ... We will congratulate which party that gets the most votes. Those parties that do not get enough votes must not be disappointed because they will have an opportunity again in four or five years time,” Nobel Peace Laureate Bishop Carlos Ximenes Belo

Sep 3 Voting Behaviour, Outcome & Post-Election Role for the Int'l Community  Analysis added Sep 4
"A return to conflict in the aftermath of the election is a remote possibility. Simply put, however ingenuous this may sound, the uniqueness of East Timorese postconflict election, itself is a guarantee for peace and security. In other words, the risk of going back to bullet from ballot is minimal if not non-existence." Joao Boavida

Sep 3 Jose Ramos-Horta re Pacfica Radio and Amy Goodman  Statement added Sep 4
"I was distressed to learn that Amy Goodman’s reporting on East Timor has been questioned and that some have alleged that the November 12, 1991 Santa Cruz massacre may not have taken place. As an East Timorese, I want to express my outrage that her account of the massacre has been challenged by a campaign of innuendo and insult. ... We are now working to build our own media and train our own journalists. I can only hope, that they will contribute to our democracy by probing deeply and asking the critical questions—the way Amy has always done." Jose Ramos-Horta, Winner, Nobel Peace Prize

Sep 2 AW: World Bank - It's impacts on ETimor and PNGinuea  Article added Sep 25
" … it has proved difficult to prevent corruption and other problems in privatising monopolies … Advocates of privatisation may have overestimated the benefits of privatization and underestimated the costs, particularly the political costs of the process itself and the impediments it has posed to further reform" Joseph Stiglitz, head of World Bank’s Asia-Pacific branch
"The time has come to show that there is a critical mass of members of civil society who are questioning the projects and policies of the World Bank ... more people than just AID/WATCH are concerned about the bank and its activities." James Arvanitakis, Campaign Director of AID/WATCH

Sep 1 RDP: UDT to challenge results of first free elections  Interview added Sep 4
"Sergio Vieira de Mello, head of UNTAET, the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor, has replied to the fraud accusations, made by UDT [Timorese Democratic Union] leader Joao Carrascalao, after the [30 August] elections [for the constituent assembly]. Sergio Vieira de Mello said these comments were alarmist and violated the spirit under which the political parties signed a national unity pact. He also said that the results would talk for themselves and that all irregularities pointed out by Joao Carrascalao, or anyone else, would be investigated by the Independent Electoral Committee. ... Speaking in a press conference, the UDT president blamed Fretilin [Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor] for crimes against humanity and demanded the UN to carry out a probe on the territory’s history of the period between 1974 and 1975. He added that this was a necessary step to preventing criminals from ruling the country." RDP Antena 1 radio, Lisbon, Portugal

Sep 1. 11 am UN IEC: Statement of Chief Electoral Officer  Statement added Sep 2
"I would like to reiterate that our highest priority is the accuracy of the count, and we will take the time necessary to ensure that the results reflect the will of the voters. That said, we are on schedule at this point and anticipate that we will continue to be." Chief Electoral Officer, Independent Electoral Commission, UN


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