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BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

BD: FRETILIN - Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor
Frente Revolucionária do Timor Leste Independente
Front Revolusi Kemerdekaan Timor Timur:

A collection of recent FRETILIN speeches, documents, statements, news and reports. FRETILIN formed in 1974 to pursue full independence for East Timor and was the main party of the resistance throughout Indonesian occupation.

português língua: http://www.geocities.com/alextilman/index.html


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Up-Dated: Feb 16, 2002

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Contents:
Statements & Documents:
FRETILIN, FALINTIL, OPMT & Juventude Lorico Asswain  Updated Oct 31
Reports re FRETILIN & FALINTIL  Updated Jan 16, 2002
News re FRETILIN & FALINTIL  Updated Feb 16, 2002
Who is FRETILIN?  Updated May 16
Who is OPMT?  Updated Mar 17


Statements & Documents from:
FRETILIN, FALINTIL, OPMT & Juventude Lorico Asswain

Note: FALINTIL (The Armed Forces for National Liberation of East Timor) was FRETILIN's military front up until Feb 1 2001.

Oct 27 RDP: Timorese leader rejects fresh general elections after independence  Interview added Oct 31
"I can assure you that we will not have general elections. I am saying this on behalf of the party which holds the majority in the constituent assembly. [FRETILIN] ... I am a member of the constituent assembly, an elected and sovereign body, and it will be the assembly that shall decide this. ... when we laid down the electoral law, and when we discussed these elections, discussions that also took place at the CNRT [the National Council of the Timorese Resistance, now defunct], it was decided that the constituent assembly would become a legislative and parliamentary assembly." Mari Alkatiri, chief minister of the provisional government

Sep 7 RDP: New ETimorese gov't sets anti-poverty fight as main objective  Interview added Sep 10
"The eradication of poverty needs to be the main priority of this country. This means we should not only improve agricultural production, but we should also improve the educational system, the health service, the housing stock and the supply of water and electricity. These can be achieved in several ways: Firstly, through the decentralization of development, secondly, by solving the poverty problem, thirdly, by giving incentive to what I would call the urban exodus ... " Mari Alkatiri, secretary general of the winning party Fretilin Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor

Sep 6 RDP: Fretilin leader makes victory speech  Speech added Sep 8
"Fretilin is proud to have carried out and ensured an irreproachable election campaign. ... Fretilin reiterates solemnly its intention to constitute a government of inclusion, which will act as a catalyst for knowledge and the available synergies, to build and consolidate a state apparatus which is effective and without room for corruption, nepotism or the traffic of influence. A state where moral standards and ethics prevail in the defence of the public good and in the establishment and consolidation of a democratic state of law. Fretilin commits itself, before the Maubere people, to guarantee the construction of a democratic state of law in East Timor, and it will do its utmost so that nothing and no one is able to jeopardize this objective." Lu Olo, Fretilin’s president

Sep 6 RDP: Timorese leaders reiterate commitment to government of inclusion  Interview added Sep 8
"We have said several times that instead of thinking of a coalition between parties, we should think of a coalition of talents. This country needs skills to be reborn with vigour and this is what we hope to do." Mari Alkatiri, Fretilin leader & future first prime minister of the second transitional government of East Timor

Italian:
Aug 29 FRETILIN Italia: Coordinamento italiano di solidarieta’ con il Popolo Timorese  Letter added Aug 31
"[Mari Alkatiri] E’ l’unico sopravissuto dei fondatori del movimento ad essere rimasto fedelmente al suo posto e gode della stima e dell’ affetto dei migliori quadri del partito. Nonostante costretto dall’invasione a vivere nella diaspora e’ riuscito in poco tempo a consolidare la sua posizione dentro il paese sebbene mussulmano e yemenita d’origine. E’ un uomo molto orgoglioso, puntiglioso e metodico. Quest’ultima qualita’ lo aiutera’ molto a Timor Est. Un assaggio delle sue capacita’ lo hanno avuto i negoziatori australiani in questi mesi che hanno preceduto l’ ultimo accordo sul petrolio timorese secondo il quale il solo 10% spetta al Governo di Camberra. Certo si tratta di un primo successo e che altre insidie dovranno essere superate ma grazie a lui lasciateci godere questa soddisfazione." Davide Corona, FRETILIN ITALIA

Jun 29 FRETILIN Italia: Open letter to FRETILIN  Letter added June 30
"During the struggle of liberation a surprising energy has been emanated from our people and this energy has to continue to produce the propelling force that is necessary for the development of the country. ... The well-proportioned development of the Timorese society will be realized only within an economical policy that will dispense in a fair way the wealth our country will produce. We have to avoid that a without-laws capitalism lashes our people and our country." David Dias Quintas Corona, FRETILIN rep in Italy

May 20 FRETILIN: Electoral Commitment 2001  Position statement added July 4
"The struggle of our People was always aimed at restoring independence. FRETILIN, as the driving force of the resistance, believed in the unwavering capacity of the Maubere People to resist and to win. ... Together we will Restore Independence and Free the People. Vote for FRETILIN." FRETILIN: Frente Revolucionária Do Timor-Leste Independente

Feb 12 FRETILIN: Open Letter to CNRT's President  Letter added Feb 13
"I believe that the FRETILIN is ready to rule our country  and  it is necessary, by my opinion, that the Timorese people elect their constituent assembly made-up of all Timorese political parties. Our people need a super-parties man, and you can play this role, as well as Nelson Mandela did  in South Africa. The discussion between the political parties is positive : you have the prestige and the authority to enforce the rules of the Carta Magna." David Dias Quintas Corona, FRETILIN'S Rep. for Italy

Feb 1 Taur Matan Ruak: Speech at Falintil transition ceremony  Speech added Feb 3
"Our final words are reserved to express our deepest and most respectful tribute to the People of East Timor: for their determination and their steadfastness which motivated us; for the love that you always gave in feeding us, nursing us and encouraging us; for the heroism in resisting which inspired us; and for teaching us to be humble and to fulfil our duty to defend our Homeland." Commander Taur Matan Ruak, FALINTIL (The Armed Forces for National Liberation of East Timor)

Nov 28 2000 FRETILIN: Lu Olo's speech during the hoisting of RDTL flag ceremony  Speech added Apr 27
"Today we commemorate the 25th anniversary of Democratic Republic of East Timor (RDTL) proclaimed by Central Committee of FRETILIN. In order to officialise this historical date. We will hoist the flag that signify the clear conscious of the political, cultural, moral, and social responsibilities. To affirm the long responsibility of FRETILIN towards Maubere People during the toughest 24 years of resistance and the struggle to materialise the will of being free and independent. ...
We serve as an engine of construction, for a tolerant society, and the backbone to achieve peace and stability to our nation. We contribute decisively to finding ways in the process of democratisation, to respect each other differences. Here we reaffirm that democracy is our priority and another quest for our struggle. Multi-party system is the way to go without any complexity. We are embarking on a history of glory without violence. To respect the rights of Mau-Beres and Bi-beres, Children, young and old, as well as every Timorese with different ethnic background." Lu Olo, General Coordinator of FRETILIN

Portuguese:
15 de julho de 2000 Presidium da Juventude Lorico Asswain de Timor-Leste  Link to documents added Sep 2
From FRETILIN site: http://www.geocities.com/alextilman/presidiumjuventude0600_declfinal.html
" ... 1º Congresso Nacional da Juventude de Timor-Leste: ... A Juventude de Timor-Leste, filha legítima e heróica do Povo Maubere, cumpriu o seu importante dever durante o processo da luta da resistência contra a ocupação ilegal, quer na frente armada, como na frente clandestine e na frente diplomatica. Com o sacrifício de todo o Povo, a luta da resistência forçou a comunidade internacional a abrir os olhos para as flagrantes transformações do direito do Povo de Timor-Leste à autodeterminação e independência e, conseguiu quebrar os grilhues do poderio da ocupação militar e fascista indonésia. Uma luta determinante e heróica conseguiu levar-nos para uma nova fase, que é a da libertação do Povo de todas as formas de repressão e exploração e, também, para uma nova fase de luta que é a da reconstrução das estruturas sociais que viabilizara todo o Povo a viver livre da ignorância, doenças, repressões e explorações. ... " Juventude Lorico Asswain de Timor-Leste

Portuguese:
25-27 de Maio de 2000 Mini-Conferência Da OPMT, Dili  Link to documents added Sep 2
From FRETILIN site: http://www.geocities.com/alextilman/conferences.html
" ... A  Mini-Conferência da OPMT, reunida de 25 a 27 de Maio do ano 2000, considerando os vários entraves sócio-culturais a emancipação da mulher, dentre os quais, se destacam o elevado grau de analfabetismo e a dominância dos valores patriarcais da sociedade timorense, decidiu propor a UNTAET:
- Para que crie mecanismos rápidos de alfabetização das mulheres. Saliente-se que numa população de aproximadamente 800 000 habitantes, 63% são mulheres. Desta percentagem da mulher, 64% é iletrada;
- Para que conceda facilidades de treino e formação técnico-profissional às mulheres da OPMT e, em particular, as viúvas de guerra;
- Para que conceda recursos e meios que permitam a OPMT educar e mobilizar a comunidade, a juventude e o homem na defesa dos direitos humanos da mulher;
- Para que introduza leis específicas na Constituição que protejam os direitos da mulher;
- Para que crie os mecanismos que promovam a criação de centros de apoio às vítimas de violência doméstica .... " OPMT: Organizacao Popular de Mulher Timor / The Popular Organisation of East Timorese Women

Portuguese:
15-20 de Maio de 2000 FRETILIN: Conferência Geral De Quadros, Dili  Link to documents added Sep 2
From FRETILIN site: http://www.geocities.com/alextilman/conferences.html
" ... Tem hoje início a Conferência Geral de Quadros da FRETILIN que ao longo dos próximos dias se vai debruçar sobre a sua vida institucional, analisar a situação prevalecente em Timor-Leste e perspectivar os caminhos a seguir, para responder aos desafios, que o futuro nos coloca. Esta Conferência integra-se na dinâmica de crescimento e de reestruturação organizativa da FRETILIN que está consciente do seu papel, da sua responsabilidade e da sua força. Força que lhe advém do Povo, de Loro Sa’e a Loro Mono, de Taci Feto a Taci Mane, de Oé-Cussi, Ataúro e Jaco, como disso nos deram testemunho as reuniões distritais para eleição dos delegados a esta Conferência. A FRETILIN está ciente da incomensurável  determinação do Povo em garantir a Paz, a estabilidade e a unidade nacional. Consolidar a unidade nacional, reafirmar a Nação Maubere e construir um Estado de direito democrático em Timor-Leste são as grandes linhas e os objectivos programáticos que devem orientar sempre a actuação da FRETILIN, hoje, como há 26 anos atrás. A história da FRETILIN confunde-se com a História da Resistência á agressão e ocupação estrangeira. ... " Discurso de abertura do Coordenador Geral do Conselho Presidencial da FRETILIN Camarada Lu Olo
 

Reports re FRETILIN & FALINTIL

Jan 12 ETDF: Ruak on occasion of Offering of 2 Patrol Boats  Speech added Jan 16
"At a time in which the international community had difficulty in understanding the role to be carried out by FALINTIL and much was being said on the need to disband and disarm our national liberation army, Portugal did not once hesitate to discuss with us the study we had drafted earlier and, later support it with a subsequent study carried out by the National Defense Auditor’s Association and the Higher Institute of Military Studies. From that point on we started to elaborate a plan for the establishment of the future defense force of our country." Brigadier General Taur Matan Ruak, Força de Defesa de Timor-Leste

December 2001 ETSG Team: Transformation of Constituent Assembly into Legislative Assembly: Do we need a new election?  Seminar Proceedings added Jan 4
"As the Constituent Assembly moving swiftly to finalize and approve the Constitution of East Timor, debates about their transformation into Legislative Assembly has already taken place. Mr. Xanana Gusmao, East Timor’s national leader began addressing the issue publicly by arguing that East Timor needs a new election to elect the members of the Legislative Assembly. The elections for the Legislative Assembly can be done together with presidential elections in 2002. The reaction against that option was mixed. Mr. Mari Alkatiri, Chief-Minister in Second Transitional Cabinet and Secretary General of Fretilin, the majority party in the Constituent Assembly and Mr. Francisco Guterres, Lu-Olo, President of Fretilin and the Constituent Assembly disagreed. They argue that East Timorese need more funding to rebuild their houses and providing food for their families instead of wasting money in new elections. ... " ETSG Team: Paulino Guterres, BA; Francisco da Costa Guterres, MA; Estanislau de Sousa Saldanha, M.Tech; Helder da Costa, Ph.D; João M. Saldanha, Ph.D

December UNTAET: 2nd Tranisitional Government (Fact Sheets 3&4)  Info added Jan 1
"The Transitional Government comprises a Chief Minister [Dr. Marí Bin Amude Alkatiri, Fretilin], ten Ministers, seven Vice-Ministers and three Secretaries of State. The Transitional Government is supported by a number of high-level East Timorese advisors who report to the Chief Minister. [List of the members of the Second East Timor Transitional Government includes 6 Fretilin Ministers, 2 Fretilin Vice-Ministers and 2 Fretilin Secretaries of State. ie. half of the key positions]" UNTAET Press Office

Dec 15 IPRD: Indonesia, ETimor & The Western Powers: A Case Study  Research paper added Dec 18
"III.V  The Real Agenda for [Western Humanitarian] Intervention: In contradiction to the [Fretilin] party’s past outstanding record of mass support and promotion of egalitarian social reforms, Fretilin has expressed its intent to implement free market capitalism under Western tutelage. On 6th September 2001, World Bank officials and UN administrator Vieira de Mello held high level discussions with Fretilin representatives in Dili on what the new government would comprise. They also met with Mari Alkatiri, Fretilin’s Secretary-General, to discuss the drafting of East Timor’s constitution. Clearly, the UN remains the principal authority in the enclave, while the new government that is set to come to power in the future will be structured and dominated by international agencies, principally the World Bank and the IMF, and thus foreign investors. The implications are disastrous." Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed, Director of the Institute for Policy Research & Development and a Researcher at the Islamic Human Rights Commission

Dec 13 S-DCW: Washington Gave Green Light to Invasion of East Timor  Article added Dec 31
"The territory had divided into various factions after the Portuguese revolution in 1974. The more popular group, the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin), eventually gained the upper hand and pushed for rapid independence. As Fretelin gained control of most of the territory, Jakarta began infiltrating troops. On November 28, Fretelin declared East Timor’s independence, apparently in the hope that it could persuade the United Nations to demand the withdrawal of Indonesia’s forces. It was in that context that Ford and Kissinger, who had just completed talks with China’s leadership in Beijing, landed in Jakarta.
As made clear by the newly disclosed documents, the overriding concern of U.S. policy in the region at the time was to reassure pro-Western countries like Indonesia that Washington would remain engaged in the region despite the defeat of its allies in Indochina in April." Jim Lobe, contributing editor, Foreign Policy in Focus & journalist, Inter Press Service, an international news agency

Dec 6 NSAEB: Ford, Kissinger and the Indonesian Invasion, 1975-76  Article added Dec 31
"Background: The leftist military revolt that overthrew Portugal’s authoritarian regime in April 1974 encouraged nationalist movements in the Portuguese colony of East Timor calling for gradual independence from Lisbon-a position also initially favored by the new Portuguese government. One of these groups, the Timorese Democratic Union (UTD), had greater support among Timorese elites and senior Portuguese colonial administrators, while the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretilin), with its left-leaning, social democratic program, had the support of younger Timorese and lower-level colonial officials. In January 1975 the two groups formed an uneasy coalition. Increasingly, Fretilin enjoyed the greatest public support and led the push for rapid independence.(3) Early signals from the Indonesian government indicated that it was prepared to support East Timorese independence,(4) but Jakarta soon became interested in turning the region into the country’s twenty-seventh province." National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 62

Oct 30 UNSC: ET women: ‘Arria formula’ meeting  Speech added Nov 2
"Men’s and women’s roles changed substantially during the years of conflict and social disruption since 1974. A significant number of women assumed active roles in the clandestine liberation front and the armed resistance. They were soldiers, they smuggled medication, food, armament, and information to the resistant movement hiding in the mountains. Will the women benefit from the demobilization and reintegration programs supported by the UN? In the absence of the male household head, women assumed new responsibilities in traditional male income generation. East Timorese women want to build a society that will respect their newly acquired post-conflict roles, and will not force them to return to traditional powerless roles." Natércia Godinho-Adams, on behalf of East Timorese women’s organizations

Sep 20 UNTAET: Second Transitional Government of East Timor  List of appointments added Sep 21
Fretilin appointments: "Dr. Mari Bin Amude Alkatiri, Chief Minister & Minister of Economy and Development; Dra. Ana Maria Pessoa Pereira da Silva Pinto, Minister for Justice; Dr. Antoninho Bianco, Minister for Internal Administration; Arq. Cesar Vital Moreira, Minister for Water and Public Works; Eng. Ovidio de Jesus Amaral, Minister for Transport and Communications; Eng. Estanislau Aleixo da Silva, Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries; Dr. Arlindo Rangel da Cruz, Vice Minister for Finance; Dr. Gregorio Jose da Conceicao Ferreira de Sousa, Secretary of State of the Council of Ministers; Sr. Egidio de Jesus, Secretary of State for Natural and Mineral Resources" UNTAET

Sep 13 IFET: Constituent Assembly winners names and parties  List added Sep 13
"District Candidates Elected to the Constituent Assembly:
(all Fretilin except Oecusse, whose independent is expected to vote with Fretilin)
Baucau: Elias Freitas; Lautem: Armindo da Conceiçaõ Silva Freitas (Armindo da C. Silva); Manatuto: Flávio Maria Guterres da Silva
Viqueque: Januario Soares; Dili: Cipriana da Costa Pereira; Aileu: Alfredo da Silva (Alfredo); Cova Lima: Gervasio Cardoso de Jesus da Silva; Liquiça: Joaquim Barros Soares; Oecusse: Antonio da Costa Lelan (Independent); Ainaro: Mário Ferreira; Manufahi: Arão Noé de Jesus da Costa Amaral (Arão Amaral); Ermera: José Soares; Bobonaro: José Andrade da Cruz (José Andrade).
National Party Candidates Elected to the Constituent Assembly:
Frente Revolucionária do Timor-Leste Independente (FRETILIN)
1. Francisco Guterres(Lú-olo) 2. Marí Alkatiri 3. António João Gomes da Costa(Má - Hunu) 4. Ana Maria Pessoa Pereira da Silva Pinto 5. Judit Dias Ximenes 6. Miguel Soares 7. Cézar Vital Moreira 8. Adalgisa M. Soares Ximenes 9. Lourdes Maria Assunção de Jesus Mascarenhas Alves 10. Estanislau da Silva 11. Adérito de Jesus Soares 12. Jorge da Conceição Teme 13. Francisco Jerónimo 14. Augusto da Conceição Amaral 15. Josefa A. Pereira Soares 16. Madalena da Silva 17. António Tilman Cepeda 18. Jerónimo da Silva 19. Maria Terezinha Viegas 20. José Maria Barreto Lobato Gonçalves 21. Maria Teresa Hono Lay Correia 22. Rui António da Cruz 23. Luisa da Costa 24. Maria José da Costa 25. Francisco K. Lay 26. António Cardoso Machado 27. Antoninho Bianco 28. Joaquim dos Santos 29. Manuel Sarmento 30. Adaljiza (Ajiza) Albertina Xavier Reis Magno 31. Gregório Saldanha 32. Maria Solana da Conceição Soares Fernandes 33. Francisco Miranda Branco 34. Jacinto Maia 35. Maria Avalziza Lourdes 36. Maria Genoveva da Costa Martins 37. Vicente Soares Faria 38. Rosária M. Corte Real 39. Osório Florindo 40. Jacob Fernandes 41. Joaquim Amaral 42. Francisco Carlos Soares 43. Constância de Jesus"

Aug 18 SMH: After 26 years, Timorese about to begin life again  Article added Aug 18
"Among Fretilin’s younger candidates is Jose Lobato Goncalves, 29, the son of East Timor’s founding guerilla commander, Nicolau Lobato, who took to the mountains in the first hours of the Indonesian landing. His wife, Isabel, was caught in Dili and publicly executed on the wharf. She had been nursing two-year-old Jose before the troops dragged her away, but managed to thrust him into her sister’s arms at the last moment. ... Today he is a replica of his father in looks and intelligence and has an obvious future as a national leader. He is just one of hundreds of thousands of Timorese for whom life is resuming after 26 years: it is indeed a rebirth." Jill Jolliffe (in Dili), freelance journalist, author of 'Cover-Up: The Inside Story of the Balibo Five' [to be published Oct 16]

Aug 11 ABC RN: Jose Ramos Horta: Walk a Mile in my Shoes  Transcript added Aug 13
"[Father] Domingos Soares is now an example of the blurring of the line between church and politics. The fact that he, and many other Catholic priests became so involved with Fretilin’s resistance movement, now means that the divide between the pulpit and the political party is very hard to pinpoint." Gerald Tooth
" ... they know exactly what they are going to vote. This gentleman attended the Fretilin Congress in Dili. So far only two parties have ventured here, Fretilin which everybody knows. I found it interesting, one of them said, well during Indonesian occupation we would be beaten up because they said we are Fretilin, we tortured because we are Fretilin, we were imprisoned because we were Fretilin, we are killed because we are Fretilin. Well, let’s all vote for Fretilin. So the Indonesians did a very good service for Fretilin, labelling everybody Fretilin, so they say now Let’s all vote for Fretilin." Jose Ramos Horta

Portuguese:
Jul 20 OTL: As eleições para a Assembleia Constituinte e os Partidos Políticos  Report added July 26
"Os ‘ministros’ que querem participar na campanha eleitoral tiveram de suspender as suas funções no Governo. Assim fizeram Mari Alkatiri (Economia) e Ana Pessoa (Interior) da FRETILIN ...
FRETILIN: É o partido que assumiu a resistência contra os invasores indonésios. A resistência perdeu a sua ligação com um partido único com o seu alargamento que conduziu à criação do CNRM (Conselho Nacional da Resistência Maubere) em 1987 e à saída de Xanana Gusmão e José Ramos Horta em 1989. Apesar das mudanças a FRETILIN simboliza ainda para muita gente toda a luta que levou à independência. O presidente do partido, Lu Olo, um ex-comandante das Falintil, declarou ter 200.000 apoiantes, e apresentou 11.000 assinaturas para a sua legalização quando 500 eram suficientes (Lusa, 7-5-01)." Observatório Timor Leste

Jul 20 ETO: Constituent Assembly Elections and the Political Parties  Report added July 24
"The cabinet ‘ministers’ who wanted to stand for election and campaign, had to resign from the Government. Such was the case for Mari Alkatiri (Economy) and Ana Pessoa (Interior) of FRETILIN, ...
FRETILIN: This is the party that took on resistance against the Indonesian invaders before the vast majority of the population took up the cause. Its "national" resistance character, in detriment to its "party" component, led to the creation of the CNRM (Maubere Resistance National Council) in 1987, and the departure of Xanana Gusmão and José Ramos Horta in 1989. In spite of the changes in the resistance structure, for many FRETILIN still symbolises the struggle that led to independence. The party’s President, Lu Olo, a former Falintil commander, stated it had 200,000 supporters, and presented 11,000 signatures for its legalisation, when 500 were enough (Lusa, 7-5-01)." East Timor Observatory

Jun 25 ETDF: Ruak at the Opening Session of the Defence Donors Conference  Speech added June 26
"We can now say that we have achieved the structural transformation of FALINTIL into a Defence Force as conceptualised last year.
From yesterday’s guerrilla army based and inspired by the commitment and determination of our People and on the courage and patriotism of its members who fought with conviction for the liberation of our Homeland, we are now in the process of shaping a conventional force." Brigadier General Taur Matan Ruak, East Timor Defence Force

Jun 14 CSUCS: Child Soldiers Global Report 2001 - East Timor Chapter  Report added June 25
"Children seem to have joined FALINTIL voluntarily, often spurred by abuses committed by the other side and a belief in the cause of an independent East Timor. Children involved with FALINTIL almost certainly suffered fatalities and severe injuries during the course of the conflict and thousands are believed to have been detained or executed. Apart from child soldiers, many other youth were also involved in clandestine work through pro-independence associations which supported the work of FALINTIL. This involved for example, organising demonstrations or collection and deliveries of supplies." Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

Portuguese:
May 17 OTL: Forças de Defesa de Timor Leste: custos da segurança  Report added June 8
"O Conselho de Segurança decidiu uma intervenção militar internacional em TL após o voto a favor da independência mas não estabeleceu claramente os seus objectivos nem as perspectivas de futuro, o que levou a interpretações divergentes, à marginalização das forças timorenses da resistência armada e a atrasos na definição das novas Forças Armadas de Defesa de TL. O bom senso acabou por vencer e as FALINTIL constituem a base dessas forças." Observatório Timor Leste

May 17 ETO: East Timor Defence Force: the price of security  Report added June 8
"After the Timorese voted for independence, the UN Security Council decided to send an international military intervention force to the territory. It did not, however, give the UN force a clearly defined mandate, and its mission was subsequently interpreted in different ways. This resulted in the Timorese armed resistance fighters being marginalised, and delays in decision-making about the territory’s future defence forces. Eventually, good sense prevailed, and the FALINTIL were called upon to form the core of the new armed forces." East Timor Observatory

April 2001 ACFOA: Walsh: East Timor's Political Party Profiles: FRETILINComplete text of report [150KB] added May 22
"As its name suggests, FRETILIN represented a spectrum of members and views and was committed to a program of radical social, political and economic change and immediate total independence. As much a social movement as a political party, it established itself nationally, undertook literacy and other development projects and built a strong grassroots following in rural communities which continues today." Pat Walsh, Human rights consultant, Australian Council for Overseas Aid

Bahasa Indonesia:
Maret 2001 ACFOA: Partai-Partai Dan Kelompok-Kelompok Politik Di Timor Timur: FRETILIN  Téks [150KB] added June 29
"Seperti digambarkan oleh namanya, FRETILIN mewakili spektrum dan pandangan anggotanya dan memiliki komitmen pada program sosial radikal, perubahan politik dan ekonomi dan kemerdekaan penuh. Merupakan gerakan sosial sekaligus partai politik yang membentuk dirinya dalam skala nasional, mengangkat program kecakapan membaca dan menulis serta proyek pembangunan lainnya dan memiliki pengikut yang kuat dari komunitas pedesaan yang masih berlangsung hingga saat ini." Pat Walsh, Badan Bantuan Luar Negeri Australia

Portuguese:
Mar 5 OTL: Partidos políticos e Forças pró-independência  Report updated Apr 27
"Oito partidos apresentam-se sob a bandeira da independência. Dos cinco partidos criados em 1974, quatro foram levados a colaborar, mais ou menos, com o ocupante indonésio. A FRETILIN sempre se opôs à ocupação. Consciente da vantagem que adquiriu, a FRETILIN sente-se limitada na frente comum proposta por Xanana Gusmão, e quer partir à conquista do poder. Mas para alguns isso faz renascer a lembrança da guerra civil de 1974 e provoca apelos angustiados de Xanana Gusmão a favor da unidade nacional."  Observatório Timor Leste

Portuguese:
Mar 5 OTL: Partidos políticos e Forças pró-independência  Report updated Apr 27
"Partidos políticos: FRETILIN - Frente Revolucionária de Timor Leste Independente, fundada em 1974.
* Proclamou unilateralmente a independência nas vésperas da invasão e foi o principal partido da resistência contra a ocupação indonésia. Participou em 1998 na formação do CNRT de que se retirou em 2000.
* Principais dirigentes: Mari Alkatiri. Lu’Olo, Estanislau da Costa. A FRETILIN ocupa dois ministérios no Governo transitório: Economia (Mari Alkatiri) e Interior (Ana Pessoa)." Observatório Timor Leste

Mar 5 ETO: Political parties and Pro-Independence Forces  Report updated Apr 27
"There are 8 parties behind the independence flag. Of the five parties set up in 1974, four eventually collaborated, to a greater or lesser extent, with the Indonesian occupiers. FRETILIN always maintained its opposition to the occupation. Aware of its present advantage, FRETILIN now feels restricted as part of the united front proposed by Xanana Gusmão, and wants to leave it to conquer its own territory. For some, however, talk of such a move only rekindles memories of the 1974 civil war and impels Xanana Gusmão to appeal for national unity." East Timor Observatory

Mar 5 ETO: Political parties and Pro-Independence Forces  Report updated Apr 27
"Political parties: FRETILIN – Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor, founded in 1974.
* It unilaterally declared independence shortly before Indonesia’s invasion and was the main party of the resistance throughout the occupation. In 1998, FRETILIN took part in the founding of the CNRT, leaving this umbrella organization in 2000.
* Leadership: Mari Alkatiri, Lu’Olo, Estanislau da Costa. FRETILIN currently holds two of the ministries in the transition Government: Finance (Mari Alkatiri) and Interior (Ana Pessoa)."  East Timor Observatory

Portuguese:
Feb 12 OTL: Movimentos e partidos Pró autonomia: evolução desde o referendo  Report added Feb 15
"No interior de Timor Leste, um grupo radical confronta-se, por vezes violentamente, com o CNRT e a Fretilin. Reclama-se da República Democrática de Timor Leste (RDTL), proclamada pela Fretilin em 1975, mas o seu dirigente e a sua prática ligam-no a Abílio Araújo, defensor da autonomia na Indonésia aquando da campanha do referendo."   Observatório Timor Leste

Feb 12 ETO: Political Movements and Parties: pro-autonomy Report updated Apr 27
"Inside East Timor, a radical Timorese group is opposing, sometimes violently, the CNRT and Fretilin. They are calling for a return of the Democratic Republic of East Timor (RDTL), proclaimed by Fretilin in 1975. However, there are links between the RDTL’s leader and activities and Abílio Araújo who, at the time of the referendum, advocated autonomy within Indonesia for East Timor."    East Timor Observatory
 

News re FRETILIN & FALINTIL

Feb 14 LUSA: Fretilin Leader Offers Gusmao 'Unconditional' Presidential Backing  News added Feb 16
"The president of East Timor´s dominant party, Francisco Guterres, told Lusa Thursday that Fretilin would give Xanana Gusmao “unconditional” support in April 14 presidential elections, regardless of what form his candidacy might take. Guterres, who is on a visit to Lisbon in his capacity as speaker of Dili´s Constitutent Assembly, said, however, that as a “national figure” he doubted Gusmao would stand for the presidency with the backing of opposition parties." Lusa

Feb 13 LUSA: East Timor: Gusmao Rejects Fretilin ‘Pressure’ To Run as Independent  News added Feb 16
"Independence leader Xanana Gusmao said Wednesday he had not yet decided whether he would run for the presidency of East Timor in April 14 elections, adding that he would not bow to “pressures from anyone” to stand as an independent candidate. ... With 10 days left to the deadline for formalizing presidential candidacies, Gusmao reiterated that he would not run as an independent nor as a candidate of the dominant Fretilin party, which he once led." Lusa

Jan 30 MFAC: Ramos-Horta on Fretilin  Release added Feb 1
"I was very impressed by the moral and political courage of the current Fretilin leadership in their decision to set up, early last year, its own investigation to establish the facts about what happened in the past. ... I am impressed by the maturity that all political parties have shown thus far. The democratic elections of August 30, 2001, which included 16 political parties, passed without one single incident, this is the result of the maturity displayed by the leadership of all 16 parties, and credit must go to impartial East Timorese leaders such as Xanana Gusmao and Bishop Belo for their guidance.” Dr Jose Ramos-Horta

Jan 29 AP: Horta: East Timor Asked to Admit Wrongdoing  News added Jan 31
"East Timor will have to face up to atrocities committed by the liberation movement during the 25-year independence campaign if the new nation hopes for true reconciliation and peace, interim Foreign Minister Jose Ramos-Horta said Tuesday. The mandate of a newly established truth commission has been extended back to 1974, when Portuguese colonial rule collapsed, partly so that human rights abuses committed by all sides and factions could be investigated, he said. After Indonesian troops invaded and occupied East Timor in 1975, civil war raged in the territory, with the main pro-independence guerrilla group Fretilin battling other factions and the Indonesians.” he said." Peter James Spielmann

Jan 10 CNS: Former ETimor guerrillas receive job training at Salesian center  Article added Jan 16
"Cipriano Alves Amaral seems an unlikely freedom fighter. The soft-spoken, 26-year-old grew up wanting to become an electrician.  Instead, he became a guerrilla, joining East Timor’s armed resistance movement four years ago. For two years, he fought from the jungles surrounding the town of Same against Indonesia’s 24-year occupation of East Timor. The guerrillas, known by their Portuguese acronym, Falintil, disbanded in February 2001, more than a year after the East Timorese overwhelmingly rejected Indonesian rule in a 1999 U.N.-sponsored referendum. Now more than two years after the referendum, Amaral is learning to become an electrician." Christine Kearney, Catholic News Service

Oct 30-Nov 5 Tempo: The Disparity Between UNTAET and E.Timorese  Article added Nov 4
"Apart from the high cost of living, the Timorese are also suffering from high unemployment. No definite figures are currently available, however about 18,000 former Falintil guerillas are jobless. “They have no other skills except fighting,” says Brigadier-General Taur Matan Ruak, a commander in Timor Loro Sa’e’s military (FDTL). It seems the new government prefers smaller, more manageable and professional military units. So it’s no wonder there’s explosive resentment against the dollar-rich international staff of UNTAET. Life in Dili is so profitably enjoyable that many UN officials in Geneva have opted to move to Dili, where salaries are high, taxes are low and cost of living is cheap." Raihul Fadjri (Yogyakarta), Setiyardi (Timor Loro Sa’e).

Sep 20 Alkatiri: Swearing-in Ceremony of Members of the Transitional Government  Speech added Sep 22
"In greeting our Brother Xanana I solemnly pay tribute to the men and women who fought for over 24 years in the ranks of our most glorious FALINTIL: It is with humbleness and profound respect that I greet the last Commander of our FALINTIL force and present Commander of the East Timor Defence Force, Brigadier General Taur Matan Ruak. ... I wish to seize this opportunity to express our gratitude and recognise the role played by the Security Forces - PKF, CivPol, ETDF, the legacy of our heroic FALINTIL, and the East Timor Police - in carrying out the mission entrusted to them to guarantee law and order and ensuring peace and tranquillity throughout the electoral process." Mari Alkatiri, Head of Government, East Timor

Sep 20 KY: ETimor announces cabinet lineup  News added Sep 21
"U.N. Transitional Administrator in East Timor Sergio Vieira de Mello, announcing the lineup, said the cabinet has 10 ministers, three secretaries of state and seven vice ministers. It consists of nine representatives from the Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of East Timor (Fretilin), two members of the Democratic Party, Fretilin’s closest rival, and nine members not affiliated with any party. De Mello said they were selected “not on the basis of party nominations but on the basis of their individual competence.” The nine politically independent figures in the cabinet, he said, were chosen “because of their proven sectoral expertise and their demonstrated dedication and patriotism with as broad a geographical representation as was possible.” " Christine T. Tjandraningsih

Sep 17 KY: Independence veteran elected ETimor assembly speaker  News added Sep 19
"The 88-member assembly elected Guterres, popularly known by his guerrilla name Lu Olo, after U.N. Transitional Administrator in East Timor Sergio Vieirra de Mello, who chaired the election, named him as a single nominee in the election. ... Following his election, Guterres, who is coordinator of the presidential council of Fretilin, the Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of  East Timor, asked the assembly to cooperate and work together." Christine T. Tjandraningsih

Sep 11 RDP: Church reportedly invited to help draw up constitution  News added Sep 13
"This is democracy. There will always be parties which win, others which do not get votes. But what happened to Fretilin is natural. It is the weight of history, people have suffered, they were tortured, some disappeared - all because they were accused of belonging to Fretilin. Naturally the population, under the weight of history, has voted for Fretilin. But now I hope Fretilin will be able to meet the aspirations of the people. I hope they will pull up their sleeves and start working to meet these aspirations by creating more humane and dignified living conditions." Dom Ximenes Belo, Bishop of Dili and Nobel Peace laureate

Sep 10 UNDP: FRETILIN's East Timor electoral victory confirmed  News added Sep 11
"East Timor’s Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) has endorsed the results of the 30 August elections, today confirming that the former resistance group, FRETILIN has won a 57 percent majority in the Constituent Assembly. The number of seats falls short of the two-thirds majority needed to draft East Timor’s first Constitution without consultation with other parties, ... " UNDP

Sep 6 RDP: Timorese leaders reiterate commitment to government of inclusion  Interview added Sep 8
"I think that Fretilin, above all, has shown that it reality wants a government of inclusion which will have people from parties which did not even obtain 1 per cent in the elections, one deputy - as long as the person has talent - this is a great historic opportunity, a golden opportunity for Fretilin to show that it is a party of statesmen. ... I would like to see the entire process of reconciliation, of inclusion to involve UDT, a historic party which was not very successful in these elections." Jose Ramos Horta, current foreign minister

Sep 6 UNTAET: Final Election Results Announced Today In East Timor  Briefing added Sep 7
"Fretilin is the winning party, with 43 seats in the national election, and 12 of the 13 district seats. The 88-member assembly will consist of one representative from each of East Timor’s 13 districts, with the rest of the seats divided on a proportional representation basis. The seat allocation on national seats is as follows: Frente Revolucionária do Timor-Leste Independente (Fretilin): 57.3 % of the vote, 43 seats; ... " UNTAET

Sep 4 WI: On the road to democracy, where the streets have no name  Interview added Sep 13
"We’ll take Fretilin as an example. Many people question why PD does not join the Fretilin. But for PD members, the priority is to democratize the process. We do not want this country to be dominated by just one group. ... When we speak of the (type of) people, in Fretilin there is a tendency towards veteranism. The seniors are considered to have more rights or know more. This is a very patenalistic attitude unwanted by the PDs. ... There is also the question of leadership. We believe in the necessity for a new generation. ... 70% of the top leaders of PD are under 40. You can’t say we’re really youths ... we’re called the post-75 generation." Partido Democratico (PD) leader, Fernando de Araujo

Sep 3 UNTAET: First Results Announced In Constituent Assembly Polls  Results added Sep 5
"The Independent Electoral Commission today announced the final, yet-to-be-certified results from the 30 August Constituent Assembly elections. District and national results were announced for five districts [Aileu, Ainaro, Covalima, Liquiça, and Manatuto], as well as the district representative for Lautem. All the district representatives provisionally elected thus far are representatives of the Fretilin party." UNTAET Daily Briefing 3 September 2001

Sep 1 RDP: UDT to challenge results of first free elections  Interview added Sep 4
"Sergio Vieira de Mello, head of UNTAET, the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor, has replied to the fraud accusations, made by UDT [Timorese Democratic Union] leader Joao Carrascalao, after the [30 August] elections [for the constituent assembly]. Sergio Vieira de Mello said these comments were alarmist and violated the spirit under which the political parties signed a national unity pact. ... Vieira de Mello also underlined the fact that Timor and its people would not benefit from the reopening of wounds inflicted in the past. Speaking in a press conference, the UDT president blamed Fretilin [Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor] for crimes against humanity and demanded the UN to carry out a probe on the territory’s history of the period between 1974 and 1975. He added that this was a necessary step to preventing criminals from ruling the country." RDP Antena 1 radio, Lisbon, Portugal

Aug 30 Time Asia: Gusmao: What Happens Next?  Interview added Aug 30
"TIME: Some people say that you yourself need to account for alleged crimes committed by Fretilin and Falintil members. Gusmao: In May last year, at the conference of Fretilin, I asked members (to) apologize to the people for many crimes. I am ready also because I was central commander of Fretilin. Sometimes, I think we should have a tribunal. If I have to go to trial, I’ll go."

Aug 29 AP: Large Number Of Voters Turn Up For East Timor Election  News added Aug 30
"Long lines formed in front of polling stations in the morning twilight more than an hour before they opened at 7 a.m. (2000 GMT Wednesday). The atmosphere was relaxed as people joked with police who were ushering women and children to the front of the line. Election monitors said there were no reports of violence. ... Voters will choose the 88-member assembly that will write the fledgling country’s constitution, and there was little doubt who would win. The Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor, which led the country’s independence struggle, had a comfortable lead in polls." AP

Aug 27 ABC: Fretilin expects to win more than 60 seats  Interview added Aug 29
"Fitzgerald: You have a reputation as a socialist. Is that a perception?
Alkatiri [Sec-Gen, Fretilin]: “I always refuse to be labelled. What I can assure you is that my main pre-occupation is people. How to help them, how to develop the country to such a level that they can have what they need. I am not against the rich people but I am really against poverty.” " Australian Broadcasting Corporation

Aug 16 STL: 200 ex-Falintil at UNTAET sit-in  News from ETimor added Aug 18
"Domingos da Silva, spokesperson for the ex-Falintil said the group of freedom fighters that did not meet the grade to enter the Timor Lorosae Defense Forces (FDTL) were in dire straits. “From January to May, these former Falintil fighters were getting US$100 a month as living expenses. Now they are struggling because these payments from the IOM have stopped,” he added." Suara Timor Lorosae

Aug 13 RDP: East Timorese political rivals exchange accusations  Interview added Aug 14
"We [FRETILIN] have already guaranteed 80 per cent [of the vote] but we would like to achieve 100 per cent for two reasons: to allow our supporters and our members to carry on their work without excluding others from working as well, and for this reason we want to achieve 100 per cent. We have other reasons, for example, we want to show the world that who fought the war was Fretilin, who brought democracy to Timor was Fretilin and who has been giving the freedom of existence to the other parties is Fretilin." Mari Alkatiri, the secretary-general of Fretilin

Aug 13 SMH: Veterans of resistance struggle sniff election victory  News added Aug 13
"His name is distinctive, and in coming months Australians may hear a lot more of the East Timorese independence leader LuOlo. The Department of Foreign Affairs [Australia] certainly thinks so, and earlier this year he was flown to Canberra to meet ministry mandarins for talks and a chance for them to get to know the man and the policies he represents. Mr LuOlo, a native of the south-eastern town of Ossu, said to be the birthplace of East Timor’s warrior leaders, is head of Fretilin (Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor) the party tipped to win the elections on August 30 by a landslide." Mark Dodd, Herald Correspondent in Dili

Jul 20 STL: Fretilin shakes Liquica town  News from ETimor added Jul 21
“But today we are gathered here full of hope. Now we live free in a democracy. We do not have to be afraid of the enemy, because the enemy has left the country. Democracy, now, is not the same as democracy during the time of the Indonesians. Democracy now will bring us to the road of independence,” Luis Lobato.

Jul 16 JSMP: Militia member convicted of UNAMET staff murder  News from ETimor added July 17
"A former member of Team Pancasila militia was today found guilty of murdering a UNAMET local staff member and FALINTIL supporter in Atabe village, Ermera district on the day after the popular consultation in which nearly eighty percent of East Timorese voted for independence from Indonesia. ... This is the first case involving the killing of an East Timorese who was in part targeted for his role in working with the UN mission that supervised the ballot on 30 August 1999. Many other local staff were similarly attacked in the violent aftermath." Judicial System Monitoring Programme news service

Apr 2 STL: Alkatari: Xavier Has No Right To Give Ultimatums  Interview from ETimor added Apr 3
"Xavier was not the person who initially started the Fretilin party. Xavier is not the founding father of Fretilin. When we formed Fretilin, as a party, that was when we invited Xavier ... As far as I know, there is only one Fretilin. There is no Fretilin ASDT, Fretilin CPD-RDTL,” Mari Alkatari, Vice-President of Fretilin

Mar 12 TP: Fretilin Declaration: Do Not Commit Violence  News from ETimor added Mar 20
"In the last few days, the symbols of Fretilin, especially the RDTL flag, have been used by certain groups to create trouble and to deceive the people into carrying out demonstrations, violence and other undesirable actions." Lu Olo (president) and Mari Alkatiri (vice-president) of Fretilin

Mar 9 STL: Fretilin Not Behind CPD-RDTL  News from ETimor added Mar 20
"Their [CPD-RDTL] actions on Wednesday were criminal in nature. They are using the Fretilin flag without our agreement. And we have reminded them umpteen times to stop using Fretilin symbols, but to no avail,” Mari Alkatari, Fretilin Vice-President

Feb 14 STL: Presidential Issue: Fretilin To Nominate Xanana  News from ETimor added Feb 15
“Regardless of whether the party has its own candidate or not, we have decided that Xanana be Timor Lorosae’s first president when the country becomes independent,” Lu-Olo, General Coordinator of Fretilin

Feb 1 Taur Matan Ruak: Speech at Falintil transition ceremony  Speech added Feb 3
"Our final words are reserved to express our deepest and most respectful tribute to the People of East Timor: for their determination and their steadfastness which motivated us; for the love that you always gave in feeding us, nursing us and encouraging us; for the heroism in resisting which inspired us; and for teaching us to be humble and to fulfil our duty to defend our Homeland." Commander Taur Matan Ruak, FALINTIL (The Armed Forces for National Liberation of East Timor)

Feb 1 Xanana: Address at Transition Ceremony Of Falintil  Speech added Feb 3
"As your [FALINTIL's (The Armed Forces for National Liberation of East Timor)] former companion who shared the same difficulties in the mountains, who failed in leading you while we were reduced to less than one hundred men where as under the clear leadership of your Commander, Taur Matan Ruak, who enabled you to become an army of over one thousand five hundred soldiers  I can only but express here, today, my admiration for the spirit of self-sacrifice that you showed by bearing yet another year of hardship in Aileu." Xanana Gusmao, President, CNRT/CN

Jan 24 GLW: `Fretilin will win first Timor election'  News added Jan 25
"We expect over 50% of the first elected parliament -- definitely ... [Fretilin is] in the best position to promote tolerance and democracy" Estanislau da Silva, member of Fretilin's central committee

Jan 6 Manning: "People-centered grassroots power-devolving reconstruction of East Timor" Letter added Jan 22
"I have no doubt that Fretilin hold wide popular support amongst the Maubere people and that Fretilin are translating their aspirations into policy. This was evident in 1975 and was the main cause of the Coup attempt by the UDT who could see they had buckleys chance of winning a fair election. Fretilin are no longer a part of CNRT which achieved it's intended objective, namely: to get the Indonesians out." Brian Manning, Fretilin activist / supporter, member of team that maintained early radio communications between Fretilin and their external Mission

Nov 11 2000 & Oct 1990 RN: Xanana Gusmao interviews
"I was a member of the Central Committee of Fretilin until '87, and I already explained to some people and I already told Fretilin also that as a member of Central Committee of Fretilin until '87, I will respond also for the political mistakes. If people don't like to say crimes, but political mistakes that Fretilin did. And the UDT also." Xanana Gusmao - From guerilla fighter to leader of his country.
 

Who is FRETILIN?

FRETILIN - Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor / Frente Revolucionária do Timor Leste Independente  Added May 16

BD interviews Gil Santos:

When did Fretilin start and what was its purpose?

On 20 May 1974, Fretilin formed under the name ASDT. In Sep 1974 it changed its name to Fretilin. The purpose was to pursue full independence for East Timor. Fretilin was, and still is, opposed to any foreign occupation, colonisation or imperialism. Fretilin had a campaign at the grassroots level and currently has over 180,000 active members (militants). Fretilin developed policies on education, women's rights, worker's rights, children's rights, health and hygeine, the environment.

What are some of Fretilin's historical achievements?

Fretilin was a champion of organising effective resistance against Indonesian invasion on three important fronts:
1) military front (FALINTIL); 2) cladestine front (underground); 3) diplomacy front.
This led to the existance of:
* the CRRN (National Council of Revolutionary Resistance), then
* the CNRM (the National Council of Maubere Resistance / Concelho Nacional da Resistancia Maubere), and finally
* the CNRT (National Council of Timorese Resistance / Conselho Nacional de Resistência Timorense) which formed in order to achieve national unity.

What does Fretilin aim to achieve in the future?

* to establish a democratic government of national unity in order to promote re-construction;
* to re-establish the policies that benefit the grassroots with an emphasis on sustainable development and environmental awareness;
* to organise and hold another Congress in May 2001 to develop its political program, and plan its election strategies;
* to campaign for the up-coming elections on August 30, 2001.

Flags & Emblems of FRETILIN & FALINTIL: http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Study/4141/pictures/bandeira.htm

OPMT: The Popular Organisation of East Timorese Women / Organizacao Popular de Mulher Timor (FRETILIN's women's organisation): http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/linksindig.htm#opmtb

Main office: Rua Martires da Patria - Comoro / West Dili, Timor Lorosa'e, in the former Pancasila Training Building BP7. As a result, Fretilin is sometimes referred to as BP7 Fretilin. Tel 321409/0417728192

Postal addresses & Phone numbers:
Melbourne Australia: Gil Santos, Fretilin (Vic Trades Hall) Cnrs Lygon & Victorian Sts Carlton South, Vic 3052
Telephone: * From within Australia & from mobile in ETimor: (03) 9663-6611  * From landline in ETimor: 001 61 3 9663-6611  * From other countries outside Australia: +61 3 9663-6611

Email addressesAustralia rep: Filomena de Almeida opmt@hotmail.comItaly rep: Davide Corona Davide.Corona@CSI.IT

Portuguese Homepages:
Recently updated site: http://www.geocities.com/alextilman/
Old: http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Study/4141/

English (& Portuguese) Web-page: A collection of recent speeches, documents, statements, news and reports: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/fretilin.htm
 

Who is OPMT?

Bahasa Indonesia:
OPMT: Organizacao Popular de Mulher Timor / The Popular Organisation of East Timorese Women  Updated Mar 12
Sejarah Pendek: Organisasi ini muncul pada tahun 1975 begerak di bidang sosial dan emansipasi perempuan Timor di segala aspek eksistensinya sesuai dengan evolusi perang di Timur Timor.
Kegiatan Sekarang lsm dan Kebutuhan Utama: Kebutuhan sekarang adalah mengadakan aksi sosial seperti memberikan bantuan kepada yang membutuhan.
Kegiatan Sekarang: Aksi sosial (periodik).
Rencana: Akan mengadakan kegiatan di tiga kabupaten.

English:
OPMT: The Popular Organisation of East Timorese Women / Organizacao Popular de Mulher Timor  Updated Mar 17
Women's Issues
OPMT is a registered East Timorese non-government organization (ETNGO)
Short History: OPMT (FRETILIN's women's organisation) emerged in 1975, to promote the emancipation of women in all aspects of life, appropriate to their evolving role in East Timor. As an East Timorese women's organisation OPMT has been dealing with the impact of Indonesian rule that has dominated their lives for the past 25 years culminating in the violence around the UN sponsored Popular Consultations in 1999. It is these women who have been dealing with those who have been severely psychologically and/or physically traumatised. They have been helping address the needs of women who are the main carers of children (many of whom are orphans), the injured, sick and the elderly.
Current situation and primary needs: OPMT emerged from their clandestine existence at the FRETILIN Conference in Dili in May 2000. OPMT's current needs include the general need for social action such as giving assistance to those who need it.
Current Activities: Social action (periodic). Also: OPMT Sewing Program in Timor Loro Sa'e & OPMT English Language Program
Plans: OPMT plans to undertake activities in three districts. OPMT has a vision for how the new country can support the people's needs.


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