BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor.........home.........themes ....... search

BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

Peoples' Participation
Partisipasaun Politika
Participação Dos Povos:

A collection of recent media releases, reports, articles and news on East Timorese active participation in decision-making and civic life. 


Receive FREE weekly email Web-updates: email wildwood@pcug.org.au and include the words "Subscribe BACK DOOR" in the message header. more info
Up-Dated: Feb 9, 2002

NEW = Added to BACK DOOR Website since last Monday's Emailout


Contents:

Overviews

Second Transitional Government of East Timor [UN appointed, East Timorese]
Constitutional Process / Konsulta iha Konstituisaun
Elections / Eleisaun (August 30th 2001)
Political Parties / Partidos Políticos / Partai Politik / Partidu Polítiku
Civic Education
Capacity building

Employment
Children and Youth
Women
'Refugees' & Missing Persons



 

Overviews

Feb 7 NDI: Timorese demand more from elected reps  Release added Feb 9
“The focus group results clearly indicate that the people of East Timor have enthusiastically embraced democracy. Participants are eager for a better political and economic future and they look to their leaders to take them there, ... However, participants expressed no blind faith in political leaders after a traumatic 24 years of Indonesian occupation and resistance, the people of East Timor are an alert and demanding constituency. Focus group participants acknowledged that they have high expectations from their leaders and that they want their interests represented by their elected representatives,” Report published in English, Tetum, Portuguese and Indonesian, available soon on the NDI web site at http://www.ndi.org

Jan 10 CONG: Letter to Constituent Assembly  Letter added Jan 16
"From our end, we want to assure you that we would like the Constituent Assembly to have as much time as it needs to write the best possible constitution for East Timor. In this regard, we propose that you consider further extending the session, perhaps by two months beyond that date. Your Constitution would still be finished well before formal independence. The extra time would enable more thorough discussions and additional consultation within the Constituent Assembly and throughout East Timor." U.S. Members of Congress: Dennis J. Kucinich, Barbara Lee, Chris Smith, Anthony D. Weiner, Tammy Baldwin, Bernard Sanders, Lane Evans, Sam Farr

Dec 11 Leite: Legal imperative of self-determination: Lessons from E Timor for W Sahara  Article added Jan 26
Identical situations must be treated by law in the same way. Since the famous UN Resolution 1514 of 1960 the right to self-determination is recognized as a basic right of all peoples. ... President Habibie had already proposed autonomy as a way to solve the conflict of East Timor. The Timorese, Portugal and the UN rejected it, keeping firm on the application of the principle of self-determination. Therefore, the question put to the voters in the referendum was: “Do you ACCEPT the proposed special autonomy for East Timor within the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia? OR Do you REJECT the proposed special autonomy for East Timor, leading to East Timor’s separation from Indonesia?” The proposed autonomy was there, but as a conclusion of a process of free choice by the East Timorese, together with the other option, the independence. Contrarily, in the “Framework Agreement” for Western Sahara, autonomy is determined from the beginning; it is thus imposed on the Sahrawi people, before they have the chance to freely choose their status." Pedro Pinto Leite, Secretary of the International Platform of Jurists for East Timor & member of the Executive Council of the International Association of Jurists for Western Sahara

Oct 30 UNSC: ET women: ‘Arria formula’ meeting  Speech added Nov 2
"They [rural women] do not participate in decision-making at all levels of government and educational programs. A problem with the election process was voiced by several rural women who stated that: “they had been told who to vote for by their village chiefs.” This indicates a need for election observation efforts to be gender sensitive to women as voters and candidates." Natércia Godinho-Adams, on behalf of East Timorese women’s organizations

Sep 20 Alkatiri: Swearing-in Ceremony of Members of the Transitional Government  Speech added Sep 22
"My last words are addressed to my dear fellow countrymen and women. Today, as we take up this responsibility, we wish to express our gratitude for your courage, determination and unwavering capacity to resist throughout the most difficult years of our history. We have achieved the goal to free our Homeland and today we are a step closer to achieving political, economic and social freedom. We urge you to remain involved and to participate in the rebuilding of our country and ask for your continued commitment and involvement in the development of our Nation. Before you and in the memory of our heroes fallen for the liberation of our Homeland, we humbly state that all our energy, skills and knowledge will be concentrated in the ultimate goal of this Government: to Serve you, the People of East Timor!" Mari Alkatiri, Head of Government, East Timor

Sep 20 UNTAET: Second Transitional Government of East Timor  List of appointments added Sep 21
Flow chart of new government structure, page 3 of PDF file [125k]: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood/2ndtransgovt.PDF

Sep 20 KY: ETimor announces cabinet lineup  News added Sep 21
"U.N. Transitional Administrator in East Timor Sergio Vieira de Mello, announcing the lineup, said the cabinet has 10 ministers, three secretaries of state and seven vice ministers. It consists of nine representatives from the Revolutionary Front for the Liberation of East Timor (Fretilin), two members of the Democratic Party, Fretilin’s closest rival, and nine members not affiliated with any party. De Mello said they were selected “not on the basis of party nominations but on the basis of their individual competence.” The nine politically independent figures in the cabinet, he said, were chosen “because of their proven sectoral expertise and their demonstrated dedication and patriotism with as broad a geographical representation as was possible.” " Christine T. Tjandraningsih

Sep 20 A Popular Challenge to UNTAET’s Achievements  Statement added Sep 20
"UNTAET has recently published in the September issue of its broadsheet Timor Tais 20 of the UN’s major achievements in East Timor. Many of these achievements are either misleading or things that UNTAET has been forced to do under pressure from Timorese people, civil society and leaders and international critics. ...
3. Creation of ETTA Cabinet: The appointment of Timorese cabinet ministers follows the refusal of UNTAET to share power with the Timorese or to include them in the transitional administration. Timorese cabinet appointments only followed bitter and damning criticism of UNTAET and the Transitional Administrator and his inner circle. The appointment of such a cabinet clearly did not include sharing of any executive power. ...
4. Creation of National Council: The National Council followed the dissolution of the National Consultative Council. During the creation of the NCC, there were supposed to be representatives of all aspects of Timorese society, in addition to the existing political entities. However, the Transitional Administrator personally excluded these other representatives of women, youth groups, traditional leaders and others. ... "

Sep 3 CIIR: Listen to East Timorese women’s voices, urges CIIR  Release added Sep 6
"It is clear that women in East Timor want to play a full role in shaping the future of their country. ... the women we have spoken to, both in the capital and in the countryside, are adamant that in order to exercise their responsibilities in building a new East Timor they need to be able to establish their rights as equal citizens. Whether or not they achieve this will depend on the continuing support of the international community: both to East Timor and specifically to its women." Catherine Scott, spokesperson for the Catholic Institute for International Relations (CIIR) delegation

Sep 3 YHak: Elections in the Context of Nation-Building  Release added Sep 4
"This election is a step towards democracy, but is a small step in a long process to a successful transition to democracy.
 ... As a fundamental principle of democratic conduct, and noting the limitations of this electoral process, it is imperative that the Constituent Assembly provides further opportunity to connect people with the decision-making process, rather than attempt to encompass the aspiration of their diverse electorate." Yayasan HAK: Hukum, Hak Asasi & Keadilan (Law, Human Rights & Justice)

Sep 3 IFET Preliminary Election Observations  Report added Sep 4
" ... this election is a small but important part of the larger process of nation-building, leading to a constitution, independence, and self-government. ... DEMOCRACY IS MORE THAN JUST VOTING - THE NEED FOR INCREASED PARTICIPATION OF THE EAST TIMORESE PEOPLE ... The constitution provides the basis of government - executive, legislative and judicial. It must effectively represent the aspirations of all East Timorese and be “owned” by them, so that the government can effectively serve the people and the people will be truly able to entrust power to the government." International Federation for East Timor (IFET)

August 2001 LHB: Provision of School Furniture: World Bank Project  Article added Sep 27
"The World Bank’s “Project Appraisal Document” describes the Emergency School Readiness Project as following a participatory approach and carrying out broad consultation. One must question the extent of these consultations, however, given the criticisms of the original project design. The Bank and UNTAET/ETTA, for example, argued that it was necessary to import plastic furniture to satisfy the local demand for functioning schools. But a report from the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) (October 2000) showed that community sentiment was more complex: “Particularly in the rural districts,” the report noted, “a strong feeling exists amongst parents in the communities that people are prepared to accept some further delays [in receiving school furniture] in return for the benefits of future local employment.” " La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

August 2001 LHB: Catholic Women’s Conference in Rome  Article added Aug 22
"At the WUCWO meeting in Rome, international representatives approved a list of 15 resolutions, which they have since forwarded to Pope John Paul II, the United Nations and many other influential individuals and organizations. ... * To encourage the Catholic Church to review all of its structures and systems to ensure that women are not excluded from decision-making processes of the Church even at the highest level. * To support women’s equal representation in leadership positions in the Catholic Church." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

August 2001 LHB: The United Nations, Gender Affairs, and East Timor  Article added Aug 22
"In the East Timorese Women’s Network’s Briefing on Women’s Issues (June 2001) for the East Timor Donors’ Conference, there is a call for “the prompt realization of a Gender Unit within ETTA (East Timor Transitional Administration) both now and after independence, and both in Dili and in the Districts administration. This is an urgent requirement so that women can be involved in dialogue so as to ensure that they are not disadvantaged by administration policies.” Whether this office is created will depend largely on the new elected government. If created, its effectiveness will depend on its location in the new government structure, the mandate it carries, and the degree to which its staff understand and commit to that mandate." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

August 2001 LHB: The Employment of Women in ETTA  Article added Aug 22
"Recently, ETTA led a large-scale effort to recruit and hire East Timorese for civil service positions. These positions will help lay the foundation for the new East Timorese government. The data below show the number of women employed as a percentage of total employment for different departments. ... Education 29%; Police 18%; Health 32%; Judicial Affairs 17%; Border Control 20%; Water and Sanitation 3%; Agriculture 10%; Labor and Social Services 4%; Land and Property 3%; Foreign Affairs 39%" La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

Aug 25 Age: Timor fighting a war of words  News added Aug 30
“I would like to inform that no staff from this department will attend this secretariat training workshop as, once again, some of the international staff seem to wish to impose Bahasa Indonesia or English, ... Time and again, these international staff members have completely ignored the majority of East Timorese political leaders (who) have stated that Portuguese will be the official language of this country.” Jose Ramos Horta
"The choice of Portuguese is by no means universal among East Timorese, many of whom prefer English or Indonesian in addition to their national language, Tetum. Many East Timorese university students fluent in Indonesian resent having to learn another language that they say is irrelevant to the region." Mark Dodd, Dili

Aug 10 STL: Jakarta opposes land corridor between Oecussi and Timor Lorosae  News from ETimor added Aug 13
"The Indonesian government has rejected the UN Transitional Administration’s proposal to open a land corridor, through Indonesian territory, linking Oecussi district with the rest of Timor Lorosae. According to the Vice-Governor of West Timor Johanis Pake Pani the rejection was based on security grounds." Suara Timor Lorosae

Jul 28 MULR: Creation of a Viable Criminal Justice System in ET  Report Abstract & Conclusions added Aug 1
"In its examination of the creation of a criminal justice system in East Timor, this paper has followed three identified themes: the degree of consultation with the East Timorese in the decision-making process; the ability of the existing and incoming system to cope with the laws it is expected to enforce; and the investment in human skills that is being undertaken in order to empower the East Timorese to manage their own country after independence. Through this analysis, the problems of the system have been brought to light. The picture that has emerged bodes ill for the future of East Timor." The Melbourne University Law Review

Jul 24 Yayasan HAK: Serious Concerns re Judicial Independence under UNTAET  Paper added July 26
" ... in order for the transition to be a meaningful one, the foundations must be laid to ensure that national democratic institutions can perform the checks and balances required for any healthy and vigorous democracy. The establishment of such local institutions capable of upholding democratic values is particularly critical for East Timor to redress the oppression experienced under decades of colonial rule. Securing the basis for an independent judiciary is indispensable in this a historical context. It is only then that the East Timorese can start to overcome a past legacy of impunity and cultivate a culture of the rule of law where the people can trust and rely on the judiciary for the full protection and realisation of their rights. In light of the importance and urgency of this matter we would urge you to raise your concern on this matter with the Transitional Administrator and encourage his administration to act in accordance with international human rights law and democratic principles." Aniceto Guterres Lopes, Director, Yayasan HAK

Jul 11 Bano: A Peace Zone: An Option for the Future of the Timor Enclave  Report added July 11
"Declaring Oe-cusse a peace zone is the best way to facilitate resolution of the enclave’s isolation. Accordingly it should be the first option pursued by the future East Timorese government. Such a declaration must become a legally binding guarantee included in the national constitution soon to be formulated. However, such a legally binding guarantee would lack strength without a treaty between East Timor and Indonesia on Oe-cusse." Arsenio Bano, Executive Director of the East Timor NGO Forum

Tetum:
Junho 2001 BLH: Lia Badak: Oecusse Isolado  News from ETimor added Aug 26
"Sira hateten ba hau katak [Ro-ahi] servisu foun ne’e atu hala’o . iha 23 Maiu semana kotuk ne’e, maibe seidauk hala’o. Ami kole ona hein bebeik. Ami mos preokupa katak kada bilhete nebe karun teb-tebes US $10 kada bilhete para ba deit Oe-cusse, osan ida ne’e la’os ema hotu iha Oe-cuse mak bele selu. Ami precisa solusaun permanente ida.” Ana Paula Sequeira husi Conselhu Nasional representante Oe-cusse

Tetum:
Junho 2001 BLH: Komunidadi Sira Servisu Hamutuk  Article added Oct 26
"Povu sira lolo liman ba malu atu hodi husu makaas konaba kontrola hasoru desisaun sira nebe mak afeta ba sira nian moris no sira nian hela fatin. Grupu servisu transnasiunal ida konaba dezenvolvimentu, direitus humanus no meiu ambienti halao soru mutu ida naran forum organizasaun non guvernamental wainhira iha sorumutu Banku Mundial no IMF nian. Grupu servisu ne’e hatete katak cidadaun sira tenki husu ba instituisaun publika hirak ne’e atu nune’e bele diriji millhaun dolar bar-barak husi rekursus publikus sira ida-idak nebe fo fiar ba sira ba dezenvolvimentu nebe mak demokratiku, sosialmente justu no tuir meiu ambiente nebe mak sustentavel." La’o Hamutuk, Institutu Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitor Reconstrusaun

June 2001 LHB: Can East Timor Survive the Aid Industry?  Article added June 22
"At the most local level, kindly INGO workers “consult” the local peasants (even though they probably don’t speak the local language). But the INGO workers have fistfuls of dollars, so the peasants tell them what they want to hear. The consultants fly in like flocks of migratory birds, stay a few days, pick the brains of local people, and write reports that are a mix of what they wrote in other countries and what previous consultants wrote in East Timor. They “consult” local officials, of course. And the consultants have fistfuls of dollars, so the local officials tell the consultants what they think the consultants want to hear." Joseph Hanlon

Portuguese:
Jun 18 OTL: Transição e processo eleitoral  Report added June 23
"o processo eleitoral progride nos seus aspectos a dominante administrativos (recenseamento, registo dos partidos) mas, nos domínios onde o papel dos Timorenses é ou devia ser preponderante (educação cívica e eleitoral, mecanismos de preparação da Constituição), o processo emperra. Muitos funcionários internacionais parecem não aprender tão depressa como Xanana Gusmão que: “a democracia não se ensina, pratica-se” " Observatório Timor Leste

Jun 18 ETO: Transition and the electoral process  Report added June 23
"the electoral process is progressing in terms of the administrative aspects (voter registration, political party registration), but wherever the Timorese are, or ought to be playing an active role (civic and electoral education, consultation mechanisms for the future Constitution), the process becomes stuck. As Xanana Gusmão has pointed out, many international officials appear slow to realise that “democracy is not something that is taught, but practiced” " East Timor Observatory

May 20 FRETILIN: Electoral Commitment 2001  Position statement added July 5
"See sections on constitution, mass media, etc"

April 2001 LHB: Money Matters: Questions of Priorities and Process  Editorial added May 12
"There is not enough transparency, public knowledge, and effective input by East Timorese civil society over the money that
does exist. International supporters of East Timor, working with local organizations, can play an important role in securing more funds, and greater control over the funds by the East Timorese people." The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin Editorial

Tetum:
Abríl 2001 BLH: Problema Osan: Propriadadi no Prosesu  Editorial added July 12
"Tempu ba demokrasia nebe iha relasaun ho orsamentu mak:
UNTAET bele halo atu problema orsamentariu sira sai transparante no efisiente liu.
Uluk, UNTAET tenke tradus no publika dokumentu hot-hotu nebe iha relasaun ho orsamentu. Dokumentu relevante barak mak susar teb-tebes atu hetan-pasu nebe fasil mak atu bele garante katak sasán barak iha webside UNTAET nia laran mos publikamente bele asesu ba webside ETTA nian (http://www.gov.east-timor.org). Pasu seluk mak harii aula dokumentus publikus iha servisu fatin UNTAET distritu ida-idak nian, nune’e mos kuartel UNTAET nian iha Dili.
Darua, UNTAET preciza halo orsamentu hodi involve mos sociedade civil Timor oan sira iha desizaun kona ba prioridadi sira atu halo alokasaun osan sira. Kesi ba ida ne’e mak “Timorizasaun” hosi UNTAET – procesu ida nebe avansa nei-neik teb-tebes.
Datolu, UNTAET tenke serve nudar suporte ida nebe vokal liu ba Timor oan sira hodi identifika publikamente no lobbi kona ba funding ba necesidade sira nebe sedauk hetan (hanesa defini tiha ona em relasaun ho sociedade civil."La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Apr 26 AIDWATCH: World Bank Dictating Terms of Development in East Timor  Release added May 1
"Mr. Sofyar and Mr. Anderson were informed that many East Timorese feel that the World Bank is not treating them with respect. Recently a group of East Timorese economists, retained by the World Bank to analyse the state of the country’s coffee industry, resigned en masse after their work was trivialised. They had been offered a couple of weeks and ten dollars a day each to complete a large study. At the same time, hundreds of thousands of dollars has been wasted on international consultants." AIDWATCH: Monitoring the Development Dollar

Apr 2001 NDI: “Timor Loro Sa’e is our nation”  Report on focus group discussions in ETimor added Apr 11
"the people of East Timor have many well-developed ideas about democracy and the form of government they would like to see in their emerging nation. ... They have unrealized hopes and are looking for action rather than more words. They seek proof that they are being heard and demand active participation in the development of this new nation. To ignore the demands of the East Timorese people will only add to the burden of their frustrations." National Democratic Institute for International Affairs

Feb 17 DHR: Magno: The Successes and Failures of UN Intervention in ETimor  Interview added Feb 17
"The [ETimorese] people recognize that this inability to have their voice heard in their own country and to be in any position of power in their own government is a violation of their human rights. That does not mean, however, that they have given up on human rights. Their cynicism is directed at the UN bureaucracy." Ajiza Magno, Initiator, Lorosa’e Women’s Forum for Peace (FORELSAN)

Feb 7 NRP: Chomsky/Soares: Breaking Free: East Timor's Quest for Independence  Online radio program added June 26
"For East Timorese people, independence came with great costs. Refugees are still languishing in camps in West Timor, and though they won the right to autonomy after the elections in October 1999, many people are asking why international agencies such as the United Nations continue to hold decision-making power instead of the East Timorese themselves. On this program, we take a look at intervention in East Timor." National Radio Project

Feb 2 JP: Aditjondro: ETimorese becoming guests in their own land  Interview updated May 16
"So fighting for democracy has been no less difficult than fighting for independence. The young, the women and the villagers feel the most marginalized; this is the new task of the solidarity movement (to help them) instead of just shaking hands with Xanana." George Junus Aditjondro, self-exiled author and lecturer from Indonesia, currently teaching at Newcastle University

Jan 31 NGO Forum Statement to NC And UNTAET  Statement added Feb 1
"The National NGO Forum of East Timor is seriously concerned with the decision-making processes in the National Council (NC) of East Timor. The decision regarding the East Timor Defence Force (ETDF), in which the National Council did not have enough time to study the regulation and consult with the communities and groups that they represent, is disturbing." National NGO Forum of East Timor

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: REKOMENDASI: Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa’e  Article added Aug 3
"5. Memberdayakan kelompok-kelompok masyarakat sipil dan organisasi masyarakat lewat pendekatan partisipatif dalam pengambilan keputusan selama dan sesudah masa transisi." Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

Bahasa Indonesia:
Jan 25-31 KPB: Dokumen berikut adalah ringkasan hasil-hasil lokakarya  Article added Aug 3
"Di konferensi, besar dukungannya supaya kebijakan-kebijakan tersebut dikembangkan dengan konsultasi masyarakat supaya mereka sendiri memiliki ide-ide dari kebijakan itu Kebijakan tersebut harusnya juga mencerminkan keperluan untuk menemukan solusi-solusi yang praktis dan keperluan-keperluan tersebut dirinci secara tertulis oleh sekelompok orang yang terdiri dari berbagai bidang keahlian.Kebijakan final harusnya termasuk pendapat dan keperluan masyarakat lokal. (contohnya, seharusnya kebijaksanaan pertanian mencerminkan keperluan petani-petani). Perlu adanya komunikasi dan konsultasi secara terus menerus dengan LSM yang bekerja dengan masyarakat setempat." Konferensi Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Timor Lorosa'e

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Program for Conference on Sustainable Development  Summary up-dated Aug 3
"There was strong support for these policies to be developed in consultation with the people so they have ownership. Policy should reflect the need to find practical solutions and be drafted by a multi-disciplinary group. The final policy should incorporate the opinions and needs of local communities (e.g. the agriculture policy should reflect the needs of farmers.) There should be ongoing communication and consultation with NGOs working with local communities." Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor

Tetum:
Dej 31 2000 BLH: Demokrasia ho Banku Mundial iha Timor Loro Sa’e Editorial added May 18
"Dokumentu boot sira Banku [Mundial] nian kona ba Timor Loro Sa’e barak liu, inklui dokumentu informasaun sira kona ba projektu no dokumentu kalkulasaun projektu iha inglês nebe la dun fo partisipasaun efektivu iha kebijakan ba diskusaun ho mayoria hosi populasaun iha Timor Loro Sa’e. Iha okajiaun hanesan, komisaun Banku nian atu halo evaluasaun eksternal kona ba ninia projektu. Maibe evaluasaun ida ne’e labele fo sai. Liu tan mak diálogu ho konsultasaun nebe involve mos Banku iha tendencia liu ba formalidadi du ke ninia substansia. Iha okasiaun nebe at liu mak sira kontrola maka’as kaju sira nebe personalia Banku nian hala’o ho objektivu nebe badak hela atu bele hetan suporta ba proposta nebe grupu ki’ik oan ruma halo. Ikus liu, Banku nia lisan ida mak — ho ninia dependencia ba pagamentu boot ba ekspertu sira no modelu hosi ninia kna’ar fatin - susar atu bele dada ema hosi liur no partisipasaun hosi baje." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Dec 31 2000 LHB: Democracy and the World Bank in East Timor  Editorial updated Feb 26
"Most major [World] Bank documents concerning East Timor—including project information documents and project appraisal documents—are available only in English, thus making it difficult for the vast majority of East Timorese people to participate effectively in policy discussions. At the same time, Bank-commissioned external evaluations of its projects are not available to the public. Moreover, dialogues and consultations involving the Bank tend to be more form than substance. In the worst instances, they are highly-orchestrated events run by Bank personnel with the narrow goal of gaining support for proposals created by small groups of people. Finally, the very culture of the Bank—with its reliance on highly-paid “experts” and its corporate-style offices—are hardly inviting to outsiders and grassroots participation." The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin

Dec 12 2000 Público: Timorese structures secondary  Added Dec 15
"At this stage of the process, it is essential that the Timorese are genuinely involved, and that this involvement focuses on the institutions in which they are represented" Pedro Bacelar de Vasconcelos

Tetum:
Novembro 2000 BLH: Hari Sistema Saude Nasional iha Timor Lorosa’e  Overview added Nov 1 2001
"Ema barak nebe iha interse maka’as atu evolve sistema saudi nian fo kritika bar-barak kona ba dejenvolvimentu iha aspektu ida ne’e. Kritiku nebe ema barak hatene (Common) mak kona ba konsultasaun nebe ladun to’o ho populasaun lokal, ONG internasional no partner lokal sira nebe involve iha sektor saudi. Nune’e mos ema barak ladun fiar katak fundu la dun adekuadu atu bele fo garantia ba standar saudi minimu no sustainabilidadi praju-naruk em termus provisaun servisu saudi nian. Iha linha nebe hanesan iha mos concerns kona ba sasan tekniku nebe la to’o iha fatin atu hala’o treinu ba."La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao
 

Civic Education

see also reconstruction - education

Tetum:
"Serbisu-ekipa (Working Group) kona ba Konstitusaun" nian Surat Popular:
Saida mak konstitusaun:
html: Lia-inglés: http://www.etan.org/lh/wgconst.html
PDF formatu:
Lia-tetun: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/konsttetm.pdf
Lia-indonézia: http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/konstbahasa.pdf

Tetum:
La'o Hamutuk nian Surat Popular: [PDF formatu]
Introdusaun kona ba La'o Hamutuk ho Surat Popular
Saida mak La'o Hamutuk?:
http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/surat%20popular%20lh.pdf

Tetum:
La'o Hamutuk nian Surat Popular: [PDF formatu]
Saida mak desenvolvimentu?:
http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/surat%20popular%20development.pdf

Tetum:
La'o Hamutuk nian Surat Popular: [PDF formatu]
Hari sistema saude foun:
http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/surat%20popular%20health.pdf

October 2001 LHB: Women and Justice  Article added Nov 9
"Ensuring that the law itself protects women and complies with international human rights standards is only the first step. In addition, there must be effective community education about women’s rights and sensitive administration of the laws. It is the responsibility of all those involved in the justice system law makers, police, prosecutors, lawyers and judges - to ensure that women achieve full equality before the law." Kate Halliday, Australian-based lawyer & recent volunteer with FOKUPERS (East Timorese Women’s Communication Forum) in Dili

Sep 20 A Popular Challenge to UNTAET’s Achievements  Statement added Sep 20
"UNTAET has recently published in the September issue of its broadsheet Timor Tais 20 of the UN’s major achievements in East Timor. Many of these achievements are either misleading or things that UNTAET has been forced to do under pressure from Timorese people, civil society and leaders and international critics. ... 6. Civic Education: Because of the non-involvement of East Timorese civil society, the Initial plans for civic education were rejected. This led to civic education beginning too late, and being too little too late. Had UNTAET had a culture of Timorese inclusion in the first place, civic education would have had the time to complement the political process undertaken by Timorese people themselves."

Sep 3 YHak: Elections in the Context of Nation-Building  Release added Sep 4
" ... in light of the importance of the tasks of the Constituent Assembly members to adopt a Constitution which will endure far beyond their term of office and even the lives of their electorates, the burden on them to reflect the aspiration of the people is even greater. An information campaign, especially on the substance of the Constitutional debates is crucial to ensure informed contributions by the people in the constitutional process." Yayasan HAK: Hukum, Hak Asasi & Keadilan (Law, Human Rights & Justice)

Sep 3 IFET Preliminary Election Observations  Report added Sep 4
"Civic education started late because UNTAET initially failed to consult East Timorese on its design, leaving little time for this critical part of the democratic process. Even on election day, many voters did not understand that the vote was to choose Constituent Assembly members and/or the function of the Constituent Assembly." International Federation for East Timor (IFET)

Aug 9 RENETIL'S Election Observer Commission  Statement added Aug 30
"RENETIL, one of the leading youth organizations in the Timorese resistance, sees East Timor’s unfolding political process as one of its main priorities as it encourages popular participation in the August 30th general election and the subsequent drafting of a democratic constitution. To implement this priority RENETIL is undertaking civic education projects and fielding election observer teams." RENETIL, Resistencia Nacional Dos Estudantes De Timor Leste

Aug 9 Formation of the Popular Educators’ Network  Release added Aug 10
"Nine East Timorese organizations have formed the East Timorese Network of Popular Educators (Rede dos Educadores Populares Timor Lorosa’e). The formation of this network grows from the recognition of the critical role of education in the process of East Timorese democratization. ... The goal of popular education is to empower all people to be able to participate in decision making processes. Popular education is a collective act, not an individual one." Rede dos Educadores Populares Timor Lorosa’e

June 2001 LHB: Dollarization & Democracy  Editorial added June 26
"Under pressure from the International Monetary Fund and elements of the East Timorese political leadership, UNTAET is intensifying its efforts to achieve what it calls “dollarization”—making the U.S. dollar the sole currency of the territory. There clearly are potential benefits to dollarization; there are also potential problems. As such, it is imperative that there be wide-ranging discussion and debate on the matter—which thus far have been lacking. ... Before rushing ahead with dollarization, it would be very helpful for there to be consultations between elements of East Timorese civil society and counterparts from places like Kosovo and El Salvador to discuss the potential benefits and pitfalls of adopting the U.S. dollar." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

Portuguese:
Jun 18 OTL: Transição e processo eleitoral  Report added June 23
"A educação cívica e eleitoral, no sentido de aprendizagem, é sem dúvida a questão mais importante nesta fase do processo político. Compõe-se de transmissão de regras mas resulta essencialmente do debate e da experiência. Os actores principais não podem ser outros que os próprios Timorenses e os ‘peritos’ internacionais devem reconhecer os limites da sua intervenção. Não deixa de ser preocupante que tenha sido preciso esperar por Abril de 2001 para que o responsável pela educação cívica da UNTAET dissesse que essa “tem de ser realizada pelos próprios timorenses e não imposta pela UNTAET ou a comunidade internacional”. Observatório Timor Leste

Jun 18 ETO: Transition and the electoral process  Report added June 23
"Civic and electoral education, in the learning sense, is unquestionably the most important issue at this stage of the political process. It consists of transmitting the rules, but is essentially the result of discussion and experience. The leading players must be none other than the Timorese themselves, and international ‘experts’ have to realise the limitations of their own role. The fact that it took until April 2001 for UNTAET’s civil education chief to state that this kind of education “has to be carried out by Timorese themselves and not imposed by UNTAET or the international community” is a matter for some concern." East Timor Observatory

May 2001 AsiaFound: Nat'l Survey of Voter Knowledge  Foreword and executive summary added June 28
"This report presents the findings of the first ever random nationwide survey to assess East Timorese political opinions and knowledge. ... The survey involved 1,558 in-person interviews of potential voters in a total of 392 Aldeia in 196 villages in all the 13 districts of East Timor. It addresses critical issues related to the national mood; voter and civic education issues; access to media; language use and preference; and demographics." The Asia Foundation

Mar 6 TP: Civic Education, Urgent?  Editorial from ETimor added Mar 10
"For us, the model that President Xanana used in the gymnasium is most effective. It began "hot" and finished with Xanana embracing and crying. This is not to say that the model we are proposing is one of embraces and tears. What is most important is how to create dialogue and debate, during which the people are given unlimited time to freely argue without protocol or moderator ... " Timor Post editorial
 

Employment

Jan 10 CNS: Former ETimor guerrillas receive job training at Salesian center  Article added Jan 16
"Although the soldiers are well respected for the role they played in the resistance movement, their standing in the community does not translate into employment or a steady income. Good jobs are scarce. Brother de Jesus said many ex-soldiers who don’t work “just stay home.” “There are some of them who have been in the forest for 24 years and they come back and they (are) just left behind,” Christine Kearney, Catholic News Service

Oct 30-Nov 5 Tempo: The Disparity Between UNTAET and E.Timorese  Article added Nov 4
"Apart from the high cost of living, the Timorese are also suffering from high unemployment. No definite figures are currently available, however about 18,000 former Falintil guerillas are jobless. “They have no other skills except fighting,” says Brigadier-General Taur Matan Ruak, a commander in Timor Loro Sa’e’s military (FDTL). It seems the new government prefers smaller, more manageable and professional military units. So it’s no wonder there’s explosive resentment against the dollar-rich international staff of UNTAET. Life in Dili is so profitably enjoyable that many UN officials in Geneva have opted to move to Dili, where salaries are high, taxes are low and cost of living is cheap." Raihul Fadjri (Yogyakarta), Setiyardi (Timor Loro Sa’e).

Oct 30 UNSC: ET women: ‘Arria formula’ meeting  Speech added Nov 2
"Women and children frequently carry the greatest burden of crisis situations as a result of loss of income, unemployment and family displacement." Natércia Godinho-Adams, on behalf of East Timorese women’s organizations

Sep 4 Tempo: Xanana Gusmao: All Cabinet members will be Timorese  Interview added Sep 6
"Tempo: At this moment what problem have you prioritized to be solved?
Xanana: I think all problems have to be prioritized. The economic question is very important. There is about 80 per cent unemployment. If this problem is not overcome the crime rate will climb." Tempo magazine

August 2001 LHB: Provision of School Furniture: World Bank Project  Article added Sep 27
"There have been, however, a number of problems in the implementation of the emergency stage of the school rehabilitation effort, including the provision of school furniture. ... Perhaps the greatest problems relate to the insufficient level of commitment on the part of the World Bank and UNTAET/ETTA to having local employment generation and capacity building as important goals of the project.  ... The school furniture component of the ESRP shows that there must be: ... *A commitment to keeping development dollars in East Timor and supporting East Timorese employment." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

August 2001 LHB: Women’s Participation at the Rural Community Level  Article added Aug 22
"Development planning, therefore, often focuses disproportionately on urban development, leaving rural communities neglected and leading to a flux of rural youth to cities in search of work. Instead, we should envision development from the perspective of people’s daily lives and with a focus on the most basic of needs, ... Development policies must focus on the most marginalized people in society  poor girls and women in rural communities - and women must be involved in development planning." Mana Micató, aka Maria Domingas Alves Soares, one of the founding members of Fokupers

Tetum:
Junho 2001 BLH: Lia Badak: Traballadór  News from ETimor added Aug 26
"Iha loron 1 fulan Maiu 2001, besik trabalhador atus ida ho sira nia apoiantes hamrik iha UNTAET nia oin atu komemora Loron Premeiru de Maiu. ... Wainhira UNTAET simu kritikas tamba la estabelese lei servisu basiku trabalhador hanesan pagamentu minimu vencimentu ho mos estabelecimentu oras walu loron ida Asaun ne’e fo oportunidade ba ema barak bele fahe ho fo sira nian preokupasaun no experiencia iha servisu." La’o Hamutuk, Institutu Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitor Reconstrusaun

May 14 SC: Petroleum Related Education, Training And Employment For East Timorese  Release added June 9
"The Steering Committee ...  is pleased to announce that its Member Organisations have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to develop programs designed to enable East Timorese people to compete effectively for employment in the oil and gas industry and related East Timor Government administration." Dr Mari Alkatiri, Chair of the Steering Committee

Portuguese:
Nov 30 2000 OTL: Emprego e desemprego após um ano de intervenção internacional  Report added Mar 29
"A taxa de desemprego continua a ser preocupante, sobretudo nas cidades, por ainda se manter nos 80%. A situação é particularmente sensível em Díli, onde coexistem duas sociedades com modos e níveis de vida muito distintos. ... As qualificações dos candidatos aos empregos, em particular para a função pública, devem ser ajuizadas em função das realidades locais e não no âmbito de um quadro importado, estranho a essas realidades. É neste sentido que, desde a chegada da UNTAET, o conhecimento da língua inglesa se apresenta como uma qualificação prioritária para a administração das N.U., mas não para Timor Leste."   Observatório Timor Leste

Nov 30 2000 ETO: Employment & unemployment one year after int'l interventionReport updated Mar 29
"Unemployment - still at around 80% - continues to be a major concern, especially in East Timor's cities. The situation has become highly sensitive in Dili, where society is clearly two-tier, divided by very different ways and standards of living. ... The qualifications of job applicants, especially those of applicants to the civil service, ought to be adjusted to match the local reality, rather than have to adhere to an imported, out of touch framework. In this respect, ever since UNTAET'S arrival, English language skills have become a priority requirement for the UN administration - not for East Timor." East Timor Observatory

Tetum:
Novembro 2000 BLH: Hari Sistema Saude Nasional iha Timor Lorosa’e  Overview added Nov 1 2001
"Konstrusaun ba facilidadi saudi nian nudar area ida nebe kompanhia lokal sira potensialmente bele partisipa. Maibe tamba Banku Mundial ho DHS rekere standar nebe as teb-tebes ba kontrator sira, no aceita de’it tawaran kontrak ba grupu hosi klinika lima, ida ne’e la dun fo fiar katak timor oan sira nebe halo bisnis (ONG lokal ka internasional) sei simu kontratu ruma. Atu kaer projektu hirak ne’e precija kapital no kapacidadi nebe boot teb-tebes). Resultadu nebe ita bele hetan hosi ne’e mak osan tokon ba tokon sei ba para hotu iha malae sira nia liman. Osan sira ne’e sei la hela iha Timor atu ajuda hodi hametin ekonomia lokal. Ema sira nebe kritika DHS haré buat ne’e hanesan la to’o. Liu tan sira tauk katak iha kompanhia estranjeira ruma nebe hola resposabilidadi ba konstrusaun sentru saudi nian sei estraga pemeliharaan praju-naruk hosi fasilidadi hirak ne’e, no ema rai na’in mos sei la toman kona ba konstrusaun nebe sira halo." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao
 

Children and Youth

Oct 30 UNSC: ET women: ‘Arria formula’ meeting  Speech added Nov 2
"Women and children frequently carry the greatest burden of crisis situations as a result of loss of income, unemployment and family displacement. ... East Timorese women call for a concerted effort by the UN to help reunite displaced families, and in particular to bring together unaccompanied children who were separated as a result of the organized violence. We also call for a return of East Timorese refugees in West Timor, where women and children under the control of the militia are often sexually attacked and suffer from malnutrition and poor health. Widows and single mothers in East Timor have received little to no aid in the last two years. Currently, women who care for children with disabilities receive little to no support. A lack of support for women contributes to social ills already visible in Dili’s streets, such as prostitution, street children and child labor. ... East Timorese women join the rest of society, ... in appealing for justice for serious crimes including gender-based crimes through an International Tribunal. Last year’s resolution on women, peace and security emphasized “the responsibility of all States to put an end to impunity and prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes including those relating to sexual and other violence against women and girls.” " Natércia Godinho-Adams, on behalf of East Timorese women’s organizations

Sep 4 WI: On the road to democracy, where the streets have no name  Interview added Sep 13
"There is also the question of leadership. We believe in the necessity for a new generation. [So does PD reflect the youth of Timor?] Well, 70% of the top leaders of PD are under 40. You can’t say we’re really youths ... we’re called the post-75 generation."Partido Democratico (PD) leader, Fernando de Araujo

August 2001 LHB: Women’s Participation at the Rural Community Level Article added Aug 22
"Development planning, therefore, often focuses disproportionately on urban development, leaving rural communities neglected and leading to a flux of rural youth to cities in search of work. Instead, we should envision development from the perspective of people’s daily lives and with a focus on the most basic of needs, ... Development policies must focus on the most marginalized people in society  poor girls and women in rural communities - and women must be involved in development planning." Mana Micató, aka Maria Domingas Alves Soares, one of the founding members of Fokupers

August 2001 LHB: Catholic Women’s Conference in Rome  Article added Aug 22
"At the WUCWO meeting in Rome, international representatives approved a list of 15 resolutions, which they have since forwarded to Pope John Paul II, the United Nations and many other influential individuals and organizations. ... * To stop the sexual exploitation of children through education and advocacy for stronger international laws eradicating “sex tourism” and all commercial forms of sexual exploitation of children." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

August 2001 LHB: Childbirth: A Major Health Concern for Women  Article added Aug 22
"Three newborn babies recently died in our village, ... It is not uncommon for either the mother or child to die during childbirth here.” a village chief
"East Timor faces many serious health problems; for women, childbirth is one of most pressing. ... Health workers identified the following practical steps as necessary to ensure safer childbirth: * General reproductive health education in villages. * Training for traditional birth attendants. * Establishment of networks and support groups. ... It is critical that these programs empower women as well as reduce heath-related problems. And it must always be understood that women’s health problems are deeply related to their socio-economic situation." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

Jun 14 CSUCS: Child Soldiers Global Report 2001 - East Timor Chapter  Report added June 25
"New legislation being adopted for an independent East Timor will set 18 as the minimum age for recruitment. The reintegration of child soldiers, some as young as 12, who were used by both government and opposition forces during the conflict still presents a major challenge. The abduction and recruitment of children by anti-independence militia for the purposes of indoctrination has been reported." Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers

Jun 13 ET NGO: Donors’ Conference: Children & Youth  Paper added June 15
" ... initiatives for children have been localised and small. The net result is that there is very little service provision for children now. ... One of the main concerns for NGOs has been the potential crisis that may occur when the international NGOs pull out. Some of this has started to occur already. We are concerned that the government does not appear to have made adequate provision either in terms of planning or budgets for the large scale central government social care that will be required." Forum Nacional ONG Timor Lorosa'e / The East Timor National NGO Forum

Apr 10 ABC: Rondo: Children dying in refugee camps in West Timor  Interview added Apr 11
"The greater proportion of the refugees in West Timor live in a crisis situation. No freedom, no hope and also no future. ... There’s just one way to come in or get out from the camp and the militia have full power. They can control all civilians and all the aid that you give to the refugees. ... a lot of violence goes on in the camps and people from outside don’t know about it. Rape, looting, sexual harassment. ... the militia manipulate the information about the real situation in East Timor. They have newsletters, they have many ways to manipulate the information." Winston Rondo, General Secretary of the Centre for Internally Displaced Peoples Service in West Timor

Jan 25-31 2001 CSD: Program for Conference on Sustainable Development  Summary up-dated Aug 3
"There is now an urgent need to empower people at a local level, through traditional structures and other organisations such as women’s groups, youth groups, NGOs etc, so they can participate in decision-making on all the issues identified at the Conference on Sustainable Development. ... Young people, particularly students and former staff of government departments need to be called on to participate in a major training program that addresses the specific sustainable development issues listed in the education section. " Conference on Sustainable Development in East Timor

Nov 18 2000 Lancet: Torture & trauma in post-conflict East Timor Added June 24
"To get an indirect measure of the effect of trauma on children, respondents were asked if they had children who were either injured or from whom they had been separated. 227 (22%) said yes, and a further 125 (12%) said that they had children who died as a result of political violence. In several provinces there were reports of children having been raped by the militia." International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT)

Portuguese:
15 de julho de 2000 Presidium da Juventude Lorico Asswain de Timor-Leste  Link to documents added Sep 2
FRETILIN site: http://www.geocities.com/alextilman/presidiumjuventude0600_declfinal.html
" ... 1º Congresso Nacional da Juventude de Timor-Leste: ... A Juventude de Timor-Leste, filha legítima e heróica do Povo Maubere, cumpriu o seu importante dever durante o processo da luta da resistência contra a ocupação ilegal, quer na frente armada, como na frente clandestine e na frente diplomatica. Com o sacrifício de todo o Povo, a luta da resistência forçou a comunidade internacional a abrir os olhos para as flagrantes transformações do direito do Povo de Timor-Leste à autodeterminação e independência e, conseguiu quebrar os grilhues do poderio da ocupação militar e fascista indonésia. Uma luta determinante e heróica conseguiu levar-nos para uma nova fase, que é a da libertação do Povo de todas as formas de repressão e exploração e, também, para uma nova fase de luta que é a da reconstrução das estruturas sociais que viabilizara todo o Povo a viver livre da ignorância, doenças, repressões e explorações. ... " Juventude Lorico Asswain de Timor-Leste

See also: BD: 'Refugees' & Missing Persons - A collection of recent information, reports, articles and news

This page has moved; click on the link to find the new location.
* Elections / Eleisaun

This page has moved; click on the link to find the new location.
* Constitutional Process / Konsulta iha Konstituisaun


To add items on East Timorese participation send to BACK DOOR's email: wildwood@pcug.org.au
Reports & petitions are especially welcomed.

Receive FREE weekly email Web-updates: email wildwood@pcug.org.au and include the words "Subscribe BACK DOOR" in the message header. more info


BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor.........home.........themes ....... search
Website: http://www.pcug.org.au/~wildwood Email: wildwood@pcug.org.au