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BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

Capacity Building & 'Timorisation'
à Criação de Capacidades:

A collection of recent statements, reports, articles and news on the process of transferring skills and decision-making capacity to East Timorese people and institutions.

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Up-Dated: Dec 31 2001

NEW = Added to BACK DOOR Website since last Monday's Emailout

Dec 30 Yale: Health Care in ETimor  Overview added Dec 31
"Summary & Conclusions: The development of an effective health care system in East Timor requires that the following issues be addressed: a) coordination of various health care programs ... b) complete the basic training of the East Timorese medical students who have completed some training c) develop longterm educational goals for the country, in terms of strategies to train physicians, nurses, para-medical personnel d) development of programs to train village health care workers ... " Fredric O. Finkelstein, M.D. & Susan H. Finkelstein, MSW, Yale University

Bahasa Indonesia/Melayu:
Des 14 JSMP: Keadilan Dalam Praktek: HAK asasi manusia dalam administrasi pengadilan
Laporan ditambahkan tanggal Desember 17
"Laporan ini mengkaji efektivitas administrasi Panel Khusus untuk Kejahatan Serius dari Pengadilan Distrik Dili yang dibentuk oleh Pemerintah Transisi PBB di Timor Lorosa’e (UNTAET). Panel Khusus ini diberi mandat untuk menangani Kejahatan-kejahatan Serius yang dilakukan selama pendudukan Indonesia, termasuk kampanye tindak kekerasan di tahun 1999. ... Untuk merangkum rekomendasi-rekomendasi yang diketengahkan: perencanaan strategis yang komprehensif berdasarkan pada analisa kebutuhan yang lengkap harus merupakan suatu prioritas. Hal ini harus mengarah kepada perubahan substansial pada administrasi pengadilan, termasuk mobilisasi sumber-daya yang semakin meningkat secara signifikan dan pelatihan terkoordinir serta pemantauan terhadap staff Timor Lorosa’e. Ini menyimpulkan bahwa tanpa suatu struktur administrasi jelas, tanggung-jawab yang didefinisikan dengan benar dan pelatihan memadai serta dukungan teknis, sistem peradilan Timor Lorosa’e yang baru dan Panel Khusus untuk Kejahatan Serius akan tetap bergelut." Program Pemantauan Sistim Peradilan (JSMP)

Dec 14 JSMP: Justiça na práctica: direitos humonos na administração do tribunal
Reportagem de Dec 17
"Este relatório examina a efectividade da administração do Painel Especial para Crimes Sérios do Tribunal do Distrito de Díli que tem sido criado pela Administração Transitória das Nações Unidas em Timor Leste (UNTAET). Essses Paineis especiais são mandatados para tratar dos crimes sérios cometidos durante a ocupação Indonésia, incluido a campanha de violência em 1999. ... Para resumir as recomendações apresentadas aqui: plano estratégico compreensivo, baseado na total nescessidade de avaliação, deve ser uma prioridade. Isto deveria conduzir a reformas substanciais da administração, inclusive um melhoramento significativo da mobilização dos recursos e terinamento coordenado dos stafs de Timor Leste. Isto conclui de que sem uma estrutura administrativa lúcida, responsabilidades bem definidas, treinos adequados e assistência técnica, o novo sistema judicial de Timor Leste e os Paineis Especiais para Crimes Sérios continuarão a ser uma luta." Programa de Monitorização do Sistema Judicial (PMSJ)

Major Report
Dec 14 JSMP: Justice in Practice - Human Rights in Court Administration
Executive summary added Dec 17
"This report examines the effectiveness of the administration of the Special Panels for Serious Crimes of the Dili District Court that have been created by the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET).  These Special Panels are mandated to deal with Serious Crimes committed during the Indonesian occupation, including the campaign of violence in 1999. ... To summarise the recommendations presented here: comprehensive strategic planning, based on a full needs assessment, should be a priority. This should lead to substantial reforms of the court administration, including significantly improved resource mobilisation and coordinated training and mentoring of East Timorese staff. It concludes that without a clear administrative structure, well defined responsibilities and adequate training and technical assistance, East Timor’s new justice system and the Special Panels for Serious Crimes will continue to struggle." Judicial System Monitoring Programme (JSMP)

October 2001 LHB: UNTAET and “Serious Crimes”  Article added Oct 30
"Many are critical of the lack of cooperation between the SCU [Serious Crimes Unit] and East Timor’s civil society, including the SCU’s failure to work with NGOs and others with extensive information, evidence and documentation. ... Taken together, these examples illustrate the danger of an over-reliance on international experts with little background in East Timor, while doing almost nothing to integrate East Timorese into the process. Although current changes may address these problems, many ask why they were allowed to persist for so long." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

Out 15 OTL: Saúde - a retirada das organizações internacionais começou  Report added Nov 1
"As diferenças de formação dos corpos de profissionais, o importado e o timorense, não facilitou um verdadeiro trabalho conjunto. O avanço técnico dos profissionais estrangeiros estabeleceu naturalmente uma orientação que privilegiou este tipo de competência. Foram assinalados casos em que os médicos estrangeiros recorriam aos enfermeiros timorenses apenas como interpretes para o contacto com os doentes; mas foram também apontados casos de absenteísmo de profissionais timorenses. ... Enquanto na fase de Administração das NU as ONG internacionais assumiam a direcção do serviço de saúde num sector, os médicos recrutados para a fase seguinte devem inserir-se no serviço de saúde dirigido por Timorenses e dar maior ênfase às suas funções de colaboradores. Este trabalho exige qualidades que não se limitam as qualidades técnicas da medicina." Observatório Timor Leste

Oct 15 ETO: Health - international agencies withdrawing already  Report added Oct 30
"Contrasting levels of expertise among the medical professionals (foreign and Timorese) did not help to consolidate genuine teamwork. The technical know how of the foreign professionals naturally led to an emphasis on technical skills. There were times when foreign doctors, in their dealings with patients, used Timorese nurses merely as interpreters, while there were also cases of absenteeism among the Timorese health workers. ... While international NGOs were in charge of the health service during the UN Administration phase, doctors recruited for the next phase must be prepared to fit in to a Timorese-run service, and to give greater importance to collaboration, for which they will need skills that go beyond their medical/technical expertise." East Timor Observatory

Oct 2 Woodcroft-Lee: Friendship Cities: Relationships between Localities in Australia & Timor Lorosa'e  Overview added Oct 11
"The following is a summary of the information I have been able to obtain by discussions with representatives of several Melbourne councils, the Victorian Local Governance Association (VLGA) and two regions in New South Wales, concerning their friendship city programs with various towns and districts in Timor Lorosa'e. ... A key principle underlying the friendship relationship is that it should function both ways. ... I would welcome any suggestions as to how we [Canberrans] could initiate the steps necessary to set up a partnership arrangement, either with a specific region or with grassroots organisations in Timor Lorosa'e." (Mrs) Patricia Woodcroft-Lee, Canberra ratepayer [Australia]

Sep 27 Woodcroft-Lee: Canberra Plans for Sister City Relationship with Dili  Letter added Oct 11
" ... the Chief Minister, Mr Gary Humphries has made a commitment that the Liberal party, if elected, will inaugurate a sister city relationship with Dili, the soon to be capital of the independent republic of Timor Lorosa'e. Many residents of the ACT will welcome this commitment, as there is much goodwill here toward the people of Timor and a desire to assist in the rebuilding of the country.  ... A model of cooperation which may better fit the current circumstances is the Friendship City Program ... It is essentially a series of grass roots people to people initiatives, for which the city or shire council provides an administrative framework and contributes its expertise in areas such as urban planning and services." (Mrs) Patricia Woodcroft-Lee, Canberra ratepayer [Australia]

Sep 20 A Popular Challenge to UNTAET’s Achievements  Statement added Sep 20
"UNTAET has recently published in the September issue of its broadsheet Timor Tais 20 of the UN’s major achievements in East Timor. Many of these achievements are either misleading or things that UNTAET has been forced to do under pressure from Timorese people, civil society and leaders and international critics. ... 9. Establishment of a Civil Service: Because there was no possibility of including Timorese in the transitional administration as defined by the UN’s staffing table, a separate civil service had to be established. However, this began very late in 2000. There is still no skills audit that has been conducted of the country on which to base the recruitment of civil servants. There has not been adequate translation services to train Timorese to assume the role of international members of ETTA, with the result many positions will disappear. Capacity has not been built for a functioning bureaucracy."

Sep 4 Tempo: Xanana Gusmao: All Cabinet members will be Timorese  Interview added Sep 6
"Tempo: What will be the total number of Cabinet members and what will be the composition in its transition phase?
Xanana: The new Cabinet will be formed in mid-September. So I’m not really sure. But what is clear is that its size will be bigger than the Cabinet before the election. All members of the new Cabinet will be Timorese. They will be responsible to the Transitional Administrator until Timor Lorosae gains full independence." Tempo magazine

Sep 3 IFET Preliminary Election Observations  Report added Sep 4
"We are especially disappointed with the capacity-building aspect of the election. We observed great variation in competency among the District Electoral Officers (DEOs), all of whom were foreigners. Many had trouble communicating with the East Timorese staff, and the working relationship was often strained. East Timorese poll workers were frequently not included in the processes of opening and closing the polling places, but relegated to the repetitive administration of the voting. ... Bearing in mind the total funds allocated for the election, training for East Timorese IEC staff should have been better. IFET is particularly concerned that the people of East Timor had few opportunities to learn how to organize future elections on their own." International Federation for East Timor (IFET)

August 2001 LHB: Provision of School Furniture: World Bank Project  Article added Sep 27
"There have been, however, a number of problems in the implementation of the emergency stage of the school rehabilitation effort, including the provision of school furniture. ... Perhaps the greatest problems relate to the insufficient level of commitment on the part of the World Bank and UNTAET/ETTA to having local employment generation and capacity building as important goals of the project. The Bank and UNTAET/ETTA argue that one should not confuse the goals of an emergency project—in this case, bringing destroyed schools to a basic operational level as quickly as possible—with other goals." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

August 2001 LHB: The Employment of Women in ETTA  Article added Aug 22
"Recently, ETTA led a large-scale effort to recruit and hire East Timorese for civil service positions. These positions will help lay the foundation for the new East Timorese government. The data below show the number of women employed as a percentage of total employment for different departments. ... Education 29%; Police 18%; Health 32%; Judicial Affairs 17%; Border Control 20%; Water and Sanitation 3%; Agriculture 10%; Labor and Social Services 4%; Land and Property 3%; Foreign Affairs 39%" La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

Aug 25 Age: Timor fighting a war of words  News added Aug 30
“I would like to inform that no staff from this department will attend this secretariat training workshop as, once again, some of the international staff seem to wish to impose Bahasa Indonesia or English, ... Time and again, these international staff members have completely ignored the majority of East Timorese political leaders (who) have stated that Portuguese will be the official language of this country.” Jose Ramos Horta
"The choice of Portuguese is by no means universal among East Timorese, many of whom prefer English or Indonesian in addition to their national language, Tetum. Many East Timorese university students fluent in Indonesian resent having to learn another language that they say is irrelevant to the region." Mark Dodd, Dili

July 2001 LHB: Reconstruction & Transition: What are the Next Steps?  Bulletin added July 29
"Recently, a Working Group on Post-UNTAET Planning completed a report containing 21 recommendations on international civilian assistance to the government of an independent East Timor. The recommendations grew out of consultations with East Timorese and international groups and individuals.
The recommendations include: A)There should be a significant reduction in the number of international staff in the transitional administration ... D) There should be a policy to encourage, and perhaps to provide incentives for the return of skilled East Timorese living abroad to assume positions in the new government. E) The United Nations should provide funding to translate necessary UNTAET documents (in English) into the language(s) adopted by the new East Timorese government. ... " La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

Jul 28 MULR: Creation of a Viable Criminal Justice System in ET  Report Abstract & Conclusions added Aug 1
"In its examination of the creation of a criminal justice system in East Timor, this paper has followed three identified themes: the degree of consultation with the East Timorese in the decision-making process; the ability of the existing and incoming system to cope with the laws it is expected to enforce; and the investment in human skills that is being undertaken in order to empower the East Timorese to manage their own country after independence. Through this analysis, the problems of the system have been brought to light. The picture that has emerged bodes ill for the future of East Timor." The Melbourne University Law Review

Jul 24 Yayasan HAK: Serious Concerns re Judicial Independence under UNTAET  Paper added July 26
" ... in order for the transition to be a meaningful one, the foundations must be laid to ensure that national democratic institutions can perform the checks and balances required for any healthy and vigorous democracy. The establishment of such local institutions capable of upholding democratic values is particularly critical for East Timor to redress the oppression experienced under decades of colonial rule. Securing the basis for an independent judiciary is indispensable in this a historical context. It is only then that the East Timorese can start to overcome a past legacy of impunity and cultivate a culture of the rule of law where the people can trust and rely on the judiciary for the full protection and realisation of their rights. In light of the importance and urgency of this matter we would urge you to raise your concern on this matter with the Transitional Administrator and encourage his administration to act in accordance with international human rights law and democratic principles." Aniceto Guterres Lopes, Director, Yayasan HAK

Jun 18 OTL: Transição e processo eleitoral  Report added June 23
"o processo eleitoral progride nos seus aspectos a dominante administrativos (recenseamento, registo dos partidos) mas, nos domínios onde o papel dos Timorenses é ou devia ser preponderante (educação cívica e eleitoral, mecanismos de preparação da Constituição), o processo emperra. Muitos funcionários internacionais parecem não aprender tão depressa como Xanana Gusmão que: “a democracia não se ensina, pratica-se” " Observatório Timor Leste

Jun 18 ETO: Transition and the electoral process  Report added June 23
"Just as in the areas of development and administration, where disproportionate resources and means of local Timorese and foreigners working in the territory may be discouraging Timorese initiatives or making them unsustainable, excessive international intervention in the political area could well extinguish the energy released after centuries of colonisation and decades of military occupation." East Timor Observatory

Jun 15 ET NGO Forum: Administrative Transition  Comment added June 18
"there has to be a strong focus now on capacity-building. This means international staff must move into advisory positions with objectives and job descriptions related to capacity-building. There should be performance indicators established and monitored to ensure capacity-building is happening. Capacity building is not just training individuals. It requires building policies and procedures, and the development of a culture of transparency, accountability, and effectiveness, including training on gender awareness for public services." Arsenio Bano, Executive Director of the ET NGO Forum

Jun 13 ET NGO: Donors’ Conference: Capacity Building  Paper added June 15
"Ultimately the challenge to donors now lies in finding ways to assist the East Timorese to lead their country into full independence and manage the demands that will bring. The East Timorese do not want a culture of dependence to develop with donors. Instead they want donors to work together with leadership within both the government and non government sectors to build the national human capacity across the country and across all sectors." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 13 ETNGO Forum: The voice of Civil Society calls the Donors  Statement added June 14
"Donors are asked to join with NGOs to insist that international staff working in East Timor work to objectives related to capacity building of national counterparts. In order to ensure that East Timorese men and women are actively involved in decision making, there must be a focus on the recruitment of East Timorese at all levels in UN agencies and international organisations. Donors should ensure the recruitment process should have safeguards in place to ensure genuine capacity building is occurring." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 13 ET W&S NGOs: Donors’ Conference: Water & Sanitation  Paper added June 15
"Capacity building amongst national NGOs will enhance East Timorese ability to carry out projects independently and enhance our own ability to continue training in the future. Assistance in this area is infinitely more valuable than the short-term benefits of an a sophisticated project delivered with international expertise. ... Donors and international NGOs can play an important role in establishing a coordinated, capacity building program in consultation with national NGOs and community representatives." East Timorese National water and sanitation (W&S) NGOs

Jun 13 ET NGO: Donors’ Conference: Agriculture  Paper added June 15
"Most essentially, agricultural development should be oriented towards the empowerment of rural communities. Agricultural development of this kind requires the investment of time needed to ensure meaningful participation of local communities. It also requires close coordination, cooperation and effective partnerships between government (through the Division of Agricultural Affairs), NGOs, donors, multilateral donor institutions, churches, and community groups, and at all levels – national, district and sub-district. It especially requires support for the formation and strengthening of community groups, such as village farmer groups, coffee growers groups and fishing village groups, and it calls for support for national NGOs that are linked into local communities." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 13 ET NGO: Donors’ Conference: Health  Paper added June 15
"The pace of transition and the resources required for an effective transition from the post conflict situation to the development of a sustainable health system needs to realistic. ... [East Timorese] NGOs recognise that sufficient time is needed to consolidate and ensure the transfer of both management and technical skills to East Timorese both within the DHS employed staff and other civil society organisations." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 13 ET NGO: Donors’ Conference: Justice & Human Rights  Paper added June 16
"It is widely known that East Timor lacks enough lawyers for the required roles. There has been some training and a mentor system in operation at the court, however, international consultants have been rotating out and the public defenders are so busy that often they have difficulties finding the time for training. Currently there are only 3 assisting international public defenders, some of whom have never practised in criminal law and procedure, and none of whom speak Indonesian or Tetum. The 9 East Timorese defenders who have been formally appointed to cover the whole country have little if any previous practical legal experience and have not received sufficient training, including in areas such as international human rights law. Those lawyers working privately and in other local legal organizations face even greater difficulties." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Jun 13 CAA-OA: East Timor Donors must deliver  Release added June 18
"The international and national non-government organisations in East Timor are calling for:
* A longer timeframe for political transition – Donors are asked to support a longer time frame for popular consultation on the constitution, so that East Timorese men and women can be consulted effectively.
* A clear UNTAET exit plan – Donors are asked to support clear a process for UNTAET withdrawal that includes transfer of skills and capacity to East Timorese institutions.
* Long-term strategy for development – Donor nations are asked deliver appropriate funding taking into consideration the long-term needs of the East Timorese people." Oxfam Community Aid

May 10 Woodcroft-Lee: Concerns over expatriate attitudes  Reflections updated May 12
"My observations of the following is cause for concern:
a total lack of cultural and political awareness; a reluctance to involve local East Timorese staff in the running of organisations; an apparent disregard of proper industrial relations; and the ‘foreigners know best’ attitude."
Trish Woodcroft-Lee, volunteer in East Timor

28 April – 5 May 2001 CSW: Joint Mission to East Timor  Report added June 30
"Recommendations: That the international community in East Timor, in the UN and in non-governmental organizations (NGOs), engage seriously in "capacity building" to equip the East Timorese people with the knowledge and skills required to be self-sufficient and fully independent." Dr Martin Panter & Benedict Rogers, Christian Solidarity Worldwide (CSW)

Apr 17 STL: Mario Carrascalao: UNTAET Does Not Have A Timorization Target  News from ETimor added Apr 19
“In order for Timor Lorosae to be fully independent, it is necessary [for the transitional administration] to have full capacity-building in order to create a definite level of Timorese administrators ­ till all the administrative positions in UNTAET are filled by Timorese people,” Mario Carrascalao, vice-president of CNRT/CN

Apr 17 Gusmao: No Need For Timor Lorosae To Have Instant Independence  News from ETimor added Apr 19
“We are not chasing instant independence. We will be fully independent next year. But what we want from the UN is to inherit a country which can govern and administer itself. That is our wish,” Xanana Gusmao, CNRT/CN President

Mar 17 OPMT: Australian ESL teachers required to work with OPMT leaders  Request added Mar 17
"OPMT (Popular Women's Organisation of East Timor) leaders have expressed the urgent need for OPMT members to learn English so that women can better participate in the political development of their country. Alice Springs Friends of East Timor (ASFOET) has responded, [along with the NTEU & others] to sponsor properly qualified ESL (English as a Second Language) teachers to develop a course for both OPMT leaders and FRETILIN." Alice Springs Friends of East Timor (ASFOET)

Feb 24 RDP: Timorese bishop calls on UN for "Timorization" of administration  Interview added Feb 28
"we hope that, during this period of transition, the UN will take immediate steps for the Timorization of the administrative ranks, in order to have financial transparency and to prevent the Timorese from suffering further disappointments and dissatisfaction." Dom Ximenes Belo, bishop of Dili and Nobel Peace laureate

Feb 19 STL: Timorisation  [Editorial from ETimor]
"Many Timorese are disappointed because the Timorisation process just appears to be on the surface, with numbers more important than having the power to make crucial decisions." Suara Timor Lorosae

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: Dokumen berikut adalah ringkasan hasil-hasil lokakarya  Article added Aug 3
"Setelah lebih dari 400 tahun penjajahan dari Portuguese, ditambah dengan 24 tahun lebih dijajah Indonesia, rakyat Timor Lorosa’e mengingingkan agar diikutsertakan secara aktip dan dididik dalam proses pembangunan berkelanjutan. ... Saat ini ada keperluan yang mendesak untuk memperdayakan masyarakat pada tingkat lokal melalui struktur tradisional dan organisasi seperti golongan-golongan wanita, golongan-golongan pemuda, LSM-LSM d.l.l, agar mereka dapat mengambil peran dalam pengambilan keputusan mengenai masalah-masalah yang ditentukan selama konferensi pembangunan berkelanjutan ini." Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Program for Conference on Sustainable Development  Summary up-dated Aug 3
"After more than 400 years of colonisation and 24 years of occupation and repression, the people of Timor Lorosa’e are calling out to be active and informed participants, in the process of sustainable development. ... There is now an urgent need to empower people at a local level, through traditional structures and other organisations such as women’s groups, youth groups, NGOs etc, so they can participate in decision-making on all the issues identified at the Conference on Sustainable Development." Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor

Dec 5-6 2000 REDE: Women's Network statement to Brussels donor conference  [Speech]
"If the goal is a sustainable political and administrative transition than it must be capable of involving the people in the most informed and inclusive manner possible. The transition can not be of the elite, it must be of the people. Timorisation and capacity building have become catch phrases for the current administration, and with reason, as the administration has been almost fully staffed by internationals. However the mistaken perception that there is no Timorese capacity or that there is capacity only amongst a few, and the convenience of talking with a limited elite can not justify jumping over and undermining the institutions being created with such difficulty." Filomena Reis, REDE - Feto Timor Lorosae Timorese Women's Network

Dec 5-6 2000 CNRT/CNP: Brussels donor's meeting - opening speech by the CNRT's rep  [Speech]
"CNRT feels that the two pillars which should support the transition to independence are: preparation of the Timorese, or the so-called "timorization" in government structures and the entire political process leading up to the adoption a Constitution. ... As the process of Timorization moves ahead, time and space should be made for the Timorese to make decisions, otherwise, Timorese will increasingly feel as on-lookers, powerless and frustrated." Xanana Gusmao, CNRT/CNP - National Council of Timorese Resistance / National Congress Presidency

Nov 17 2000 LHB: Lessons from Indonesia’s Health System  [Article]
"When the transitional period is through, the people should be able to stand on their own two feet and should not be dependent on other countries. For this reason, there must be more comprehensive training for indigenous health practitioners. We need the help of the internationals for this. We are very grateful for the INGOs coming to help us, but we must have the opportunity to improve our skills so that we are not constantly dependent on the international community." Maria Dias, Director of Pronto Atu Servir (PAS - Ready to Serve)

Novembro 2000 BLH: Hari Sistema Saude Nasional iha Timor Lorosa’e  Overview added Nov 1 2001
"Kritikus balun hateten katak tamba falta inklujaun nebe signifikante hosi bisnis-na’in lokal no organizasaun sira ba konstruksaun sentru saudi nian nudar mani-festasaun hosi problema boot hanesan: marjinalizasaun intersese lokais ba dejenvolvimentu sektor saude nasional. ONG saudi lokal no assosiasaun balun la partisipa iha estruktura DHS nian. Ne’e nudar efektu hosi desijaun nebe konsientemente DHS hola tamba keprihatinan hosi ema profesional saudi Timor Lorosa’e nian katak hasai tiha entidadi lokal nebe ladun iha skill no kapasidadi. Tamba ne’e ONG lokal no assosiasaun sira ne’e la simu fundu direktamente hosi struktura DHS (Haré pagina 2). Nune’e mos assosiasoens lokal sira ladun hola parte signifikante iha planu sistema saudi nian. Ba razaun ida ne’e balun hanoin katak ema rai-na’in sira hetan nivel nebe ki’ik liu atu bele kompriende saida mak akontese da-dauk iha sektor saudi nian." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Nov 6 2000 OTL: Transição, a meio caminho para a independência  [Report]
"A resolução 1272 do Conselho de Segurança (CS), de 25 de Outubro 1999 sublinhava nas tarefas da UNTAET “o apoio à criação de capacidades para um governo próprio” e insistia na “necessidade da UNTAET consultar e cooperar estreitamente com o povo de Timor Leste afim de cumprir o seu mandato eficazmente tendo em vista o desenvolvimento de instituições democráticas locais... , e a transferência para estas instituições das suas funções administrativas e de serviço público”."
"Xanana Gusmão acusou a missão das NU de ter falhado no envolvimento dos timorenses no processo transitório para a independência. “Não estamos interessados numa herança de carros e leis, nem estamos interessados numa herança de planos de desenvolvimento para um futuro concebido por outros que não os timorenses. Não estamos interessados em herdar uma racionalidade económica que coloca de lado a complexidade social e política da realidade timorense, nem desejamos herdar os pesados mecanismos de tomada de decisão e implementação de projectos nos quais o papel dos timorenses é o de dar o seu consentimento como observadores ao invés de agentes activos que deveríamos começar a ser.” (Sidney Morning Herald, 10-10-2000)." OTL - Observatório Timor Leste

Nov 6 2000 ETO: Transition, half way to independence  [Report]

  • "Security Council (SC) Resolution 1272 of 25 October 1999 mandated UNTAET [UN Transitional Administration for East Timor] "to support capacity-building for self-government", and insisted on the "need for UNTAET to consult and cooperate closely with the East Timorese people in order to carry out its mandate effectively with a view to the development of local democratic institutions… and the transfer to these institutions of its administrative and public service functions"
  • "Xanana Gusmão accused the UN mission of failing to involve the Timorese in the process of transition to independence. "We are not interested in a legacy of cars and laws, nor are we interested in a legacy of development plans for the future designed by [people] other than East Timorese", said Xanana Gusmão in a reference to the hundreds of white UN four-wheel-drive vehicles seen around Dili and the succession of regulations being passed by the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor. "We are not interested in inheriting an economic rationale which leaves out the social and political complexity of East Timorese reality. Nor do we wish to inherit the heavy decision-making and project implementation mechanisms in which the role of the East Timorese is to give their consent as observers, rather than the active players we should start to be." (Sydney Morning Herald, 10-10-2000)."

  • ETO - East Timor Observatory

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