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BACK DOOR Newsletter on East Timor

The World Bank (WB) - Development Banks in East Timor
Banku Mundial - Banku Dezenvolvimentu iha Timor Lorosae
Banco Mundial
Bantu uang: Rékonstruksi:

A collection of recent reports and articles about the World Bank's role in East Timor.


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Up-Dated: Feb 6, 2002

NEW = Added to BACK DOOR Website since last Monday's Emailout


Main Contents: BD: Financing Reconstruction in East Timor

Tetum:
La'o Hamutuk nian Surat Popular: [PDF formatu]
Banku Mundial iha Timor Lorosa'e
http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/surat/SP-BkMund.pdf
PDF kontén figura no dezenhu sira
"Banku Mundial hola parte bo’ot iha rekonstrusaun no desenvolvimentu Timor Lorosa’e nian. Doadores internasional sira mak fo tiha 166 milyar dolar Amerikanu atu uza durante tinan rua ho balun. Banku Mundial mak tau matan ba fundus ne’e no halo planu ba projektu spesifiku kona ba rekonstrusaun. Povo tenke tau matan mos ba fundus ne’e nia la’o. ... Agora, Timor Lorosa’e simu osan/fundus husi Banku Mundial gratis. Depois transisaun, bainhira Timor Lorosa’e independente, governu mak bele deside atu simu impresta husi Banku Mundial ka la’e. Ita tenke hanoin no diskute malu didiak kona ba asuntu ne’e." la'o hamutuk, institutu ba analiza no monitor rekonstrusaun timor loro sa'e

Sep 2 AW: World Bank - It's impacts on ETimor and PNGinuea  Article added Sep 25
" … it has proved difficult to prevent corruption and other problems in privatising monopolies … Advocates of privatisation may have overestimated the benefits of privatization and underestimated the costs, particularly the political costs of the process itself and the impediments it has posed to further reform" Joseph Stiglitz, head of World Bank’s Asia-Pacific branch
"The time has come to show that there is a critical mass of members of civil society who are questioning the projects and policies of the World Bank ... more people than just AID/WATCH are concerned about the bank and its activities." James Arvanitakis, Campaign Director of AID/WATCH

August 2001 LHB: Provision of School Furniture: World Bank Project  Article added Sep 27
"The plan to spend US$1.7 million to import plastic furniture met with widespread dissent. Many East Timorese businesspeople, political leaders, and national and international NGOs wrote letters of protest to UNTAET/ETTA and the World Bank. They argued against the decision because: 1) the funds spent would leave the country, in no way assisting the local economy; 2) the importing of furniture would do nothing to provide local employment or build up the in-country carpentry capacity; and 3) questions remained as to whether sufficient funds would exist to replace the non-durable plastic furniture. In response, UNTAET/ETTA and the World Bank eventually agreed to change the project design to include greater local furniture production. " La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

July 2001 LHB: Reconstruction & Transition: What are the Next Steps?  Bulletin added July 29
"This Bulletin looks at different perspectives on the reconstruction and transition — that of the World Bank and UNTAET and that of the East Timor NGO Forum — in the context of the recently concluded donors’ meeting in Canberra, Australia. Given the intensifying “Timorization” of the territory’s administration and the current planning for the “post-UNTAET” era, these evaluations and recommendations are especially important." La'o Hamutuk: East Timor Institute for Reconstruction Monitoring and Analysis

Jul 5 AID/WATCH: The World Bank in East Timor  Briefing added July 14
"The World Bank - fighting poverty or supporting profiteering?: ...
The conditions attached to World Bank loans (eg. privatisation, less restrictions on foreign investment, lowering import taxes, removal of subsidies, restricted public investment, minimise labour and environmental controls) are all designed to encourage further private-for-profit investment in, and trade with, the developing country. An important assumption in all World Bank operations is that there can be a "happy marriage" between (1) development programs that will benefit poor people, and (2) profitable opportunities for giant multinational companies. Conflict between these two goals tends to be ignored." Tim Anderson for Aidwatch

May 28 AidWatch: Letter to World Bank  Letter added June 9
"At the seminar you [Mr Klaus Rohland] explained World Bank reasons for vetoing the public grain silo. ... However you did not address the main point of my question, which was: how was this ‘vetoing’ of funds, given for the people of East Timor by the donor countries, consistent with the human right of self-determination of a people (Article One of both the Covenants of the International Bill of Rights)?"  Tim Anderson, researcher, AID/WATCH: Monitoring the Development Dollar

May 25 GLW: World Bank dictates development  Article added June 9
"There is a common perception that the World Bank is a subsidiary or support group for the UN, which is not the case. ... The World Bank is indirectly at the moment - and I think with stronger pressure in the future - pushing the East Timorese into developing cash crops for export, in particular, organic coffee. This will create pressure on old traditional title and [lead to] the resolution of land disputes in favour of large landholders [who seek] to consolidate and create cash-cropping areas, which also poses the threat of environmental degradation." Tim Anderson, researcher, AID/WATCH: Monitoring the Development Dollar

Apr 26 AIDWATCH: World Bank Dictating Terms of Development in East Timor  Release added May 1
"AID/WATCH researchers Yoga Sofyar and Tim Anderson, found consistent concern amongst NGOs, church groups and administration officials, that the development assistance - generously and freely given by the international community - is being managed in a predetermined, secretive and authoritarian manner. The main responsible agency is the World Bank, supported by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). ... " AIDWATCH: Monitoring the Development Dollar

Tetum:
Boletim La’o Hamutuk: [PDF formatu]
Vol. 1, No. 4, 31 Dejembru 2000
Banku Mundial iha Timor Loro Sa’e:
http://www.etan.org/lh/PDFs/lhbul4tm.pdf

Tetum:
Dej 31 2000 BLH: Demokrasia ho Banku Mundial iha Timor Loro Sa’e Editorial added May 18
"Eksperiensia hatudu katak presaun públika bele influensia oin sa Banku hala’o nia seruisu iha nasaun partikular ruma. Maski susar, Timor Loro Sa’e sorte ona hodi iha sektor ONG nebe iha korajen, elite politik nebe relativamente responsivu ba kuantidadi ka ema sira nebe hili iha baje (grassroot constituency), no movimentu solidaridadi internasional ida nebe forte. Hola hamutuk ba, faktor sira ne’e bele halo diferensa atu bele garante katak Banku Mundial serve necesidadi Timor oan sira nian, du ke nia kontráriu." La’o Hamutuk, Instituto Timor Lorosa’e ba Analiza no Monitoring Reconstrucao

Dec 31 2000 LHB: Democracy and the World Bank in East Timor  Editorial & link to Analysis updated Feb 26
"Experience shows that concerted public pressure can influence how the [World] Bank works. East Timor has a vibrant NGO sector, a political elite that is relatively responsive to grassroots constituencies, and a strong international solidarity movement. Working together, they can help ensure that the World Bank serves the East Timorese people’s needs, rather than vice-versa." The La'o Hamutuk Bulletin

Dec 8 2000 RA: World bank says it failed Indonesia's poor  Added Dec 9


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