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BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

National Council of Timorese Resistance
Conselho Nacional de Resistência Timorense (CNRT)
Badan Nasional Perlawanan Timor Timur:

A collection of recent CNRT speeches, statements, news and reports. The CNRT was the peak body of the East Timorese people's resistance to the Indonesian occupation of East Timor. It is now ended / dissolved / wound up / defunct.


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Up-Dated: Feb 16, 2002

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Contents:
Background of Mr Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão  Updated Oct 14
News re Mr Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão  Updated Feb 16, 2002
Statements from the CNRT/National Congress Presidency Updated June 26
President of CNRT: Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão Updated May 15
Other CNRT statements  Updated Mar 23
Reports re CNRT  Updated Jul 26
News re CNRT  Updated Feb 1, 2002


Background of Mr Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão

Oct 7 FAETTA / Niner: Biography of Mr Xanana Gusmao  Info added Oct 14
"Jose Alexandre Gusmão was born on June 20, 1946 in Manatuto, on the north coast of Portuguese Timor. The second of eight children and eldest son, he was raised in various parts of the country. His parents were devout Catholics; his father a schoolteacher and catechist. He completed primary school at the Catholic mission of St Theresa’s in Ossu where his father taught, then went on to the Jesuit seminary “Nossa Senhora de Fatima” in Dare and later to night school at the Liceu in Dili. He began work to help support himself early in life and worked various jobs as a young man: a chartered surveyor, a teacher, a public servant, a wharf-side worker, a fisherman, a soldier and a laborer. He began writing for the local newspaper, “A Voz de Timor” (The Voice of Timor) in 1974. ... " Sarah Niner, Editor of "To Resist is to Win: The Autobiography of Xanana Gusmao"
 

News re Mr Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão

see these earlier statements from Mr. Gusmão: CNRT/NCP and President of CNRT  (note: the CNRT is now ended / dissolved / wound up)

Feb 14 LUSA: Fretilin Leader Offers Gusmao 'Unconditional' Presidential Backing  News added Feb 16
"The president of East Timor´s dominant party, Francisco Guterres, told Lusa Thursday that Fretilin would give Xanana Gusmao “unconditional” support in April 14 presidential elections, regardless of what form his candidacy might take. Guterres, who is on a visit to Lisbon in his capacity as speaker of Dili´s Constitutent Assembly, said, however, that as a “national figure” he doubted Gusmao would stand for the presidency with the backing of opposition parties." Lusa

Feb 13 LUSA: East Timor: Gusmao Rejects Fretilin ‘Pressure’ To Run as Independent  News added Feb 16
"Independence leader Xanana Gusmao said Wednesday he had not yet decided whether he would run for the presidency of East Timor in April 14 elections, adding that he would not bow to “pressures from anyone” to stand as an independent candidate. ... With 10 days left to the deadline for formalizing presidential candidacies, Gusmao reiterated that he would not run as an independent nor as a candidate of the dominant Fretilin party, which he once led." Lusa

Portuguese:
Fev 5 Lusa/Fim: Xavier do Amaral é o primeiro candidato presidencial
Notícias de 6 fevereiro 2002
"Francisco Xavier do Amaral, que em 1975 foi escolhido pela Fretilin como presidente de Timor-Leste, foi ontem nomeado como primeiro candidato nas eleições presidenciais marcadas para 14 de Abril próximo, confirmou a Comissão Eleitoral Independente (CEI). Xavier do Amaral, actual vice-presidente da Assembleia Constituinte e líder da Associação Social Democrata Timorense (ASDT), foi nomeado como candidato por uma das forças políticas mais pequenas, a PARENTIL (Partai Republik Nacional Timor-Leste), que não tem qualquer assento na estrutura timorense. ... Observadores consideram que a nomeação de Xavier do Amaral põe fim ao debate sobre a possibilidade da candidatura única de Xanana Gusmão, fazendo respirar de alívio os responsáveis pela organização do voto." Lusa/Fim

Feb 4 Rt: East Timor headed for contested presidential vote  News added Feb 5
"East Timor looked headed for a contested presidential vote after the electoral process began on Monday with the opening of a registration period for political parties and candidate nominations. The April 14 election will be East Timor’s first presidential vote. ... By midday on Monday, Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) officials confirmed to Reuters that one candidate, Francisco Xavier do Amaral, had been nominated by the National Republican Party of East Timor (Parentil), a youth party formed in February 2001. The nomination ended speculation over whether charismatic independence hero Xanana Gusmao would run unopposed, analysts said. ... Do Amaral is a member of the Timorese Social Democratic Association (ASDT), a party with six seats in the Constitutional Assembly." Reuters

December 2001 ETSG Team: Transformation of Constituent Assembly into Legislative Assembly: Do we need a new election?  Seminar Proceedings added Jan 4
"As the Constituent Assembly moving swiftly to finalize and approve the Constitution of East Timor, debates about their transformation into Legislative Assembly has already taken place. Mr. Xanana Gusmao, East Timor’s national leader began addressing the issue publicly by arguing that East Timor needs a new election to elect the members of the Legislative Assembly. The elections for the Legislative Assembly can be done together with presidential elections in 2002. The reaction against that option was mixed. Mr. Mari Alkatiri, Chief-Minister in Second Transitional Cabinet and Secretary General of Fretilin, the majority party in the Constituent Assembly and Mr. Francisco Guterres, Lu-Olo, President of Fretilin and the Constituent Assembly disagreed. They argue that East Timorese need more funding to rebuild their houses and providing food for their families instead of wasting money in new elections. ... " ETSG Team: Paulino Guterres, BA; Francisco da Costa Guterres, MA; Estanislau de Sousa Saldanha, M.Tech; Helder da Costa, Ph.D; João M. Saldanha, Ph.D

Oct 12 RA: Xanana's Poem: World Peace  Poem added Oct 16
"Xanana Gusmao carries many titles .. freedom fighter .. presidential candidate .. big brother to a nation. In Australia this week he carried all these titles plus one other .. poet." Radio Australia

Oct 10 ABC: Gusmao: Priorities for the New Nation  Interview added Oct 13
"I think the important question is how can we achieve peace? ... Of course we will not deny justice, the need of justice that if we look at justice in very formal way in terms of trial, punishment, prison, maybe we don’t solve the situation, the situation of the feeling of the people and that’s why to reconcile two sides it needs one who can reconsider, can recognise that he did mistakes and from the other side the willingness to forgive - that is reconciliation." East Timor’s poet revolutionary and presidential nominee Xanana Gusmao

Oct 9 Age: US air strikes upset Gusmao  News added Oct 10
“World leaders and all the people around the world must fight against all the economic imbalances and social problems rather than using violence to respond to violence, ... That is something that makes the East Timorese very sad because we believe powerful nations could start the 21st century with new policies, a new understanding and new mechanisms in which all people can love each other ...  I would like to see the US and other countries seek another approach using all means but not violence.” East Timor’s independence leader Mr Jose “Xanana” Gusmao, at launch of the Melbourne Festival [Australia]

Oct 7 RA: Xanana on plight of refugees  News added Oct 10
"East Timorese Leader, Xanana Gusmao, says he hopes the acts of terrorism in the United States last month don’t make people insensitive to the plight of refugees. ... He says people have only to watch their television screen to see the suffering of tens-of-thousands of Afghani refugees, and there are many others suffering in other countries around the world. ... Besides the problem of going to the root causes, the people that are suffering need assistance." Radio Australia

Sep 4 Tempo: Xanana Gusmao: All Cabinet members will be Timorese  Interview added Sep 6
"Tempo: What will be the total number of Cabinet members and what will be the composition in its transition phase?
Xanana: The new Cabinet will be formed in mid-September. So I’m not really sure. But what is clear is that its size will be bigger than the Cabinet before the election. All members of the new Cabinet will be Timorese. They will be responsible to the Transitional Administrator until Timor Lorosae gains full independence." Tempo magazine

Sep 4 STL: Mario Carrascalao: Xanana Gusmao’s candidacy not challenged  News from ETimor added Sep 6
“But Xanana is a charismatic figure ­ the same as South African leader Nelson Mandela. So when there are contenders to the presidency, they have to accept defeat because no one would vote for them, ... Xanana is the figure who is able to unite all parties in a democracy. He is always able to cooperate and work with anyone. But Xanana also has his principles and does not like his name being used by political parties for their own purposes,” President of the Social Democrat Party (PSD) Mario Viegas Carrascalao

Aug 30 Time Asia: Gusmao: What Happens Next?  Interview added Aug 30
"TIME: What is your position on amnesty for the violence of 1999? Gusmao: Amnesty can be considered, but only after justice, after trials. Not before. TIME: Would that mean not putting people in jail? Gusmao: It is not my decision to say. As a principle, I only can conceive amnesty after justice. But who can decide? It will be the assembly, the government. Not me."

Aug 29 FAETTA: Horta's response to PD advert  Release added Aug 30
"Tomorrow’s vote is not to choose the President and the Vice-President of the Republic, but simply and only to elect the Constituent Assembly. ... Under these circumstances I categorically and unequivocally declare that neither Xanana Gusmao nor myself Ramos-Horta are in the running for the August 30 elections. I therefore encourage every Timorese to vote their conscience, in choosing from the parties and candidates that are actually running for election, and vote for those you trust." Cabinet Member for Foreign Affairs Dr Jose Ramos-Horta

Tetum
Aug 25 Xanana: Desizaun ba Kandidata an Presidente hosi Timor Lorosa’e  Statement added Aug 29
"LORON OHIN NE, HÁ’U FO HATENE KATAK HÁ’U SEI ACEITA NUDAR CANDIDATO PARTIDOS SIRA NIAN BA PRESIDENTE REPUBLIKA TIMOR LOROSA’E, se partidos sira né hatudu sira nia kompromisu maka’as atu simu ho laran luan resultado hosi eleisoens 30 de Agosto mai ne. Ne katak, partido ida-idak sei buka hametin, toó sira nia estrutura iha base, politica tolerância no respeitu malu nian, iha espirito democratico nebe ita hotu-hotu hakarak atu harí." Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão

Portuguese
Aug 25 Xanana: "Aceitarei Ser Candidato Dos Partidos A Presidente"  Statement added Aug 29
"EU DECLARO AQUI E AGORA QUE ACEITAREI SER CANDIDATO DOS PARTIDOS A PRESIDENTE DA REPÚBLICA DE TIMOR LOROSA’E, se os mesmos partidos demonstrarem o máximo compromisso para aceitarem quaisquer que forem os resultados das eleições. Isto significa que cada partido deve promover, nas suas estruturas de base, a política da tolerância e do respeito mútuo, dentro do espírito democrático que todos estamos empenhados a construir." Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão

Aug 25 Xanana's statement on decision to run for President  Statement added Aug 29
"I DECLARE HERE AND NOW THAT I WILL ACCEPT TO BE NOMINATED BY THE PARTIES TO THE OFFICE OF PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TIMOR LOROSA´E, if the same parties commit themselves to accepting the outcome of the elections. This means that each party must promote, through their structures at the grassroots level, the policy of tolerance and of mutual respect, in the democratic spirit which we are all engaged in developing." Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão

Aug 25 FAETTA: Ramos-Horta on Xanana decision  Release added Aug 29
“Once again Xanana has shown his love and loyalty to his people. ... He is a wonderful human being and will be a great President of an independent East Timor.” Dr Ramos Horta

Aug 20 SMH: Gusmao ready to stand for president  News added Aug 20
"Ending months of speculation on the eve of his country’s first democratic elections, East Timor’s charismatic independence leader Mr Xanana Gusmao has indicated he is prepared to stand for president. A diplomatic source in Dili said he would publicly confirm details of his proposed political role in days. ... “He says he is going to put the condition that if they want him to be president of East Timor that not a single drop of blood shall be spilt, [during the elections]” the source said." Mark Dodd, Herald Correspondent in Dili and agencies

Aug 19 VOA: Xanana Gusmao: Guerrilla-Turned-Statesman  Article added Aug 21
"East Timor is not likely not to hold a presidential election until just before it achieves full independence early next year, and that poses a problem for East Timor’s U.N. caretakers. Mr. Gusmao is so extraordinarily popular that many are under the mistaken belief that the August 30 ballot to election an interim council to write a constitution is really a presidential election, and thousands have declared their intention to vote for Mr. Gusmao." Patricia Nunan

Jun 10 Age: Xanana Gusmao warms to election bid  News added June 10
“The single most important issue for them is who is going to be the president. And there is only one person they all, with unanimity, want. That is Xanana Gusmao. For them, independence, freedom, is associated with Gusmao, so a lot of people are worried he says he is not running for president - many say if he is not running, they will not bother voting. But I believe he will run,” Jose Ramos Horta, Nobel peace laureate and East Timor’s de facto foreign minister

Jun 6 Reut: Gusmao will be E.Timor president, Ramos-Horta says  News added June 12
“I told him [Gusmao] very bluntly that if he doesn’t run for president then I will not be in any government, ... The first five years he has to be there and I am persuaded he will be there.” Jose Ramos-Horta, Cabinet Member for Foreign Affairs, United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor

Apr 16 TP: “I leave, Not As An Enemy Of NC”  News from ETimor
“I respect you, but I have to say that I am very sorry that I cannot fulfil your requests that I return to the NC. This is because I defend my own personal political principles, ... But I respect your wish to communicate the common person’s words and aspirations. I asked all the people not to be sad and not to worry that I have left the NC because I do not rule East Timor. Tomorrow the parties that win the general elections will govern the country and people of East Timor.” CNRT/NC president Xanana Gusmao, in response to a delegation of Liurais (chiefs) of East Timor to the National Council (NC)

Apr 2 LUSA: Gusmao Explains Resignation from National Council  News
“I believe that priority work, with debate and explanations beyond the urban center of Dili, should be carried out among the population. This requires attention and availability that my overlapping positions did not allow me to fulfill” Xanana Gusmao

Mar 29 RDP: Timorese leader Gusmao criticizes use of aid funds  News
"An ironic Xanana Gusmao told the donors’ representatives that if ministers in Sergio Vieira de Mello’s [head of UNTAET, UN Transitional Administration in East Timor] government left the country less often and visited the districts in the interior of East Timor instead, listening to the people’s complaints and aspirations, then the level of trust would be different.  Xanana said that the people would feel the funds were being used properly." Antonio Veladas

Mar 29 RA: Allies back Gusmao's decision to quit East Timor assembly  News
"The civil society needs more his time and work rather than the national council. So he wants to continue to bring the people together to really reflect on the constitution so that it can be a legitimate one, reflects the peoples’ wishes, spirit and soul as he puts it, so his time is better used elsewhere rather than in the national council." Agio Pereira

Mar 28 BBC: Gusmao resigns as East Timor leader  News
"I feel, as president of the National Council, that any attempt to overcome the deadlock is in vain due to the lack of willingness [of Council] members, ... As I refuse to be part of a politically irresponsible process, I hereby tender my resignation,” East Timor independence leader Jose “Xanana” Gusmao

Mar 13 TP: Support For Xanana Pours In  News from ETimor
"Following the incident of 7 March 2001 in the Dili Gymnasium, several quarters have expressed their stand on the matter. Apart from strongly condemning CPD-RDTL supporters and regretting Civpol’s method of arresting the three political activists, there is full support for the leadership of Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao as President of CNRT/NC." Timor Post

Mar 6 TP: Civic Education, Urgent?  Editorial from ETimor
"For us, the model that President Xanana used in the gymnasium is most effective. It began "hot" and finished with Xanana embracing and crying. This is not to say that the model we are proposing is one of embraces and tears. What is most important is how to create dialogue and debate, during which the people are given unlimited time to freely argue without protocol or moderator ... " Timor Post editorial

Mar 6 STL: Gusmao: “I’m Not Dreaming To Be The First President of Timor Lorosae”  News from ETimor

Feb 23 ST: Xanana has opportunity to be Timor Lorosae president  News from WTimor
"For years the people of Timor Leste experienced and felt a harsh leadership style that frightened them. Now they are free, so they need a figure like Xanana who will give them back their freedom that has disappeared for so long." Santino O. Baros, manager, HMTOP NGO (Uniting Timor Lorosae Intellectuals for Development)

Feb 14 STL: Presidential Issue: Fretilin To Nominate Xanana  News from ETimor
“Regardless of whether the party has its own candidate or not, we have decided that Xanana be Timor Lorosae’s first president when the country becomes independent,” Lu-Olo, General Coordinator of Fretilin

Feb 12 FRETILIN: Open Letter to CNRT's President  Letter
"I believe that the FRETILINis ready to rule our country  and  it is necessary, by my opinion, that the Timorese people elect their constituent assembly made-up of all Timorese political parties. Our people need a super-parties man, and you can play this role, as well as Nelson Mandela did  in South Africa. The discussion between the political parties is positive : you have the prestige and the authority to enforce the rules of the Carta Magna." David Dias Quintas Corona, FRETILIN'S Rep. for Italy
 

Statements from the CNRT/National Congress Presidency

Jun 25 From the former office of CNRT/CNP  Letter added June 26
"As you are all aware, the CNRT/CN was formally dissolved on 9 June 2001. Consequently, Mr. Gusmao is no longer President of the CNRT/CN and the Office that was set up in February 1999 to assist his work has ceased its functions. ... We kindly request that all matters addressed to Mr. Gusmao be, as from today, addressed to the already existing institutions in East Timor and relevant sectoral departments within the East Timor Transitional Administration." Former Office of the CNRT/CN President, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmao

Jun 9 CNRT: Xanana's Speech on Dissolution of CNRT  Speech added June 10
"The process of building something new from ashes is difficult. If throughout 24 years nobody was able to give guarantees of when the war would end, and even in the face of all manner of pressures, we fought on, confident that victory would come, today we will redouble our efforts, our determination and that spirity of faith and trust which united us always. Let us have faith in the future, a future of improved life quality for all our people, but let us remember, too, the need for hard work in order to achieve this goal." Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão, President of the CNRT/CN

Jun 9 CNRT: Dissolution Declaration  Statement added June 10
"I, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão, President of the CNRT/CN, declare that at five p.m., on the ninth day of the month of June of the year
two thousand and one, the National Council Of Timorese Resistance (CNRT/CN) is formally dissolved. Honour And Glory To The Martyrs Of The Liberation Of Our Homeland! Long Live CNRT! Long Live The People Of Timor Lorosa’e!" Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão, President of the CNRT/CN

Apr 20 CNRT/CN: Gusmao: “The Liberation Movement in East Timor”  Speech in Jakarta added Apr 25
"War is a monster that devours human lives. People died but have not disappeared for they have left behind links of remembrance. This is the other side of sacrifice, of the grief carried by those who did not die. In this new millennium, all the peoples of the world should unite to set up a front for peace, to promote dialogue and strive against any incitement to violence and war. Timor Lorosae was a stage of war ... for twenty-four years!  Today, it is attempting to rebuild itself from the ashes of total destruction and from profound psychological trauma and human grief. It is a hard but an exciting task ... because the East Timorese are motivated to overcome yet again. Beyond physical reconstruction and the establishment of Institutions, the hardest process will be healing the wounds. There is nothing motivating us against the Indonesian people, who also suffered under the former regime. There is nothing motivating us against the present Indonesian regime who we know are trying to make the democratisation process a success." Xanana Gusmao, President of the CNRT

Mar 16 CNRT/NCP: Gusmao: Speech at signing of the Electoral Regulation  Speech
"[This is the] English version of the speech of the Presdient of CNRT/CN and National Council (NC) at the signing of the Electoral Regulation for the forthcoming and first elections to be held on August the 30th this year. The original speech was said in Portuguese and translated into English by the Media Unit of CNRT/CN Presidency." Ines Alemeida, Head, Media Unit CNRT/CN

Portuguese:
Mar 15 CNRT/CNP: Gusmão: O Regulamento Assinado pelo Dr Sérgio De Mello  Speech
"Intervenção do Presidente do CNRT/CN, Xanana Gusmão na ocasião da assinatura, pelo Dr Sergio Vieira de Mello, Administrador Transitório, do regulamento sobre a eleição de uma Assembleia Constituinte para a elaboração de uma constituiçâo para um Timor Leste independente e democrático" CNRT/Congresso Nacional Presidência

Mar 7 CNRT/CNP: A Threat on the life of the President  Press Conference summary of events
"Commissioner Costa e Souza [of CivPol] ended his report by stating that he has no doubt that this was a planned action designed to disturb the meeting between President Xanana Gusmão and the students and that given the level of violence it was also designed to threaten the life of the President." National Council of Timorese Resistance/Congresso Nacional Presidency (CNRT/CNP)

Feb 12 Xanana: Symposium on “Reconciliation, Tolerance, Human Rights and Elections”  Speech
"To avoid or control this likelihood of violence there are several means if properly used could reduce existing tensions and will also help in the promotion of a collective awareness about the need to enhance a tolerant society in the country:
A- A greater involvement of young people in open discussions about social problems;
B- A greater involvement of the civil society in public debates on these same problems;
C- A greater involvement by political parties leaders in Youth education; and
D- A greater involvement of the media in the civic education process." President Xanana

Feb 1 Xanana: Address at Transition Ceremony Of Falintil  Speech
"As your [Falintil's] former companion who shared the same difficulties in the mountains, who failed in leading you while we were reduced to less than one hundred men where as under the clear leadership of your Commander, Taur Matan Ruak, who enabled you to become an army of over one thousand five hundred soldiers  I can only but express here, today, my admiration for the spirit of self-sacrifice that you showed by bearing yet another year of hardship in Aileu." Xanana Gusmao, President, CNRT/CN

Jan 1 CNRT/CNP: Xanana's New Year's Message  Speech
"It is hard for us to believe that foreigners who come to East Timor to work do not have some knowledge of Timorese political reality. Foreigners should bear in mind that the essential condition for their operational success is to be aware that they do not come to save East Timor but rather to fulfil a mission of support; therefore, if they are not aware of this reality they will face the ungrateful mission of earning money for 6 months and returning to their homes, as so many have done, often revealing themselves to be less skilled than the East Timorese who can not find a job." Xanana Gusmão

Dec 5-6 2000 CNRT/CNP: Brussels donor's meeting - opening speech by the CNRT's rep  Speech
"The Timorese ... find it hard to understand how, with the resources available, that after nearly one year following the Tokyo Conference, Dili is almost in the same state. A worse scenario, which hurts one's soul to witness, can be seen throughout the rest of the country." Xanana Gusmao

Dec 5 2000 XG: President Xanana Gusmao open letter to East Timorese  Letter
"I have stated and explained to the people that in the democratic society that we want to build we must create the conditions for new leaders to assert themselves because the demands of independence are much greater and harder than those of the armed struggle. My request to resign from the National Council must be looked at within this context. The country needs democrats not autocrats. The people need qualified leaders for independence and my political engagement must be directed toward creating the conditions for so many others to assert themselves, most of whom come from the historical political parties." Xanana Gusmao, CNRT/CN Presidency

Dec 2 2000 CNRT/NC: Xanana's Resignation Denied  Release

Aug 2000 CNRT/NC: Draft resolution on human rights  Added Dec 26
"* Taking into account the many long years of pain and suffering resulting from the denial of our basic rights and freedoms as a people and as individual men, women and children;
* Acknowledging that while these abuses were inflicted by individuals, they were essentially the outcome of an oppressive system and policies which legitimised and institutionalised the violation of human rights and fostered impunity and the abuse of power;
* Recognising the necessity to ensure that such violations are never repeated in an independent East Timor and that it is therefore our duty to build a new society which embraces human rights as the basis of democracy, good governance, the rule of law and sustainable economic and social development for all the citizens of East Timor, especially the disadvantaged and minorities;
* Endorsing the principles and undertakings of the CNRT Magna Carta Concerning Freedoms, Rights, Duties and Guarantees for the People of East Timor adopted in 1998;
* Re-affirming our acceptance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Civil, Political and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and other human rights instruments endorsed in the CNRT Magna Carta;
* Declaring our support for the newly established International Criminal Court and the Rome Statutes which govern it; ... " CNRT/National Congress
 

President of CNRT: Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão

See also Statements from the CNRT/National Congress Presidency as most of these have been made by Xanana

Apr 17 Gusmao: No Need For Timor Lorosae To Have Instant Independence News from ETimor
“We are not chasing instant independence. We will be fully independent next year. But what we want from the UN is to inherit a country which can govern and administer itself. That is our wish,” Xanana Gusmao, CNRT/CN President

Apr 4 DN: RealAudio of Interview of Xanana and Kirsty Sword Gusmao  Interview updated May 16
[Statements in the US and Indonesian press quoting Xanana Gusmao as saying that an international crimes tribunal is not a priority for the East Timorese give the impression that he does not consider a tribunal as important to the East Timorese. However, these and other comments by Xanana reveal that he considers that the establishment of an international crimes tribunal is a role that the international community must play since East Timor doesn't have the resources to do it themselves. - BD]
"DN: The Indonesian government says they'll try the people who they feel committed crimes but they are yet to do this. Do you think an international war crimes tribunal should be set up?
Xanana Gusmao: It is the job of the international community. ... East Timor is a very small country and, we cannot be ambitious to be, to be a model of justice, but we hope the international community can do that. I believe that the (?) project of searching all the genocide crimes in East Timor from 1975 can give to the international community enough proof of the involvement of certain generals."

Mar 19 STL: Xanana Gusmao: CNRT To Be Officially Dissolved in June  News from ETimor
“In June, CNRT will close as its role will be taken over by the on-going political process ... I know that self-government will be difficult, therefore in my personal capacity as an ordinary citizen, I will cooperate with all sides to have dialogue to support the on-going process” Xanana Gusmao, CNRT/NC president

Nov 11 2000 & Oct 1990 RN: Xanana Gusmao interviews  Interviews
"If in 20 or in 30 years later, if the political leaders are not committed to give the benefits of independence to our people, the hurt will be still in the minds and the heart of our people. But if they are committed to solve these, to give the real means of independence to our people, we are not a population of millions, we are less than 800,000, we are a small country, a small population; this is why it is more obligatory to the political leaders to think very, very deeply about this." Xanana Gusmao - from guerilla fighter to leader of his country
 

Other CNRT statements

Bahasa Indonesia:
Mar 23 CNRT: Kirsty Sword Gusmão Beserta Keluarga Perempuan Yang Diculik Milisi Akan  Release
"Isterinya Presiden CNRT-CN akan berangkat ke Geneva besok bersama bibinya Juliana dos Santos, seorang perempuan berusia 15 tahun yang diculik dan ditahan di Timor Barat sejak tahun 1999. Di Geneva Kirsty Sword Gusmão akan menghadiri suatu konperensi yang diselenggarakan oleh UNHCR dengan tema kekerasan terhadap kaum perempuan. Bersama dengan Ny. Domingas Santa Mouzinho, Ny. Sword Gusmão juga bermaksud untuk menyampaikan suatu pernyataan mengenai situasi Juliana pada Komisi PBB untuk Hak Azasi Manusia."  Sarah Niner & Lurdes Bessa, CNRT

Mar 23 CNRT: Kristy Sword Gusmao & Kidnap Girl's Family to plead case in Geneva  Release
"[Ms Sword Gusmão and kidnap girl's family] hope that if Juliana can be returned it will offer a glimmer of hope to other women, their families and communities and believe that other East Timorese women being held in West Timor by militias in similar circumstances must also be returned." Sarah Niner & Lurdes Bessa, CNRT
 

Reports re CNRT

Portuguese:
Jul 20 OTL: As eleições para a Assembleia Constituinte e os Partidos Políticos  Report added July 26
"O CNRT, coligação de forças que conduziu o território até as portas da independência, auto dissolveu-se, deixando o terreno livre aos partidos políticos. Ele pediu aos partidos para assinar um pacto pelo qual renunciariam à violência que marcou os últimos 25 anos e prometeriam aceitar o resultado da eleição: 14 dos 16 partidos legalizados aceitaram assina-lo." Observatório Timor Leste

Jul 20 ETO: Constituent Assembly Elections and the Political Parties  Report added July 24
"The CNRT, the coalition of forces that led the territory to the doors of independence, has dissolved, to leave the field open for political parties. It did, however, ask all political parties to sign a pact renouncing the violence that has marked the past 25 years and promising to accept the outcome of the election: 14 of the 16 legalised parties signed it." East Timor Observatory

April 2001 ACFOA: Walsh: East Timor's Political Party Profiles: CNRTComplete text of report [150KB] added May 22
"The CNRT Congress and the 13 District Congresses which preceded it were the first opportunity to debate ideas and broad national policy at the political level since the 1999 ballot. Pre-congress meetings of civil society organisations concerned with student, women’s, and human rights issues fed into this process. Five Commissions achieved broad consensus on a range of policy issues which will shape East Timor’s orientation and, it is assumed, form the basis of ideas and policies adopted by political parties." Pat Walsh, Human rights consultant, Australian Council for Overseas Aid

Bahasa Indonesia:
Maret 2001 ACFOA: Partai-Partai Dan Kelompok-Kelompok Politik Di Timor Timur: CNRT  Téks [150KB] added June 29
"Kongres CNRT dan 13 Kongres Distrik sebelumnya merupakan kesempatan pertama untuk debat pendapat dan kebijakan nasional yang luas pada level politik sejak pemungutan suara tahun 1999. Pertemuan-pertemuan organisasi masyarakat sipil yang diselenggarakan sebelum Kongres menaruh perhatian terhadap masalah-masalah pelajar, wanita dan hak-hak asasi manusia juga dimasukkan ke dalam proses ini. Lima komisi mencapai konsensus yang luas dalam sejumlah pokok kebijakan yang akan membentuk orientasi Timor Timur dan diperkirakan membentuk konsep-konsep dasar dan kebijakan yang akan diangkat oleh partai-partai politik." Pat Walsh, Badan Bantuan Luar Negeri Australia

Portuguese:
Mar 5 OTL: Partidos políticos e Forças pró-independência  Report added Mar 22
"Só uma rápida passagem pela história desde 1974 permite compreender a insistência de Xanana Gusmão na união de todos os partidos políticos pró-independência no Conselho Nacional da Resistência Timorense (CNRT) e o lugar que o presidente do CNRT teve na aproximação entre estes partidos ...
A prisão de Xanana em 1992 e a sua detenção na Indonésia permitem, ao nível internacional, o que o cessar-fogo tinha permitido ao nível interno: o contacto directo (Nações Unidas, EUA, Nelson Mandela) com Xanana Gusmão. Este contacto revela-se fundamental para orientar um processo de evolução que tem uma aceleração súbita com a queda do presidente Suharto, em Maio de 1998. Um mês antes, realizou-se em Portugal o 1º congresso que reúne as principais forças de oposição à ocupação :CNRM, UDT, FRETILIN, e independentes, e nasceu o CNRT, a primeira estrutura da resistência com características democráticas. É sob a bandeira do CNRT que as forças pró-independência se apresentam à ‘consulta popular’ organizada pelas Nações Unidas em Agosto 2000, recolhendo 78,5% dos votos."  Observatório Timor Leste

Portuguese:
Mar 5 OTL: Partidos políticos e Forças pró-independência  Report added Mar 22
"Forças que não têm o estatuto de Partidos: CNRT - Conselho Nacional de Resistência Timorense
* Fundado em 1998 por membros do CNRM, UDT e FRETILIN. Alargou a sua representação antes do Congresso de Agosto 2000, incorporando os novos partidos PST, UDC, PSD e os antigos partidos pró-Indonésia APODETI, KOTA e Partido Trabalhista; mas depois do Congresso FRETILIN e UDT afastaram-se.
* Merecem menção particular no CNRT o seu presidente, Xanana Gusmão, e José Ramos Horta, Ministro dos Negócios Estrangeiros do Governo transitório, por recusarem integrar-se em qualquer partido político. Não sendo partido político, o CNRT não poderá concorrer às eleições."  Observatório Timor Leste

Mar 5 ETO: Political parties and Pro-Independence Forces  Report updated Apr 27
"A look at East Timor’s post-1974 history would explain Xanana Gusmão’s insistence on unity among all the pro-independence political parties under the umbrella of the National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT), and shed light on the role that the CNRT President has played in getting these parties to work together. ...
Xanana’s arrest in 1992 and his imprisonment in Indonesia make possible, at international level, what the ceasefire had previously enabled: direct contact (this time on the part of the UN, US, Nelson Mandela) with Xanana Gusmão. These contacts become vital in the subsequent evolution of events that, suddenly, take a new turn when President Suharto falls from power in May 1998. One month prior to this, the 1st Timorese Congress, attended by the main opposition forces CNRM, UDT, FRETILIN and independents – had been held in Portugal, and had given birth to the CNRT - the first democratically based resistance structure. Pro-independence forces, under the CNRT banner, run in the UN-organised "popular consultation" in August 1999, winning 78,5% of the votes." East Timor Observatory

Mar 5 ETO: Political parties and Pro-Independence Forces  Report updated Apr 27
"Forces without Political Party status:CNRT – National Council of Timorese Resistance
* Founded in 1998 by members of the CNRM, UDT and FRETILIN. Membership was extended before the August 2000 Congress, to incorporate the new parties - PST, UDC, PSD – and the old pro-Indonesia parties - APODETI, KOTA and the Labour Party. After the Congress, however, FRETILIN and UDT left the CNRT.
* CNRT President, Xanana Gusmão, and José Ramos Horta, now Foreign Minister in the transitional Government, deserve special mention as they refused to join any political party. As the CNRT is not a political party, it cannot run in the elections." East Timor Observatory

Nov 8 1999 Pat Walsh: From Opposition to Proposition: The National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT) in Transition   Added Dec 30
"It is important that international NGOs understand the history, outlook and role of this unique East Timorese institution [CNRT] and the extraordinarily difficult challenges those who comprise it now face thanks to the devastation visited on East Timor by Indonesia’s destructive exit plan. CNRT’s current life span will be short and will be limited to this period of transition at the end of which political parties will return to centre stage and CNRT will be replaced by a democratically elected government. In the meantime, however, the pro-independence vote has given CNRT a clear political and moral responsibility to determine East Timor’s development at this critical juncture, in close dialogue and cooperation with other sectors of East Timorese society, including NGOs, students and the church. Those recently charged with responsibility by CNRT, whose names are listed in this report, deserve to be given all the space, resources and support they need to carry out their heavy and daunting responsibilities and to enable them to do this in the CNRT spirit of inclusiveness, participation and commitment to the common good." Pat Walsh
 

News re CNRT

Jan 31 UNTAET: Assembly Votes To Transform Itself Into Legislature  News added Feb 1
"The Constituent Assembly voted today to transform itself into East Timor’s first legislature upon final approval of the Constitution. ... The idea of transforming the Constituent Assembly - the 88-member body popularly elected on 30 August 2001 to draft and pass the Constitution - was first proposed in late 2000 by the National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT), an umbrella organization of political parties and civil organizations formed in 1998. The proposal was adopted by the National Council - an interim legislative body that preceded the Assembly - and included in Article 151 of the Assembly’s draft Constitution." UNTAET Daily Briefing 31 January 2002

Oct 27 RDP: Timorese leader rejects fresh general elections after independence  Interview added Oct 31
"I can assure you that we will not have general elections. I am saying this on behalf of the party which holds the majority in the constituent assembly. [FRETILIN] ... I am a member of the constituent assembly, an elected and sovereign body, and it will be the assembly that shall decide this. ... when we laid down the electoral law, and when we discussed these elections, discussions that also took place at the CNRT [the National Council of the Timorese Resistance, now defunct], it was decided that the constituent assembly would become a legislative and parliamentary assembly." Mari Alkatiri, chief minister of the provisional government

Jun 9 SMH: A long struggle is over, long live peaceful democracy  News added Jun 10
“But this is an event that happens to most organisations. The reality is we have to allow the parties here to now involve themselves in the political process of the transition. We don’t want the CNRT to go on as an umbrella for every party. We want to show everyone that we want to set up democracy in our country.” David Ximenes, former CNRT head of security and veteran resistance fighter

Apr 24 TP: Carrascalao: No Evidence Of Indonesia Supporting Terrorists At Border  News from ETimor added Apr 26
“I think these rumours have been spread to terrorize the Timorese people in the run-up to the 30 August election, ... A group of terrorists will not be able to defeat the Timorese people. Even the TNI, for 25 years, could not subdue the Timorese people,” Mario Carrascalao, Deputy President of CNRT

Mar 19 STL: Xanana Gusmao: CNRT To Be Officially Dissolved in June  News from ETimor
“In June, CNRT will close as its role will be taken over by the on-going political process ... I know that self-government will be difficult, therefore in my personal capacity as an ordinary citizen, I will cooperate with all sides to have dialogue to support the on-going process” Xanana Gusmao, CNRT/NC president


Conselho Nacional de Resistencia Timorense / National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT)  Updated June 26
The CNRT was established as the peak body of the East Timorese people's resistance to the Indonesian occupation of East Timor. Its members were drawn from all walks of life and political viewpoints, including the major political parties. It is now dissolved / ended / wound up.
"I, Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão, President of the CNRT/CN, declare that at five p.m., on the ninth day of the month of June of the year
two thousand and one, the National Council Of Timorese Resistance (CNRT/CN) is formally dissolved. Honour And Glory To The Martyrs Of The Liberation Of Our Homeland! Long Live CNRT! Long Live The People Of Timor Lorosa’e!" Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão, President of the CNRT/CN
Homepage: http://www.ozemail.com.au/~cnrt
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