Archive of Events - 2022


Friday 4th February 2022
"Carl Jung and the Hieros Gamos (Sacred Marriage)"

Terry Curtin

At MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham (and on Zoom)

See the video

“It is impossible to describe the beauty and intensity of emotion during those visions. They were the most tremendous things I have ever experienced” (Memories Dreams and Reflections p326). This is how Carl Jung described his experience of the Hieros Gamos, the sacred marriage. What did Carl Jung experience and what significance does his experience have for our own personal journeys?

Terry Curtin, BA (Psychology, Political Science) BTheology, MA Theology, Diploma of Transpersonal Counselling, a long time member of the Jung Society in Canberra and Melbourne will comment on the link between Jung’s experience and the Kabbalah. Reference will be made to an “out of character” mystical experience of St Thomas Aquinas which gives some insights into the nature of the hieros gamos. Terry’s spiritual journey began in 1950. From a tribal Irish catholic culture he felt called to be a priest but after 10 “monastic” years he left the seminary.

Marriage, children, and careers in the public service, private enterprise and voluntary services over 60 years followed. His encounter in 1980 with Carl Jung’s “Memories Dreams and Reflections” was transformative. He continued studies in theology, transpersonal psychology and biblical Hebrew and undertook training in the Tarot and Kabbalah.


He shares some of his journey in this presentation.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation is at 8pm for an hour or so,
we break for tea & coffee, then resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10pm.

See the video


Friday 4th March 2021

7:00 - 7:30 pm


Canberra Jung Society Inc. Annual General Meeting

and Election of Office Bearers


at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT

All financial members (from last year, or paid-up for this year), are welcome, and eligible to stand for office.

This is when you can nominate for an office-holder position (President, Secretary etc) or as a Committee Member.
You can nominate yourself or somebody else, by email (as below) or by contacting Secretary Trish on (0432) 599 826.

So this is a great time to renew your membership or join-up for the current year: Cost: is $75 ($60 Concession / Senior).
This entitles you to free entry to monthly meetings, two newsletters per year, use of the library, and discount on cost of workshops etc.

This 7pm AGM will be quite short, leaving us time to chat, to meet the evening's presenter Kirstin, peruse the library
and meet the new Committee! There might be some celebratory bubblies and things at this auspicious event :-).

Then, following the AGM, at the usual time 8pm,
we will have our usual monthly meeting, with a presentation by Kirstin Robertson-Gillam (below).

The Canberra Jung Society Constitution is available for your perusal
here.


Friday 4th March 2022

"Enhancing Mindfulness, Resilience and Wellbeing through Mandalas and Music”

Kirstin Robertson-Gillam PhD, RMT, CMPACFA, CMAMTA


at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT (and by Zoom)

<See the video>

In this presentation, Kirstin examined how resilience and wellbeing can both be triggered with therapeutic mandalas and music.

Mandalas represent the circularity of life whether they are in art or music. They are symbolic of deep archetypal processes that promote wellbeing, motivation and resilience.

Jung used this circularity in his own art mandalas for personal reflections of his own psychic journey:

“I sketched every morning in a notebook a small circular drawing, a mandala, which seemed to correspond to my inner situation at the time. With the help of these drawings, I could observe my psychic transformation from day to day.”
Memories Dreams Reflections (1963), p195.

An art mandala can hold the tension of opposites in colours and shapes. An art mandala can create tension and release when one focuses on particular issues, stimulating deep reflection and release.

In this presentation, the focus was how you can experience mindfulness with mandala drawing for wellbeing, resilience and good health.

This presentation is essentially hands-on. A 20-minute talk about the essence of mindfulness was followed by a short group meditation and drawing of a mandala. Group discussion focussed on individual experiences. Art materials were supplied.


Dr Kirstin Robertson-Gillam completed a psychology major in her BA degree along with ethnomusicology and musicology majors at the University of New England. She then did a number of higher degrees at Western Sydney University: A of Master Counselling; a Master of Arts (Hons); and, a PhD. Her PhD focused on reducing depression in mid to later life by participating in a community choir therapy program to reduce depression in mid to later life.

You can contact Kirstin directly:
   Phone: (0409) 533 466
   Email:   kirstinrg@bigpond.com
  
Web:   www.kirstinrg.c
om


 We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Gu
est Speaker's presentation is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10pm.    <See the video>



Friday 1st April 2022

"Carl Jung and Jesus Christ"

Robbie Tulip


at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT (and by Zoom)

<See the video!>


Jesus Christ is a central figure for Carl Jung’s spiritual psychology, functioning as the symbolic archetype of messianic salvation in the collective unconscious.

Jung’s attitude toward Christ is deeply complex, seeking to integrate the metaphorical meaning presented in the Gospel stories with modern scientific efforts to deconstruct the actual processes and facts that are at work in religious views about God. Jung’s popular status as father of the New Age sits alongside a profound respect for the heritage and psychology and institutions of faith. In this talk I will analyse Jung’s commentaries on Christ against theological, psychological, cultural and historical contexts.

Robbie Tulip
is National Director of the Australian Student Christian Movement, Secretary of Canberra Region Presbytery of the Uniting Church, manager of ANU Chaplaincy, convenor of the Planetary Restoration Action Group and a committee member and regular presenter with Canberra Jung Society. He worked in international development for many years and has two university degrees in philosophy.

Cost for attendance (at MacKillop House):
Jung Society members free,
Guests $15 (Seniors/Concession $10), Pay cash at the door, or by bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking.

Cost for on-line access:
Jung Society members free (We'll send you a link).
Guests $10: Pay by bank transfer or by credit card or PayPal via TryBooking.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10 pm.

<See the video!>


Six-Week Dream Group Series
facilitated by Dorothea Wojnar

Six Mondays 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th March and 4th, 11th April (finishing before Easter)
7:00 - 9:30 pm

"The dream is a little hidden door in the innermost and most secret recesses of the soul, opening into that cosmic night which was psyche long before there was any ego consciousness, and which will remain psyche no matter how far our ego-consciousness extends.

For all ego-consciousness is isolated; because it separates and discriminates, it knows only particulars, and it sees only those that can be related to the ego. Its essence is limitation, even though it reaches to the farthest nebulae among the stars. All consciousness separates; but in dreams we put on the likeness of that more universal, truer, more eternal man dwelling in the darkness of primordial night.

There he is still the whole, and the whole is in him, indistinguishable from nature and bare of all egohood. It is from these all-uniting depths that the dream arises, be it never so childish, grotesque, and immoral."


(CG Jung "The Meaning of Psychology for Modern Man" (1933). In CW 10: Civilization in Transition. pg. 304)

The group is facilitated by Dorothea Wojnar. Members of the group are encouraged to share their dreams and we will be using active imagination in working with the dreams. Please let Dorothea know if you are planning to attend.

Sharing your dreams is not required - You can enjoy sharing and working with everyone else's!

Dorothea Wojnar is a Jungian Analyst, Counsellor and Psychotherapist in private practice. Dorothea has extensive experience as a group leader and therapist across a range of people and issues and has worked in both a public health facility as well as in private practice.

For further information, please contact Dorothea Wojnar on 6292 2014 or (0413) 245 835.

We meet before 7:00 for introductions and catch-up over a cuppa and snacks, prior to working on the dreams.

Cost: $75 for the series (or $15 for individual session).
We encourage participants to engage with the whole series if possible.
Pay by cash at the door or bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking.


Friday 6th May 2022

"Reconnecting to Earth with Shiva's Dance"

A reflection on the role of dance in a movement towards Earth Consciousness.

Padma Menon


at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT  (and by Zoom)

See the video

We live in times when our disconnection with Nature/Earth is indisputable.

Centuries of mechanistic and mind-dominated lenses in almost all approaches to living—spirituality, embodied traditions, philosophy, science and the arts—have brought us to this point in our history where we are profoundly separated from Nature within and without.

At an intimate level, this is the disconnection from our own body and a mechanistic approach to the body of mastery and competence. At a macrocosm level it is the separation from other life in Nature by making all of them instrumental to the “human project”.

The presentation considers questions such as:
  * What is the importance of the wild of Nature/Earth?
  * How is this perceived in the dance and philosophy of Shiva’s dance?
  * How can dance help bridge the self-Nature divide of our times?

Padma Menon is an acclaimed dancer and philosopher, who is a pioneer in reviving the ancient practice of the Divine Feminine in Indian dance tradition. She helps people seeking to reclaim their sacred selves by generously sharing her lifetime’s knowledge in sacred Indian dance, philosophy and ritual—so that they can experience unconditional freedom, taste their true essence and move in this world in a sacred way. Padma offers individual transformational programs well as group classes and intensives. These are offered online.

Other than a lifetime in dance, Padma has studied Indian philosophy, yoga and ritual martial arts under traditional lineages. She has a Masters in Choreography from Codarts Academy in the Netherlands, specialising in Laban Movement Analysis.

Padma is currently based in Canberra, Australia.

www.movingarchetypes.com.au
Find Padma on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/movingarchetypes/

Cost for attendance (at MacKillop House):
Jung Society members free,
Guests $15 (Seniors/Concession $10),
Pay cash at the door, or by bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking.

Cost for on-line access:
Jung Society members free (We'll send you a link).
Guests $10:
Pay by bank transfer or by credit card or PayPal via TryBooking.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10 pm.

See the video


Postponed - Watch for Willem next year!

Friday 1st July 2022

"Pain, the Body, Gnosis, William Blake,

the Goddess and Transformation"

Willem Jacquier


at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT (and by Zoom)

It will include a screening of my latest film "Heaven : Earth" (approximately 35minutes) and then a talk afterwards, using the film as a basic framework for the form the talk itself will take.

I will primarily be drawing from: Jung’s Symbols of Transformation, Jung’s aspects of the feminine, Von Franz’s Alchemical Active Imagination, Marion Woodman’s The Pregnant Virgin, The Gospels, The Old Testament, William Blake, and David Tracey’s Gods and Diseases.

Cost for attendance 
(at MacKillop House):
Jung Society members free,
Guests $15 (Seniors/Concession $10), Pay cash at the door, or by bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking
.


Cost for on-line access:
Jung Society members free (We'll send you a link).
Guests $10: Pay by bank transfer or by credit card or PayPal via TryBooking
.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10 pm.



Friday 3rd June 2022

"The Deam and Soul Making"

David Russell


From David's home by Zoom, to MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT (and by Zoom)

<See the video>


This presentation is about an extraordinary relationship. A relationship that exists:

   * Between the experiences of a dream and the experiences of daily life
   * Between the inner life and the outer life
   * Between the below-world and the above world.

I want to emphasise the nature of this relationship.

It is so basic that both elements are changed by being in relationship:
The experience of the dream changes, by being consciously looked at,
and the experience of daily life changes, by entering the dream.

To only value one side of this relationship is to radically devalue the human condition.

It is my argument that to engage with the dream experience, in a soulful manner, is to enhance our lived experience.

This argument will be elaborated by reference to two mythic stories. The first is the ancient Sumerian story of Inanna, queen of heaven and earth, and her journey into the underworld to witness the funeral rites of the husband of her older sister, Ereshkigal, queen of the underworld.

The second is the Greco-Roman story of Hercules. Hercules, the national hero of ancient Greece was immediately adopted by the Romans as part god, part folk hero and, above all, is loved throughout our Western culture for his particular prowess. The story of Hercules’s descent into the underworld is itself a metaphor for soul work.

The initial impetus for preparing this presentation was a re-reading of James Hillman’s 1979 book: The Dream and the Underworld.

David Russell
is a past president of the Sydney Jung Society. He completed his undergraduate and postgraduate studies and research in psychology at the University of Sydney. Here he was introduced to the writings of Sigmund Freud (unusual for a Department of Psychology) and developed an ongoing enthusiasm for the history and philosophy of psychology.

After a few years in private practice he moved into an academic career, which culminated in the establishment of the Master of Analytical Psychology degree at the University of Western Sydney. David has currently returned to private practice in Sydney CBD.


Cost for attendance 
(at MacKillop House):
Jung Society members free,
Guests $15 (Seniors/Concession $10), Pay cash at the door, or by bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking.

Cost for on-line access:
Jung Society members free (We'll send you a link).
Guests $10: Pay by bank transfer or by credit card or PayPal via TryBooking.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10 pm.

<See the video>


Friday 1st July 2022

"A Jungian Conception of 'Self' "

Dorothea Wojnar (by Zoom from her home)

MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT (and by Zoom)

<See the video> 

Since Carl Jung viewed the self as both the centre and the totality of the psyche, it has a strong claim to be regarded as the central concept of his psychology. The self is the goal towards which the process of individuation strives. It represents psychic wholeness and process by which self- division may be healed.

The Self, as Jung admits, is “a construct that serves to express an unknowable essence which we cannot grasp as such, since by definition it transcends our powers of comprehension.” (CW 7, par. 399).

Jung describes the self in the following way:
The self is not only the centre, but also the whole circumference which embracesboth conscious and unconscious; it is the centre of this totality, just as the ego is thecentre of consciousness.

Like any archetype, the essential nature of the self is unknowable, but its manifestations are the content of myth and legend.

The self appears in dreams, myths, and fairytales in the figure of the "supraordinate personality," such as a king, hero, prophet, saviour, etc., or in the form of a totality symbol, such as the circle, square, quadratura circuli, cross, etc. When it represents a complexio oppositorum, a union of opposites, it can also appear as a united duality, in the form, for instance, of tao as the interplay of yang and yin, or of the hostile brothers, or of the hero and his adversary (arch-enemy, dragon), Faust and Mephistopheles, etc.

Empirically, therefore, the self appears as a play of light and shadow, although conceived as a totality and unity in which the opposites are united.[Definitions," CW 6, par. 790.]’
Jung, as a scientist, studied these archetypal symbols / mystical experiences as a means of gaining clues about the nature of the self. He `explored the symbols and the associated numinous, mystical experiences which lead to a sense of wholeness (totality).

In this presentation we followed Jung’s footsteps in our own exploration of the nature of the self and the archetypal symbols with their associated numinous mystical experiences.

Dorothea
Dorothea Wojnar
 i
s a Jungian Analyst, Counsellor and Psychotherapist in private practice.
Dorothea has extensive experience as a group leader and therapist
across a range of people and issues and has worked in both public health
and in private practice.

 



For further information
, please contact Dorothea Wojnar on 6292 2014 or (0413) 245 835.


Cost for attendance 
(at MacKillop House):
Jung Society members free,
Guests $15 (Seniors/Concession $10),
Pay cash or credit-card at the door, or by bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking

Cost for on-line access:
Jung Society members free (We'll send you a link).
Guests $10: Pay by bank transfer or by credit card or PayPal via TryBooking.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation (in this case by Zoom from her home) is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10 pm.

<See the video> 


SPECIAL EVENT

Six-Week Dream Group Series

facilitated by Dorothea Wojnar

Six Sunday afternoons: 17th. 24th, 31st July,  7th, 14th 21st August 2022

2:00 - 4:30 pm


(at Wesley Uniting Church, 22 National Crt, Forrest, ACT)


Dorothea

The dream is a little hidden door in the innermost and most secret recesses of the soul, opening into that cosmic night which was psyche long before there was any ego consciousness, and which will remain psyche no matter how far our ego-consciousness extends.

For all ego-consciousness is isolated; because it separates and discriminates, it knows only particulars, and it sees only those that can be related to the ego. Its essence is limitation, even though it reaches to the farthest nebulae among the stars. All consciousness separates; but in dreams we put on the likeness of that more universal, truer, more eternal man dwelling in the darkness of primordial night.

There he is still the whole, and the whole is in him, indistinguishable from nature and bare of all egohood. It is from these all-uniting depths that the dream arises, be it never so childish, grotesque, and immoral.

(CG Jung "The Meaning of Psychology for Modern Man" (1933).

In CW 10: Civilization in Transition. pg. 304).  The group will be facilitated by Dorothea Wojnar. Members of the group are encouraged to share their dreams and we will be using active imagination in working with the dreams. Please let Dorothea know if you are planning to attend.

Sharing your dreams is not required - You can enjoy sharing and working with everyone else's!

Dorothea is a Jungian Analyst, Counsellor and Psychotherapist in private practice. Dorothea has extensive experience as a group leader and therapist across a range of people and issues and has worked in both a public health facility as well as in private practice.

For further information, please contact Dorothea Wojnar on 6292 2014 or (0413) 245 835.

We meet before 2 pm for introductions and catch-up over a cuppa and snacks, prior to working on the dreams.

Cost: $75 for the series (or $15 for a session). We encourage participants to engage with the whole series if possible.
Pay by cash or credit-card at the door or bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking.



 Friday 5th August 2022  7:30 for 8:00 pm

"Ten Jungian Journeys on a Fragile Planet"

Rod Taylor


at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT (and by Zoom)

<See the video>

In his book, Rod tells the stories of Australians working to avert environmental disaster. Here we meet a diverse range of people such as a solar energy pioneer, a river restoration expert, a maggot farmer, and a Māori, former teacher who convinced struggling car manufacturers to spend a million dollars planting trees.

On one level these are stories of the work they did. But on a deeper level, these are character studies, driven by the central question: why do some people see themselves as powerless, while others choose a future for themselves and others? Why do some people surrender to hopelessness, while others carry on regardless?

These are just some of the questions raised in Rod's book.

Read the GoogleBooks version
.

Rod Taylor is a science writer, radio broadcaster, newspaper columnist and author.  He has written for numerous publications including for The Big Issue, Fairfax Media, Australian Community Media and motorcycle magazines. His weekly science column for Fairfax Media and ACM is in its 13th year. His books include

• Ten Journeys on a Fragile Planet, Odyssey, 2020
• Contributor to Best Australian Science Writing, 2018
• Co-editor Sustainability and the New Economics, Springer 2022
• Currently co-writing Civilisation 2.0 with Dr Mark Diesendorf.

Rod is science radio broadcaster with appearances on Radio National, ABC local radio and the BBC with Dr Karl. He produces a weekly science program and podcasts for Radio 2XX in Canberra.

https://tenjourneys.blogspot.com/2020/04/ten-journeys-on-fragile-planetcoming.html

Writer Broadcaster | Canberra Times Freelance | Author @TenJourneysFragilePlanet
Tayloram2000@zoho.com 0419 217 293

Cost for attendance (at MacKillop House):
   Jung Society members free,
   Guests $15 (Seniors/Concession $10),
   Pay cash or credit-card at the door, or by bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking.

Cost for on-line access:
   Jung Society members free (We'll send you a link).
   Guests $10: Pay by bank transfer or by credit card or PayPal via TryBooking.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10 pm. 


<See the video!>




Thursday 25th August 2022

"Maths, Memes & AI: an Exploration through Performance

Neil Saunders, University of Greenwich
(This event is staged by the ANU College of Science, not by the Canberra Jung Society)

Artificial Intelligence has become a major focal point for so much research in mathematics, science, linguistics and the arts. But what does it mean for a computer to be genuinely intelligent? Does it even make sense to talk about computers in these terms?

When we start to try and answer these questions, we are drawn to more fundamental questions around how our own human understanding arises and how it works.

In this public lecture, Neil Saunders will explore ideas of human and artificial intelligence from a range of viewpoints: philosophical, mathematical, artistic and memetic. Drawing on recent and historical work of Dennett, Searle and Seth and with selected readings from David Harrower’s powerful play Knives in Hens by professional actors, this talk will explore how language is central to intelligence and understanding, whether that be human or artificial.

Dr Neil Saunders is a Senior Lecturer in Mathematics at the University of Greenwich in London. His research focuses on geometric and combinatorial aspects of representation theory, which is a branch of algebra that studies symmetry in the abstract.

Neil also a member of CREL (Centre for Research and Enterprise in Language) at the University of Greenwich and has a strong interest in language, philosophy of mind and their interactions with AI. In 2019, Neil gave a TEDx talk on the links between creativity and mathematical thinking.

Neil is a nephew of our Kirstin Robertson-Gillam.


Friday 2nd September 2022

"A Jungian Approach to Aboriginal Rock Art"

Dr Richard Barz


at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT (and by Zoom)

<See the YouTube video>

Rock carvings made by Aboriginal people of the more or less indeterminate past are found throughout much of eastern Australia. Although these carvings are part of the cultural heritage of all Australians, contemporary people without access to traditional Aboriginal knowledge may find their meaning something of a puzzle. Two statements by Carl Jung indicate a way to solve that puzzle.

The first of these comes in a 1948 article in which Jung points out that: “One of the unbreakable rules in scientific research is to take an object as known only so far as the inquirer is in a position to make scientifically valid statements about it.” Jung goes on to explain that: “‘Valid’ in this sense simply means what can be verified by facts.”

The second statement is from a 1936 article in which he writes that: “…there exists a…psychic system of a collective, universal, and impersonal nature which is identical in all individuals. This collective unconscious does not develop individually but is inherited. It consists of pre-existent forms, the archetypes…”

In my talk I will discuss Aboriginal rock art from Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and the ACT in the light of Jung’s two statements. Each selected example of rock art will be examined for what it is factually and then experienced for what it might be as an archetype of the collective unconscious. I hope that in this way this art can be meaningful without specialist knowledge.

If the Yankee Hat rock art site on Old Boboyan Road in Namadgi National Park has been reopened, I will conduct a workshop on the rock art there from 10 am to 2 pm on Saturday the 3rd of September.

Dr. Richard Barz is a retired member of the School of Culture, History and Language in the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University.  Since accompanying a 1974 expedition to the Simpson Desert to record traditional sites of the Wangkangurru people, he has been fascinated by Aboriginal culture and has for several years been photographing the rock art associated with it.

Cost for attendance (at MacKillop House):
   Jung Society members free,
   Guests $15 (Seniors/Concession $10),
   Pay cash or credit-card at the door, or by bank transfer or by credit card via TryBooking.

Cost for on-line access:
   Jung Society members free (We'll send you a link).
   Guests $10: Pay by bank transfer or by credit card or PayPal via TryBooking.

We meet from 7:30 pm for tea and coffee and snacks, music, discussion and library.
The Guest Speaker's presentation (in this case by Zoom from her home) is at 8pm for an hour or so,
then we resume for questions and discussion, finishing by 10 pm.

<See the YouTube video>


Everyone is welcome. 

We normally meet at 7:30pm on the first Friday each month for music and coffee and chat,
Guest Speaker at 8pm, break for supper around 9pm, resume for questions and discussion until 10pm.

Location
: Usually at MacKillop House, 50 Archibald St, Lyneham, ACT.
                *** Please check the website for any changes to date/time and locaton of events ***
Web:   www.CanberraJungSociety.org.au

Email:  CanberraJungSociety@yahoo.com.au 
Postal: PO Box 554, Dickson, ACT 2602, Australia