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BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

January 2001 News, Articles & Reports:


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Jan APHEDA Union Aid Abroad: East Timor Update January 2001  Update added Apr 4

Jan 31 UN: Security Council Extends Untaet Mandate To 31 January 2002  Minutes added Feb 3

Jan 31 NGO Forum Statement to NC And UNTAET  Statement added Feb 1
"The National NGO Forum of East Timor is seriously concerned with the decision-making processes in the National Council (NC) of East Timor. The decision regarding the East Timor Defence Force (ETDF), in which the National Council did not have enough time to study the regulation and consult with the communities and groups that they represent, is disturbing." National NGO Forum of East Timor

Jan 31 TAPOL: East Timor - Crimes against humanity must not go unpunished  Release added Feb 1
"Speedy justice and the ending of impunity are essential for peace and reconciliation in East Timor and for democracy and stability in Indonesia," Paul Barber, TAPOL

Jan 30 STL: 2005, Timor Lorosae to be a rich country  News from ETimor added Feb 5
"With that formula [90:10], Galbraith stressed, East Timors present royalties of USD3 million a year will increase to USD300 million a year within a period of between five to 10 years. If that calculation is accurate, STL estimates, the whole of East Timors reconstruction can be paid for without any outside help from donors." STL

Jan 30 STL: Timor Gap Further Negotiations: Dont be Hinged to 90:10  News from ETimor added Feb 5
"In further negotiations between East Timor and Australia, the party representing East Timor must not be hinged to the 90:10 formula. Instead, they should be brave enough to renegotiate the whole Timor Gap deal." Francisco Guterres, Dean UNATILs Faculty of Socio-Politics

Jan 30 SMH: Community radio fights campaign of fear  News added Feb 3
"A community radio station is being used to counter propaganda from pro-Indonesia militia groups and convince thousands of refugees who fled East Timor or were deported after the 1999 independence vote to return home." Mark Dodd

Jan 30 CSM: Conviction in East Timor Falls Short of Calls for Justice  Article added Feb 1
"But no one in East Timor, thirsty for justice after a 24-year occupation, is satisfied with the result. "We reject this verdict," said Catalina Pereira, the victim's daughter, outside the courthouse. "So many men were slaughtered, and this is it?" The dissatisfaction of Ms. Pereira and thousands of other East Timorese illustrates how the effort to build a credible international justice system is faltering across the globe. A combination of weak political will, high costs, and poor coordination are hampering justice efforts from East Timor to the former Yugoslavia." Dan Murphy

Jan 27 ST: "Nope: No special funds to handle E. Timor refugees"  News added Feb 3

Jan 27 ETAN/IHRN: Rights groups urge continued suspension of military ties with Indonesia  Release updated Feb 3
"The U.S. must not support TNI before Indonesia fully meets its repeated pledges to the international community, including the safe return of East Timorese refugees and disarming and disbanding of militia groups in West Timor. Indonesian authorities must arrest and extradite militia leaders and must cooperate with the creation of an international human rights tribunal for crimes committed in East Timor. Most critically, there must be civilian control of the Indonesian military. If the Bush administration genuinely supports democracy in Indonesia, it must make its commitment clear to the Indonesian military," John Miller, ETAN.

Jan 26 UN: UK Statement to UN Security Council  Statement added Feb 6
"But congratulations should not lead to complacency. For there is an enormous amount still to do, both before the transition to independence in East Timor and afterwards. East Timorese expectations are not being realized in a number of areas, including infrastructural improvements. ... for the sake of the East Timorese people and for the sake of the United Nations itself, we must get
it right." Stewart Eldon, UK

Jan 26 Financial Times: East Timor demands oil money  News added Jan 26
"They [Australia] should say to East Timor, here's the oil, it's yours, take it," Jose Ramos Horta, East Timor foreign minister and Nobel peace laureate

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: Persepsi Orang Timor Lorosa'e Tentang Kebudayaan dan Lingkungan Hidup
Laporan ditambahkan tanggal 20 November
"Pada sesi introduksi, Dionisio Babo Soares juga membahas hubungan antara budaya tradisional dan lingkungan hidup dalam pandangan orang Timor Lorosa'e. Disimpulkannya, "budaya, menurut orang-orang Timor Lorosa'e, merupakan cara melestarikan 'lingkungan hidup' dan lingkungan hidup tidak akan ada apabila budaya tidak dihormati. Keduanya saling terkait dan merupakan sumber kelangsungan hidup manusia". Dalam makalahnya yang dimuat dalam buku ini, Soares juga membahas mengenai keadaan lingkungan hidup baik sebelum maupun selama masa penjajahan Portugis, serta selama Indonesia." Kata Pengantar, Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: Lingkungan Hidup dan Masyarakat Sipil
Artikel ditambahkan tanggal 18 November
"Advokasi pelestarian lingkungan hidup selalu dibutuhkan. Prinsip dasarnya adalah: jangan biarkan pemerintah dan perusahaan bekerja sendiri, tanpa keterlibatan masyarakat. ...
Usulan saya untuk agenda di sini: • Mengawasi pemerintah dalam kebijakan dan pembuatan undang-undang, baik yang dibuat UNTAET maupun pemerintahan baru hasil pemilu. • Pengawasan Donor, seperti USAID, UNDP, ADB, WB, karena kelakuan mereka yang dapat menghancurkan lingkungan hidup kita. • Membuat Undang-Undang Lingkungan Hidup yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan-kebutuhan di Timor Lorosa’e- yang mengakui hak-hak masyarakat asli. • Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup oleh masyarakat – jangan biarkan hutan-hutan dikuasai oleh pengusaha. Masyarakat harus tetap memegang haknya untuk mengelola dan memiliki hutannya sendiri. • Mengawasi investasi yang masuk. Jangan ulangi kesalahan Indonesia. • Mengawasi korupsi, pemerintahan pasti korupsi. • Memperjuangkan transparansi, tanggung gugat, dan partisipasi dalam proses demokrasi. • Mendasarkan kebijakan-kebijakan baru pada adat dan kebiasaan lokal, jangan membuangkannya, tetapi menggabungkannya dengan sistem demokratik yang baik.
Lakukan sekarang juga, selagi pemerintah masih dekat dengan masyarakat- makin lama pemerintahan berkuasa, mereka makin jauh dari kita." Emmy Hafild, WALHI / FOE Indonesia

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa’e  Article added July 27
"Konferensi ini mengusulkan agar definisi yang sudah diakui dunia internasional tentang pembangunan berkelanjutan akan dipakai di Timor Lorosa’e, yaitu: “pembangunan yang memenuhi kebutuhan-kebutuhan generasi sekarang tanpa mengurangi kemampuan generasi yang akan datang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan-kebutuhan mereka”. Pembangunan berkelanjutan menjawab keterkaitannya antara lingkungan hidup, ekonomi dan kesejahteraan sosial. ... Kemajuan hanya dapat dicapai apabila ada keberanian untuk mengambil tindakan. Tindakan-tindakan untuk memulai penerapanpembangunan berkelanjutan sebaiknya dimulai hari ini, dan sebaiknya tidak ditunda-tunda untuk dilakukan suatu saat nanti di masa depan." Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: REKOMENDASI: Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa’e  Article added Aug 3
"Di samping usulan-usulan spesifik yang muncul di dalam makalah konferensi dan lokakarya, ada tujuh rekomendasi umum yang disepakati. Rekomendasi ini mewakili titik awal yang penting untuk memulai perjalanan menuju pembangunan berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa’e." Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: Dokumen berikut adalah ringkasan hasil-hasil lokakarya  Article added Aug 3
"Hasil-hasil Lokakarya 22lokakaryamengenai pembangunan berkelanjutan pertama menentukan 4 isu pokok, dan selanjutnya mencatatbeberapa strategi untuk menangani masalah-masalah tersebut. ... Dokumen berikut adalah ringkasan hasil-hasil lokakarya: Pembangunan Ekonomi secara Berkelanjutan; Pendidikan - di semua tingkat masyarakat; Pemberdayaan Kemampuan- pada semua tingkat masyarakat; Proses Perencanaan yang Terpadu dan Transparan; Pengembangan Kebijakan dengan Melibatkan Masyarakat; Sistem Peraturan, Penegakan dan Hukuman yang Transparan; Pengakuan Struktur Masyarakat dan Pengetahuan Tradisional." Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Introduction to Conference on Sustainable Development  Article up-dated Aug 3
" ... the human system is an integral part of the ecosystem. A society is sustainable only if both the human condition and the condition of the ecosystem are satisfactory or improving. If either is unsatisfactory or worsening, the society is unsustainable.
... The livelihoods of East Timorese people depend on a healthy and productive environment. All people and industries for example, depend on a healthy water supply. Agriculture, fisheries, and tourism also depend on the environment. To meet people’s needs now and for future generations, East Timor’s natural resource base must be conserved and improved.Mr Jose Lobato, Timor Aid

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Program for Conference on Sustainable Development  Summary up-dated Aug 3
"The 22 workshops on sustainable development issues first identified 4 priority issues and then listed strategies to address them. ...
Summary includes: Sustainable Economic Development; Education -at all levels of society; Capacity Building -at all levels of society; Transparent and Integrated Planning Process; Clear Policies -developed in consultation with the community; Transparent System of Regulations, Enforcement and Penalties; Recognition of Traditional Structures and Knowledge." Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Recommendations of Conference on Sustainable Development  Added Aug 3
"In addition to the many specific suggestions arising from the Conference papers and workshops, seven overarching recommendations are made. These represent important starting points to begin the journey towards sustainable development in Timor Lorosa’e." Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: ETTA: The Natural Resources of East Timor  Overview added July 25
"Because East Timor has ruled by other people for so long, the management of natural resources in this country has not received serious attention. The result is that today there is widespread deforestation and there are several species of bird and animals that are threatened with extinction. ... Thus if we wish to develop a better future for East Timor, the biophysical environment and natural resources of East Timor must be given attention so as to avoid further destruction and to repair environmental damage." Mario N. Nunes, Manger ETTA Forestry Unit

Jan 24 Reut: Top E.Timorese wants U.S. to help Indonesian army  News added Feb 1
"One of East Timor's most prominent leaders, who denounced abuses by Indonesian troops in his homeland for decades, made a turnabout on Wednesday and urged the United States to resume military aid to Jakarta. It was a bizarre change of tack for Nobel peace prize laureate Jose Ramos-Horta who was at the vanguard of the fight against the often brutal 23-year rule of East Timor by Indonesia." Joanne Collins

Jan 24 GLW: Digging in for East Timor's oil  Article added Jan 24
"The federal government has refused to reveal its position [on Timor Gap] publicly, claiming this would counter the "national interest". The reason behind its reluctance seems to be the fear of a public backlash against a policy that would result in East Timor being denied desperately needed revenue while Canberra's coffers filled." Jon Land

Jan 24 GLW: Women face uphill struggle  Article added Jan 25
"Aurora Ximenes, the coordinator of the East Timor Women's Network, which comprises 15 grassroots organisations, is angry that women are being sidelined in the transition to independence." Robyn Marshall

Jan 24 GLW: `Fretilin will win first Timor election'  News added Jan 25
"We expect over 50% of the first elected parliament -- definitely ... [Fretilin is] in the best position to promote tolerance and democracy" Estanislau da Silva, member of Fretilin's central committee

Jan 23 AGE: Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation  News added Jan 24
"The commission was originally proposed by East Timor and is now being developed with the support of the UN, which is working alongside East Timorese groups, the Catholic church and the umbrella independence body, the National Council of Timorese Resistance." Mark Dodd

Portuguese:
Jan 20 OTL: Refugiados: Quantos são? Quantos querem voltar para Timor Leste?  Report added Feb 6
"Interesses políticos e económicos impedem uma contagem credível dos refugiados. As autoridades indonésias aceitaram a presença das agências humanitárias internacionais para receber as ajudas, mas pouco fizeram para o desmantelamento das milícias, que continuam a controlar os refugiados e os regressos, em estreita colaboração com militares indonésios e partilhando com eles os direitos de passagem exigidos aos que querem voltar para Timor Leste." Observatório Timor Leste

Jan 20 ETO: Refugees: How many? How many want to return to East Timor?  Report added Feb 6
"Political and financial interests are getting in the way of a credible census of the refugees. While the Indonesian authorities agreed to the presence of international humanitarian agencies in order to receive their aid, Jakarta has done little to disband the militia gangs that still control the refugees and repatriation, and collaborate closely with Indonesian soldiers, sharing with them the rights of passage demanded from those wishing to return to East Timor." East Timor Observatory

French:
jan 20 OTO: Réfugiés : Combien sont-ils ? Combien veulent retourner au Timor Oriental ?  Report added June 24
"Des intérêts politiques et économiques empêchent un comptage crédible des réfugiés. Les autorités indonésiennes ont accepté la présence des agences d’aide internationales pour recevoir de l’aide, mais n’ont rien fait pour le démantèlement des milices qui contrôlent les réfugiés et les retours en étroite collaboration avec les militaires indonésiens avec lesquels elles partagent les droits de passage exigés à ceux qui veulent retourner." Observatoire Timor-Oriental

Jan 17 IPS: Reconstruction an uphill climb  News added Jan 24
"UNTAET figures say that oilfields around East Timor could bring in $100 to $200 million a year in revenues. There are some "hundreds of millions of barrels equivalent of oil and gas already being exploited" in the Timor Gap, according to ETTA. For a country with a budget of less than $ 80 million a year, that means a whole lot." Johanna Son

Jan 15 MSF: Refugees in Indonesia under-reported  Press release added Jan 24
"hundreds of thousands of East Timorese remain trapped in West Timor after fleeing organized militia attacks in the wake of East Timor's vote for independence." MSF

Jan 15 Nation: East Timor journalists rise from the ashes  News added Jan 24
"Some 150 journalists gathered for three days last week at the headquarters of the Council for Timor National Resistance (CNRT) and vowed to build up an independent and free press including ways to become honest and professional journalists." Kavi Chongkittavorn

Jan 15 IPS: Road to Nationhood neither Straight nor Short  News added Jan 24

Jan 15 SMH: Oil is more important to us than to Australia, says Gusmao  News added Jan 19
"To have a fair treaty, Australia has to consider that we have our perception of the problem, our rights in this issue. ... We will respect the rights and interests of Australia, but Australia has to respect our rights and our interests there. ... It is more important to us than to Australia - the new terms of the treaty. ... It is preferable that we get it [oil revenue] rather than it goes to Canberra and then comes to us as aid." Xanana Gusmao, President, CNRT

Jan 15 Guardian: Return of the Revolutionaries  Article added Jan 17
"Last week, she [Milena Pires] was in London seeking support for pro-women measures she hopes to see put in place when the UN hands over to the new East Timorese government next year. Her aim is to help create a society in which 30% of parliamentarians and 30% of public servants are women. The carrot Britain has is money. Pressure from other donor countries, such as Japan, Portugal and Australia, to introduce women-friendly policies has worked thus far and women's groups in East Timor have already succeeded in securing a deal in which local councils are made up of 50% men and 50% women." Maggie O'Kane

French:
Jan 12 OTO: Le pétrole de la Mer de Timor et les relations Timor Oriental-Australie  Report added Feb 3
"L’histoire récente de l’attitude des gouvernements australiens révèle que le pétrole de la Mer de Timor a été placé au-dessus de toute autre considération dans les relations avec les pays voisins. L’Australie pourrait bénéficier davantage d’un développement plus harmonieux dans la région, et essayer d’attirer des investissements pour lesquels elle est mieux préparée que ses voisins." OTO

Portuguese:
Jan 12 OTL: O petróleo do Mar de Timor e as relações Timor Leste-Austrália  Report added Jan 25
"A História recente da atitude do Governo australiano revela que o petróleo do Mar de Timor foi colocado acima de qualquer outra consideração nas relações com os países vizinhos. A Austrália poderia beneficiar mais dum desenvolvimento harmonioso da região, tentando chamar a si os investimentos pelos quais está melhor preparada que os seus vizinhos." OTL

Jan 12 ETO: Timor Sea Oil and East Timor-Australia relations  Report added Jan 18
"The Australian Government's recent record shows that it has been putting Timor Sea resources above any other consideration in its dealings with neighbouring countries. However, Australia stands to benefit far more from harmonious development within the region that will attract investment, for which Australia is better prepared than its neighbours." ETO

Jan 11 FPIF: U.S. - East Timor Foreign Policy in Focus Brief  Release updated Jan 28
"The U.S. has declined to provide full support for an international human rights tribunal that would examine the abuses and killings (in East Timor) ... [but the Pentagon] has persisted in advocating military assistance to Indonesia, even when this has meant exploiting loopholes in legislation enacted to end military aid," Lynn Fredriksson, FPIF

Jan 8 SMH: Racist, Cynical, Wasteful: How UN Workers 'Help' Timor  News added Jan 17
"How you do your job counts just as much as what you do - and by this standard the UN is in need of rescuing itself ... The UN mission in East Timor, for example, is fraught with a debilitating patronage system, of personal self-interest, of ignorance and intolerance. All in all, this makes it a less-than-perfect tool to implement the will of the world's nations and give the Timorese dignity and a future." Denis Dragovic

Jan 6 Manning: "People-centered grassroots power-devolving reconstruction of East Timor" Letter added Jan 22
"The apparent stagnation of the East Timorese economy with it's attendant unrest contributed to by gross unemployment and disillusionment of the population with the snail pace of reconstruction and imposed priorities can be corrected by this objective [of BACK DOOR Newsletter on Timor Lorosae]." Brian Manning, Fretilin activist / supporter, member of team that maintained early radio communications between Fretilin and their external Mission

Jan 6 AFP: Bishops say many East Timorese refugees want to go home  News added Jan 18
"We reaffirm our support for efforts by the Indonesian government to provide security for the refugees, to facilitate their return and to monitor anyone who is exploiting the refugees' suffering for their political and economic benefits" Four bishops from ET & Indonesia

Jan 5 LH: text of UNTAET gag rule  Commentary & Text added Jan 17
"The full text of a recent UNTAET directive which prohibits UNTAET mission personnel from communicating with anyone about the mission or other issues related to East Timor for the rest of their lives, unless they have specific written permission from top UNTAET officials. This document was shared with La’o Hamutuk by an UNTAET staffer who is alarmed by the culture of secrecy and isolation that pervades the U.N. Transitional Administration in East Timor. La’o Hamutuk encourages others who believe that the East Timorese people have a right to know how their country is being governed to share information." Charles Scheiner

Jan 5 AU: Talks stall on Timor Gap oil profits  News added Jan 19
"So far it has offered about 60 per cent of revenue, which could total $US100 million ($180 million) a year. East Timor, represented by the UN Transitional Authority in East Timor, is arguing strongly for a 90 per cent stake in revenue, or alternatively for the boundary between the two countries to be redrawn at the mid-point between their coastlines." Robert Garran

Jan 3 Tony: Deep regret over violence  Letter updated Jan 19

Jan 1 CNRT: Xanana's New Year's Message  Letter updated Jan 17
"It is hard for us to believe that foreigners who come to East Timor to work do not have some knowledge of Timorese political reality. Foreigners should bear in mind that the essential condition for their operational success is to be aware that they do not come to save East Timor but rather to fulfil a mission of support; therefore, if they are not aware of this reality they will face the ungrateful mission of earning money for 6 months and returning to their homes, as so many have done, often revealing themselves to be less skilled than the East Timorese who can not find a job." Xanana Gusmão

Jan 1 UNTAET: New Year's Eve Violence in Dili  News added Jan 3


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